About Elizabeth Palmer
Elizabeth Mallory, who was the wife of Richard Croshaw and then of Martin Palmer, is named in many accounts (including the Mallory Surname DNA Study, see below, as well as http://www.vioarc.com/ftm/rm/rogermallory.html) as the daughter of Capt. Roger Mallory..
However, the dates don't work for her marriage to Croshaw, so this account is problematic. Yet, Elizabeth Palmer is named as the sister of John Mallory, along with siblings William, Jane Quarles, Roger, Charles, Thomas et al, in a 1747 will [see below].
Elizabeth the oldest daughter of Roger (date of birth given as 1655) would have been far too young to have married Richard Croshaw and given birth to his children before his death in 1667-1669 (see his will below), and it is doubtful that he had a 12-year-old second wife at the time of his death. Elizabeth Mallory Croshaw was most likely born in the 1630s if she gave birth as early as 1655 to the oldest Croshaw daughter Rachel.
Roger had a half sister named Elizabeth Mallory, born perhaps between 1623 and 1640, by various accounts. Her profile is here. Could she be a more likely candidate to have been the Elizabeth married to Croshaw and then Palmer?
In Old New Kent County [Virginia]: Some Account of the Planters ..., Volume 1 (p. 623), Malcolm Harris writes that Capt. Martin Palmer came to Virginia in 1653 and had a wife Mary and a daughter Mary, and that after Richard Croshaw died in 1667, his widow Elizabeth (born Mallory) married Martin Palmer, and that they were established in Pamunkey Neck by 1680. [Source given: Adventures in Purse and Person, p. 146]. Together, Harris reports, they had 7 children: Martin, Roger, Thomas, Charles, Jeffery, Elizabeth and Lucy. Elizabeth Palmer married a Butler and then Robert Chandler; her sister Lucy married James Powers. Capt. Martin Palmer died in 1702, leaving as executor his son Martin Palmer. "His wife, Elizabeth Palmer, gave power of attorney to Capt. Thomas West, to relinquish her life interest in the land."
From the files of The Mallory Surname DNA Study www.vioarc.com/ftm/tm/thomasmallory.html
re. Thomas Mallory (about 1674-1753), [who] .... was the son of the immigrant, Roger Mallory and Roger's wife, Jane. Thomas Mallory was born about 1674(1) in what was then New Kent County, Virginia Colony. .. probably on his father's Sandy Point Plantation in the Pamunkey Neck area between the Mattaponi River on the northeast and the Pamunkey River on the southwest that became King William County. ...
Thomas Mallory's known siblings were also born in what is now King William County, Virginia:
Elizabeth Mallory was born about 1655. John Mallory was born about 1655. William Mallory was born about 1666. Roger Mallory was born about 1667. Charles Mallory was born in 1669. Jane Mallory was born about 1673.
Thomas Mallory's eldest sister, Elizabeth Mallory first married Richard Croshaw who died in 1667. She married Martin Palmer in 1675 (3).
During Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, Roger Mallory lost his patent to the 2,314 acres in King William County, Virgina including Sandy Point (4). ... In 1691, King and Queen County was formed from New Kent County, Virginia. That year, the House of Burgesses rejected a petition from inhabitants of King & Queen County requesting the legalization of titles and possession of lands that they acquired from the Indians in the Pamunkey Neck section of King and Queen County that became King William County.....Thomas Mallory's father, Roger Mallory died after 22 Dec 1695, the date 6,160 acres was deeded to him by Chickamony Indians on Pamunkey Neck (5). In 1697, John Buckner petitioned for 6,160 acres on Pamunkey Neck "having purchased right from Roger, Charles, and Thomas Mallory, sons of the decedent" (5).....In 1699, "The General Assembly having taken into consideration settlement of the land on Pamunkey Neck gave preference to the above three sons of Roger Mallory bounded as by deed and computed at 2,000 acres because the said Mallory had been given other lands in exchange." H.B. 1695-1702, pp. 286-317 (5). ...In 1711, the Chickahomony Indians complained to Lt. Governor Spottswood that the Mallorys and others were trying to dispossess them (11).
