About Fermín de Lasala y Collado, duque de Mandas
- English translation ;
- Duque of Mandas
- Fermin de Lasala and Collado (1832-1917), Duke consort of Mandas and Villanueva was born in San Sebastian within a wealthy family. His father, D. Fermin de Lasala and Urbieta (1798-1853) was Mayor of the City, Provincial Deputy, President of the Council (1844) and Member of Parliament between 1846 and 1853 as well as Honorary Secretary of the King (1847) and Counsellor of the Spanish Bank San Fernando (1848-1849). No wonder that the social and political contacts of his father allow him to engage with the country's most influential people, very young entering fully into public life. It was also a man of high culture, especially versed in history, as evidenced by the publication of two books: Vicissitudes of the Constitutional Monarchy in France (1877) and last stage of the National Unity: Basques charters in 1876 (1924), and his election in 1881 as individual member of the Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, which participated actively.
- Don Fermin began his political career by joining the Progressive Party, which gave a grade of "moderation" in the days of the Revolution of 1854. He joined the Liberal Union, under which political party represented Gipuzkoa between 1857 and 1864, putting as representative of San Sebastian in the General Assembly of Deba in 1857 and as Deputy General of Gipuzkoa in 1862 and 1863. His militancy in that political party lasted until the fall of Isabel II in 1868, when the unfortunate actions of the Queen and the moderate opposition aroused the progressive and Democratic Unionists, which materialized in antidinástica revolution known as "the Glorious. "
- When a vote was the appointment of Amadeo of Savoy (Amadeo I) as King of Spain, Fermin de Lasala did negatively, which did not stop, once proclaimed King, recognize him as such. In 1870 Elizabeth II abdicates his eldest son Alfonso (XII), occupying D. Fermin following year a Senate seat.
- In 1873 Amadeo I renounce the throne. In response, the Joint Assembly meeting of Congress and Senate (which logically participated D. Fermin) was proclaimed the First Republic (1873-1875), joining Mr. Lasala future supporters of King Alfonso XII (Alfonsinos) led by Antonio Canovas del Castillo, who has since joined by close friends.
- To complicate the picture, for these years (1873-1875) takes place the third and last Carlist War in which Canovas Alfonsinos deny the Carlist support. The restoration of the monarchy will be held in the person of Alfonso XII (1874-1885) and as one would expect, Canovas del Castillo who will occupy the premiership until 1881, named the Duke of Mandas senator.
- In 1876 it adopted a new constitution and abolish the privileges Basques. Three years later D. Fermin holds the portfolio of Fomento (1879-1881) and is now where sectors fueristas criticize the position of the Duke of Mandas collaborator with whom they had buttoned the statutory scheme, although it ruled on numerous occasions as a defender, although, it if adapted to local circumstances of the moment. Later (1883-1885) Vice President of the Senate would exercise.
- At this time there are two political parties that dominate Spanish politics: the conservative Cánovas and Sagasta liberal. When Alfonso XII dies childless is appointed Queen Regent Maria Cristina (1885-1902), establishing a government shift between the two parties mentioned. When it came to exercise the power of the conservative party, the Duke of Mandas was called to perform some service, such as Ambassador in Paris and London or Gentleman of the Bedchamber. He also served twice as President of the State Council.
- The Duke of Mandas died in Madrid on December 17, 1917 and received land in the cemetery in Donostia Polloe native city he lost no time in contact and he built a "cottage" surrounded by a large garden which he named Cristina Enea, in memory of his wife, Cristina Brunetti de los Cobos, Duchess of Mandas and Villanueva and Countess of Balalcazar.
- This couple had no offspring, why in his will the Duke of Mandas instituted in the province of Gipuzkoa, represented in council, as the sole and universal heir, leaving precise instructions on the administration of his legacy.
- Some churches of San Sebastian also received generous donations, thanks to that built, for example, the tower of the church of San Ignacio (Gros), the windows of the San Vicente (Old Town) and the Great Organ (10,000 tubes) of the Cathedral of the Good Shepherd today.
- At the city, represented by its City Council bequeathed, along with a badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece (now missing), two jewels, if anything, more precious: his library and Cristina Enea. This legacy was accepted by the city of San Sebastian at the meeting of March 27, 1918.
- The 18,000 volumes of his magnificent library of Madrid were bequeathed to the condition that they serve to increase the funds of the municipal library and that was enabled for them a special room. These volumes are in the room of the Duke of Mandas located in the Plaza of the Constitution.
- Source: Cristina-Enea park. Juan Antonio Garcia Saez, 1995
- Contemporary documentary base d'Historia de Catalunya.
- FERMÍN LASALA And COLLADO (1830-1917) - (Duke of Mandras)
- BLEIBERG, Germain i altres: Dictionary of the History of Spain. (1979). Madrid: Alianza Editorial. 910, 2 ed., 3 vols.
- text: Born in San Sebastian and died in Madrid. Lawyer, began his political career in the Progressive Party, and Member of Parliament in 1854, two years later joined the Liberal Union, refused to recognize the principles of the Revolution of September (1868) and did not give his vote Amadeo I, but then recognized him as king, proclaimed the Republic, made contact with supporters of the Restoration in 1879, under President Canovas, was appointed Minister of Public Works. Upon dissent between Maura and Dato, was appointed to chair the Council of State. Financial ambassador to Paris twice (1890, 1895), was also a senator for life, gentleman and scholar camera Moral and Political Sciences. [G. B.] (vol.II, p.666)