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About Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham
Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham
Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham (c. 1643 – 30 March 1694 O.S./95 N.S.) was a member of the Howard family, descended from noted naval commander Lord High Admiral Howard, and a Crown Governor of Virginia (1683-1692).
He was the son of Sir Charles Howard and Frances Courthope. Francis Howard's paternal grandfather was the first cousin of both Charles Howard, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham. His maternal grandfather was Sir George Courthope of Whiligh, Sussex. Francis was baptised on 17 September 1643 in Great Bookham near Effingham in Surrey. On 8 July 1673, he married Philadelphia Pelham, daughter of Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baronet Pelham of Laughton and half-aunt of Thomas Pelham, eventual 1st Baron Pelham of Laughton. Francis and Philadelphia were the parents of Thomas Howard, 6th Baron Howard of Effingham and Francis Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham as well as another son and three daughters.
In 1681, Howard's cousin, the 3rd Earl of Nottingham, died and did not leave a male heir; nor did his two half-brothers. The earldom was declared extinct, but the title of Baron Howard of Effingham was passed on to Francis Howard.
Lord Howard was appointed Governor of Virginia in 1683. His family relocated there in February 1684, and Howard lived primarily at Rosegill plantation in Middlesex County. Howard commenced his duties as Governor on 16 April 1684. (The previous governor, Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper, had departed suddenly in 1683. He was replaced by acting Governor Nicholas Spencer, Culpepper's cousin, agent, and President of the Council, until Lord Howard's arrival nine months later.)
On 23 June 1684, Lord Howard sailed from Virginia for Albany, New York with his daughter, Philadelphia, where he and New York Governor Thomas Dongan brokered a July peace treaty with members of the Iroquois Confederacy. The treaty succeeded in ending a series of raids by the westernmost Seneca nation, whose warriors had traveled south to the frontier of Virginia. Although the Iroquois admitted to breaking the Covenant Chain, Howard and Dongan refrained from demanding reparations in hopes that they would continue attacks against the British rivals in New France. While in New York, Howard and his daughter stayed at Dongan's house and spent much of their time socialising. Howard was impressed by the lifestyle of New York, as compared to Virginia, and urged his wife to bring good silver from England. Lady Howard arrived in Virginia, but died the next year on 13 August 1685 at age 31. Their daughter, Margaret Frances, died while accompanying Lady Howard's body, being transported for return to England at Lingfield[disambiguation needed].
In 1687, Howard again travelled to New York to negotiate with the Iroquois, with a stop in Philadelphia on the way. Despite his negotiation efforts, Howard was unpopular among Virginians. He ordered that no one in the colony could use a printing press for any reason and tried to gain the power to overturn laws and levy taxes. Land grants could only be passed if Lord Howard was paid a fee. He created a court of equity and named himself a petty lord chancellor. In 1687, he expelled Colonel Philip Ludwell from the Virginia Council, calling him "an abettor in fomenting disputes over which the Assembly was so obstinate." The expulsion backfired, however, when Ludwell's resultant popularity led to a meeting with King William. A successful meeting with the king led to Ludwell's council seat being restored on 7 May 1691.
Howard left Virginia for England on 20 October 1688. He lived mostly in Little Chelsea in Kensington, then Middlesex. He was allowed to remain governor of Virginia from afar at half the salary. Nathaniel Bacon, Sr., who had administered the colony during Howard's time in New York in 1684, did so again while Howard was in England until Howard's deputy, Francis Nicholson, arrived on 16 May 1690. Howard remarried on 20 January 1690 to Susan Felton, daughter of Sir Henry Felton, Baronet, and widow of Philip Harbord. His funeral took place at St Giles in the Fields.
- Tyler, Lyon Gardiner (1915). Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.
- Bolton, Charles Knowles (1919). The Founders - Portraits of Persons Born Abroad Who Came to the Colonies in North America Before the Year 1701 1. Boston Athenæum.
- Hatfield, April Lee (2007). Atlantic Virginia: Intercolonial Relations in the Seventeenth Century. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1997-X.
- Brock, Robert Alonzo; Virgil Anson Lewis (1888). Virginia and Virginians: Eminent Virginians. H. H. Hardesty.
