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King of Sweden Erik XIV Gustavsson Pihl (Vasa)

шведский: Konung Erik XIV Gustafsson av Sverige (Vasa), финский: Kuningas Erik XIV Kustaanpoika Vasa
Дата рождения:
Место рождения: Stockholms slott, Stockholm, Uppland, Sverige (Швеция)
Смерть: 26 февраля 1577 (43)
Örbyhus slott, Vendel, Uppland, Sverige (Швеция) (Poisoned with arsenic mixed in his pea soup)
Место погребения: Västerås, Vastmanland, Sweden
Ближайшие родственники:

Сын Густава I Ваза, Короля Швеции и Catarina von Sachsen-Lauenburg, Drottning av Sverige
Муж Kaarina Maununtytär
Партнёр Agda "Caritas" Persdotter
Бывший партнёр Anna Larsdotter
Отец Birger Eriksson; Adam Eriksson; Margareta Eriksdotter; Virginia Eriksdotter Vasa; Constantia Eriksdotter и ещё 5
Брат NN
Неполнородный брат John III, king of Sweden; Catherine Vasa; Cecilia Gustavsdotter Vasa, Prinsessa; Prince Magnus Gustafsson Vasa, Prince, Duke of Östergötland; Gustaf, Prins av Sverige и ещё 6

Профессия: Kung av Sverige 1560-1568, Konunmg av Sverige, kung, Kuningas, Sveriges kung, Hertig av Kalmar, Kronobergs län och Öland, Kung 1560 -1568
Менеджер: Sveneric Rosell
Последнее обновление:

About Erik XIV, King of Sweden

Erik XIV, King of Sweden

SWEDEN, KINGS, from Projects MedLands

  • 1. ERIK King of Sweden (Stockholm 13 Dec 1533-poisoned Örbyhus 26 Feb 1577). He succeeded his father in 1560 as ERIK XIV King of Sweden. He was deposed in 1569. married (4 Jul 1568) KARIN Mansdotter, daughter of --- (6 Nov 1550- Liuksala, Finland 13 Sep 1612).

King Erik XIV & his wife KARIN Mansdotter had four children:

  • a) SIGRID (15 Oct 1566-24 Apr 1633). m firstly (1597) HENRIK Tott till Sjundley, son of --- (-[1600/01]). m secondly (1609) NILS Nilsson till Bro [Natt och Dag], son of --- (-18 Apr 1613).
  • b) GUSTAF (28 Jan 1568-Kaschin, Russia 22 Feb 1607).
  • c) HENRIK (24 Jan 1570-1574).
  • d) ARNOLD (1 Nov 1572-1573).

King Erik XIV had four illegitimate children by Agda Persdotter his Royal Mistress:

  • e) VIRGINIA (1559-1633). m (1585/6) HAKON Knutsson Hand, son of --- (-1595/6).
  • f) CONSTANTIA (1560-1649). m ([1594]) HENRIK Frankelin, son of --- (-1610).
  • g) LUCRETIA (1564-). m --- Zelow, son of ---.
  • h) MARGARETA- (1618). m (1592) OLAVIUS Simonis, son of --- (-1639).

Source Projects MedLands Sweden - http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SWEDEN.htm#BirgerMagnussondied1266B

Extramarital Relationship with Agda Persdotter

Agda Persdotter, daughter of the wealthy Stockholm citizen with Finnish descent Per Clementsson, † circa 1575 also called Peder in the gate (S: t Nicolai gatekeeper's house in Storkyrkobrinken).

What is known about her is that she was very beautiful and therefore bore the nickname Charitas. According to documents in private ownership, Agda is said to have owned a painful and beautiful plant with fine oval face, large deep blue eyes and light brown hair. Daughter of the wealthy Stockholm citizen with Finnish descent Per Clementsson, † circa 1575 also called Peder in the gate (S: t Nicolai gatekeeper's house in Storkyrkobrinken). Agda broke with the king and later married Joakim Fleming, † 1573. After his death Agda resumed the relationship with the king and then the daughter Lucretia was born. Then she married a second time, then with the commander at Stegeborg Christoffer Olofsson Stråle, † 1585. Her son Johan Christoffersson Stråle, † 1640 and is buried in Skänninge church.

