Elizabeth Cromwell, Baroness Cromwell

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Elizabeth Cromwell (Seymour)

Also Known As: "Lady Elizabeth Seymour", "Marchioness of Winchester"
Birthdate: (50)
Birthplace: Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England
Death: October 25, 1563 (46-54)
Lvatlaunde, Leicestershire, England
Place of Burial: Church, Basing, Hampshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sir John Seymour of Wulfhall and Lady Margery Wentworth, Lady Seymour
Wife of Sir Anthony Ughtred, Kt.; Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell of Oakham Castle and John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester
Mother of Sir Henry Oughtred, Kt., MP; Henry Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell; Frances Strode; Hon. Catherine Cromwell; Capt. Thomas Cromwell and 1 other
Sister of Sir Henry Seymour, MP; Margery Seymour; Anthony Seymour; John Seymour; Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Sudeley and 5 others

Occupation: Machioness of Winchester
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Cromwell, Baroness Cromwell


 Elizabeth Seymour was born in 1511.
She was the daughter of Sir John Seymour and Margaret Wentworth.
She married Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, son of Thomas Cromwell, 1st and last Earl of Essex and Elizabeth Wykes, before 1538.

2 She died in 1563.

    From before 1538, her married name became Cromwell.

Children of Elizabeth Seymour and Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell

Henry Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell+ d. 20 Nov 1592

Katherine Cromwell+3


[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message from unknown author e-mail (France) to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 558. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S3899] Cecil Aspinall-Oglander, Nunwell Symphony (London, U.K.: The Hogarth Press, 1946), appendix. Hereinafter cited as Nunwell Symphony.



One of nine children, she was the sister of Jane Seymour, later Queen Consort of Henry VIII and aunt of King Edward VI. Elizabeth's first husband was Sir Anthony Ughtred (or Oughtred), who died in 1534. [1] The marriage was childless.

Jane and Elizabeth served as maids of honour to Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn, who was their second cousin. The Seymours gained wealth and power as Henry's attentions turned to Jane. On May 30, 1536, eleven days after Anne's execution, Henry and Jane were married.

Elizabeth Seymour was chief lady-in-waiting to Jane, who died in 1537, twelve days after giving birth to Edward VI. By 1538 Elizabeth had married Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, son of Henry's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex.[1] They had five children.

Elizabeth took part in the official welcoming party for Henry's fourth queen, Anne of Cleves, who arrived from Germany in 1540. After Henry's marriage to Anne was annulled, Elizabeth became lady-in-waiting to his fifth wife, Catherine Howard. With Thomas Cromwell's execution in 1540 for treason and heresy, there was a brief decline in his family's fortunes. Elizabeth served as lady-in-waiting to Henry's sixth wife, Catherine Parr. After Henry VIII's death in 1547, Elizabeth's brother Thomas secretly married Catherine Parr, who died in childbirth in 1548.

Two of Elizabeth's brothers, Thomas and Edward, were executed for treason during the reign of Edward VI. She became a widow again upon the death of Gregory Cromwell in 1551. In 1554 she married John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester. She died in 1563 aged 52.[1]

Victorian scholars had identified a portrait (shown above) by Hans Holbein the Younger as a likeness of Catherine Howard. Historian Antonia Fraser has argued that this image is far more likely to be Elizabeth Seymour. The sitter wears widow's apparel. Catherine Howard would have had no reason to be dressed as a widow; but Elizabeth Seymour would, as her first husband had died in 1534. The woman in the portrait also has a family resemblance to Jane Seymour, particularly in the chin and mouth. The National Portrait Gallery, which exhibits the painting at Montacute House in Somerset, remains undecided about the sitter's identity.[2]

Elizabeth SEYMOUR (B. Cromwell of Oakham)

Born: BET 1500/05, Wolf Hall, Savernake, Wiltshire, England

Died: BEF 9 Jun 1563 / AFT 13 Mar 1561/62, Launde, Leicestershire, England

Buried: BEF 9 Jun 1563, Basing, Hampshire, England

Notes: See her Biography.

