Elizabeth Gardner

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Elizabeth Gardner (Freestone)

Also Known As: "Elizabeth Turner; Elizabeth Orne Horne; Ruth Turner"
Birthdate: (45)
Birthplace: Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England
Death: April 2, 1665 (41-49)
Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Richard Friestone and Margery Friestone
Wife of Robert Turner, Jr and George Gardner of Salem
Mother of Robert Turner; John Turner; Capt John Turner, Sr; Habakkuk Turner, Capt.; Elizabeth Gedney and 7 others
Sister of Frances Friestone; Gamaliel Friestone; Ann Friestone; George Friestone; Mary Friestone and 2 others

Managed by: Linda Sue
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Gardner

daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freestone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston.

Children of George Gardner & Elizabeth Turner include

  1. Bethia bp. June 03, 1654
  2. George bp. September 24, 1654
  3. Ebenezer bp. August 16, 1657
  4. Mehitable, b. February 23, 1658/59
  5. Ruth bp. April 02, 1665, m. Col John Hawthorne


  1. Elizabeth was the ggg-grandmother of Nathaniel Hawthorne. From The Salem World of Nathaniel Hawthorne By Margaret B. Moore [1]
  • Another Quaker connection involved John Hathorne, the so-called witch judge, who in 1674/1675 married Ruth Gardner, the daughter of Lieutenant George Gardner and Elizabeth Freestone Turner Gardner. Judge John Hathorne's mother-in-law, then, was the "Lieut. Gardner's wife" who was so frequently cited in the early church records of Essex County for absence from meeting and for Quaker sympathies. Born a Freestone, she was a kinswoman of the Hutchinson family of Lincolnshire, England, and came to live with William and his more noted wife, Ann Hutchinson, in Boston. Hence, she was early in contact with those who did not conform to standard Puritan practice, since th meetings of the Antinomians were held in the Hutchinson home. Elizabeth Freestone married first Robert Turner, the shoemaker of Boston, and was the mothr of John Turner, who later owned a house in Salem with seven gables. She was the second wife of George Gardner. She, not George, was the convinced Quaker, but he suffered too not only by paying her fines but also by the fact that htey finally had to leave Salem sometime after 1669 and go to Hartford, Connecticut, to escape persecution. His daughter Ruth Gardner Hathorne was named in her father's will as receiving a number of her father's Connecticut debts. She named her last child Freestone Hathorne, who was baptized in February 1698/99. (1)
  1. GEORGE, b. say 1616... m. (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freesto ne, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; ... (For the identity of these three wives we follow the work of George E. McCracken [TAG 30:158-66].) (2)


  1. http://books.google.com/books?id=rK_6EycRyFwC&lpg=PA33&ots=shfwWD0AlF&dq=ruth%20gardner%20hathorne&pg=PA33#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  2. Thomas Gardner, in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).
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Elizabeth Gardner's Timeline

October 17, 1619
Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England
October 17, 1619
Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England
Age 22
April 28, 1643
Age 23
19 Mar 1643/44
July 8, 1644
Age 24
Boston, Massachusetts
February 18, 1647
Age 27
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts
June 13, 1648
Age 28
Boston, Suffolk, MA, USA
June 20, 1649
Age 29
Boston, Massachusetts
May 17, 1652
Age 32
Boston, Massachusetts