Elisabeth de Valois
|Also Known As:||"Isabelle", "Elisabeth (?) Michaela", "Of France Elizabeth", "Elisabeth Princess Of France", "Élisabeth de Valois"|
|Birthplace:||Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France|
|Death:||Died in Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain|
|Place of Burial:||El Escorial, Madrid, Spain|
Daughter of Henri II de Valois, roi de France and Caterina de' Medici, reine de France
|Occupation:||Queen Consort of Castile and Leon, Queen Consort of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, Naples & Sicily, Countess Consort of Barcelona, Consort of the 17 Provinces of the Spanish Netherlands, queen consort|
|Managed by:||Hannelore Caulk Scheu|
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About Elisabeth de Valois
F, #105247, b. 1545, d. 1568
Last Edited=3 Dec 2008
Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France was born in 1545. (1) She was the daughter of Henri II, Roi de France and Catherine de Medici. She married Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España, son of Karl V von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabel de Aviz, Infanta de Portugal, in 1559 at Palacio del Infantado, Guadalajara, Spain. (3)
She died in 1568. (1)
Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France gained the title of Princesse Elizabeth de France. (1)
Children of Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France and Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España
-1. unnamed daughter1 Habsburg b. 1564
-2. unnamed daughter2 Habsburg b. 1564
-3. Isabella Clara Eugenia von Habsburg+ b. 1566, d. 1633
-4. Catalina Micaela von Habsburg+ b. 10 Oct 1567, d. 6 Nov 1597
-5. unnamed daughter3 Habsburg b. 1568, d. 1568
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Elisabeth of Valois
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Élisabeth de Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.She was born in the Chateau of Fontainebleu. Her childhood was spent mostly in the company of her future sister-in-law, Mary, Queen of Scots, who was being raised at the French court. Elisabeth was described as being shy, timid and very much in awe of her formidable mother; although there is also evidence which shows Catherine to have been loving and tender toward Elisabeth.
Elisabeth married Philip II of Spain ("Philip the Catholic"), son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal in 1559 in Guadalajara, Spain. The marriage was a consequence of the Peace of Cateau Cambrésis (1559). His second wife, Mary I of England had recently died; making Elisabeth of Valois, Philip's third wife. Elisabeth had originally been betrothed to Philip's son, Don Carlos, but political complications unexpectedly necessitated her marriage to Philip instead. Despite the significant age difference between them, Philip was very attached to Elisabeth, staying close by her side even when she was ill with smallpox. Elisabeth's first pregnancy in 1564 ended with a miscarriage of twin girls. She later gave birth to Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain on 12 August 1566, and then to Isabella's younger sister Catherine Michelle of Spain October 10, 1567. Elisabeth had another miscarriage on October 3, 1568, and died the same day, along with her newborn infant son.
The Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia became the major vehicle of her father's unsuccessful claims to the thrones of the Kingdom of England and France. Philip married her to her Habsburg cousin, Archduke Albert (1559-1621), who was made regent of the Spanish Netherlands in 1598. Their joint reign coincided with a golden age for the Habsburg Netherlands.
Isabella bore Albert three children, Archdukes Philip (born 21 October 1605) and Albert (born 27 January 1607) and Archduchess Anna Mauritia; however, all three died in infancy.
After Albrecht died, the archduchess ruled as a governor in the name of her nephew, the king of Spain, for the last twelve years of her life.
Catarina Micaela, Élisabeth's younger daughter, was married to Carlo Emanuele I, Duke of Savoy, and was the mother of Vittorio Amedeo.
Sofonisba Anguissola, the first Italian woman artist to win international recognition, served as Élisabeth's lady-in-waiting from 1559 to 1569, and painted Élisabeth's portrait.
Friedrich Schiller's romantic tragedy linking Don Carlos of Spain with Élisabeth of Valois in a doomed romance (without historical basis) furnished the subject of Giuseppe Verdi's Don Carlos.
They were the subjects of an exhibition in Brussels in 1998-1999 
This article does not cite any references or sources.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2009)
Elisabeth of Valois
Élisabeth de Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565
Queen consort of Spain
Tenure 1559 - 3 October 1568
Spouse Philip II of Spain
Isabella Clara Eugenia, Archduchess of Austria
Catherine Michelle, Duchess of Savoy
House House of Valois
Father Henry II of France
Mother Catherine de' Medici
Born 2 April 1545(1545-04-02)
Died 3 October 1568 (aged 23)
Arms of Elisabeth of France , Queen of Spain.
Elisabeth of Valois (also known as Elizabeth of Valois; French: Élisabeth de France or Élisabeth de Valois, Spanish: Isabel de Valois; 2 April 1545 – 3 October 1568) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
* 1 Early life
* 2 Marriage
* 3 Ancestors
* 4 In fiction
* 5 References
 Early life
She was born in the Château de Fontainebleau. Her childhood was spent in the French royal nursery, where her father insisted she share her bedroom with her future sister-in-law, Mary, Queen of Scots, who was about her same age. Even though Elisabeth had to give precedence to Mary (since Mary was already a crowned queen), the two would remain close friends for the rest of their lives. While it is acknowledged that her sister Margaret and her future sister-in-law Mary were prettier than she, she was one of Catherine's attractive daughters. Elisabeth was also described as being shy, timid and very much in awe of her formidable mother; although there is also evidence that Catherine was tender and loving toward Elisabeth. This was certainly evident in her letters to Elisabeth.
