Francisco Zavier Cruzat

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Francisco Zavier Cruzat

Birthdate: (50)
Birthplace: Taffala, Navarra, Spain
Death: 1789 (49)
Pensacola, Florida
Immediate Family:

Son of Balthazar Cruzat and Francesca Cruzat
Husband of Anicanora Cruzat, Libalde
Father of Antonio Gertrudes Cruzat, Ramos; Francois Zavier Cruzat Ramos; Josefa Gertrude Cruzat, Ramos; Josefa Cruzat Ramos and Jose Cruzat, Ramos

Occupation: Army officer, Governor
Managed by: Kenneth Kwame Welsh, (C)
Last Updated:

About Francisco Zavier Cruzat

Name: Cruzat, Francisco. Profession: Politician. Category: Politics and Government. Description: Francisco Cruzat was the second Spanish Lt. Governor of Upper Louisiana. He arrived at St. Louis on May 20, 1775, and left in 1778 when he was replaced by Fernando de Leyba. After de Leyba died, Sr. Cruzat returned and served as governor until November 27, 1787. During his second term, he lead an attack on a British fort on the St. Joseph River to forestall further attacks on St. Louis.

Francisco Cruzat or François Cruzat was a Spanish military who exerted as lieutenant governor of Illinois Country and Interim Governor of East Florida in 1789, replacing temporary to Arturo O´Neill, because of his disease.

Biography. Francisco Cruzat joined to Spanish Army in his youth, place where he stressed, obtaining the Lieutenant grade. Upon the promotion of Pedro Piernas, lieutenant governor of Illinois, to a new post in New Orleans in 1775, control of Saint Louis (Missouri) passed to Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Cruzat, who continued the lax enforcement of Spanish policies common under Piernas.[1] In 1778, however, Cruzat was removed as commander of St. Louis upon the orders of Spanish Governor Bernardo Galvez, who was responding to British complaints that Cruzat had allowed Spanish agents to violate British territory in Illinois.[1] Galvez replaced Cruzat with Fernando de Leyba.[1]

During his rule the first ferry was established in Maramec. That was established by a man named John Baptiste Gamache.[2]

In 1780, Francisco Cruzat was re-appointed lieutenant governor of Illinois. So, he, in St. Louis, sent a force of about 140 Spanish soldiers and American Indians under Captain Eugenio Pourré to capture Fort St. Joseph.[3] It was captured and plundered on February 12, 1781.[4]

In addition, Cruzat dispatched the militia with 60 volunteers and Native allies. The force also included Ensign Charles Tayon and the interpreter Louis Chevalier.[5]

Cruzat left his office of lieutenant governor of Illinois in 1787. Later, he was appointed Interim Governor of East Florida in 1789, temporarily replacing Arturo O´Neill, because of his disease, who regained control of East Florida in 1781.[6]

Personal life. Cruzat married Anicanora Ramos, with who had four children's.[6] However, while he exercised commander Louisiana governor, in his first term in this office, a daughter died young children, who was buried in the church cemetery.[2]

"That even was for us the greatest blow that could have been dealt us, unless it had been our total destruction." --Chiefs of the Iroquois, Shawnee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Loup Nations to Francisco Cruzat, governor of Saint Louis, August 23, 1784. Quoted in The American Revolution in Indian Country.

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Francisco Zavier Cruzat's Timeline

March 10, 1739
Taffala, Navarra, Spain
September 4, 1775
Age 36
Saint Louis, MO.
September 22, 1775
Age 36
July 24, 1778
Age 39
New Orleans, Louisiana
October 21, 1784
Age 45
Age 45
Lafalla, Spain
Age 49
Pensacola, Florida