Fernando León y Castillo, marqués del Muni

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Fernando León y Castillo

Also Known As: "I Marqués de Muni"
Birthdate: (75)
Birthplace: Telde, Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain
Death: March 12, 1918 (75)
Biarritz, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France
Place of Burial: Palmas de Gran Canaria, Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of José María Hipólito Casiano de León y Falcón and María de la Concepción Josefa del Castillo-Olivares y Falcón
Husband of María de las Mercedes Retortillo y Díez
Father of Agustin de Leon y Castillo y Retortillo, II. marqués de Muni
Brother of Juan Maria de Los Dolores de León y Castillo-Olivares

Occupation: Politician and Diplomat
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Fernando León y Castillo, marqués del Muni

  • leonycastillo.es... ; es.wikipedia... ;
  • One of the most important figures in Spanish politics of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was, without doubt, the Gran Canaria Fernando de León y Castillo (Telde 1842 - Biarritz 1918).
  • His parents, Jose Maria Leon and Falcon and Josefa del Castillo-Olivares Falcon, devoted their efforts to facilitate both his eldest son John and the little Fernando adequate education. From her earliest childhood, and especially because of his mother, Fernando came into contact with the world of reading through the books belonging to his family, through which was familiar to begin their primary schooling.
  • He trained like his brother in the late College of San Agustin de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, where he joined as an intern in the year 1854. In the classrooms of this school, where they forged the cream of the future bourgeoisie Gran Canaria. Fernando received a solid humanistic education at the hands of wise teachers like Antonio Lopez Boots among others, who instructed them in areas such as Latin, Philosophy, French Language, History, Geography, or Math, noted for his literary gifts. In these years of childhood and adolescence engage undying friendship with Benito Perez Galdos, who years later will move to Madrid, after completion of studies in the Archipelago, to study law.
  • Upon arrival in Madrid, León y Castillo began his studies by enrolling in the Faculty of Law at the Universidad Central. Between 1860 and 1868 is witnessing and participating in social and political events of the moment. In cultural terms Coffee attend gatherings or Universal Scientific and Cultural Ateneo and entered the Scientific Association, defined himself as "a group that movement at the Central University had begun between the intellectual and studious youth, eager to culture, eager to work out from the podium in debates that put to test the talents and the word ". In this area Fernando was seduced by the power of speech, criticism and controversy surrounding the frequent discussions currently developing their own skills to exercise the difficult art of oratory by young people who despuntaban as Silvela Ramón Nocedal and renowned intellectuals like Moret, Salmeron or Echegaray, who had a marked role in public life at the time. His debut on the platform was made at the Academy of Law, where he defended his work Christianity and the abolition of slavery and highlighted its excellent speaker conditions.
  • An advocate of liberalism, is the period in which shapes its political ideology, influenced by the French doctrinaire and somewhat distanced from the current Krause, so popular in contemporary political. Due largely to Gumersindo Azcarate, his teacher at the Central University, León y Castillo believed that the basis of political democracy was sustained on the constitutional monarchy as a political system. He himself claimed his individualistic nature, the supremacy of the State, to be the guarantor of individual rights and the implementation of an interventionist policy. It was therefore contrary to the Republic form of government to believe a threat to the integrity of the State before the emergence of political movements such as nationalism, anarchism or socialism.
  • His interest in the current issues he combined with his enthusiasm for journalism, the news and political essay, which led him to collaborate in various publications including The Guardian, directing the Canaries and serving as editor and owner, along with José Luis Albareda of Spain Magazine, a publication that condensed the culture of an era and a meeting of liberal thought and historical studies of novel, political and literary.
  • Law degree from the Universidad Central, with 23 years took his first job at the Ministry of the Interior, later to become Civil Governor of Granada and Valencia.
  • In the Canary Islands Canary refounded the Liberal Party under the slogan "All for Gran Canaria." Congress legislature began in 1873 thanks to his victory in elections last year, in which he was elected MP for the city of Gran Canaria Guide, thereby taking his brilliant political career and climbing important positions. In 1874 he was appointed Deputy Minister for Overseas, seven years later, cover the post of minister of the same sector and of Government in 1887, these destinations will combine their parliamentary interventions and Vice President of Congress in 1883.
  • Somewhat disenchanted with politics and with the proposal that makes Sagasta to perform diplomatic tasks in Paris in front of the Embassy of Spain, León y Castillo not doubt and so begins his most fruitful political stage through four terms intervals between 1887 and 1918. In the international arena León y Castillo underwent an active trying to get the Spanish presence in all international organizations, thus overcoming the isolationism that our country grew throughout the nineteenth century. Thus, Spain approached the area of ​​France, defended the Spanish claims in Africa and guaranteed neutrality to the Great War. His efforts were rewarded with the granting to Spain colony in Rio Muni Rio de Oro (Guinea) and the protectorate of northern Morocco in 1903. Its high value as a negotiator was recognized by the Queen Regent Maria Cristina, who on behalf of his son King Alfonso XIII granted the noble title of Marquis del Muni I.
  • León y Castillo stayed at the Embassy of Spain in France until 1910, when he departed from Spanish politics, but closely following current events in the context of the First World War. In 1916, he returned back to the Embassy by accessing the offer by the Count of Romanones. Two years after Fernando León y Castillo would die in the French town of Biarritz, on March 12, 1918 at the age of 76.


Fernando León y Castillo (Telde, Canary Islands, 1842 - Biarritz, France, 1918) was a Spanish politician and a diplomat, he decided on an intervention of Spain and North Africa. He went to Madrid and collaborated in liberal publications in the late years of Isabella II. From the Revolution of 1868, he was nominated a governor of Granada and Valencia. He was successively elected deputy and senator, in 1874 he was named the overseas sub-secretary. After the restoration with Sagasta as ministry of overseas (Prime Minister several times including 1881-1883 (1886–1887). In 1887, he became ambassador to France until 1918. He participated in the Algeciras Conference in 1906

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Fernando León y Castillo, marqués del Muni's Timeline

November 30, 1842
Telde, Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain
May 18, 1882
Age 39
Madrid, Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
March 12, 1918
Age 75
Biarritz, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France
Palmas de Gran Canaria, Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain