Elizabeth Shoemaker

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Elizabeth Shoemaker (See)

Also Known As: "Catherine"
Birthdate: (76)
Birthplace: South Branch, Augusta, Virginia
Death: 1830 (75)
Adams County, Ohio, United States
Immediate Family:

Biological daughter of Frederick "Michael" See; Frederick Michael See and Catherine Vanderpool
Adopted daughter of Hokolesqua, Sachem Cornstalk and Ounaconoa Muskrat
Wife of Peter John Shoemaker; "Young Peter," Sachem Cornstalk and Peter John Shoemaker
Mother of Solomon Shoemaker; (Unk) Cornstalk (III); Solomon Shoemaker; Catherine Weaver; Seth Shoemaker and 3 others
Sister of Margaret Roach; Sarah Lois See; Mary Catherine Cornstalk; Michael See; George See and 13 others
Half sister of John Sharpe, Jr.; William Sharpe; Mary Polly (See) Petro / Shawnee; "Daughter of Hokoleskwa Cornstalk"/ Piqua Shawnee, Bear Clan; Walker Pomethea "Robert" Cornstalk and 14 others

Managed by: Marjorie Joan Green
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Shoemaker

Elizabeth (Catherine) See, born in 1754 South Branch, Augusta Co., Virginia; died 1830 in Adams Co., Ohio; married a son of Chief Cornstalk January 04, 1776 in Greenbrier Co., Virginia; born Unknown; died Unknown.

Another source states:

“When the time arrived for the Indians to release their prisoners, all of the See family except the twin, nine-year-old Elizabeth, were freed. Cornstalk would not agree to let her go, but kept her for nine more years during which time his young son took her as his squaw and, according to family tradition, she had an Indian child by him. Later she escaped or was ransomed, because she eventually left the Indians, and married a white man named Peter Shoemaker.”

From Chief Cornstalk: Shawnee Lineage 2010:

Elizabeth Catherine d/o Frederick Michael See & Catherine Vanderpool “See” ... Now Elizabeth Catherine See took as her second husband the son of Chief Keigh-taugh-quah Hokoleskwa Cornstalk known as Stout Man Wneypuechsika CORNSTALK (1742 – 1832) and he took her as his third wife. She mothered White Wing Nancy “Big Nancy” Cornstalk (1770-1843) whom married my uncle Elijah Adkins and ran off with Tecumseh Peekishnoah And Margurette Ice Tecumseh (1768 – 1813). After Nancy ran off taking with her their only daughter, first husband Elijah took his sons, and moved away, changing their last name to Atkins.



From Cornstalk’s Raid (31)

These [the list of captives returned 1764] most certainly are names of Virginia captives. There is Mrs. Gilmore and two children; Margaret Yokeham, the wife of either Felty or Valentine; Peggy Reyneck (Renick); the two See boys and Mary See, which could be Mary Catherine See, the mother or younger sister. The list reveals the physical condition of children; the fact that some either didn’t know their own names or the clerk was lax in recording it. When the day came for the captivated’s departure, scenes of grief and anguish prevailed for many Indians refused to give up their beloved adopted children and many half-savage children clung frantically to their foster parents. Despite orders from Colonel Bouquet many of the Indians followed the returning army at a distance. Only a night or two after leaving the Muskingum, little John See stole away from the encampment and rejoined the Indians. Tradition tells that his Uncle Michael See gave a trader one hundred dollars to get him back. John See returned to Hampshire to live with his uncle’s family. He told Nancy Greenlee See when he visited at Point Pleasant in Mason County, Virginia on his way from Kanawha Falls to Indiana about 1825 that when he was a lad returned from the Indians his Aunt Barbara used to tell some of the family to watch and follow him on his excursions into the forest for fear he would return to the Indians.

We can well imagine the rigors of this winter journey through the forest to the fort at the forks of the Ohio. Later the captives were taken by their military escort to Carlisle, Penn. where their relatives had been awaiting to be reunited with the long lost, the supposed dead. That scene defies description. There was joy, sorrow, tragedy, and disappointment; many were unclaimed and utterly homeless.

