Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, CBE

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Elizabeth Pakenham (Harman)

Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Nathaniel Harman and Katherine Harman
Wife of Francis Aungier Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford
Mother of Lady Antonia Fraser; Thomas Frank Dermot Pakenham, 8th Earl of Longford; Patrick Maurice Pakenham; <private> Kazantiz (Pakenham); Lady Rachel Billington and 3 others
Sister of John Bishop Harman

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, CBE


Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, CBE, better known as Elizabeth Longford (30 August 1906 – 23 October 2002) was a British author.


Born Elizabeth Harman and a daughter of eye specialist Nathaniel Bishop Harman, she was educated at the Francis Holland School, and later took her Master's degree at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. "Able, articulate and beautiful", in the words of The New York Times, she was "the Zuleika Dobson of her day, with undergraduates and even dons tumbling over one another to fall in love with her". On 3 November 1931, she married Francis Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford, who died in August 2001. Her obituary by the BBC said the marriage was "famously harmonious." The New York Times, in its review of The Pebbled Shore, called Lady Longford "easily the best writer in what is predominantly a literary family".

She and her husband were both devout Roman Catholic converts, Lady Longford having been raised a Unitarian, and avid social reformers. The Longfords had eight children, among them the writers Lady Antonia Fraser, Lady Rachel Billington, and Thomas Pakenham.

She lived to the age of 96, dying in October 2002, 14 months after her husband.

Political career

A lifelong socialist, she made several attempts to win election to the House of Commons as a Labour MP but was unsuccessful, unlike her niece Harriet Harman, a minister in both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown's governments.


Her brother, John B. Harman, was a doctor and expert witness for the defence in the 1957 trial of suspected serial killer John Bodkin Adams. He was also Harriet Harman's father.

Lady Longford was a great-niece of the Tory radical Joseph Chamberlain and a first cousin once removed of the British prime minister Neville Chamberlain.


A Pilgrimage of Passion: The Life of Wilfrid Scawen Blunt (I.B. Tauris, re-issued 2007)

Victoria R.I. (1964) Published by Weidenfeld and Nicolson and awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize ISBN 0297841424

Byron (1976) Published by Hutchinson of London & Weidenfeld and Nicolson ISBN 0091273005

Eminent Victorian Women (1981)

Royal Throne: The Future of the Monarchy (1993)

The Pebbled Shore (1986) Biography.

Jameson's Raid

Wellington: The Years of the Sword and Wellington: Pillar Of The State a two-volume biography of the first Duke of Wellington, who numbered among her husband's relatives. Winston Churchill

Elizabeth R: A Biography

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Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, CBE's Timeline

August 27, 1932
Age 26
London, Middlesex, England UK
August 14, 1933
Age 27
Age 31
May 11, 1942
Age 36
Oxford, Oxfordshire, England UK
Age 40
October 2002
Age 96