- Francis Howard, 6th Baron Howard of Effingham1
- M, #27059, b. 17 September 1643, d. 30 March 1695
- Last Edited=24 Mar 2011
- Francis Howard, 6th Baron Howard of Effingham was baptised on 17 September 1643.1 He was the son of Sir Charles Howard and Frances Courthope.1 He married, firstly, Philadelphia Pelham, daughter of Sir Thomas Pelham, 2nd Bt. and Margaret Vane, on 8 July 1673.3 He married, secondly, Susan Felton, daughter of Sir Henry Felton, Bt., on 20 January 1689/90.1 He died on 30 March 1695 at age 51.1
- He succeeded to the title of 6th Baron Howard of Effingham, co. Surrey [E., 1554] on 26 April 1681.1 He held the office of Governor of Virginia.1
- Children of Francis Howard, 6th Baron Howard of Effingham and Philadelphia Pelham
- unknown son Howard1
- unknown daughter Howard1
- unknown daughter Howard1
- unknown daughter Howard1
- Thomas Howard, 7th Baron Howard of Effingham+1 b. 7 Jul 1682, d. 13 Jul 1725
- Francis Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham+1 b. 20 Oct 1683, d. 12 Feb 1742/43
- [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1277. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
- [S37] BP2003. [S37]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p2706.htm#i27059
- Francis HOWARD (5° B. Howard of Effingham)
- Born: 1643
- Died: 30 Mar 1695
- Buried: Lingfield
- Father: Charles HOWARD of Eastwick
- Mother: Frances COURTHOPE
- Married 1: Philadelphia PELHAM 8 Jul 1673
- 1. Thomas HOWARD (6° B. Howard of Effingham)
- 2. Francis HOWARD (1° E. Effingham)
- 3. Philadelphia HOWARD
- 4. Margaret Frances HOWARD
- 5. Elizabeth HOWARD (m.1 William Roberts - m.2 William Hutcheson)
- Married 2: Susan FELTON (dau. of Sir Henry Felton of Playford, 2° Bt. and Susanna Tollemache) 20 Jan 1690, St.Giles's-in-the-Fields
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/HOWARD2.htm#Francis HOWARD (5° B. Howard of Effingham)
- Francis Howard
- Birth: Sep. 17, 1643
- Death: Mar. 30, 1695
- 6th Baron Howard of Effingham. He was the son of Sir Charles Howard and Frances Courthope. He married, firstly, Philadelphia Pelham, daughter of Sir Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baronet and Margaret Vane, on 8 July 1673. He married, secondly, Susan Felton, daughter of Sir Henry Felton, Baronet, on 20 January 1689/90. He held the office of Governor of Virginia. He died aged 51 years.
- Family links:
- Philadelphia Pelham Howard (____ - 1685)*
- Burial: St Peter and St Paul Churchyard, Lingfield, Tandridge District, Surrey, England
- Find A Grave Memorial# 46708209
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=howard&GSfn=francis&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GScntry=5&GSob=n&GRid=46708209&df=all&
- Name Francis Howard, Lord Howard of Effingham 
- Died 1695 
- Family Philadelphia Pelham, b. 6 Oct 1654, St. Michael's, Lewes, Sussex, England d. Jun 1686 (Age 31 years)
- Marriage License 30 May 1673 
- Married 8 Jul 1673 Crowhurst, Surrey, England 
- [S2] #693 Sussex Genealogies (1931-), Comber, John, (Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons, 1931-), FHL book 942.25 D2s; FHL microfilm 924,767., vol. 3 p. 208.
- From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I17983&tree=SussexGenealogies
- Name Francis Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham [1, 2]
- Christened 17 Sep 1643 Great Bookham, Surrey, England
- Died 30 Mar 1695 
- Buried 8 Apr 1695 Lingfield, Surrey, England 
- Father Sir Charles Howard, b. of, Eastwick, Great Bookham, Surrey, England
- Mother Frances Courthope, b. of, Whiligh, Ticehurst, Sussex, England
- Family 1 Philadelphia Pelham, c. 6 Oct 1654, St. Michael's, Lewes, Sussex, England d. 13 Aug 1685, at sea Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 30 years)
- Married 8 Jul 1673 Crowhurst, Sussex, England 
- 1. Charles Howard, b. 25 Nov 1676, d. 11 Apr 1694 (Age 17 years)
- 2. Thomas Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham, c. 7 Jul 1682, Kensington, Middlesex, England d. 10 or 13 Jul 1725, Spa (Age ~ 43 years)
- 3. Francis Howard, Earl of Effingham, c. 20 Oct 1683, Kensington, Middlesex, England d. 12 Feb 1743 (Age ~ 59 years)
- Family 2 Susan Felton, b. Abt 1649-1650, of, Playford, Suffolk, England d. 11 Dec 1726 (Age ~ 76 years)
- Married 20 Jan 1690 St. Giles-in-the-Fields, Holborn, Middlesex, England 
- [S3] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 5 p. 11, 14 (Reliability: 3).