Children with Agda Persdotter, Royal Mistress:

  • Virginia Eriksdotter Vaasa born 1559-01-01 at Kalmar Castle, † 1633. In 1566 she became king of his father King Erik XIV, the incidents of jealousy for Russian Grand Prince Ivan Ivanovich. Obtained 1585-05-07 by King Johan III six farms in Västergötland and 1589-04-14 by Duke Carl five homes in Vadsbo here. Married around 1586 with the steward at Kronoberg's castle Håkan Knutsson Hand
  • Constantia Eriksdotter Vasa born 1560-06-13, † 1649-01-24 Odensfors and buried along with her husband in Undenäs old church. Received in the donation church ceremony of two parishes in Boberg's homestead, as well as Bocksjö, a mantal farm, by Duke Karl's letter. Owned together with her husband Ramsnäs farm in Finnerödja sn. Married to the Chief of Police in Hanekind's ward Henrik Frankelin.
  • Lucretia Eriksdotter Vasa born 1564-01-04, † 1572

Source- https://www.geni.com/photo/view/4371107?album_type=photos_of_me&photo_id=6000000088908403923

Spouse

Children with Karin Månsdotter

  • Sigrid Vasa, born 1566-10-16 at Svartsjö Castle in Sånga parish, † 1633-04-24 Liuksiala. Married 1: o 1597 with the Castle Act at Turku Castle Henrik Claësson Tott. Married 2: o 1609-09-10 at Stockholm Castle with the headmaster Nils Nilsson Natt and Dag.
  • Gustav Eriksson Vasa born 1568, † 1607.
  • Henrik Eriksson Vasa born 1570, † 1574.
  • Arnold Eriksson Vasa born and † 1572.

Source - https://www.adelsvapen.com/genealogi/Vasa

History

Erik XIV 1533-77, Swedish King 1560-68, son of Gustav Vasa and Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg.

Through Arboga's articles in 1561, Erik strengthened the National Assembly and acquired, through the establishment of a Supreme Court, the Supreme Court of the King (High Council), with Jöran Persson in the lead, a tool for his personal power. He began the expansive Swedish Baltic Sea policy through the acquisition of Estonia in 1561 and came to war with Denmark and Lübeck in 1563, under which he proved to possess military organizational capacity.

The domestic policy tightening led to conflict with the brother Johan and the High Court. Erik's illusory suspicion and fierceness led to Sturemorden in 1567. When he married Karin Månsdotter that same year, the nobility made the dukes upside down. In July 1567 he left Karin Månsdotter in the presence of councilors. rumors were that he had forced the Archbishop Laurentius Petri to carry out the wedding ceremony.

Erik was deprived of the crown and was then detained at various castles in Sweden and Finland until he was probably murdered at the castle of Örbyhus at the command of Johan III.

Erik was richly talented, had versatile interests and stood at the height of his formation. He had extensive foreign policy plans that worried the less imaginative father; Here, the idea of ​​freeing Queen Elisabeth I. Erik was actually released to her before she became queen and was divorced and supervised by her suspicious half-sister, "Bloody Mary." Brother Johan had to make a preparatory free trip for Erik's account in 1559 to the newly-elected Queen Elizabeth, and in England he was greatly admired for his form-fitting Latin. But the apostasy to Elizabeth was rejected.

Erik had a number of lovers: Agda Persdotter, Anna Larsdotter, Karin Jakobsdotter, Karin Pedersdotter, Britta and Ingrid; all of them mentioned until 1565 and these women had some sort of semi-functional position in the vicinity of Eriks. From 1565 it was Karin Månsdotter, who became Erik's mistress and later also a wife.

The Swedish tradition of eating crayfish was introduced by Erik XIV - he was very fond of crayfish and cultivated them in the moat around Kalmar Castle. When his sister Anna was married, he ordered the fiancé at Nyköping's castle to procure a large amount of crayfish for the wedding. Until the 19th century there were a large amount of crayfish in Swedish waters, but the rural population did not think they were human food. By contrast, the medieval monks abound with crayfishes, especially during the fasting. Cancer was counted as fish, which they were allowed to eat.

