Erik XIV, King of Sweden

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King of Sweden Erik XIV Gustavsson Vasa

Swedish: Kung av Sverige Erik XIV Gustafsson Vasa, Finnish: Kuningas Erik XIV Kustaanpoika Vaasa
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Stockholms slott, Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
Death: February 26, 1577 (43)
Örbyhus Castle, Tierp, Uppsala County, Uppland, Sweden (Poisoned with arsenic mixed in his pea soup)
Place of Burial: Västerås, Vastmanland, Sweden
Immediate Family:

Son of King of Sweden Gustav I Eriksson Vasa and Katarina of Saxe-Lauenburg, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen Consort of Sweden
Husband of Karin Månsdotter, Queen Consort of Sweden
Partner of Agda "Caritas" Persdotter
Father of Birger Eriksson; Adam Eriksson; Margareta Eriksdotter; Virginia Eriksdotter (Vasa); Constantia Eriksdotter and 5 others
Brother of Child Died Young
Half brother of John III, king of Sweden; Catherine Vasa; Cecilia Gustavsdotter Vasa, Prinsessa; Magnus Gustafsson Vasa, Prince, Duke of Östergötland; Gustaf, Prins av Sverige and 6 others

Occupation: Kung, kung av Sverige 1560-1568, Konunmg av Sverige, kung, Kuningas
Managed by: Sveneric Rosell
Last Updated:

About Erik XIV, King of Sweden

Erik XIV, King of Sweden

SWEDEN, KINGS, from Projects MedLands

  • 1. ERIK Prince of Sweden (Stockholm 13 Dec 1533-poisoned Örbyhus 26 Feb 1577). He succeeded his father in 1560 as ERIK XIV King of Sweden. He was deposed in 1569. m (4 Jul 1568) KARIN Mansdotter, daughter of --- (6 Nov 1550- Liuksala, Finland 13 Sep 1612).

Erik XIV & his wife had four children:

  • a) SIGRID (15 Oct 1566-24 Apr 1633). m firstly (1597) HENRIK Tott till Sjundley, son of --- (-[1600/01]). m secondly (1609) NILS Nilsson till Bro [Natt och Dag], son of --- (-18 Apr 1613).
  • b) GUSTAF (28 Jan 1568-Kaschin, Russia 22 Feb 1607).
  • c) HENRIK (24 Jan 1570-1574).
  • d) ARNOLD (1 Nov 1572-1573).

Erik XIV had four illegitimate children by Agda Persdotter & a Unknown Royal Mistress:

  • e) VIRGINIA (1559-1633). m (1585/6) HAKON Knutsson Hand, son of --- (-1595/6).
  • f) CONSTANTIA (1560-1649). m ([1594]) HENRIK Frankelin, son of --- (-1610).
  • g) LUCRETIA (1564-). m --- Zelow, son of ---.

Unknown Royal Mistress:

  • h) MARGARETA (-1618). m (1592) OLAVIUS Simonis, son of --- (-1639).

Projects MedLands Sweden - http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SWEDEN.htm#BirgerMagnussondied1266B

Extramarital Relationship

  • Agda Persdotter, daughter of the wealthy Stockholm citizen with Finnish descent Per Clementsson, † circa 1575 also called Peder in the gate (S: t Nicolai gatekeeper's house in Storkyrkobrinken).

What is known about her is that she was very beautiful and therefore bore the nickname Charitas. According to documents in private ownership, Agda is said to have owned a painful and beautiful plant with fine oval face, large deep blue eyes and light brown hair. Daughter of the wealthy Stockholm citizen with Finnish descent Per Clementsson, † circa 1575 also called Peder in the gate (S: t Nicolai gatekeeper's house in Storkyrkobrinken). Agda broke with the king and later married Joakim Fleming, † 1573. After his death Agda resumed the relationship with the king and then the daughter Lucretia was born. Then she married a second time, then with the commander at Stegeborg Christoffer Olofsson Stråle, † 1585. Her son Johan Christoffersson Stråle, † 1640 and is buried in Skänninge church.

