Emperor of All the Russias Peter I Alekseevich Romanov

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Emperor of All the Russias Peter I Alekseevich Romanov

Russian: Император Всероссийский Пётр I Алексеевич Романов, Finnish: Pjotr Aleksejevitš Romanov, Lithuanian: Petras I, German: Pjotr Alexejewitsch Romanow, Estonian: Peeter Suur, Hungarian: Romanov Pjotr Alekszejevics, Swedish: Pjotr Aleksejevitj Romanov, Danish: Peter Aleksejevitj Romanov, Catalan: Pere Alekséievitx Romànov, Spanish: Pedro Alekséievich Romanov, French: Piotr Alekseïevitch Romanov, Italian: Pietro Alekseevič Romanov, Dutch: Peter Aleksejevitsj Romanov
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Моscow, Russia, Москва, Царство Русское
Death: February 08, 1725 (52)
Saint Petersburg, Russia, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Империя
Place of Burial: Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Империя
Immediate Family:

Son of Car' Aleksej Romanov and Natalia Kirillovna Romanova
Husband of Jekaterina I Romanova
Ex-husband of Evdokija Lopukhina
Fiancé of Sophie Elisabeth von Schulze
Ex-partner of Mary Hamilton; Мария Даниловна Гамонтова; Мария Дмитриевна Кантемир; Maria Andreyevna gr. Rumianceva and Anna von Keyserlingk
Father of Helene von Bock; HIH Alexander Petrovich Grand Duke of Russia; HIH Pavel Petrovich, Grand Duke of Russia; Aleksei Petrovich Romanov of Russia, Tsarevich of Russia; Пётр Романов and 22 others
Brother of Наталия Алексеевна Романова and Феодора Алексеевна Романова
Half brother of Dimitri Romanov; Евдокия Алексеевна Романова; Grand Duchess of Russia Marfa Alexeevna Romanova; Aleksej Romanov; Anna Romanova and 8 others

Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Emperor of All the Russias Peter I Alekseevich Romanov

https://books.google.fi/books?id=TFfZvPzgx8sC&pg=PA298&lpg=PA298&dq=Marta+Skavronski&source=bl&ots=4unafN1zwZ&sig=PMWhtnClF79_J7okQu4I9DL9Pqc&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjb9OKUuqLVAhUOb5oKHXr0DQkQ6AEIOzAE#v=onepage&q=Marta%20Skavronski&f=false

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00006724&tree=LEO

Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Рома́нов, Пётр I, Pyotr I, or Пётр Вели́кий, Pyotr Velikiy)

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On 28 January, 1725, Peter died in great pain from a stone in his bladder. He was buried in the still unfinished St. Peter and St. Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The tsar was officially proclaimed "Emperor Peter the Great of All the Russias." Many, however, believed that he was the Antichrist, sent to punish Russia for her sins. Public opinion was sharply split over the merits of his reign.


GEDCOM Note

{geni:about_me} * Пётр I Алексе́евич, прозванный Вели́кий в Википедии (30 мая [9 июня] 1672 года — 28 января [8 февраля] 1725 года)


Государь, Царь и Великий Князь Всея Руси с 27 апреля 1682 года по 22 октября 1721 года. Император и Самодержец Всероссийский с 22 октября 1721 года по 28 января 1725 года.
Представитель династии Романовых. Был провозглашён царём в 10-летнем возрасте, стал править самостоятельно с 1689 года. Формальным соправителем Петра был его брат Иван (до своей смерти в 1696 году).
С юных лет проявляя интерес к наукам и заграничному образу жизни, Пётр первым из русских царей совершил длительное путешествие в страны Западной Европы. По возвращении из него, в 1698 году, Пётр развернул масштабные реформы российского государства и общественного уклада. Одним из главных достижений Петра стало решение поставленной в XVI веке задачи: расширение территорий России в Прибалтийском регионе после победы в Великой Северной войне, что позволило ему принять в 1721 году титул российского императора.

В 1697-1698 годах во время первой заграничной поездки прошел полный курс артиллерийских наук в Кенигсберге.

GEDCOM Note

OR "PYOTR"; KNOWN AS "THE GREAT"; TSAR OF RUSSIA 1682-1725

GEDCOM Note

Peter the Great or Peter I (1672-1725), czar of Russia (1682-1725), whose military campaigns and modernization efforts transformed Russia into an empire to be reckoned with in European affairs.

