Ferdinand de Longwy

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Ferdinand de Longwy (de Rye)

Birthdate: (86)
Death: 1636 (85)
Immediate Family:

Son of Girard de Rye, seigneur de Balançon and Claudine Louise de Longwy
Brother of Philibert de Rye, comte de Varax and Marc de Rye, marquis de Varambon

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About Ferdinand de Longwy



Ferdinand de Longwy, said Rye, born 1 October 1550 at Castle Balançon at Thervay (current department of Jura ), and died on 20 August 1636 near Dole , is a religious Franche-Comte, the sixteenth century .


He is the son of Girard Rye, Chamberlain and second sommelier to Charles V , Lord of Balançon, and Louise de Longwy. His uncles Louis and Philibert of Rye succeeded as bishops of Geneva from 1544 to 1556 .

After studying at the University of Dole and an early military career, he went to study the theology in Rome . He remained there until his appointment to head the Archdiocese of Besançon in 1586 and never left his diocese anymore. His appointment to the seat of Besancon was imposed by Pope Sixtus V in the metropolitan chapter which was elected Antoine de Grammont, High Dean of the Chapter.

He worked on a new edition of the Roman Missal and the Breviary and Ritual of the diocese. To revive the religious life deteriorated by commendam and the abandonment of common life in many congregations, Ferdinand de Rye appealed to new religious congregations in the archdiocese. Thus were born four colleges and two missions Jesuits , three colleges of the Oratory , fourteen convents of the Capuchins , two of the Discalced Carmelites , two convents of Sisters of the Visitation , three of Ursulines among others.

It was during his episcopate took place in 1608 the Eucharistic miracle of Faversham which he led the investigation into his veracity. As soon as he became aware of the events he dispatched three investigators on site who arrived less than a week after the miracle to collect early testimonies. On 10 July 1608 he decreed the authenticity of the miracle.

In 1596 he was appointed Master of Requests at the Parliament of Dole . Then, after the death of Cléradius Vergy , the King of Spain appointed him governor of the County . He took an active part in the resistance against the invading French Comté during the Ten Year War directing the defense of Dole during his siege of eighty days by the Prince of Conde . He died a few days after the siege at Fraisans his way to his castle Vuillafans where he was going to rest after this trying time for an old man of 85 years. He was buried according to his wishes to his mother, Louis de Longvy to Vuillafans .

His nephew Francis of Rye succeeded him in 1636 as abbot of Cherlieu and Archbishop of Besancon .

Titles worn by Ferdinand de Rye

He was successively:

Prior of Saint Marcel in 1580

Prior of Arbois in 1584

Top dean of chapter of Besançon Metropolitan

Abbot of Cherlieu ( in 1599 - one thousand six hundred and thirty-six )

Abbot of St. Claude ( one thousand five hundred and eighty-nine - 1 636 )

Archbishop of Besançon ( one thousand five hundred eighty-six - 1,636 )

Abbot of Acey in 1615 [ref. required]

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Ferdinand de Longwy's Timeline

Age 86