Father: John SEYMOUR (Sir)

Mother: Margery WENTWORTH

Married 1: Anthony OUGHTRED (Sir Gov. of Jersey) BEF 1537

Married 2: Gregory CROMWELL (2° B. Cromwell of Oakham) BEF 1538, Wolfhall, Wiltshire, England


1. Henry CROMWELL (3° B. Cromwell of Oakham)

2. Frances CROMWELL

3. Catherine CROMWELL

4. Edward CROMWELL

5. Thomas CROMWELL (MP)

Married 3: John PAULET (2° M. Winchester) AFT Jul 1551 /10 Mar 1554 / 24 Apr 1554

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/SEYMOUR.htm#Elizabeth SEYMOUR (B. Cromwell)

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Elizabeth Seymour is descended from, on her paternal side, Sir Richard St. Maur, who arrived in England with William the Conqueror, and on her maternal side, King Edward III, through the Duke of Clarence, and Hotspur. Her Father was Sir John Seymour of Wolfhall, Wiltshire. Commander during the suppression of the insurrection by the Cornish rebels in 1497, and during the French wars. Made Knight Bannaret by King Henry VIII in 1513. Sheriff of Dorset, Somerset, and Wiltshire. Married Margery Wentworth, 2nd daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nesttlested, Suffolk.

Elizabeth Seymour was born at Wolfhall. At the age of 13 she was married to Sir Anthony Oughtred, Governor of the Isle of Jersey. It was as Lady Oughtred that she first came to Court in service to the Queen, Anne Boleyn.

She was very fond of her Queen, and was in attendance at the birth of Princess Elizabeth. She counts that experience as one of the dearest of her life, and if others were less than jubilant at the birth of a girl child, the disappointment missed Elizabeth’s notice altogether.

When it became obvious, even to Elizabeth, that the King had resumed his search for a Queen who could give Him a male heir, she felt very sorry for the doomed Anne, but at the same time she was delighted that his eye had lit upon her elder sister, Jane.

Sir Anthony died in 1534, but Elizabeth returned to Court in 1536 to witness Jane’s marriage to the King.

In 1537 her brother Edward arranged a marriage between Elizabeth and Gregory, the son Thomas, 1st Baron Cromwell. Her new father-in-law was an extremely powerful man at the time of the marriage: Privy Councilor, Chancellor of the Exchequer, King’ Secretary, Lord Privy Seal, and Great Lord Chamberlain. It was he who saw to the removal of Queen Anne from Henry’s life.

The year 1540 proved especially significant to Thomas Cromwell. He was created Earl of Essex, accused by the Duke of Norfolk of treason, attainted, and beheaded. He shouldn’t have recommended the King marry Anne of Cleves.

Following the death of her nephew, Edward VI, Elizabeth was generally shunned at Court by those who felt the days of the Seymours as a power were done. She wished to retire to Launde (formerly Launde Abby, which had been appropriated by Thomas Cromwell during his overseeing of the dissolution of the monasteries), but knew that flight would end any hopes of restoring the luster that had belonged to the Seymours not so long ago. So she withstood, and in time her patience was rewarded.

It is not known when Gregory Cromwell died, but in 1557 Elizabeth married John Paulet, the widowed Baron St. John. His father, William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester and Earl of Wiltshire, had assumed the position of Lord Treasurer upon the death of the Duke of Somerset. He held the office through the reigns of Edward VI, Jane Grey, Mary, and Elizabeth, though Queen Elizabeth never trusted him, suspecting him of Spanish and Scottish sympathies. Nor did his daughter-in-the-law have reason to trust in him, for he had taken part in the conspiracy against Edward Seymour. William Paulet died at the age of 98 in 1572.