According to an expert, an opening in 1958 by Erik XIV's grave did not provide proof that the arsenic found was the result of a poisoning. Another expert's conclusion was that "the whole finding thus fully supports the assumption that Erik XIV has been poisoned with arsenic." (Source: Focus 98 and Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV)

Sources

  • 1) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV
  • 2) Lars Ericson - Johan III
  • 3) Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa
  • 4) Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - National father or tyrant?
  • 5) 'La genealogia delle case piu illustri di tutto il mondo' - https://books.google.fi/books?id=H5jPqbFL81wC&pg=PA180&lpg=PA180&dq=Sua+Moglie+Caterina+figlia+d%27un+Trabante&source=bl&ots=dfShXmf1Gs&sig=c2yz4xEuTiyOHngOXweIoMvmnmk&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9g9nH6NzPAhXmA5oKHRSpCTYQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=Sua%20Moglie%20Caterina%20figlia%20d'un%20Trabante&f=false
  • 6) Handkerchief in linen with Erik XIV's Royal cypher and Vasa-gun. Description English: Hand clothes (handkerchief) of linen with in the middle Vasa-gun, embroidered in silver, gold, blue and red. In the corners and on both sides of the weapon crowned E and R, the two lower letters turn in the same direction as the letters at the weapon, the upper up-and inverted. Deposit from St. Historical Museum 1915, SHM no 3121:14, handed down from Drottningholm 1863. "3121-from Drottningholm Palace, with Kongl. May: TS gracious Permit Aflemnade-14-a handkerchief of fine linen, with the Vasa gun in the closed Konglig crown in Midten, and at the sides of the gun and in the corners E R (Ericus Rex) under Crown, embroidered with Förgyld silfvertråd and Färgadt Silk. Stains in the canvas uppgifvas be after the blood from the Sture murders. Year 1863 ". The canvas is a hand cloth, a handkerchief, from about 1560. Date Circa 1560 - https://www.geni.com/photo/view/4371107?album_type=photos_of_me&photo_id=6000000088954321056&position=0
  • 7) Erik XIV:s rustning från 1562., Nyckelord: Rustningar, 1500-tal Description English: Closed helmet with comb, helmet clock, visor and helmet collar of two slats. Rear a plymhållare. The helmet is characterized mainly by its very rich decor, as the other parts of armor. The entire surface is covered by figures in height relief, the entire backround surface is covered by punsad decor. The different fields are divided by a border in gold. On the helmet's comb and on the visor and helmet clock There is also beslagsornamentik. Some of the screws are of newer dates. The armour consists of 18 parts, according to current numbering, delivered to Erik XIV 1562. The material is steel with etched and driven decor and gold. Made at Arbogas Vapenfaktori and decorated in Antverpen by Guldsmeden Eliseus Lieberts after the French artist Etienne Delaune. The entire garnityret is decorated with mythological figures, shackled prisoners, battle scenes and Trofégrupper and the Vasa gun, the Tre kronor weapon and the folk young lion. The armour may for example have been used at one of the many pageant that the king arranged, both of martial and peaceful nature. One of these took place after the campaign against Denmark 1564 when Erik rode into Stockholm "in great Triumph". He entailed both trophies and prisoners of war, which represented a vivid illustration for rustningsgarnityrets decor. The horse star was delivered a year later 1563 and has a different decor, it was sent as a sample of decor and Erik ordered at least one more armor from Antwerp. When Lieberts personally would deliver the new armour, both he and the armor were captured in Denmark, during the war, Erik tried to get armor and Lieberts free but failed. Guldsmeden David Cnoep, who was active at the Danish court, became the owner of the armament. Cnoeps son sold it to Christian II of Saxony. The armour is available today in the Historisches Museum in Dresden and is decorated with Vasa-and three-Kronorvapnet. Date: 1562, Medium Steel, Dimension, Weight: 3.195 g (112.69 oz) Length: 350 mm (13.77 ″); Height: 290.310 mm (317.48 yd); Width: 270 mm (10.62 ″) - https://www.geni.com/photo/view/4371107?album_type=photos_of_me&photo_id=6000000088953232150&position=1
  • Source - Complete History 1 in swedish for Carl Bengtsson Skantz and Nilla Mansdotter' -https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/df/01/ad/f3/53444848afde0077/hannah_olsson_family_historyslakt_och_bygd_03_1_-_19384097_original.pdf
  • Source- Complete History 1, Carl Bengtsson Skantz and Nilla Mansdotter from Sweden in English - https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/82/0c/f0/41/53444848b00c1bd4/hannah_olsson_family_history_english_original.pdf
  • Source - Complete History 2 in swedish for Carl Bengtsson Skantz and Nilla Mansdotter- https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/bf/86/9b/ff/53444848c9f48584/18308584_original.pdf