(1) Besancon, Bond, Bondevik, Draper, Mallory, McMillan, Norris by William Mallory firstname.lastname@example.org
(4) The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 14 By Virginia Historical Society p.215
(5) Virginia Historical Genealogies by John Bennett Boddie p.115
(8) The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 25 By Virginia Historical Society p.175
(9) Abstracts of King William County Record Books Pages 104-105
(10) 1704 King William County Quit Rent Rolls
(11) Pocahontas's people: the Powhatan Indians of Virginia through four centuries by Helen C. Rountree p. 159
(15) Old New Kent County: Some Account of the Planters, Volume 1 by Malcom Hart Harris
(17) National Genealogical Society quarterly, Volume 90p. 72
THE WILL OF RICHARD CROSHAW 1667
York County, Virginia, Records, Yorktown, Va. Volume 4, page 248. Transcripts, Archives Division, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia Volume 4, page 346.
"In the Name of God Amen, the last of July 1667. I Richard Croshaw being in health and of perfect memory thanks be to Almighty God, and calling to rememberance the uncertaine Estate of this transitory life Doe make constitute and ordain this my last will in manner and form following, Revoking and annuling by those presents every Testament will and wills heretofore by me made and Declared either by word or my writing and this only to be taken for my last will and Testament and first being penitent from the bottom om my heart for all my sins committing my Soul to God my Savior by whom I hope Eternally to be saved, and my Body to be Desently buried, when it shall please God to call me in some place as Execut's hereafter named shall appoint and for my Temporal Estate I dispose order and give in manner and form following.
"Imprimis. I give and bequeath unto my loving wife Elizabeth Croshaw my land I now live on during her life, it joyning on the Indian field in Mastin parish and after her decease to my son Benjamin and his heirs forever.
"2ly. I give to my daughter Elizabeth Jones and heirs of her body forever 300 acres of Land at Mattapony according to bill of sale, and 600 acres I give as followeth it joyneth in the said Divident at Mattapony (Vizt) to my aforesaid Son 200 acres to my daughter Margaret Croshaw 200 acres and to my daughter Rachell Croshaw 200 acres and to them and their heirs forever but in case that either of my said children dye, Then it equally to be divided between the survivor or either of them my sd children, and I give and gequeath unto Villehill Hughes during his life 170 acres of Land more or lesse which formerly went by old John Holdings land joyning upon the Land of Goodman Snead and after the decease of the sd Villenill the said land to fall to my said son Benhamin and his heirs forever. And further I give to my son Benhamin one mare marked with R on the left Buttock with her increase male and female, only the first mare folo Excepted who I give and gequeath with the increase thereof male and female to my aforesaid daughter Margaret Croshaw and the heirs of her body foreever. And further the Remainder of my Temporall Estate I give and bequeath to my aforesaid loving wife Elizabeth Croshaw during her widdowhood but in case of her marriage she only to have her third and the Remainder Equally to be divided between my said three children Benjamin Croshaw, Margaret and Rachell, And I do hereby make Constitute and ordaine my aforesaid loving wife full and whole Executrix of this my last will and Testament
(signed) Richard Croshaw (seal) Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us
The Marke of Villenill Hughes
Probt'n in Cur C- Ebor 24th May 1669 p. Sacrament Paulis Johnson & Recordnt'n Die & ano pr Dict.
Va. Hist. Genealogies, p. 116.
Elizabeth, m. Martin Palmer (?), who held 1200 acres in King William in 1704.
Abstrct of the will of JOHN MALLORY, citizen and leather seller of London, dated 23 May, 1747.
To my wife and her heirs my estate of Stratford Lanthory Co. Essex. Also I give her lese of my house in the Strand.
To Treasurer of Saint Georges Hospital 100 pounds--for use of sick and lame there.
To Treasurer of the New Foundling Hospital for use of that charity, 100 pounds.
To Mr. Galfidus Mann and Mr. Richard Cooke, 20 guineas each for mourning.
I make my wife sole executrix and give her residue of my estate on condition that she pays to said Mr. Mann and Mr. Cooke 4000 pounds within 3 yers, to be held by them in trust as follows--
To pay interest to my wife for her life and after her death to pay to childen of my brother William near Jamestown in Virginia 400 pounds, in King Williams County, to the children of my sister ELIZABETH PALMER (Sic) 300 pounds--to the children of my brother Rober 1200 pounds-- to the children of my brother Thomas 1200 pounds--to the children of my sister Quarles 300 pounds-- to the children of my brother Charles 400 pounds-- To the childrem of my cousin (nephew) Francis Mallory of James River in virginia 200 pounds--
If any of said children die their shares shall go to their lawful representatives. Witnesses: Charles Waring
John Vickerey John Locker
Proved 6th December, 1752 by Mary Mallory, widow, relict and executrix.
