Erik XIV, King of Sweden

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Erik XIV Vasa

Swedish: Erik XIV Vasa, Vasa
Birthdate: (43)
Birthplace: Stockholms slott
Death: February 26, 1577 (43)
Örbyhus slott (Poisoned with arsenic mixed in his pea soup)
Place of Burial: Västerås, Vastmanland, Sverige
Immediate Family:

Son of Gustav I Eriksson Vasa, King of Sweden and Katarina, Drottning av Sverige
Husband of Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden
Father of Birger Eriksson; Adam Eriksson; Margareta Eriksdotter; Virginia Eriksdotter; Constantia Eriksdotter and 5 others
Brother of NN
Half brother of John III, king of Sweden; Catherine Vasa; Cecilia Gustavsdotter Vasa, Prinsessa; Prince Magnus of Sweden, Hertig av Östergöland; Gustaf, Prins av Sverige and 6 others

Occupation: Kung, kung av Sverige 1560-1568, Konunmg av Sverige
Managed by: Sveneric Rosell
Last Updated:

About Erik XIV, King of Sweden

Erik XIV, född 13 december 1533 på Tre Kronor, död 26 februari 1577 på Örbyhus slott, var Sveriges kung mellan 1560 och 1568. Som kung tog han norra Estland under sitt beskydd och inledde det förödande nordiska sjuårskriget med Danmark. En period av galenskap inleddes med Sturemorden, och även om han senare tillfrisknade bidrog detta till att han avsattes och efterträddes av sin bror Johan III, som först höll honom fången men till slut troligen beordrade att han skulle dödas genom förgiftning.

Erik XIV var son till Gustav Vasa och Katarina av Sachsen-Lauenburg. Han härstammade genom sin mor från såväl Erikska ätten som folkungaätten. Katarina av Sachsen-Lauenburg härstammade från Ingeborg Birgersdotter, dotter till Birger jarl och prinsessan Ingeborg Eriksdotter av Sverige, som år 1270 gift sig med hertig Johan I av Sachsen-Lauenburg.

Erik var vidare halvbror till Johan III och Karl IX samt farbror till Sigismund och Gustav II Adolf. Han gifte sig i juli 1567 med Karin Månsdotter (1550–1612). Erik XIV var inspirerad av Johannes Magnus verk om Sveriges historia som innehöll en lång rad påhittade kungar med namnen Erik och Karl. Erik XIV accepterade detta som historisk sanning och antog det höga talet XIV som sitt regentnummer för att visa vilken lång och ärorik historia Sverige hade. Hans bror Karl IX gjorde det samma när han blev kung.

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Erik XIV Vasa (Gustavsson)

King in Sweden 1560-68. Been 43 years.

Father: Gustav Vasa (Eriksson) (1496 - 1560) Mother: Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg (1513 - 1535) Born: 1533-12-13 Stockholm, Stockholm Castle 1) Death: 1577-02-26 Örbyhus Castle, Uppland 2) In the book Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa, the death time is "no hour after midnight on February 26". The source of Bo Eriksson - In the shadow of the throne, biography of Per Brahe d is the date of death to February 24th. Buried: Västerås, Västerås cathedral, Västmanland 1)

Child with Agda Persdotter

Extramarital Relationship: Children: Virginia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1559 - 1633) Constantia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1560 - 1649)

Children with?

Children: Lucretia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1564 -)

Margareta Vasa (Eriksdotter) (- 1618)

Marriage with Karin (Katarina) Månsdotter (1550 - 1612)

Wedding: 1567-07-13 Stockholm 3)

Wedding: 1568-07-04 Stockholm, Stockholm's Storkyrka 4) Double wedding: At the same time Erik and Karin married Eriks half sister Sofia with Magnus.