Archaeologists reveal new finds from legendary Swedish warship.

The Mars warship also known as the Makalös (Peerless), which was constructed between 1563 and 1564 was carrying hundreds of soldiers when it exploded in the Baltic Sea in 1564 during the Northern Seven Years’ War.

Cannons, hand grenades, and up to a thousand soldiers were on board the large Swedish warship when it exploded in the Baltic Sea, 454 years ago.

The ship, known as Mars, belonged to the Swedish navy and was one of Northern Europe’s largest and most feared naval vessels used in the Northern Seven Years’ War.

The remains were discovered at the bottom of the Baltic Sea in 2011, near to the Swedish island of Öland.

The latest discoveries from the wreckage were revealed during a press conference in Öland.

“This year, we have come closer to the people aboard. We found more skeletal parts, including a femur with trauma around the knee which we believe to stem from a sharp-edged weapon,” says maritime archaeologist Rolf Fabricius Warming, who is one of the researchers involved in the investigation.

“We also found large guns and a hand grenade. We can see from the wreckage that it was a very intense and tough battle. Between 800 and 1,000 men were on board. That is comparable to the population of an entire medium-sized town at the time. Most of them died in the explosion or when the ship sank into the watery depths,” he says.

Read More: Researchers discover remains of sunken Swedish warship

The ship contained silver treasure Researchers had previously discovered silver treasure among the Mars wreckage. This time, one of the most spectacular finds was a large grapnel (grappling hook) an anchor-like hook, which hung from the bowsprits of warships and was used to cling onto another ships in order to board it.

Grapnels are illustrated in historical sources from the 16th century, but no actual surviving examples are known apart from this particular one, says Warming.

“It’s totally unique. Together with other exciting finds, it can shed new light on Medieval and Early Modern naval warfare. ,” he says, and adds that the divers also found remains of possible arms and armour, including helmets and swords.

Read More: The Viking’s grave and the sunken ship

Danish and Lübeckian soldiers were on board Mars sunk due to a gunpowder explosion at the front of the ship. But shortly before, it had been under attack by Danish and Lübeckian warships according to written sources.

“Soldiers fought with hand grenades, lances, and spears, which they threw down from the masts. The fighting was structured and carefully calculated but an absolute ruckus” says Warming.

Danish soldiers, allied with soldiers from Lübeck, managed to defeat the Swedish crew and capture the warship. When the ship exploded and sank, it had three to four hundred Dano-Lübeckian soldiers aboard.

A Swedish change of tactics The new examination of the Mars shipwreck provides new insights into the events that took place between Denmark and Sweden during the Northern Seven Years’ War between 1563 and 1570.

They have documented a change in Swedish tactics from a focus on close quarter combat to long distance fighting, as indicated by large cannons up to 4.8 metres long.

Despite the large cannons, the Swedish crew did not manage to avoid engaging in close quarter combat with their enemies. The soldiers aboard were positioned underneath a net that covered the deck and was designed to prevent the enemy from jumping on board – a so-called anti-boarding net.

“We know about the use of anti-boarding nets in this battle from richly detailed written sources. The Swedish Admiral, Jacob Bagge, describes in his own account of the battle how he was injured in the shoulder by a javelin thrown from one of the fighting tops of the enemy ships. t. We are told he became furious and began shooting at those who had injured him with arquebuses so that they fell into the net below,” says Warming.

