Ernest Rutherford, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908

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Ernest Rutherford, Baron Rutherford of Nelson, of Cambridge

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Spring Grove, Brightwater, Tasman, New Zealand
Death: Died in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK
Place of Burial: London
Immediate Family:

Son of James Rutherford and Martha Rutherford
Husband of Mary Georgina Rutherford
Father of Eileen Mary Fowler
Brother of GEORGE RUTHERFORD; ALICE Rutherford; James Rutherford; HERBERT RUTHERFORD; CHARLES RUTHERFORD and 6 others

Occupation: Physicist
Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:

About Ernest Rutherford, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908

Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM, FRS (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937) was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. In early work he discovered the concept of radioactive half life, proved that radioactivity involved the transmutation of one chemical element to another, and also differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation. This work was done at McGill University in Canada. It is the basis for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry he was awarded in 1908 "for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances".


Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM, FRS[1] (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937) was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.[2] He is considered the greatest experimentalist since Michael Faraday (1791–1867).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Rutherford

http://www.natlib.govt.nz/collections/online-exhibitions/20th-century-scientists/ernest-rutherford

Ernest Rutherford had 7 brothers,Percy(died as an infant),Herbert and Charles(downed in perlorus sound when sailing),George,James,Arthur and Ernest himself grew till manhood. Ernest Rutherford also had 5 sisters,Nellie(Mrs M.P.Chapman),Alice(Mrs A.T.Elliot),Florence(Mrs H.G.Streiff),Ethel(Mrs H.G.Sergel) and Eva(Mrs .LT.Bell)

Other References

Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, OM FRS[1] (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937) was a New Zealand-born British physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. Encyclopædia Britannica considers him to be the greatest experimentalist since Michael Faraday (1791–1867).

In early work he discovered the concept of radioactive half-life, proved that radioactivity involved the transmutation of one chemical element to another, and also differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation.This work was done at McGill University in Canada. It is the basis for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry he was awarded in 1908 "for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances",for which he remains the first Canadian and Oceanian Nobel laureate, and the only laureate born in the South Island.

Rutherford moved in 1907 to the Victoria University of Manchester (today University of Manchester) in the UK, where he and Thomas Royds proved that alpha radiation is helium nuclei.Rutherford performed his most famous work after he became a Nobel laureate. In 1911, although he could not prove that it was positive or negative,he theorized that atoms have their charge concentrated in a very small nucleus, and thereby pioneered the Rutherford model of the atom, through his discovery and interpretation of Rutherford scattering in his gold foil experiment. He is widely credited with first "splitting the atom" in 1917 in a nuclear reaction between nitrogen and alpha particles, in which he also discovered (and named) the proton.

Rutherford became Director of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University in 1919. Under his leadership the neutron was discovered by James Chadwick in 1932 and in the same year the first experiment to split the nucleus in a fully controlled manner, performed by students working under his direction, John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton. After his death in 1937, he was honoured by being interred with the greatest scientists of the United Kingdom, near Sir Isaac Newton's tomb in Westminster Abbey. The chemical element rutherfordium (element 104) was named after him in 1997.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Rutherford

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Ernest Rutherford, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908's Timeline

1871
August 30, 1871
Brightwater, Tasman, New Zealand
1901
1901
Age 29
Montreal, Canada
1937
October 19, 1937
Age 66
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK
????
London