Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg

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Eugène Rose de Beauharnais, Prince Français, duc de Leuchtenberg et prince d'Eichstätt

Birthplace: Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
Death: Died in Munich, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais, vicomte de Beauharnais and Joséphine de Beauharnais, 1st Empress of the French
Husband of Louise Jeanne Nicole Arnolde, Comtess Dervieu de Villars and Princess Augusta of Bavaria
Father of Fanny Denis de Keredern de Tobriand; Pierre Louis Marie Auguste Denis de Lagarde; Josephine of Leuchtenberg; Eugénie de Beauharnais, Prinzessin von Hohenzollern-Hechingen; Auguste de Beauharnais, II. Herzog von Leuchtenberg and 5 others
Brother of Hortense de Beauharnais, reine d'Hollande
Half brother of Alexandre de Beauharnais

Occupation: Herzog von Leuchtenberg, vicekung i Italien, , Prince Français, Prince of Venice, Viceroy of the Kingdom of Italy, Hereditary Grand Duke of Frankfurt, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg

Golden Fleece - Knights: Spanish Branch

  • Stepson and adopted child (but not the heir to the imperial throne) of Emperor Napoleon of France

His full name was Eugène Rose de Beauharnais. He was de jure Viscount of Beauharnais (1794), Colonel (1802), General (1804), Arch-Chancellor of State, Prince of the Empire, Viceroy of Italy (1805-1814), Heir Presumptive of Italy (16 February 1806), Prince of Venice (17 December 1807), Grand Duke of Frankfurt (1810), Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt (1817), and Premier Hereditary Peer of Bavaria (1818).

He was an important French military commander. He was created "Prince Français" by his step-father Napoléon I on 14 June 1804. He was adopted by his step-father and assumed the additional name "Napoléon" on 3 March 1806. He became Arch Chancellor of the Empire and Prince of Venice on 17 December 1807. He was installed as Viceroy of Italy on 7 June 1805, and governed until 1814 as Napoléon's viceroy. In a move that indicated he would not be Napoléon's heir in Italy, he became Hereditary Grand Duke of Frankfort on 1 March 1810, but his installation was deferred. In 1810 he refused the Swedish crown.

He remained loyal to Napoléon to the end. After Napoléon's fall, he was created Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt, with the qualification of Royal Highness ad personam, ranking as first princely house of the Kingdom of Bavaria with precedence immediately after princes of the royal family, by his father-in-law, King Max I Joseph on 14 November 1817. He became Premier Hereditary Peer of Bavaria on 26 May 1818.

Arms of Beauharnais: Argent a fess beneath three martlets in chief Sable (d'argent à la fasce de Sable accompagnée de trois merlettes du même en chef). Reference: Eugene de Beauharnais. Curiously, no arms were assigned to him by Napoléon (the letters patent of 1807 and 1810 do not assign any arms to him). Révérend, in his Armorial du Premier Empire, reports the following arms, which are undoutedly a Bavarian grant of arms: Écartelé, au 1, d'argent à la fasce d'azur; au 2, de gueules la porte de ville crénelée d'argent, ouverte de Sable, posée sur une terrasse de sinople, flanquée d'un mur sommé de deux tours créne;lées d'argent, soutenant chacun un chêne de sinople; au 3, de sinople l'épée haute d'argent en pal, garnie d'or, accostée de charque côté de trois étoiles du même, 2, 1; au 4, d'argent la fasce de Sable, accompagnée de trois merlettes du même en chef; sur le tout, d'azur à la couronne royale d'or. The 1st quarter is that of the counts of Leuchtenberg, a reichsständische family extinct in 1646; the 2nd is that of Eichstätt; the 4th quarter are the arms of Beauharnais.


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Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg's Timeline

September 3, 1781
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
March 14, 1807
Age 25
Milano, Italia
December 23, 1808
Age 27
Milano, Milano, Italy
December 9, 1810
Age 29
Milano, Lombardia, Italia
July 31, 1812
Age 30
Milano, Lombardia, Italy
November 9, 1812
Age 31
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
July 1813
Age 31
April 13, 1814
Age 32
Mantova, Lombardia, Österreich
January 15, 1816
Age 34
Mⁿnchen, o-Byrn, Bayern