Ephraim Washington Osborne, Jr.

Harlan, Harlan County, Kentucky, United States

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Ephraim Washington Osborne, Jr.

Also Known As: "Eph"
Birthdate: (100)
Birthplace: Yadkin County, Province of North Carolina
Death: November 9, 1852 (100)
Harlan County, Kentucky, United States (Old Age)
Place of Burial: Coldiron, Harlan County, Kentucky, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Ephraim Osbourne, Sr. and Elizabeth "Betty" Osborne
Husband of Mary Osborne
Father of George Osborne; James Osborne; Ephraim Washington Osborne, Ill; Solomon Osborne; Jesse J. Osborne and 5 others
Brother of Captain Enoch Osborne; Elizabeth Ball; Robert James Osborne, I; Zachariah Osborne; Solomon Osborne and 13 others

Occupation: Soldier, Farmer
Managed by: Francis Gene Dellinger
Last Updated:

About Ephraim Washington Osborne, Jr.


Ephraim was the son of Ephraim W. Osborn, Sr. (21 Aug 1723, Williamsburg, James City Co., VA-1796, Independence, Grayson Co., KY), & wife Elizabeth Wells Howard (1726/32 Grayson Co., VA-ca 1796, Grayson Co.) His brother Capt. Enoch Osborn was a Long Hunter in the New River of VA and NC.

The Long Hunters had long hunted and traded with the Cherokee. In many cases they had fathered Cherokee children and been in semi-married relationships with Cherokee women. In these cases, by Cherokee custom, a man who supports his wife and children honorably is inducted into the woman's clan. European-American hunters on Cherokee land not attached to the clans in this way were in a perilous occupation. That the New River men, many of whom had been Long Hunters and Indian traders, would hold back in the attack on the Cherokee in 1776-1777 is to be expected, considering the way in which the war was conducted and their past ties to the Cherokee. As an example, Capt. Enoch Osborne's brother Ephraim married Mary Brock who is the daughter of Aaron Brock, sometimes called by his Cherokee name Cutsawah or Red Bird (after which a tributary of the Kentucky River is named), and one of the Blevins married a granddaughter of Doublehead, a Cherokee head man. Long Hunters not allied with the Cherokee would have been regarded by the Cherokee as thieves and would have lost their harvest of furs if caught (one such dispossessed "thief" was the famous Benjamin Cleveland, scourge of the New River Tories). The Revolutionary War was an economic disaster for the long hunts as many of the furs and skins destined for England now had no market.

Ephraim Washington Osborn , Jr. (Osbourn/Osborne), (14 Sep 1752 Rowan Co., NC-12 Nov 1852 Harlan Co., KY, buried in Forrester's Ceme., Coldiron, Harlan Co.) served in the Revolution. He married

Mary "Polly" Brock (daughter of Aaron "Chief Red Bird"), (28 Oct 1757, VA-28 Feb 1855, Harlan Co., KY)

They had nine children:

1775 George

1779 James,

1780 Jesse Osborn, md. Elizabeth Lemaster

1785 Ephraim Washington Osborn III, md. Lucy Saylor

ca1790 Rebecca Ada Osborn, md. Timothy Roark

1791 Rhoda,

1792 Hiram,

1793 Mary "Polly" Oborn, md. Amon Brock

1798 Isaac Osborn, md. Susan Musgrave

Parents: Ephraim OSBORNE (1723 - 1796) and Elizabeth "Betty" Wells HOWARD (1726 - 1796)


Birth 14 Sep 1752 VA

Death 10 Oct 1866 Harlan co., KY

Buried Layman Cemetery, Harlan co., KY

Oral History

"Enoch Osborne settled on New River, near Bridle Creek. Shortly after he came, he was joined by three brothers - Solomon, Ephraim, and Jonathan. On the farm of Enoch Osborn [a] fort was built as a precaution against Indians outbreaks and depredations which were common on the border settlements. This early fort stood at or near the present site of Ancella Post Office."

