Ercole II d'Este, duca di Ferrara

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About Ercole II d'Este, duca di Ferrara

Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ercole_II_d%27Este

Ercole II d'Este (5 April 1508 - 3 October 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. He was a member of the house of Este and the eldest son of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia.

Through his mother, Ercole was a grandson of Pope Alexander VI, nephew of Cesare Borgia, and cousin of Saint Francis Borgia. Through his father, he was nephew of both Isabella d'Este, "the First Lady of the Renaissance", and Cardinal Ippolito d'Este.

His siblings included Ippolito II, Archbishop of Milan and later Cardinal, nun Leonora, and Francesco, Marchese di Massalombarda. His half-siblings included Rodrigo Borgia of Aragon, Lucrezia’s son by Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie, and perhaps Giovanni Borgia, the “infans Romanus”.

In April 1528, he married Renée of France, the second daughter of Louis XII, King of France, and Anne of Brittany. Renée received from Francis I of France an ample dowry and annuity. Thus the court she assembled about her in Ferrara corresponded to the tradition which the cultivation of science and art implicitly required, including scholars like Bernardo Tasso and Fulvio Pellegrini Morato.

Their first child, Anna, born in 1531, who was married to Francis, Duke of Guise, was followed by Alfonso in 1533; Lucrezia in 1535, who was married to the Duke of Urbino Francesco Maria II della Rovere; and later Eleonora and Luigi, whose education she carefully directed.


Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara (1)

M, #107531, b. 5 April 1508, d. 3 October 1559

Last Edited=19 Jan 2009

    Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara was born on 5 April 1508.3,2 He was the son of Alfonso I d'Este, Duca di Ferrara and Lucrezia Borgia.1,2 He married Renée de Valois, daughter of Louis XII, Roi de France and Anne de Dreux, Duchesse de Bretagne, in 1528.3 He died on 3 October 1559 at age 51.3,2
    Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara succeeded to the title of Duca di Ferrara in 1534.1

Children of Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara and Renée de Valois

-1. Alfonso II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara1 d. 1597

-2. Anna d'Este+4 b. 1531, d. 1607

Forrás / Source:

http://thepeerage.com/p10754.htm#i107531


Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ercole II d'Este (5 April 1508 - 3 October 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. He was a member of the house of Este and the eldest son of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia.

Through his mother, Ercole was a grandson of Pope Alexander VI, nephew of Cesare Borgia, and cousin of Saint Francis Borgia. Through his father, he was nephew of both Isabella d'Este, "the First Lady of the Renaissance", and Cardinal Ippolito d'Este.

His siblings included Ippolito II, Archbishop of Milan and later Cardinal, nun Leonora, and Francesco, Marchese di Massalombarda. His half-siblings included Rodrigo Borgia of Aragon, Lucrezia’s son by Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie, and perhaps Giovanni Borgia, the “infans Romanus”.

In April 1528, he married Renée of France, the second daughter of Louis XII, King of France, and Anne of Brittany. Renée received from Francis I of France an ample dowry and annuity. Thus the court she assembled about her in Ferrara corresponded to the tradition which the cultivation of science and art implicitly required, including scholars like Bernardo Tasso and Fulvio Pellegrini Morato.

Their first child, Anna, born in 1531, who was married to Francis, Duke of Guise, was followed by Alfonso in 1533; Lucrezia in 1535, who was married to the Duke of Urbino Francesco Maria II della Rovere; and later Eleonora and Luigi, whose education she carefully directed.

Once he became Duke in October of 1534, Ercole turned against the French at his court, finding them both too expensive and too influential, and by 1543 they had all been dismissed. He was also under pressure from the Curia to dismiss those suspected of heresy; John Calvin himself was in Ferrara sometime in 1536. Meanwhile, Duchess Renée was corresponding with a number of Protestants and was suspected to have converted, despite the presence of a special court of the Inquisition in Ferrara. Ercole brought accusations of heresy against his wife to King Henry II of France and Inquisitor Oriz in 1554, and she subsequently confessed.

Ercole sided with Pope Paul IV and France against Spain in 1556, but made a separate peace agreement in 1558.

He was also a patron of the arts along with his brother, Cardinal Ippolito, who built the Villa d'Este near Tivoli.