Read More: Medieval shipwreck hints at psychological warfare

A snapshot of a moment in time Until 2011, historians relied on written sources for information about what happened to Mars, including letters from the Danish admiral Herluf Trolle and the Swedish admiral Jacob Bagge, and official royal documents.

But the shipwreck provides an entirely different type of documentation.

“There’s some ‘fake news’ in the written sources. Many people wanted to claim the honour of defeating the Mars for various political reasons. But when we study the wreckage itself we see a large congruency between the wreck site and the historical sources. One of the most striking observations was that it really was sunk by a large explosion. It was so violent that the front of the ship lies 40 metres away from the other remains,” says Warming.

For maritime archaeologist Mikkel Thomsen from the Viking Ship Museum, Denmark, looking at the well preserved, and complete remains captures a snapshot of a moment in time.

“You really feel that you’re in the killing fields,” says Thomsen, who was not involved in the study.

“The wreckage gives a snapshot of a piece of military and political history. It’s also an international history as the Seven Years’ War was fought across national boundaries,” he says.

https://sciencenordic.com/archaeology-denmark-society--culture/archaeologists-reveal-new-finds-from-legendary-swedish-warship/1457310

About Konung Erik XIV av Sverige (Svenska)

Erik XIV, King of Sweden

Erik XIV, född 13 december 1533 på Tre Kronor, död 26 februari 1577 på Örbyhus slott, var Sveriges kung mellan 1560 och 1568. Som kung tog han norra Estland under sitt beskydd och inledde det förödande nordiska sjuårskriget med Danmark. En period av galenskap inleddes med Sturemorden, och även om han senare tillfrisknade bidrog detta till att han avsattes och efterträddes av sin bror Johan III, som först höll honom fången men till slut troligen beordrade att han skulle dödas genom förgiftning.

Erik XIV var son till Gustav Vasa och Katarina av Sachsen-Lauenburg. Han härstammade genom sin mor från såväl Erikska ätten som folkungaätten. Katarina av Sachsen-Lauenburg härstammade från Ingeborg Birgersdotter, dotter till Birger jarl och prinsessan Ingeborg Eriksdotter av Sverige, som år 1270 gift sig med hertig Johan I av Sachsen-Lauenburg.

Erik var vidare halvbror till Johan III och Karl IX samt farbror till Sigismund och Gustav II Adolf. Han gifte sig i juli 1567 med Karin Månsdotter (1550–1612). Erik XIV var inspirerad av Johannes Magnus verk om Sveriges historia som innehöll en lång rad påhittade kungar med namnen Erik och Karl. Erik XIV accepterade detta som historisk sanning och antog det höga talet XIV som sitt regentnummer för att visa vilken lång och ärorik historia Sverige hade. Hans bror Karl IX gjorde det samma när han blev kung.

_________________________________________

Erik XIV Vasa (Gustavsson)

King in Sweden 1560-68. Been 43 years.

Father: Gustav Vasa (Eriksson) (1496 - 1560) Mother: Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg (1513 - 1535) Born: 1533-12-13 Stockholm, Stockholm Castle 1) Death: 1577-02-26 Örbyhus Castle, Uppland 2) In the book Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa, the death time is "no hour after midnight on February 26". The source of Bo Eriksson - In the shadow of the throne, biography of Per Brahe d is the date of death to February 24th. Buried: Västerås, Västerås cathedral, Västmanland 1)

Child with Agda Persdotter

Extramarital Relationship:

Children:

Virginia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1559 - 1633)

Constantia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1560 - 1649)

Children with?

Children:

Lucretia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1564 -)

Margareta Vasa (Eriksdotter) (- 1618)

Marriage with Karin (Katarina) Månsdotter (1550 - 1612)

Wedding: 1567-07-13 Stockholm 3)

Wedding: 1568-07-04 Stockholm, Stockholm's Storkyrka 4) Double wedding: At the same time Erik and Karin married Eriks half sister Sofia with Magnus.