Military 29 Sep 1777 Montgomery Co., VA

"Montgomery County, Virginia - Revolutionary War Record - 1775-83.

A copy of the Muster Roll - a list of persons who hath sworn alegiance to the state in 1777.

Captain Ozburn's Company - 1777 September 29th.


Jeremiah Ozburn

Capt. Enoch Osburn (Octr. 6th 1777)


Wm. Hash

Stephen Ozburn

Jonathan Ozburn

Wells Ward

Jno. Hash


Jas. Ward

Ephriam Ozburn, Jr.


Ephriam Ozburn, Senr.

Stephen Ozburn, Senr.


Spouse Bef 1883

m. Mary "Polly" Brock, dau of Aaron "Chief Red Bird" Brock (1/2 Cherokee) and Susannah Davis (a full blood), and had: Hiram (1805), Jesse, Ephraim, Rebecca, Mary, Rhoda, and James

Military 1785 Montgomery Co., VA

"List of Captain Enoch Ozburn Company in 1785

Mongtomery County, Virginia

Enoch Ozburn, Captaion


Ephriam Osborn, Jr



Census 1820 Harlan co., KY

Census 1830 Harlan co., KY

Census 21 Aug 1850 Harlan co., KY

Oral History 25 Apr 1954 Harlan co., KY

Perhaps one of the oldest Harlan County citizens living through five wars was Ephriam Ozborn, Jr., who died at the age of 112. He was born in Virginia September. 14, 1754 and died in Harlan County Oct. 10, 1866. He is buried in a Layman cemetery on the hill.

When Ozborn entered the Revolutionary War, he was a young man living in Virginia. The five conflicts which terminated in his life time were the French and Indiana, Revolutionary, War of 1812, Mexican War and Civil War.

During his Revolutionary War days he volunteered at "Ozborn Fort" and served six months in Capt. Enoch Ozborn's company in the expedition against the Cherokee Indians.

Sent On Scounting Parties

Many times he was sent on "scounting parties after the Tories." The many months he spent serving under Capt. Abram Bletcher, Colonel Christy, and Capt. Frederick Edwards, should have been sufficient to allow pension benefits.

When he became 80 years of age, he felt that he was due a few benefits. On Sept. 8, 1834 he applied but the records in Montgomery County, Va., were not available and therefore he was turned down for compensation. His life history as a Revolution War soldier has been preserved through records and accounts by members of his family and handed down from one to another.

During the war and oath of allegiance was made by Capt. Ozborn's company. The "muster roll" which was signed by James McCorkle, 5 Dec. 1777, has also been perserved.

The allegiance in part reads: "We whose names are hereunto subscribed do swear or affirm that we renounce and refuse all allegiance to George Third King of Great Britain, his heirs and successors, and that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the Commonwealth of Virginia as a free and independent State and I will not at any time do our cause to be done any matter or thing that will be prejudical or injurious to the freedom and independence thereof and also that I will discover and make known to some one Justice of the Peace for the said state all treasons which I now or hereafter know to be formed against this or any of the United States of America."

List Of Soldiers

A list of persons who have sworn allegiance to the State 1777 in Capt. Ozborn's company were Ezekial young, Frances Stegil, Jermiah Ozborn, William Landreth, Robert Baker, John Medly, Isaac Weaver, William hash, Stephen Ozborn, Jr., Joshua Pennington, James Ward, Ephriam Ozborn, Jr., Timothy Roark, George Ewing, Jr., Henry Long, Josiah Ramsey and Samuel Newberry.

A few names from Coxe's Company refused to sign. Next to one of the refusers name was written "an old inoffensive ignorant man." Could be that our expression of "Coxe's Army" could have originated here.