Peter was born in Moscow on June 9, 1672, the son of Czar Alexis I Mikhailovich. In early childhood he was taught by private tutors; later, with the aid of palace masters and various foreigners living in Moscow, he taught himself technical and mechanical arts, especially in relation to military and naval science. From 1682 to 1689, under the regency of his half sister Sophia Alekseyevna (1657-1704), Peter shared the throne with his older half brother Ivan V (1666-96), but in 1689 Peter's partisans at court overthrew Sophia and installed him as sole authority (formally, Ivan continued to reign until his death).

During Peter's reign Russia emerged as a great European power, in part because of his introduction of many Western European scientific, technological, cultural, and political conceptions and practices. In 1696, after creating a river fleet, the first Russian navy, Peter captured from the Turks the important fortress of Azov, which commanded the Sea of Azov and gave Russia access to the Black Sea. The following year, in an effort to secure allies among the European powers against the Turks and the Swedes and in order to acquaint himself with Western technology, Peter accompanied a diplomatic mission to the principal capitals of Western Europe. During his travels he induced about 900 artisans, craftsmen, technical advisers, and other experts to emigrate to Russia. Later he sent many young Russians abroad to learn Western crafts and trades.

On his return to Moscow in 1698 Peter, determined to gain control of the eastern part of the Baltic Sea, began military preparations for an attack on Sweden. Although the Great Northern War (1700-21) that ensued began inauspiciously for him, with a devastating setback at Narva (1700), he went on to win one of the greatest military victories in Russian history at the Battle of Poltava in 1709. By the terms of the Treaty of Nystadt (1721) that concluded the war, Russia gained control of a considerable area of the Baltic littoral, later called the Baltic Provinces. In 1703, during the war, Peter founded Saint Petersburg as a “window to Europe” and made it his capital.

Peter was proclaimed emperor in 1721 and thus established the Russian Empire. He introduced such internal reforms as abolition of the power of the boyars, or aristocrats, and the subordination of those nobles and of the church to the throne; the encouragement of industry, trade, and education; and the reorganization of the administrative apparatus of the state to make it more modern and efficient. During Peter's reign the Russian alphabet was simplified, Arabic numerals were introduced, the first newspaper in the Russian language was published, schools were founded, and an Academy of Sciences was established.

Under Peter, Russia became a regimented state. His police-state philosophy was based on the conviction that, just as he spent his life unceasingly in service for the state, so his subjects, whose welfare was his object, should discharge their obligation to the state. Both his reforms and his swift, often cruel, reprisals for infractions of his regulations made indelible impressions upon Russian life. He died in St. Petersburg on February 8, 1725.

GEDCOM Note

Ruled Jointly with half brother 1682-1689. Peter's military campaigns and modernization efforts transformed Russia into an empire to be reckoned with in European affairs. During his reign, the Russian alphabet was simplified, arabic numerals were introduced, the first newspaper in the Russian language was published, schools were founded and an Academy of Sciences was established.

GEDCOM Note

Ruled Jointly with half brother 1682-1689. Peter's military campaigns and modernization efforts transformed Russia into an empire to be reckoned with in European affairs. During his reign, the Russian alphabet was simplified, arabic numerals were introduced, the first newspaper in the Russian language was published, schools were founded and an Academy of Sciences was established.

GEDCOM Note

Ruled Jointly with half brother 1682-1689. Peter's military campaigns and modernization efforts transformed Russia into an empire to be reckoned with in European affairs. During his reign, the Russian alphabet was simplified, arabic numerals were introduced, the first newspaper in the Russian language was published, schools were founded and an Academy of Sciences was established.

GEDCOM Note

Ruled Jointly with half brother 1682-1689. Peter's military campaigns and modernization efforts transformed Russia into an empire to be reckoned with in European affairs. During his reign, the Russian alphabet was simplified, arabic numerals were introduced, the first newspaper in the Russian language was published, schools were founded and an Academy of Sciences was established.

