Francis Hardisty

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Francis Hardisty

Also Known As: "Hardesty"
Birthplace: Probably Hampsthwaite, Yorkshire, England
Death: Died in Anne Arundel County, Province of Maryland
Place of Burial: Friendship, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Hardisty and Mary Hardisty
Husband of Ruth Morely Gaither and Dorcas Hardisty
Father of Deborah Hardesty; Thomas Hardesty; Peter Hardesty; John Hardisty; Robert Hardesty and 2 others
Brother of Dorothy Hardisty; Arthur Hardisty; Arthur Hardisty, Sr.; Elizabeth Hardisty; Suzanna Hardisty and 5 others

Managed by: Christopher Paul Hardisty
Last Updated:

About Francis Hardisty

NOTE: PLEASE use any tree that is found on My,, familysearch.og WITH CAUTION they have continually been merged, re-merged and miss merged with each other.

Francis Hardesty, "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975"

  • Name: Francis Hardesty
  • Gender: Male
  • Christening Date: 10 Mar 1672
  • Birth Date:
  • Birthplace:
  • Death Date:
  • Name Note:
  • Race:
  • Father's Name: Thomas Hardesty
  • Father's Birthplace:
  • Father's Age:
  • Mother's Name:
  • Mother's Birthplace:
  • Mother's Age:
  • Indexing Project (Batch) Number: P00928-1
  • System Origin: England-ODM
  • GS Film number: 496807
  • Reference ID:


8. FRANCIS5 HARDISTY (THOMAS4, ARTHUR3, WILLIAM2, ?1) was born 10 March 1670/71 in Hampsthwaite, Yorkshire, and died 23 April 1734 in Anne Arundel Co, MD. He married (1) RUTH MORLEY 3 January 1702/03, daughter of JOSEPH MORLEY. She died Unknown. He married (2) DORCAS LINTHICUM 4 February 1718/19 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel Co, Maryland, daughter of FRANCIS LINTHICUM and DEBORAH WYMAN. She was born 15 August 1700, and died Unknown.


  • 12. i. FRANCIS6 HARDISTY, b. 27 February 1705/06, All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland, USA; d. Bet. 1734 - 1742.


  • ii. DEBORAH6 HARDISTY, b. 5 December 1720; d. Unknown.
  • iii. THOMAS HARDISTY, b. 6 March 1721/22; d. Unknown.
  • iv. PETER HARDISTY, b. 19 September 1723; d. 1776.
  • 13. v. JOHN HARDISTY, b. 29 April 1727; d. 1790, Washington County, PA.
  • 14. vi. ROBERT HARDISTY, b. 23 October 1730, Anne Arundel County, MD; d. 16 May 1790, Prince Georges County, MD.
  • vii. RICHARD HARDISTY, b. Abt. 1733, Anne Arundel Co, MD; d. 1823..


Some of the early wills in England has Hardistie as the spelling. Very few of the christening records has the "Hardesty" spelling all bear "HARDISTY" and a couple bear "HARDESTIE" For some reason the changed the spelling of the name from Hardisty to Hardesty came into being when Francis hit the shores of America.- verification and checking of spellings should be done on each line from here.

All of a sudden some one is presenting his name as" Francis Thomas Hardesty" All records found of him beare only the name of "Francis Hardesty"

Francis emigrated to North America, ca 1700-02.

Hardesty, Francis was domiciled in Anne Arundel co., Md. sometime prior to 13 Jan. 1703 when he married Gaither, Ruth (Morely) at All Hallows Parish.

On page 355 of "Anne Arundel co., Md. Gentry by Harry Wright Newman", he states John Gaither married Morley, Ruth dau. of Morley, Joseph and on pg. 56 of same states same Gaither, Ruth was a grandmother and married Francis Hardisty 13 Jan. 1703, the widow of John Gaither according to the register of All Hallows Parish.

At the time Widow Gaither was the mother of nine children by her former husband.

Francis Hardesty became guardian of her minor children, namely, Richard Gaither, Rachel Gaither, Rebecca Gaither and Susannah Gaither, all of whom in June 1709 were at his plantation on South River ( A. A. co. Judgements Liber TH No. 1, Folio 351).

The tax lists for Anne Arundel co. about 1707, "The Landing of 70 acres and "Gaiter's Range" of 200 acres at the head of South River were held by Francis Hardisty by marrying the "Relic of John Gaither" (sic) (Tax Lists A.A. co. Hall of Records).

He was guardian of the property known as The Landing (70 acres) and Gaither's Range (200 acres). Both properties were located at the "head" of the South River in Anne Arundel County, Maryland

The birth of a son to Francis and Ruth Hardisty, was recorded in All Hallow's Parish. That there were others born to the parents is possible, but only one had been proved.

Virtual no references have been found for Francis Hardisty from 1707 until 4 Feb. 1719 when he married All Hallows Parish Anne Arundel co., Md. his second wife, Linthicum, Dorcas the dau. of Linthicum, Thomas and Dorcas (Wyman). Dorcas Linthicum was born on 15 Aug. 1700 and at that time her father was a member of the Society of Friends.