- [S9] #218 Complete Baronetage, 1611-1880 (1900-1906), Cokayne, George Edward, (5 volumes. Exeter [England]: W. Pollard, 1900-1906), FHL book 942 D22cg., vol. 1 p. 159 (Reliability: 3).
- [S3] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 5 p. 11 (Reliability: 3).
- [S3] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 5 p. 11-12 (Reliability: 3).
- From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I56595&tree=Nixon
- The official baronage of England: showing the succession ..., Volume 1 By James William Edmund Doyle
- Pg. 661
- FRANCIS HOWARD I., cousin of Charles III.: Baron Howard of Effingham. B. before 1654; succ. as 6th Baron Howard of Effingham, April 26, 1681; Governor & Captain-General of Virginia, Sept. 28, 1683; m. (1) Philadelphia, d. of Sir Thomas Pelham, Bart.; m. (2) Susan (Mrs. Herbert), d. of Sir Henry Felton, Bart.; d. March 30, 1696.
- THOMAS HOWARD I., son of Francis I. (I): Baron Howard of Effingham. B. about 1680; st. Hon. Thomas Howard, Esq., 1681-1696; succ. as 7th Baron Howared of Effingham, March 30, 1696; Guidon, 1st Troop of Horse Guards, Jan, 1706; Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George of Denmark, May, 1706-Oct., 1708; m. (1) Mary Wentworth, grand-niece of Thomas, Earl of Strafford, Feb. 11, 1707; m. (2) Elizabeth, Dowager-Lady Napier, d. of John Rotheram, Esq. of Much-Waltham, co. Essex; d. July 10, 1725.
- Pg. 662
- FRANCIS HOWARD II., brother of Thomas I.: Earl of Effingham, & Baron Howard of Effingham. B. after 1681; st. Hon. Francis Howard, Esq., -1725; Captain & Lieut-Colonel, 3rd Regt. of Foot Guards, July 26, 1722; succ. as 8th Baron Howard of Effingham, July 10, 1725; Lieutenant, & Lieut-Colonel, 1st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards, July 15, 1731; cr. Earl of Effingham, Dec. 8, 1731; Deputy Earl Marshal of England, Dec. 13, 1731; Colonel, (20th) Regt. of Foot, July 22, 1732; Captain & Colonel, 2nd Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards, June 21, 1737; Colonel of Horse, June 21, 1737; Brigadier-General, July 2, 1739; Captain & Colonel, 4th Troop of Horse Guards, Dec. 22, 1740; m. (1) Digna, d. of Major-General O'Ferrel; m. (2) Anne, sister of Robert Bristow, Esq., July, 1728; d. Feb. 12, 1743.
- The Lords Effingham and the American colonies (1976)
- Francis, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham (1643-1695), of Great Bookham, Surrey, was the great-grandson of Sir William Howard of Linfeld, who was the second son of William, first Lord Howard of Effingham. Since Lord Francis Howard played a role in pre-revolutionary days as Governor of Virginia, he is dealt with at length in the following chapter.
- He was succeeded by his second but eldest surviving son, Thomas, as 6th Baron Howard of Effingham (1682-1725). Lord Thomas had no sons, and the Barony devolved upon his brother
- Francis, 1st Earl of Effingham and 7th Baron Howard (1683- 1742). His Lordship was a military officer of high rank. Succeeded by his only son .....
- Lord Francis Howard, 5th Baron of Effingham, of Great Bookham, Surrey was baptized September 17, 1643. His first wife was Philadelphia, daughter of Sir Thomas Pelham, Bt., whom he married July 8, 1673, and by whom he had three sons and three daughters. She died August 13, 1685. On January 20, 1689, he married Susan, widow of Philip Harbord, of Stanninghall, Norfolk, and daughter of Sir Henry Felton, Bt., after he had returned to England.
- This second marriage was to last a little more than six years, since Lord Effingham died March 30, 1695. She survived him thirty-one years. The title passed to his second but eldest surviving son, Thomas.
other possible 2nd marriages year is 1689
Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham's Timeline
September 17, 1643
Great Bookham, Surrey, England
September 17, 1643
October 20, 1683
March 30, 1695
April 8, 1695
Lingfield, Surrey, England