Children with Agda Persdotter, Royal Mistress:

  • Virginia Eriksdotter Vaasa born 1559-01-01 at Kalmar Castle, † 1633. In 1566 she became king of his father King Erik XIV, the incidents of jealousy for Russian Grand Prince Ivan Ivanovich. Obtained 1585-05-07 by King Johan III six farms in Västergötland and 1589-04-14 by Duke Carl five homes in Vadsbo here. Married around 1586 with the steward at Kronoberg's castle Håkan Knutsson Hand
  • Constantia Eriksdotter Vasa born 1560-06-13, † 1649-01-24 Odensfors and buried along with her husband in Undenäs old church. Received in the donation church ceremony of two parishes in Boberg's homestead, as well as Bocksjö, a mantal farm, by Duke Karl's letter. Owned together with her husband Ramsnäs farm in Finnerödja sn. Married to the Chief of Police in Hanekind's ward Henrik Frankelin.
  • Lucretia Eriksdotter Vasa born 1564-01-04, † 1572

Source- https://www.geni.com/photo/view/4371107?album_type=photos_of_me&photo_id=6000000088908403923

Spouse

Children with Karin Månsdotter

  • Sigrid Vasa, born 1566-10-16 at Svartsjö Castle in Sånga parish, † 1633-04-24 Liuksiala. Married 1: o 1597 with the Castle Act at Turku Castle Henrik Claësson Tott. Married 2: o 1609-09-10 at Stockholm Castle with the headmaster Nils Nilsson Natt and Dag.
  • Gustav Eriksson Vasa born 1568, † 1607.
  • Henrik Eriksson Vasa born 1570, † 1574.
  • Arnold Eriksson Vasa born and † 1572.

Source - https://www.adelsvapen.com/genealogi/Vasa

History

Erik XIV 1533-77, Swedish King 1560-68, son of Gustav Vasa and Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg.

Through Arboga's articles in 1561, Erik strengthened the National Assembly and acquired, through the establishment of a Supreme Court, the Supreme Court of the King (High Council), with Jöran Persson in the lead, a tool for his personal power. He began the expansive Swedish Baltic Sea policy through the acquisition of Estonia in 1561 and came to war with Denmark and Lübeck in 1563, under which he proved to possess military organizational capacity.

The domestic policy tightening led to conflict with the brother Johan and the High Court. Erik's illusory suspicion and fierceness led to Sturemorden in 1567. When he married Karin Månsdotter that same year, the nobility made the dukes upside down. In July 1567 he left Karin Månsdotter in the presence of councilors. rumors were that he had forced the Archbishop Laurentius Petri to carry out the wedding ceremony.

Erik was deprived of the crown and was then detained at various castles in Sweden and Finland until he was probably murdered at the castle of Örbyhus at the command of Johan III.

Erik was richly talented, had versatile interests and stood at the height of his formation. He had extensive foreign policy plans that worried the less imaginative father; Here, the idea of ​​freeing Queen Elisabeth I. Erik was actually released to her before she became queen and was divorced and supervised by her suspicious half-sister, "Bloody Mary." Brother Johan had to make a preparatory free trip for Erik's account in 1559 to the newly-elected Queen Elizabeth, and in England he was greatly admired for his form-fitting Latin. But the apostasy to Elizabeth was rejected.

Erik had a number of lovers: Agda Persdotter, Anna Larsdotter, Karin Jakobsdotter, Karin Pedersdotter, Britta and Ingrid; all of them mentioned until 1565 and these women had some sort of semi-functional position in the vicinity of Eriks. From 1565 it was Karin Månsdotter, who became Erik's mistress and later also a wife.

The Swedish tradition of eating crayfish was introduced by Erik XIV - he was very fond of crayfish and cultivated them in the moat around Kalmar Castle. When his sister Anna was married, he ordered the fiancé at Nyköping's castle to procure a large amount of crayfish for the wedding. Until the 19th century there were a large amount of crayfish in Swedish waters, but the rural population did not think they were human food. By contrast, the medieval monks abound with crayfishes, especially during the fasting. Cancer was counted as fish, which they were allowed to eat.