This marriage is found recorded in Robert BARNES' MD Marriages: HARDISTY, Francis, 4 F 1719, All Hallows, AA, Dorcas LINCECOM {sic, LINTHICUM?}.

It was consistent with the customs of the Quakers to "read out" of the Society anyone who made an "irregular marriage" which was certainly the case of Francis Hardesty, as Frances continued a member of the Established Church of Md., that is, the Anglican faith.

No records of Francis Hardisty acquiring landed estate except for the life interest he held in the dower rights of his first wife, Ruth, the widow Gaither. At his death, however, he was possessed of a considerable personal estate.

The grandfather of Dorcas (Linthicum) Hardisty, that is Leonard Wyman, by his will, dated 16 Mar. 1720/1, probated in Anne Arundel co., Md. on 6 Apr. 1721 devisited his dau. Deborah Linthicum, 100 acres of "Happy Choice" during life and at her decease to revert to his granddaughter, Dorcas Hardisty, the eldest daughter of the said dau., Deborah Linthicum (Wills Liber 16 Folio 444).

WRIGHT's Anne Arundel Church Records: Francis HARDISTY & Dorcas had: Deborah, b. 8 D 1720; Thomas, b. 67 Mar. 1721; & Peter, b. 19 S 1723, All Hallows Parish

Six children were born to this marriage, the fifth child was Robert, b. 23 October 1730. Robert was probably born at The Landing which was 70 acres, or at Gaither's Range, 200 acres, both located at the "head" of South River in Ann Arundel, County, Maryland.

He was a member of the Established Church of Md., that is, the Anglican faith.

The said last will and testament of Francis Hardisty was dated 15 Feb. 1733/4 and admitted for probate in Anne Arundel co., Md. on 15 Feb. 1733/4. He signed the instrument as "Francis Hardisty".

Unfortunately he failed to name all of his children. (Wills Liber 21 Folio 91). "To son Francis Hardisty "My Negro wench Sarah" her child and their increase."

He appointed his unnamed wife the executrix. 

"Unto my wife, son Francis and the rest of my children to be divided amongest them as the law directs for distribution of the surplusage on interstate estates."

The only children mentioned in Francis Hardesty's will were son Francis, a daughter who m. Thomas Smith, and son Thomas (guardian John Fowler).

Dorcas remarried By 10 Aug. 1737 to Thomas Harrison, who may have been guardian of other (younger) children, but nothing in the probate records on this.

The appraisement and inventory of the personal estate made on 1 Jul. 1734 (Inventories Liber 19 Folio 126). The total valuation 9/12/0, a goodly sum for that day. The greatest values were in slaves of which there were nine, and numerous livestock.


Francis Hardisty and Rachel Welch approved as the next as next of kin, and Thomas Linthicum, presumably his father-in-law, approved as the greatest creditor.

Thomas Harrison and his wife, Dorcas, filed an account with the court reporting a balance at that time ofL- 129/16/0. (Administration Accounts Liber 4 Folio 323).

The final account and distribution were made by Thomas Harrison and Dorcas his wife of 2 Jan. 1737/8 and allocated to the following:

  • 1/3 to Thomas Harrison in right of his wife
  • Legacy delivered to Thomas Linthicum for Francis Hardisty a son of the deceased
  • Legacy delivered to Thomas Linthicum for John Fowler who was guardian to Thomas Hardisty son of deceased
  • Legacy delivered to Thomas Linthicum for Thomas Smith who married one of the dau. of the deceased
  • Legacy delivered to Thomas Linthicum for Leonard Linthicum guardian to Robert Hardisty son of the deceased
        (administration Accounts Liber 15 Folio 514)

Hardisty, Francis, All hallows Parish, A. A. County, 15th Feb., 1733; 24th Apr., 1734. To son Francis, personalty. Residue of estate to wife ----, extx., son Francis and rest of child. Test: Henry Hall, John Bazill. 21.01

Francis Hardesty 19.126 AA £237.5.10 Jul 1 1734 Nov 1 1734 Appraisers: Francis Day, Henry Hall. Creditors: Thomas Linthicum, William Denune. Next of kin: Francis Hardesty, Rachel Welch. Executrix: Dorcus Hardesty.

Francis Hardisty 15.2 A AA £237.5.10 £37.12.11 Mar 11 1735 Received from: Mr. Philip Smith (merchant in London). Payments to: Dr. Richard Hill, John Sappington, James Waugh, John Gibson, Mr. Henry Hill per Isaac Lansdale, John Foord, Thomas Richardson, Thomas Linthicum. Executrix: Dorcas Harrison, wife of Thomas Harrison.