Children:

Sigrid Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1566 - 1633)

Gustaf Vasa (Eriksson) (1568 - 1607)

Henrik Vasa (Eriksson) (1570 - 1574)

Arnold Vasa (Eriksson) (1572 - 1572)

Sambo with Karin (Kajsa) Jakobsdotter

Notes

Erik XIV 1533-77, Swedish King 1560-68, son of Gustav Vasa and Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg.

Through Arboga's articles in 1561, Erik strengthened the National Assembly and acquired, through the establishment of a Supreme Court, the Supreme Court of the King (High Council), with Jöran Persson in the lead, a tool for his personal power. He began the expansive Swedish Baltic Sea policy through the acquisition of Estonia in 1561 and came to war with Denmark and Lübeck in 1563, under which he proved to possess military organizational capacity.

The domestic policy tightening led to conflict with the brother Johan and the High Court. Erik's illusory suspicion and fierceness led to Sturemorden in 1567. When he married Karin Månsdotter that same year, the nobility made the dukes upside down. In July 1567 he left Karin Månsdotter in the presence of councilors. rumors were that he had forced the Archbishop Laurentius Petri to carry out the wedding ceremony.

Erik was deprived of the crown and was then detained at various castles in Sweden and Finland until he was probably murdered at the castle of Örbyhus at the command of Johan III.

Erik was richly talented, had versatile interests and stood at the height of his formation. He had extensive foreign policy plans that worried the less imaginative father; Here, the idea of ​​freeing Queen Elisabeth I. Erik was actually released to her before she became queen and was divorced and supervised by her suspicious half-sister, "Bloody Mary." Brother Johan had to make a preparatory free trip for Erik's account in 1559 to the newly-elected Queen Elizabeth, and in England he was greatly admired for his form-fitting Latin. But the apostasy to Elizabeth was rejected.

Erik had a number of lovers: Agda Persdotter, Anna Larsdotter, Karin Jakobsdotter, Karin Pedersdotter, Britta and Ingrid; all of them mentioned until 1565 and these women had some sort of semi-functional position in the vicinity of Eriks. From 1565 it was Karin Månsdotter, who became Erik's mistress and later also a wife.

The Swedish tradition of eating crayfish was introduced by Erik XIV - he was very fond of crayfish and cultivated them in the moat around Kalmar Castle. When his sister Anna was married, he ordered the fiancé at Nyköping's castle to procure a large amount of crayfish for the wedding. Until the 19th century there were a large amount of crayfish in Swedish waters, but the rural population did not think they were human food. By contrast, the medieval monks abound with crayfishes, especially during the fasting. Cancer was counted as fish, which they were allowed to eat.

According to an expert, an opening in 1958 by Erik XIV's grave did not provide proof that the arsenic found was the result of a poisoning. Another expert's conclusion was that "the whole finding thus fully supports the assumption that Erik XIV has been poisoned with arsenic." (Source: Focus 98 and Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV)

Sources

1) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV

	 

2) Lars Ericson - Johan III

	 

3) Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa

	 

4) Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - National father or tyrant?

Links:

Predecessor: Gustav I Successor: John(Johan) III

Gustafsson-Vasa, Erik XIV »- http://www.igen.se/farmor/index.htm?/farmor/010/00/066.htm

https://books.google.fi/books?id=H5jPqbFL81wC&pg=PA180&lpg=PA180&dq=Sua+Moglie+Caterina+figlia+d%27un+Trabante&source=bl&ots=dfShXmf1Gs&sig=c2yz4xEuTiyOHngOXweIoMvmnmk&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9g9nH6NzPAhXmA5oKHRSpCTYQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=Sua%20Moglie%20Caterina%20figlia%20d'un%20Trabante&f=false

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Erik XIV, King of Sweden's Timeline

1533
December 13, 1533
Stockholms slott
1555
1555
Age 21
1555
Age 21
1558
1558
Age 24
1559
January 1, 1559
Age 25
Kalmar slott
1560
June 14, 1560
Age 26
Sverige
1560
- 1568
Age 26
1560
- 1568
Age 26