Children:

Sigrid Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1566 - 1633)

Gustaf Vasa (Eriksson) (1568 - 1607)

Henrik Vasa (Eriksson) (1570 - 1574)

Arnold Vasa (Eriksson) (1572 - 1572)

Sambo with Karin (Kajsa) Jakobsdotter

Notes

Erik XIV 1533-77, Swedish King 1560-68, son of Gustav Vasa and Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg.

Through Arboga's articles in 1561, Erik strengthened the National Assembly and acquired, through the establishment of a Supreme Court, the Supreme Court of the King (High Council), with Jöran Persson in the lead, a tool for his personal power. He began the expansive Swedish Baltic Sea policy through the acquisition of Estonia in 1561 and came to war with Denmark and Lübeck in 1563, under which he proved to possess military organizational capacity.

The domestic policy tightening led to conflict with the brother Johan and the High Court. Erik's illusory suspicion and fierceness led to Sturemorden in 1567. When he married Karin Månsdotter that same year, the nobility made the dukes upside down. In July 1567 he left Karin Månsdotter in the presence of councilors. rumors were that he had forced the Archbishop Laurentius Petri to carry out the wedding ceremony.

Erik was deprived of the crown and was then detained at various castles in Sweden and Finland until he was probably murdered at the castle of Örbyhus at the command of Johan III.

Erik was richly talented, had versatile interests and stood at the height of his formation. He had extensive foreign policy plans that worried the less imaginative father; Here, the idea of ​​freeing Queen Elisabeth I. Erik was actually released to her before she became queen and was divorced and supervised by her suspicious half-sister, "Bloody Mary." Brother Johan had to make a preparatory free trip for Erik's account in 1559 to the newly-elected Queen Elizabeth, and in England he was greatly admired for his form-fitting Latin. But the apostasy to Elizabeth was rejected.

Erik had a number of lovers: Agda Persdotter, Anna Larsdotter, Karin Jakobsdotter, Karin Pedersdotter, Britta and Ingrid; all of them mentioned until 1565 and these women had some sort of semi-functional position in the vicinity of Eriks. From 1565 it was Karin Månsdotter, who became Erik's mistress and later also a wife.

The Swedish tradition of eating crayfish was introduced by Erik XIV - he was very fond of crayfish and cultivated them in the moat around Kalmar Castle. When his sister Anna was married, he ordered the fiancé at Nyköping's castle to procure a large amount of crayfish for the wedding. Until the 19th century there were a large amount of crayfish in Swedish waters, but the rural population did not think they were human food. By contrast, the medieval monks abound with crayfishes, especially during the fasting. Cancer was counted as fish, which they were allowed to eat.

According to an expert, an opening in 1958 by Erik XIV's grave did not provide proof that the arsenic found was the result of a poisoning. Another expert's conclusion was that "the whole finding thus fully supports the assumption that Erik XIV has been poisoned with arsenic." (Source: Focus 98 and Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV)

Sources

1) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV

	 

2) Lars Ericson - Johan III

	 

3) Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa

	 

4) Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - National father or tyrant?

Predecessor: Gustav I Successor: John(Johan) III

'Gustafsson-Vasa, Erik XIV' »- http://www.igen.se/farmor/index.htm?/farmor/010/00/066.htm

'La genealogia delle case piu illustri di tutto il mondo' - https://books.google.fi/books?id=H5jPqbFL81wC&pg=PA180&lpg=PA180&dq=Sua+Moglie+Caterina+figlia+d%27un+Trabante&source=bl&ots=dfShXmf1Gs&sig=c2yz4xEuTiyOHngOXweIoMvmnmk&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9g9nH6NzPAhXmA5oKHRSpCTYQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=Sua%20Moglie%20Caterina%20figlia%20d'un%20Trabante&f=false

'THE STURE MURDERS' - https://stravaganzastravaganza.blogspot.com/2017/06/the-sture-murders.html

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Хронология Erik XIV, King of Sweden

1533
13 декабря 1533
Stockholm, Uppland, Sverige
1555
1555
1555
1559
1 января 1559
Kalmar, Kalmar County, Småland, Sweden
1560
14 июня 1560
Sverige
1560
- 1568
Возраст 26
1560
- 1568
Возраст 26
1564
4 января 1564
Färentuna (C)