Francis Hardisty 14.323 A AA £98.1.1 Aug 10 1737 Payments to: Rachel Welsh (administratrix of Capt. John Welsh), Capt. John Welsh paid by Thomas Linthicum (Quaker, one of the accountant's sureties), William Chapman, Mrs. Achsah Woodward (administratrix of Amos Woodward), Mrs. Achsah Woodward (administratrix de bonis non of Amos Garrett). Executrix: Dorcas Harrison, wife of Thomas Harrison.

Francis Hardisty 14.514 A AA £79.17.10 Jan 2 1737/38 Payments to: Thomas Harrison who married the widow (unnamed, 1/3) paid by Thomas Linthicum (surety), Francis Hardisty (son, his portion) paid by Thomas Linthicum, Thomas Smith who married a daughter (unnamed, her portion) paid by Thomas Linthicum, John Fowler guardian of Thomas Hardisty (son, his portion) paid by Thomas Linthicum, John Lomas for costs in suit by Achsah Woodward paid by Thomas Linthicum. Executrix: Dorcas Harrison, wife of Thomas Harrison. Came Thomas Linthicum (Quaker).

Mr. Richard Beard 26.88 A AA £223.12.8 £255.6.1 Nov 19 1706 Received from: David Dennis (merchant in London), Aron Rawlings of credits of George Burges, Robert Lockwood, John Beecher, Edward Carter, Garrett Topping, Samuell Jackson, Richard Harrison, John Bronnock, John Gresham, Jr., Thomas Robinson, William Roopie, Fra. Hardesty, Edward Peake. Payments to: Charles Kilborne on judgment obtained by Charles Jones & Co., Kenelme Cheseldyne, Esq. per Mr. Thomas Reynolds, Charles Carroll, Esq., George Jackson, Mr. Richard Bennett, Thomas Rooper, Mr. Amos Garrett, William Crouch (administrator of John Howard), Mr. William Bladen, Thomas Bordley, Richard King, Cornelius Howard (administrator of David Cassaw), William Burroughs, Henry Fish, John Cannary, Dr. Fredrick Cloditt, Charles Carroll as assignee of William Josephs, James Crouch, John Porice, Mr. Thomas Reynolds, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Thomas Reynolds, Col. William Holland, Maj. Charles Greenberry, Mr. John Gresham. Mentions: Richard Dallam, Administratrix: Susanna Beard (widow).

William Nicholson 3.484 A AA £1743.7.6 £483.19.0 Jul 17 1721 Received from: William Chapman, Mr. Samuell Poole, Payments to: David Mackgill, James Betterson, Mahitable Peirpoint, Henry Phillips, Orlando Griffeth, Henry Carter, Edward Gaither per Richard Warfield & Thomas Worthington, Albert Grinning (administrator of Dr. Arnoldi), Richard Rakestraw, John Dunn and his wife Mary Dunn, Christ. Dangerman paid to John Dangerman, Fran. Hardesty, Thomas Worthington, Edward Burgess, William Ware, Mr, Michael Miller, Capt. John Dorsey, col. William Holland, Dr. Charles Carroll, Daniell Larke, James Harris, Esq., Isil Groves, James Nicholson

His widow, Dorcas, was living as late as 29 May 1741, when she was bequeathed one shillings by the will of her father, Thomas Linthicum (wills, Liber 22, Folio, 395).


The son of Thomas and Mary (Favell) Hardesty of Hollins, York England, Francis was baptized on 10 Mar 1671 in Hampswaite, North Yorkshire England.

Hampstwaite Registers of Baptisms and Burials 1603-1794: Text: Francis ye sone of Thomas Hardesty de Holins bapti. 10 Mar 1671 Book: Births and Baptisms 1653 to 1678 (Birth) Collection: Yorkshire: Hampstwaite - Registers of Marriages, 1603-1807, Registers of Baptisms and Burials, 1603-1794

Francis married: 1) Widow Ruth (Beard?) Gaither on 13 Jan 1703 in Anne Arundel Co MD; she died in 1719 in Anne Arundel Co MD. Upon her death, Francis became the legal guardian of her younger children by first husband, John Gaither (1646-1702). 2) Dorcus Linthium on 4 Dec 1719.

Child with Ruth: 1) Francis Hardesty Jr (1707-1742), m: Alice Brown.

Children with Dorcus: 1) Deborah Hardesty (b. 1720) 2) Thomas Hardesty (b. 1721) 3) Peter Hardesty (b. 1723) 4) John Hardesty (1727-1790) 5) Robert Hardesty (b. 1730) 6) Richard Hardesty (b. c1733)

Thank you to Mary Ann Bumgarner for nformation.

view all 14

Francis Hardisty's Timeline

March 10, 1672
Hampsthwaite, Yorkshire, England
March 1672
Probably Hampsthwaite, Yorkshire, England
December 8, 1719
Age 47
March 6, 1722
Age 50
September 19, 1723
Age 51
April 29, 1727
Age 55
Anne Arundel County, Province of Maryland
October 23, 1730
Age 58
Anne Arundel County, Province of Maryland
Age 60
Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States