Elisabeth married Philip II of Spain ("Philip the Catholic"), son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Isabella of Portugal in 1559. Originally married via proxy at Notre Dame (with the Duke of Alba standing in for Philip) prior to leaving France, the actual ceremony took place in Guadalajara, Spain upon her arrival. The marriage was a result of the Peace of Cateau Cambrésis (1559). His second wife, Mary I of England, had recently died, making Elisabeth of Valois Philip's third wife.
Philip was completely enchanted by his 14 year old bride, and within a short period of time had given up his mistress. Despite the significant age difference, Elisabeth was also quite pleased with her husband. (In letters to her mother, she proclaimed herself to be fortunate to have married so charming a prince.) Philip enjoyed hosting chivalric tournaments to entertain his wife. Elisabeth would play liege lady to the three young Princes of the Spanish Court: Carlos, Prince of Asturias, John of Austria (illegitimate son of Charles V), and Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma (son of Charles V's illegitimate daughter Margaret).
Elisabeth had originally been betrothed to Philip's son, Carlos, Prince of Asturias, but political complications unexpectedly necessitated instead a marriage to Philip. Her relationship with her troubled stepson Carlos was warm and friendly. Despite reports of his progressively bizarre behavior, Carlos was always kind and gentle to Elisabeth. When it eventually became necessary for Philip to lock him away (which shortly led to the Prince’s demise) Elisabeth cried for days.
Queen Elisabeth in 1568
Philip was very attached to Elisabeth, staying close by her side even when she was ill with smallpox. Elisabeth's first pregnancy in 1564 ended with a miscarriage of twin girls. She later gave birth to Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain on 12 August 1566, and then to Isabella's younger sister Catherine Michelle of Spain on 10 October 1567. Elisabeth had another miscarriage on 3 October 1568, and died the same day, along with her newborn infant son.
After the death of Elisabeth, Catherine de' Medici offered her younger daughter Margaret as a bride for Philip. Philip declined the offer.
Elisabeth of Valois is a central character in Thomas Otway's play Don Carlos, in Schiller's play of the same name, and in Verdi's opera adapted from Schiller's play, also titled Don Carlos. All these works imply a tragic romance between Elisabeth and Carlos, suggesting that they were really in love with each other when Elisabeth was forced to break off her engagement to Carlos and marry his father Philip.
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Elisabeth of Valois
House of Valois, Orléans-Angoulême branch
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 2 April 1545 Died: 3 October 1568
Mary I of England Queen Consort of Castile and Léon,
Queen Consort of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, Naples and Sicily, Countess of Barcelona
Consort of the Seventeen Provinces of the Spanish Netherlands
1559 – 1568 Succeeded by
Anne of Austria
v • d • e
Consorts of Spanish monarchs
This page was last modified on 28 May 2010 at 18:28
Portrait of Elisabeth, Queen of Spain by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, 1606 2
Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France1 F, #105247, b. 1545, d. 1568
Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France|b. 1545\nd. 1568|p10525.htm#i105247|Henri II, Roi de France|b. 31 Mar 1519\nd. 10 Jul 1559|p10308.htm#i103078|Catherine de Medici|b. 13 Apr 1519\nd. 5 Jan 1589|p10308.htm#i103079|François I., Roi de France|b. 12 Sep 1494\nd. 31 Mar 1547|p10246.htm#i102458|Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne|b. 13 Oct 1499\nd. 20 Jul 1524|p10308.htm#i103080|Lorenzo I. de Medici, Duca di Urbino|b. 9 Sep 1492\nd. 4 May 1519|p11366.htm#i113660|Madeleine de la Tour|d. 23 Apr 1519|p479.htm#i4787|
Last Edited=11 Jun 2010 Consanguinity Index=0.03%
Elisabeth, Queen of Spain by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, 1606 2 Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France was born in 1545.1 She was the daughter of Henri II, Roi de France and Catherine de Medici. She married Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España, son of Karl V von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabel de Aviz, Infanta de Portugal, in 1559 at Palacio del Infantado, Guadalajara, Spain.4 She died in 1568.1
Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France gained the title of Princesse Elizabeth de France.1
Children of Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France and Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España 1.unnamed daughter1 Habsburg b. 1564 2.unnamed daughter2 Habsburg b. 1564 3.Isabella Clara Eugenia von Habsburg+ b. 1566, d. 1633 4.Catalina Micaela von Habsburg+ b. 10 Oct 1567, d. 6 Nov 1597 5.unnamed daughter3 Habsburg b. 1568, d. 1568 Citations 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 161. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family. 2.[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia. 3.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family." 4.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 161, says Toledo.
Elisabeth de Valois's Timeline
April 2, 1545
Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France
August 12, 1566
Segovia, Castilla-Leon, Spain
October 10, 1567
October 3, 1568
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain