Eliza "Elizabeth" Needs

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Eliza "Elizabeth" Needs (Guy)

Birthdate: (56)
Birthplace: Tresco, Isles of Scilly
Death: April 15, 1914 (56)
Akron (Road Traffic Accident - streetcar accident)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of George Needs and Ann Needs
Wife of William Rowe Hocking and Not established Guy
Mother of Ellen Hocking; Abraham Guy; Emily Richards; Dorothy Guy; Richard George Hocking and 5 others
Sister of Mary Elizabeth Needs; Henrietta Needs and Ellen Wilkes

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Eliza "Elizabeth" Needs


  • Name: Mrs Elizabeth "Eliza" Hocking (née Neads)
  • Born: Monday 12th April 1858
  • Age: 54 years
  • Marital Status: Married.
  • Last Residence: in Penzance Cornwall England
  • 2nd Class passenger
  • First Embarked: Southampton on Wednesday 10th April 1912
  • Ticket No. 29105 , £23
  • Destination: Akron Ohio United States
  • Rescued (boat 4)
  • Disembarked Carpathia: New York City on Thursday 18th April 1912
  • Died: Wednesday 15th April 1914
  • Cause of Death: Road Traffic Accident (RTA)

Mrs Eliza Hocking, 54, was born Eliza Neads in Tresco, Isles of Scilly on 11 April, 1858, the second daughter of Mr George Neads (General Labourer) and Ann Neads (nee Pender). She was sister to Mary Elizabeth, Henrietta and Ellen (later Ellen Wilkes).

The family moved to live in the village of Madron near Penzance, Cornwall in about 1860. She married Mr William Rowe Hocking (Confectioner and Baker) in Penzance in mid-1880 and initially lived at 27 Leskinnick Terrace, Penzance. They later moved to nearby 38 Adelaide Street. They had 7 children, Sidney, Emily, Ellen (Nellie), William, Thomas, Horace and Richard George Hocking. Her sons Sidney and Richard emigrated to America in the early 1900's and were living at 457 Rhodes Avenue, Akron, Ohio.

After the death of her husband she remarried to a Mr Guy and lived at 26 St Mary's Street, Penzance, after the death of Mr Guy because she had been treated poorly by him she reverted to using her previous married name of Hocking. It was at this time she decided to join her sons in the USA.

Her son George returned to Cornwall to bring her back to Akron with him along with her sister Ellen Wilkes, her two daughters, Nellie Hocking and Emily Richards and Emily's sons George Richards and William Richards. When they left Penzance they had a glorious send-off, her son, George had previously been a member of the YMCA choir and the choir had come along to sing the family out of Penzance.

The family left Cornwall by train and had to change trains at Exeter when Eliza realised she had lost her handbag. Luckily Richard had the tickets in his pocket and some gold sovereigns.

Originally intending to travel on the Oceanic, the family embarked Titanic at Southampton and travelled in second class under ticket number 29105, costing £23 for herself and daughter Ellen. Ellen Wilkes travelled in third class.

After the collision, Mrs Hocking went to her daughter, Emily Richards', cabin and shook her to get her up. 'There is surely danger. Something has gone wrong.'

Elizabeth and her daughters and two grandsons were rescued in lifeboat 4. George Hocking perished.

She was met in New York by her son Sidney Hocking who had travelled from Akron.

She lived in Akron for two years until her death in a streetcar accident on 15 April 1914. She was interred in Glendale Cemetery.

Available Documents

  • Akron Beacon Journal, April 15, 1914, Obituary
  • State of Ohio Certificate of Death


  • Cleveland Plain Dealer (Ohio), 21 April 1912
  • Akron Beacon Journal (Ohio), 19 April 1912
  • Contract Ticket List, White Star Line 1912 (National Archives, New York; NRAN-21-SDNYCIVCAS-55[279])
  • List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States Immigration Officer At Port Of Arrival (Date: 18th-19th June 1912, Ship: Carpathia) - National Archives, NWCTB 85 T715 Vol 4183


  • Stephen Coombes, UK
  • Chris Dohany, USA
  • Jeannette Francis, UK
  • Phillip Gowan, USA
  • Homer Thiel, USA
  • Brian Ticehurst, UK
  • Geoff Whitfield, UK

Travelling Companions (on same ticket)

  • Miss Ellen "Nellie" Hocking

Travelling Companions

  • Mrs Emily Richards

Buried: Glendale Cemetery Akron Ohio United States

view all 14

Eliza "Elizabeth" Needs's Timeline

April 12, 1858
Isles of Scilly
Age 23
Penzance, Cornwall, England
Age 23
Penzance, Cornwall, UK
April 22, 1887
Age 29
Cornwall, England
July 26, 1889
Age 31
Penzance, Cornwall, UK
November 5, 1891
Age 33
Cornwall, England
Age 41
Penzance, Cornwall, England
April 15, 1914
Age 56