Martin Palmer, b. 1660-1, probably in King William Co. VA d. 1717 in King William Co. VA m. Elizabeth
The first record we have of this Martin Palmer is under the date of Aug. 12, 1681, when he testified in court that he witnessed a bill and discharge between Edward Bell and John Mackart at Major Palmer's house in New Kent Co., and that he was 21 years of age or thereabouts at that time; he was called Martin Palmer Jr. and others were ordered to appear at Thomas Baker's house in the said case of Bell against Mackart (Vol. DW-6, pp.338-7, York Co.).
The next record we have of him is under the date of Sept. 21, 1702, when Martin Palmer of King William Co. deeded 100 acres of land to John Quarles of the Parish of St. Stephen in King & Queen Co. and Elizabeth, the wife of Martin Palmer, Gent. of King William Co., gave power of attorney to Thomas West to acknowledge her right of dower in said 100 acres and said deed was recorded on Feb. 20, 1702/3 (Vol. 11. p. 340, K.W. Co.). The consideration for this deed was 2,500 pounds of tobacco, and the land was bounded by the north side of Buel Swamp, the River Mattopony, the lands of Capt. Roger Mallory, and the lands of said Palmer. Furthermore, Martin Palmer Gent., as executor of Capt. Martin Palmer, deceased, was plaintiff in a suit against William Knight in the year 1702. (Vol. 5, p.33, K.W. Co.).
It is to be noted that the first Martin Palmer was designated as Capt. and later as Major, and that his son was b. 1660-1, was designated as "Gentleman" in the above deed and action, which was probably due to the fact that he was a member of the House of Burgesses. There appears to be no will or adminstration of Martin Palmer, Gent., and the only data we have as to his death and children is given in the Virginia Colonial Decisions, edited by R.T. Barton.(cont.next page)
These decisions cover the original records of the General Court of Virginia, and this particular action is entitled Palmer against Ward and was in detinue for slaves upon a special verdict. The report states that the case was against the plaintiff's mother, and states that when (cont. Page 6825)
Page 6825 (cont.)
she married the plaintiff's father, Martin Palmer by name, she was possessed of several slaves, particularly one called Bridget, and that he died in 1717 before his wife, and by his will, devised Bridget to plaintiff and other of his slaves to his other children and made his wife and two others Executors. The wife afterwards married the defendant, Ward by name, and in 1721 and action of detinue was brought in a court of King & Queen Co. in the name of the plaintiff and his brothers and sisters by their next friends, Martin and Roger Palmer, against defendant Ward and his then wife, as one of the executors of the estate of Martin Palmer, deceased, to recover the possession of Bridget and other slaves devised to them. Upon trial, verdict was for the defendants and the question was whether the slaves of the wife were vested in the husband after their marriage. This suit was an action by four plaintiffs who were infants and had separate interests against one executor. The Court held that this was a judgement against infants and therefore, was not final or conclusive upon them. The report was then appealed, and the Appellate Court ruled that there was no judgement rendered as against the infants and that they were not barred, their remedy being in Chancery, and the judgement of the Appellate Court was rendered in Oct. 1738 (VA Colonial Decisions, Vol. 2, p. 286).
From the above report we can only conclude that the action was by four infant children and that their next friends as designated, being Martin and Roger Palmer, were brothers of full age who were acting against their mother. There is no record of the will of Martin Palmer, but from this report it is quite evident that he had a will and that his wife was one of the Executors.
We are, therefore, concluding that Martin had the following children, as near as we have been able to ascertain from the public records.
- Martin, b. abt. 1685
- Roger, b. abt.1690
- James, b. abt. 1695
- Charles, b. abt. 1697-1700....Perhaps the one who was found in New Kent Co. in 1729 with Thomas and also later in Amelia Co. in a court action in Sept. 1753.
- Thomas, b. abt. 1700...Perhaps the one who was found in New Kent Co. in 1729
- Daughter who married Martin Key
- Jonathan, b. abt. 1687-90
- William, b. abt. 1715 or earlier
Elizabeth Palmer's Timeline
King William County, Virginia
King William, King William County, VA, USA
King William County, Virginia, United States