GEDCOM Note

Peter I Aleksejevitj föddes i Moskva den 9 juni 1672 som son till ryska tsaren Aleksej Michajlovitj och Natalja Kirillovna Narysjkina. Peter var fyra år gammal när hans far dog och han uppfostrades därefter under sin mors överinseende. Petersäldre halvbror, Fedor, tog över tronen efter deras fars död, men brodern dog efter endast sex år (1682) som regent. Denne var också barnlös vilket medförde att Peter tog över tronen endast tio år gammal. Han kröntes till tsar den 27 april 1682.Han regerade först tillsammans med sina halvsyskon Ivan och Sofia men 1689 blev dock Sofia avsatt från makten, och när sedan Ivan dog 1696 blev Peter ensam härskare. Han var då tjugofyra år gammal.År 1703grundade Peter staden St. Petersburg. Trettiofem år gammal (1707) gifte han sig i hemlighet med Marta Skowronska, mer berömd som Katarina I, och fem år senare gifte de sig officiellt. De fick så småningom tolv barn, av vilka Anna(gift medKarl Fredrik av Holstein-Gottorp) och Elisabeth (senare rysk kejsarinna) kan nämnas.Han kallades för Peter den store - just namnet "den store" har han fått därför att han var lång, hela 2.10 i strumplästen. Han var rastlös, energisk och impulsiv - och i motsats till de föregående regenterna tyckte han om att prata med "vanligtenkelt folk". Hans mål som kejsare var att göra Ryssland till Europas stormakt och han bjöd in de största och bästa ingenjörerna, skeppsbyggarna, arkitekterna och hantverkarna till Ryssland. På samma gång sände han hundratals ryssar till Europaför att lära sig dessa sysslor. Själv reste han flera gånger till Europa och han besökte till exempel Köpenhamn år 1716. Han arbetade också i flera år i Holland för att lära sig att bygga skepp. Hans första krig var mot Turkiet för att kunna öppnaupp och få en farled till Svartahavet. Hans ambition var också att se till att Ryssland fick tillgång till Östersjön och 1700 startade han "det stora nordiska kriget" mot Sverige, som varade i tjugoett år.Den 22 oktober 1721 utropade han sig själv till Kejsare. Under hans regeringstid var det flera uppror - vilka slogs ner på ett brutalt sätt. Då han misstänkte att hans egen son, Alexei, deltog i en komplott mot honom och tronen, lät han fängslaoch tortera sonen till döds. Ryssland blev emellertid en stormakt under hans tid som kejsare. När han dog den 8 februari 1725, 52 år gammal, var det hans hustru Katarina I som tog över den ryska tronen efter honom. Gravplats: Ryssland, S:t Petersburg - katedralen i Peter-Paulfästningen

About Pjotr Aleksejevitš Romanov (suomi)

Pietari I Suuri (ven. Пётр I, Пётр Великий, Pjotr I, Pjotr Veliki; Pjotr Aleksejevitš Romanov, ven. Пётр Алексеевич Романов; 9. kesäkuuta (J: 30. toukokuuta) 1672 Moskova – 8. helmikuuta (J: 28. tammikuuta) 1725 Pietari) oli Venäjän valtakunnan hallitsija vuosina 1682–1725, ensin tsaarina ja sitten keisarina ("Imperator"). Hän länsimaisti Venäjän hallintoa, ja hänen aikanaan Venäjästä tuli eurooppalainen suurvalta. Pietari Suuren johdolla Venäjällä aloitettiin 1700-luvun ensimmäisellä neljänneksellä tieteellinen opetus, valtion hallintoa uudistettiin kovalla kädellä ja Venäjä rakensi Euroopan valtioiden esimerkkiä seuraten vahvan laivaston.


http://www.wikiwand.com/fi/Pietari_Suuri

Об Императоре Всероссийском Петре I Алексеевиче Романове (русский)

Государь, Царь и Великий Князь Всея Руси с 27 апреля 1682 года по 22 октября 1721 года. Император и Самодержец Всероссийский с 22 октября 1721 года по 28 января 1725 года.
Представитель династии Романовых. Был провозглашён царём в 10-летнем возрасте, стал править самостоятельно с 1689 года. Формальным соправителем Петра был его брат Иван (до своей смерти в 1696 году).
С юных лет проявляя интерес к наукам и заграничному образу жизни, Пётр первым из русских царей совершил длительное путешествие в страны Западной Европы. По возвращении из него, в 1698 году, Пётр развернул масштабные реформы российского государства и общественного уклада. Одним из главных достижений Петра стало решение поставленной в XVI веке задачи: расширение территорий России в Прибалтийском регионе после победы в Великой Северной войне, что позволило ему принять в 1721 году титул российского императора.

В 1697-1698 годах во время первой заграничной поездки прошел полный курс артиллерийских наук в Кенигсберге.

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Emperor of All the Russias Peter I Alekseevich Romanov's Timeline

1672
June 9, 1672
Москва, Царство Русское
June 29, 1672
Chudov Monastery, Moscow
June 29, 1672
Chudov Monastery, Moscow
1690
February 28, 1690
Moscow, город Москва, Russia
1691
October 13, 1691
St. Petersburg, Peter and Paul Cathedral, St. Petersburg, Russia, Preußen
1693
1693
1704
1704
1704