Sunday April 25, 1954

Volume 53 Number 96

Pages 1 & 4


Descendants of John Hash


found: 17 Jan 2001

dated: 28 Nov 2000

Descendants of James Osborne


found: 18 Jan 2001

dated: not dated

Sturgill Births


dated: not dated

found: 24 Jun 2001

Vickie Sturgill Stevens <vickie327@aol.com>

1830 Harlan Co., KY Federal Census

transcribed by Larry Jones <mailto:sp1ke@mindspring.com> an

Harlan, KY 1820 Federal Census

transcribed by Larry C. Jones <sp1ke@mindspring.com>

1850 Federal Census Harlan County, Kentucky

transcribed & proofread by Sue Ann Morrow <KentuckyBumpkin@

Newspaper bio for Ephraim Osborne

Joyce Osborne <joyce1@kih.net>

Grayson County: A History in Words and Pictures

Bettye-Lou Fields

email w/MSWord attachment subject: "Enoch Ozborn and Ephraim Osborne" dated 1 Dec 2003 9:13am

Chuck Clout <ccloudjr@cox.net>

1860 Census of Harlan co., KY

ancestry.com images of original record


Pioneer Settlers of Grayson Co, Va by BF Nuckolls (1914) p. 171: 

"Esq Enoch Osborne settled on New River near Bridle Creek; this for many years was known as the Osborne settlement. Enoch Osborne had 3 brothers, Solomon, Ephraim, and Jonathan, who came to this country with their rfamilies about the same time and settled on New River near together.

A fort was built on the farm now occupied by Joshua Osborne and son, John, at Ancella Post Office. Indian depredations were common in the border settlements, and preparations for protection and defense were necessary.

It was fortunate for society that the first settlers were people of moral worth and piety. Enoch Osborne's wife was a Miss Hash. He and his wife were Christians and aided very much in planting the standard of Christian civilization over the land that was so recently inhabited by savages. Their home was a resting place for the wayworn traveling preachers. The venerable Bishop Asbury called with them, rested, and took refreshments, as he was making his ministerial tours through this newly settled country, preaching the gospel. It was at the Old Fort where Esq Enoch Osborne, Sr, first located a home.

An incident occurred with the Osborne brothers in their newly occupied territory that tells of the dangers and exposures to which pioneer settlers were subjected. Enoch Osborne and brothers Solomon and Ephraim went into what is now Watauga NC on a hunting trip, deer being plentiful in that section. Getting wet by a shower of rain and wet bushes, they struck up camp in the evening and lay down to sleep and rest, hanging up their clothes by the campfire to dry. The Indians surprised them by shooting into the camp and killing Solomon Osborne; an Indian chased Enoch some distance and lost him in the dark. Ephraim, after fleeing from camp carefully, crept back in the dark to his horse that was fastened with a hickory bark halter to a tree, loosed him, and rode home. Enoch returned home without shoes, and in his night clothing. These facts are gathered from Mrs. Mary McMullen, wife of Hon Lafayette McMullen, member of Congress, from Scott Co, VA for several sessions.

Mrs. McMullen, before her marriage, was Miss Mary Woods, granddaughter of Solomon Osborne, who was murdered in the camp by the Indians."

Is also on the Revolutionary War plaque at Harlan along with Carr Bailey Jr. and James Brock.

For more information on Ephraim Osborne, refer to:


Ephraim Osborne Jr and Mary "Polly" Brock...kinda bounced around somewhat. Ephraim Osborne Jr was born in Yadkin, Rowan Co, NC... lived in Grayson county, Va... Ephraim and Mary died in Harlan Co., Kentucky. Ephraim served in the Revolutionary war. His name is on the Harlan County Courthouse plaque...as in memory of the soldiers and patriots of the American Revolution.


view all 18

Ephraim Washington Osborne, Jr.'s Timeline

September 14, 1752
Yadkin County, Province of North Carolina
Age 22
Age 26
Age 27
North Carolina, United States
September 1785
Age 32
Yadkin River, Rowan County, North Carolina, United States
Age 35
Kentucky, United States
Age 37
Virginia, United States
Age 38
October 28, 1793
Age 41
Knox County, Kentucky, United States