Felix Earl Browder

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Felix Earl Browder

Russian: Феликс Эрл
Birthplace: Moscow, gorod Moskva, Moscow, Russian Federation
Death: December 10, 2016 (89)
Princeton, Mercer County, NJ, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Earl Browder, Chairman of the Communist Party USA and Raissa Browder
Husband of Eva Browder
Father of Private and Private
Half brother of Andrew Browder and William Browder

Occupation: математик
Managed by: Barbara Klein
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Felix Earl Browder


Felix Earl Browder (/ˈbraʊdər/; July 31, 1927 – December 10, 2016) was an American mathematician known for his work in nonlinear functional analysis. He received the National Medal of Science in 1999 and was President of the American Mathematical Society until 2000. His two younger brothers also became notable mathematicians, William Browder (an algebraic topologist) and Andrew Browder (a specialist in function algebras).

Early life and education

Felix Earl Browder was born in 1927 in Moscow, Russia, while his American father Earl Browder, born in Wichita, Kansas, was living and working there. He had gone to the Soviet Union in 1927. His mother was Raissa Berkmann, a Russian Jewish woman from St. Petersburg whom Browder met and married while living in the Soviet Union. As a child, Felix Browder moved with his family to the United States, where his father Earl Browder for a time was head of the American Communist Party and ran for US president in 1936 and 1940. A 1999 book by Alexander Vassiliev, published after the fall of the Soviet Union, said that Earl Browder was recruited in the 1940s as a spy for the Soviet Union.

Felix Browder was a child prodigy in mathematics; he entered MIT at age 16 in 1944 and graduated in 1946 with his first degree in mathematics. In 1946, at MIT he achieved the rank of a Putnam Fellow in the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition. In 1948 (at age 20), he received his doctorate from Princeton University.


Browder had an academic career, encountering difficulty in the 1950s in getting work during the McCarthy era because of his father's communist activities.

Browder headed the University of Chicago's mathematics department for 12 years. He also held posts at MIT, Boston University, Brandeis and Yale. In 1986 he became the first vice president for research at Rutgers University.

Browder received the 1999 National Medal of Science. He also served as president of the American Mathematical Society from 1999 to 2000.

In his outgoing presidential address at the American Mathematical Society, Browder noted, "ideas and techniques from one set of mathematical sources imping[ing] fruitfully on the same thing from another set of mathematical sources" as illustration of bisociation (a term from Arthur Koestler). He also recounted the moves against mathematics in France by Claude Allègre as problematic.

Browder was known for his personal library, which contained some thirty-five thousand books. "The library has a number of different categories," he said. "There is mathematics, physics and science as well as philosophy, literature and history, with a certain number of volumes of contemporary political science and economics. It is a polymath library. I am interested in everything and my library reflects all my interests."


Browder married Eva Tislowitz in 1949, born to Jewish parents. Their children included Dr. Thomas Browder, a physicist specializing in the experimental study of subatomic particles, and Bill Browder, who became CEO of Hermitage Capital Management and resides in London.

The late Dr. Browder had two younger brothers who were also research mathematicians, William (an algebraic topologist) and Andrew Browder (a specialist in function algebras). Browder died in 2016 at home in Princeton, New Jersey, aged 89. "In addition to his brothers, survivors include the above mentioned two sons, Thomas Browder of Honolulu and Bill Browder of London; and five grandchildren."

О Феликсе Эрле Browder (русский)

Феликс Эрл Браудер (англ. Felix Earl Browder; 31 июля 1927, Москва, РСФСР — 10 декабря 2016, Принстон, Нью-Джерси, США) — американский математик, специалист в области нелинейного функционального анализа. Профессор Ратгерского и ранее Чикагского университетов, член Национальной академии наук США, удостоен Национальной научной медали (1999).


Сын коммуниста Эрла Браудера, который в 1920-е годы жил в СССР, и Раисы Беркман (1897—1955) — еврейки из Ленинграда, выпускницы юридического факультета Петроградского университета, на которой Эрл Браудер женился в 1926 году. Два его брата также стали математиками.

Рассказывают, что уже с пятилетнего возраста Феликс читал не менее книги в день[5]. Впоследствии его личная библиотека насчитывала более 35 тысяч томов[6].

В 1944 году он поступил в Массачусетский технологический институт и окончил его всего за два года, в 1946 году[5].

Затем поступил в Принстонский университет, где получил степени магистра (1947) и, когда ему было всего двадцать[5], доктора философии (1948), занимался под началом Соломона Лефшеца.

С того же года преподаёт в Массачусетском технологическом институте, с 1951 года — в Бостонском университете. В 1953—1955 годах служил в армии[5]. Затем преподавал в Брандейском, Йельском , Чикагском университетах в должности профессора; в 1971—1976 и 1979—1985 годах — заведующий кафедрой математики Чикагского университета. С 1986 года в отставке, однако стал профессором Ратгерского университета и являлся его вице-президентом по исследованиям в 1986—1991 годах.

В 1999—2000 годах — президент Американского математического общества. Член Национальной академии наук США (1973)[7] и Американской академии искусств и наук (1959). Почётный доктор университета Пьера и Марии Кюри (1990).

В 1949 году женился (остался вдовцом в 2015 году), двое детей, один из которых — Уильям Браудер, внуки.

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Felix Earl Browder's Timeline

July 31, 1927
Moscow, gorod Moskva, Moscow, Russian Federation
December 10, 2016
Age 89
Princeton, Mercer County, NJ, United States