Individual Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19

Elizabeth SEYMOUR (AFN: 9G1Q-6F) Pedigree

Sex:  F  Family  


Birth:   Abt 1511   
 Of, Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England   
Death:   Aft 13 1561/1562 Mar   
 Aft 25 Oct 1552, Lvatlaunde, Leicestershire, England   
Burial:   Bef 9 1563 Jun   
 Church, Basing, Hampshire, England   
Father:  John SEYMOUR (AFN: 9FK3-6D)  Family  
Mother:  Margery (Margaret) WENTWORTH (AFN: 9FD3-LX)   


Spouse:  John PAULET (AFN: 853D-1Q)  Family  
Marriage:  Bef 24 1554 Apr      
    Spouse:  Gregory CROMWELL (AFN: 9G1Q-KB)  Family  
Marriage:  Aug 1537    Of, Wolfhall, Wiltshire, England  
    Spouse:  Anthony UGHTRED (AFN: 9G1Q-J5)  Family  
Ancestral File is a collection of genealogical information taken from Pedigree Charts and Family Group Records submitted to the Family History Department since 1978 
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Family Group Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19

Husband's Name

Gregory CROMWELL (AFN:9G1Q-KB) Pedigree

Born: Abt 1514 Place: Of, Putney, Surrey, England

Died: 4 Jul 1551 Place: , Launde, Leicestershire, England

Buried: 7 Jul 1551 Place: Abby, , Leicestershire, England

Married: Aug 1537 Place: Of, Wolfhall, Wiltshire, England

Father: Thomas CROMWELL (AFN:9G9C-98) Family

Mother: Elizabeth WYKES (AFN:9G9C-T1)

Wife's Name

Elizabeth SEYMOUR (AFN:9G1Q-6F) Pedigree

Born: Abt 1511 Place: Of, Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England

Died: Aft 13 1561/1562 Mar Place: Aft 25 Oct 1552, Lvatlaunde, Leicestershire, England

Buried: Bef 9 1563 Jun Place: Church, Basing, Hampshire, England

Married: Aug 1537 Place: Of, Wolfhall, Wiltshire, England

Father: John SEYMOUR (AFN:9FK3-6D) Family

Mother: Margery (Margaret) WENTWORTH (AFN:9FD3-LX)



M Henry CROMWELL (AFN:9G1Q-LH) Pedigree

Born: Bef 1538 Place: Of, Putney, Surrey, England

Died: 20 Nov 1592 Place:

Buried: 4 Dec 1592 Place: , Laude


M Thomas CROMWELL (AFN:FK7F-S8) Pedigree

Born: Abt 1542 Place: Of, Putney, Surrey, England


F Frances CROMWELL (AFN:FK7F-TF) Pedigree

Born: Abt 1544 Place: Of, Putney, Surrey, England

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Family Group Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19

Husband's Name

Anthony UGHTRED (AFN:9G1Q-J5)  Pedigree   
Born:  Abt. 1509  Place:  <Of, Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England>    

Wife's Name

Elizabeth SEYMOUR (AFN:9G1Q-6F)  Pedigree   
Born:  Abt 1511  Place:  Of, Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England   
Died:  Aft 13 1561/1562 Mar  Place:  Aft 25 Oct 1552, Lvatlaunde, Leicestershire, England   
Buried:  Bef 9 1563 Jun  Place:  Church, Basing, Hampshire, England   
 Father:  John SEYMOUR (AFN:9FK3-6D)  Family  
Mother:  Margery (Margaret) WENTWORTH (AFN:9FD3-LX)   
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Elizabeth Cromwell, Baroness Cromwell's Timeline

Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, England
Age 14
Age 25
Putney, Surrey, , England
Age 31
Putney, Surrey, , England
Age 33
Liddington, Rutland, , England
Age 39
Putney, Surrey, England
October 25, 1563
Age 50
Lvatlaunde, Leicestershire, England