Catherine See had her burden of grief for her daughter, Elizabeth (Catherine) did not return with the captives; legend recites that she was the mother of an Indian babe and either remained with the Shawnees by choice or restraint. Her story is unknown. Only one fact is recorded. It is found in the diary of Van Meter, who with George Harness, whose wife was a See, and a Stump made a trip from Moorefield, Virginia to Chillicothe, Ohio and met a Mrs. Johnson who was related to them all. She was a daughter of Frederick See, who had been killed by Indians. (From Ohio Archaeological Records).

The Virginia captives were doubtlessly placed in the custody of Captain Morgan of the Virginia Rangers. One source says they were taken to Staunton where they were restored to their relatives.

The See family returned to Hampshire County to live with their kindred. Catherine See married John Hardy, pioneer of Hardy County. Later they all returned to the Greenbrier, where John Hardy’s name appears on the county tax list in 1783-1786. There is no record of the daughter, Lois, but tradition relates that she married ______ Van Bibber, as yet this fact is unconfirmed. There is little, too, regarding the youngest Catherine (Elizabeth). But a tattered copy of Reverend John Anderson’s marriage records from 1776 to about 1785 gives Peter Tho- or Sho- to Elizabeth Lee (See) in January 1776.

"In accordance with Indian custom a general council decided the division of the spoils and the fate of prisoners taken by the tribe. The older daughter, Catherine (sic) was given to the son of Chief Cornstalk for his wife. This girl could hardly have been more than fourteen."

Peter John Shoemaker was born on December 12, 1749 in Frederick County, Maryland and died on June 26, 1804 in Adams County, Ohio. Peter was baptized at the Evangelical Reform Church, Frederick County.

He married Elizabeth See on January 4, 1776 in Greenbrier, Virginia. Elizabeth was born on February 26, 1754 in Hardy County, Virginia and died in 1830 in Adams County.

Peter was living at Shoemaker’s crossing on Brush Creek, north of Manchester, Ohio. On June 19, 1799 he bought land on the east side of Brush Creek, Adams County. Their children were: Catherine, Elizabeth, Solomon Johnson, Seth, Ruth.

See Muddy Creek Settlement below.

  • another source contributed by (cut and paste) 3/24/2013

Elizabeth See (b. 26 Feb 1754, d. 1791) Elizabeth See (daughter of Frederick Michael See and Catherine Vanderpool) was born 26 Feb 1754 in Moorefield, Hardy Co., WV, and died 1791 in Adams Co., OH. She married (1) Shawnee Chief Cornstalk on Abt. 1765 in Old Town, near Chillicothe, OH. She married (2) Peter John Shoemaker on 04 Jan 1776 in West Virginia, son of Peter Shoemaker and Catherine Unknown.

Notes for Elizabeth See:

Elizabeth See (twin to Catherine) was 9 yrs old when she was captured, along with the rest of her family, by the Shawnee Indians after the Muddy Creek Massacre, 15 Jul 1763. She was not released in May 1765 with the rest of her family, but was kept by Chief Cornstalk, who made her his wife. (Another family story says she was actually married to the Chief's son, Elinipsico.)

Although there is no written evidence to prove Elizabeth brought a half-Indian child out with her when she was eventually released in 1772, family lore says that she emerged from captivity at age 19 with a daughter, "Margaret Jarrett." It is speculated that this Margaret Jarrett is the same woman who married her mother's brother, John See, on 03 Sep 1780. John See's descendants strongly believe they have Indian blood from Margaret Jarrett, through her marriage to her uncle, John See.

My personal opinion is that Elizabeth's daughter, Margaret, would have been too young to be the same Margaret Jarrett who married John See in 1780. Even if Elizabeth had Margaret at 14 years old (in 1768), Margaret would have been only 12 in 1780--John See would have been 23. I guess it is biologically possible but, in reality, highly unlikely.

More About Elizabeth See and Shawnee Chief Cornstalk: Marriage: Abt. 1765, Old Town, near Chillicothe, OH.

More About Elizabeth See and Peter John Shoemaker: Marriage: 04 Jan 1776, West Virginia. http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/d/i/x/Jeanne-E-Dixon/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0096.html

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Elizabeth Shoemaker's Timeline

February 26, 1754
Augusta, Virginia
Age 27
Hampshire County, West Virginia, United States
Age 31
Hardy, Mercer County, West Virginia, United States
Age 33
Hardy County, West Virginia, United States
Age 37
Virginia, United States
August 18, 1794
Age 40
Virginia, United States
Age 39
Age 75
Adams County, Ohio, United States