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About Francesco Maria de' Medici
Francesco Maria de' Medici (12 November 1660 – 3 February 1711) was an Italian cardinal and Duke of Rovere and Montefeltro.
Born in Florence, he was the second son of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Vittoria della Rovere.
In 1683 he was appointed to governor of Siena, a position he maintained until his death. Three years later he was created cardinal. Francesco Maria exerted a notable influence in the conclaves of 1689 and 1700.
Upon his mother's death in 1694, he inherited her allodial possessions, the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro.
He resided in the family Villa di Lappeggi, which he had restored and where he gained infamy for the feasts and orgies he organized. In 1709, when his health had already deteriorated, he obtained the Papal dispensation from the cardinalate, and was forced to marry Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga, daughter of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla, in an attempt to save the dynasty. However, no descendents were born and the Medici family became extinct.
He died in Bagno a Ripoli in 1711.