According to an expert, an opening in 1958 by Erik XIV's grave did not provide proof that the arsenic found was the result of a poisoning. Another expert's conclusion was that "the whole finding thus fully supports the assumption that Erik XIV has been poisoned with arsenic." (Source: Focus 98 and Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV)

Sources

  • 1) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV
	 
  • 2) Lars Ericson - Johan III
	 
  • 3) Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa
	 
  • 4) Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - National father or tyrant?
  • 5) 'La genealogia delle case piu illustri di tutto il mondo' - https://books.google.fi/books?id=H5jPqbFL81wC&pg=PA180&lpg=PA180&dq=Sua+Moglie+Caterina+figlia+d%27un+Trabante&source=bl&ots=dfShXmf1Gs&sig=c2yz4xEuTiyOHngOXweIoMvmnmk&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9g9nH6NzPAhXmA5oKHRSpCTYQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=Sua%20Moglie%20Caterina%20figlia%20d'un%20Trabante&f=false
  • 6) Handkerchief in linen with Erik XIV's Royal cypher and Vasa-gun. Description English: Hand clothes (handkerchief) of linen with in the middle Vasa-gun, embroidered in silver, gold, blue and red. In the corners and on both sides of the weapon crowned E and R, the two lower letters turn in the same direction as the letters at the weapon, the upper up-and inverted. Deposit from St. Historical Museum 1915, SHM no 3121:14, handed down from Drottningholm 1863. "3121-from Drottningholm Palace, with Kongl. May: TS gracious Permit Aflemnade-14-a handkerchief of fine linen, with the Vasa gun in the closed Konglig crown in Midten, and at the sides of the gun and in the corners E R (Ericus Rex) under Crown, embroidered with Förgyld silfvertråd and Färgadt Silk. Stains in the canvas uppgifvas be after the blood from the Sture murders. Year 1863 ". The canvas is a hand cloth, a handkerchief, from about 1560. Date Circa 1560 - https://www.geni.com/photo/view/4371107?album_type=photos_of_me&photo_id=6000000088954321056&position=0
  • 7) Erik XIV:s rustning från 1562., Nyckelord: Rustningar, 1500-tal Description English: Closed helmet with comb, helmet clock, visor and helmet collar of two slats. Rear a plymhållare. The helmet is characterized mainly by its very rich decor, as the other parts of armor. The entire surface is covered by figures in height relief, the entire backround surface is covered by punsad decor. The different fields are divided by a border in gold. On the helmet's comb and on the visor and helmet clock There is also beslagsornamentik. Some of the screws are of newer dates. The armour consists of 18 parts, according to current numbering, delivered to Erik XIV 1562. The material is steel with etched and driven decor and gold. Made at Arbogas Vapenfaktori and decorated in Antverpen by Guldsmeden Eliseus Lieberts after the French artist Etienne Delaune. The entire garnityret is decorated with mythological figures, shackled prisoners, battle scenes and Trofégrupper and the Vasa gun, the Tre kronor weapon and the folk young lion. The armour may for example have been used at one of the many pageant that the king arranged, both of martial and peaceful nature. One of these took place after the campaign against Denmark 1564 when Erik rode into Stockholm "in great Triumph". He entailed both trophies and prisoners of war, which represented a vivid illustration for rustningsgarnityrets decor. The horse star was delivered a year later 1563 and has a different decor, it was sent as a sample of decor and Erik ordered at least one more armor from Antwerp. When Lieberts personally would deliver the new armour, both he and the armor were captured in Denmark, during the war, Erik tried to get armor and Lieberts free but failed. Guldsmeden David Cnoep, who was active at the Danish court, became the owner of the armament. Cnoeps son sold it to Christian II of Saxony. The armour is available today in the Historisches Museum in Dresden and is decorated with Vasa-and three-Kronorvapnet. Date: 1562, Medium Steel, Dimension, Weight: 3.195 g (112.69 oz) Length: 350 mm (13.77 ″); Height: 290.310 mm (317.48 yd); Width: 270 mm (10.62 ″) - https://www.geni.com/photo/view/4371107?album_type=photos_of_me&photo_id=6000000088953232150&position=1
  • Source - Complete History 1 in swedish for Carl Bengtsson Skantz and Nilla Mansdotter' -https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/df/01/ad/f3/53444848afde0077/hannah_olsson_family_historyslakt_och_bygd_03_1_-_19384097_original.pdf
  • Source- Complete History 1, Carl Bengtsson Skantz and Nilla Mansdotter from Sweden in English - https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/82/0c/f0/41/53444848b00c1bd4/hannah_olsson_family_history_english_original.pdf
  • Source - Complete History 2 in swedish for Carl Bengtsson Skantz and Nilla Mansdotter- https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/bf/86/9b/ff/53444848c9f48584/18308584_original.pdf



            

About Kung Erik XIV Vasa (svenska)

Erik XIV, King of Sweden

Erik XIV, född 13 december 1533 på Tre Kronor, död 26 februari 1577 på Örbyhus slott, var Sveriges kung mellan 1560 och 1568. Som kung tog han norra Estland under sitt beskydd och inledde det förödande nordiska sjuårskriget med Danmark. En period av galenskap inleddes med Sturemorden, och även om han senare tillfrisknade bidrog detta till att han avsattes och efterträddes av sin bror Johan III, som först höll honom fången men till slut troligen beordrade att han skulle dödas genom förgiftning.

Erik XIV var son till Gustav Vasa och Katarina av Sachsen-Lauenburg. Han härstammade genom sin mor från såväl Erikska ätten som folkungaätten. Katarina av Sachsen-Lauenburg härstammade från Ingeborg Birgersdotter, dotter till Birger jarl och prinsessan Ingeborg Eriksdotter av Sverige, som år 1270 gift sig med hertig Johan I av Sachsen-Lauenburg.

Erik var vidare halvbror till Johan III och Karl IX samt farbror till Sigismund och Gustav II Adolf. Han gifte sig i juli 1567 med Karin Månsdotter (1550–1612). Erik XIV var inspirerad av Johannes Magnus verk om Sveriges historia som innehöll en lång rad påhittade kungar med namnen Erik och Karl. Erik XIV accepterade detta som historisk sanning och antog det höga talet XIV som sitt regentnummer för att visa vilken lång och ärorik historia Sverige hade. Hans bror Karl IX gjorde det samma när han blev kung.

_________________________________________

Erik XIV Vasa (Gustavsson)

King in Sweden 1560-68. Been 43 years.

Father: Gustav Vasa (Eriksson) (1496 - 1560) Mother: Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg (1513 - 1535) Born: 1533-12-13 Stockholm, Stockholm Castle 1) Death: 1577-02-26 Örbyhus Castle, Uppland 2) In the book Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa, the death time is "no hour after midnight on February 26". The source of Bo Eriksson - In the shadow of the throne, biography of Per Brahe d is the date of death to February 24th. Buried: Västerås, Västerås cathedral, Västmanland 1)

Child with Agda Persdotter

Extramarital Relationship:

Children:

Virginia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1559 - 1633)

Constantia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1560 - 1649)

Children with?

Children:

Lucretia Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1564 -)

Margareta Vasa (Eriksdotter) (- 1618)

Marriage with Karin (Katarina) Månsdotter (1550 - 1612)

Wedding: 1567-07-13 Stockholm 3)

Wedding: 1568-07-04 Stockholm, Stockholm's Storkyrka 4) Double wedding: At the same time Erik and Karin married Eriks half sister Sofia with Magnus.

Children:

Sigrid Vasa (Eriksdotter) (1566 - 1633)

Gustaf Vasa (Eriksson) (1568 - 1607)

Henrik Vasa (Eriksson) (1570 - 1574)

Arnold Vasa (Eriksson) (1572 - 1572)

Sambo with Karin (Kajsa) Jakobsdotter

Notes

Erik XIV 1533-77, Swedish King 1560-68, son of Gustav Vasa and Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg.