Ercole II's ancestors in three generations Ercole II d'Este

-Father:

Alfonso I d'Este

Paternal Grandfather:

Ercole d'Este I

+=Paternal Great-grandfather:

Niccolò III d'Este

+=Paternal Great-grandmother:

Ricciarda da Saluzzo

Paternal Grandmother:

Leonora of Naples

+=Paternal Great-grandfather:

Ferdinand I of Naples

+=Paternal Great-grandmother: Isabella of Taranto

Isabella of Taranto

-Mother: Lucrezia Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia

Maternal Grandfather:

Pope Alexander VI

+=Maternal Great-grandfather: Joffre de Borja y Doms

Joffre de Borja y Doms

+=Maternal Great-grandmother:

Isabella de Borja

Maternal Grandmother: Vannozza dei Cattanei de Candia

Vannozza dei Cattanei de Candia

+=Maternal Great-grandfather:

Jacopo Pinctoris

+=Maternal Great-grandmother: Mencia Pinctoris

Mencia Pinctoris

Forrás / Source:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ercole_II_d'Este,_Duke_of_Ferrara


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ercole_II

Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara

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Ercole II d'Este

Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio

WP Ercole II.jpg

Spouse Renée of France

Issue

Anna, Duchess of Guise

Alfonso II, Duke of Ferrara

Lucrezia, Duchess of Urbino

Eleonora

Luigi

Noble family Este

Father Alfonso I d'Este

Mother Lucrezia Borgia

Born 5 April 1508(1508-04-05)

Died 3 October 1559 (aged 51)

Ercole II d'Este (5 April 1508 – 3 October 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. He was a member of the house of Este and the eldest son of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia.

Through his mother, Ercole was a grandson of Pope Alexander VI, nephew of Cesare Borgia, and cousin of Saint Francis Borgia. Through his father, he was nephew of both Isabella d'Este, "the First Lady of the Renaissance", and Cardinal Ippolito d'Este.

His siblings included Ippolito II, Archbishop of Milan and later Cardinal, nun Leonora, and Francesco, Marchese di Massalombarda. His half-siblings included Rodrigo Borgia of Aragon, Lucrezia’s son by Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie, and perhaps Giovanni Borgia, the “infans Romanus”.

In April 1528, he married Renée of France, the second daughter of Louis XII, King of France, and Anne of Brittany. Renée received from Francis I of France an ample dowry and annuity. Thus the court she assembled about her in Ferrara corresponded to the tradition which the cultivation of science and art implicitly required, including scholars like Bernardo Tasso and Fulvio Pellegrini Morato.

Their first child, Anna, born in 1531, who was married to Francis, Duke of Guise, was followed by Alfonso in 1533; Lucrezia in 1535, who was married to the Duke of Urbino Francesco Maria II della Rovere; and later Eleonora and Luigi, whose education she carefully directed.

Once he became Duke in October of 1534, Ercole turned against the French at his court, finding them both too expensive and too influential, and by 1543 they had all been dismissed. He was also under pressure from the Curia to dismiss those suspected of heresy; John Calvin himself was in Ferrara sometime in 1536. Meanwhile, Duchess Renée was corresponding with a number of Protestants and was suspected to have converted, despite the presence of a special court of the Inquisition in Ferrara. Ercole brought accusations of heresy against his wife to King Henry II of France and Inquisitor Oriz in 1554, and she subsequently confessed.

Ercole sided with Pope Paul IV and France against Spain in 1556, but made a separate peace agreement in 1558.

He was also a patron of the arts along with his brother, Cardinal Ippolito, who built the Villa d'Este near Tivoli.

This page was last modified on 28 July 2010 at 11:33.


Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara1 M, #107531, b. 5 April 1508, d. 3 October 1559

Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara|b. 5 Apr 1508\nd. 3 Oct 1559|p10754.htm#i107531|Alfonso I d'Este, Duca di Ferrara|d. 1534|p16404.htm#i164038|Lucrezia Borgia|b. 18 Apr 1480\nd. 24 Jun 1519|p33159.htm#i331583|Ercole I. d'Este, Duca di Ferrara|d. 1505|p16404.htm#i164037||||Rodrigo Borgia||p33159.htm#i331584|Vannozza dei Cattanei||p33159.htm#i331585|

Last Edited=19 Jan 2009

    Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara was born on 5 April 1508.3,2 He was the son of Alfonso I d'Este, Duca di Ferrara and Lucrezia Borgia.1,2 He married Renée de Valois, daughter of Louis XII, Roi de France and Anne de Dreux, Duchesse de Bretagne, in 1528.3 He died on 3 October 1559 at age 51.3,2
    Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara succeeded to the title of Duca di Ferrara in 1534.1

Children of Ercole II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara and Renée de Valois 1.Alfonso II d'Este, Duca di Ferrara1 d. 1597 2.Anna d'Este+4 b. 1531, d. 1607 Citations 1.[S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 104. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World. 2.[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia. 3.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 67. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. 4.[S102] Roglo Geneweb Website, online <http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo?lang=en>. Hereinafter cited as Roglo Geneweb Website.

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Ercole II d'Este, duca di Ferrara's Timeline

1508
April 5, 1508
1531
November 16, 1531
Age 23
Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
1533
November 22, 1533
Age 25
Ferrara, Ferrara
1535
December 16, 1535
Age 27
1538
1538
Age 29
1559
October 3, 1559
Age 51
????