Through Arboga's articles in 1561, Erik strengthened the National Assembly and acquired, through the establishment of a Supreme Court, the Supreme Court of the King (High Council), with Jöran Persson in the lead, a tool for his personal power. He began the expansive Swedish Baltic Sea policy through the acquisition of Estonia in 1561 and came to war with Denmark and Lübeck in 1563, under which he proved to possess military organizational capacity.

The domestic policy tightening led to conflict with the brother Johan and the High Court. Erik's illusory suspicion and fierceness led to Sturemorden in 1567. When he married Karin Månsdotter that same year, the nobility made the dukes upside down. In July 1567 he left Karin Månsdotter in the presence of councilors. rumors were that he had forced the Archbishop Laurentius Petri to carry out the wedding ceremony.

Erik was deprived of the crown and was then detained at various castles in Sweden and Finland until he was probably murdered at the castle of Örbyhus at the command of Johan III.

Erik was richly talented, had versatile interests and stood at the height of his formation. He had extensive foreign policy plans that worried the less imaginative father; Here, the idea of ​​freeing Queen Elisabeth I. Erik was actually released to her before she became queen and was divorced and supervised by her suspicious half-sister, "Bloody Mary." Brother Johan had to make a preparatory free trip for Erik's account in 1559 to the newly-elected Queen Elizabeth, and in England he was greatly admired for his form-fitting Latin. But the apostasy to Elizabeth was rejected.

Erik had a number of lovers: Agda Persdotter, Anna Larsdotter, Karin Jakobsdotter, Karin Pedersdotter, Britta and Ingrid; all of them mentioned until 1565 and these women had some sort of semi-functional position in the vicinity of Eriks. From 1565 it was Karin Månsdotter, who became Erik's mistress and later also a wife.

The Swedish tradition of eating crayfish was introduced by Erik XIV - he was very fond of crayfish and cultivated them in the moat around Kalmar Castle. When his sister Anna was married, he ordered the fiancé at Nyköping's castle to procure a large amount of crayfish for the wedding. Until the 19th century there were a large amount of crayfish in Swedish waters, but the rural population did not think they were human food. By contrast, the medieval monks abound with crayfishes, especially during the fasting. Cancer was counted as fish, which they were allowed to eat.

According to an expert, an opening in 1958 by Erik XIV's grave did not provide proof that the arsenic found was the result of a poisoning. Another expert's conclusion was that "the whole finding thus fully supports the assumption that Erik XIV has been poisoned with arsenic." (Source: Focus 98 and Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV)

Sources

1) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV

	 

2) Lars Ericson - Johan III

	 

3) Lars-Olof Larsson - The inheritance of Gustav Vasa

	 

4) Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - National father or tyrant?

Predecessor: Gustav I Successor: John(Johan) III

'Gustafsson-Vasa, Erik XIV' »- http://www.igen.se/farmor/index.htm?/farmor/010/00/066.htm

'La genealogia delle case piu illustri di tutto il mondo' - https://books.google.fi/books?id=H5jPqbFL81wC&pg=PA180&lpg=PA180&dq=Sua+Moglie+Caterina+figlia+d%27un+Trabante&source=bl&ots=dfShXmf1Gs&sig=c2yz4xEuTiyOHngOXweIoMvmnmk&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj9g9nH6NzPAhXmA5oKHRSpCTYQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=Sua%20Moglie%20Caterina%20figlia%20d'un%20Trabante&f=false

'THE STURE MURDERS' - https://stravaganzastravaganza.blogspot.com/2017/06/the-sture-murders.html

view all 21

Erik XIV, King of Sweden's Timeline

1533
December 13, 1533
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
1555
1555
Age 21
1555
Age 21
1558
1558
Age 24
1559
January 1, 1559
Age 25
Kalmar, Småland, Sverige
1560
June 14, 1560
Age 26
Sverige
1560
- 1568
Age 26
1560
- 1568
Age 26