Francisco de Salazar Hachero

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Francisco de Salazar Hachero

Birthplace: Nuevo México, Nueva España
Death: Died in Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico
Cause of death: Beheaded
Immediate Family:

Husband of Not Known

Occupation: Procurator General of New Mexico, Procurator General
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Francisco de Salazar Hachero

He was the Procurator General of New Mexico in 1634. He was also deeply involved in the Rosas murder affair and was beheaded in1643. In 1642 during the trial he gave his full name as Francisco Salazar Hachero. He may be somehow related to Antonio Salas, the guard of Governor Rosas.

Francisco de Salazar first appears in the soldier-escorts of 1625. In 1634, he was Procurator General of New México. He was deelply involved in the Governor Rosas murder affair, and was beheaded along with the other officers in 1643. In the trial records of 1642, his full names was given as Salazar Hachero.

When Francisco de Salazar’s punishers tried to behead him with his own dagger, they made a bad job of it. “For God’s sake,” he screamed, “sharpen that thing and put me out of my misery!” Then, claimed Covarrubias, Salazar’s severed head recited the entire true and essential creed of the Roman Catholic faith.

The Origins of New México Families, pg. 101

'Died: 21 Jul 1643, Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.


Soldier escort(s) in 1625

Procurator General (Attorney General) of New Mexico in 1634

Regidor (Councilman) of Santa Fe in 1641.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The MEN IMPLICATED IN THE DEATH OF GOVERNOR ROSAS, en la Provincia de Nuevo Mexico


Nicolas Ortiz Born in Zacatecas, Mexico in 1618, he came to New Mexico in 1634. He Married Maria de Bustillo, niece of Antonio Baca, whom he accused of infidelity with Governor Rosas while he was away with the Santa Fe-Mexico City wagon train. Upon his return from Mexico City in 1642, his wife was visibly pregnant. On January 25, 1642, Nicolas murdered Governor Rosas. After being acquitted in Santa Fe, he was sent to Mexico City for a final verdict. But alas, he was arrested by the Governor of Nueva Vizcaya, (retired), and sentenced to hang. However he escaped from prison and was not heard from again. So they say!

Antonio Baca The main ring-leader in the anti-Rosas faction which caused the Governors death. He was also the leader of the people who defied the Governor by barricading themselves with the Friars at Santo Domingo Pueblo. His turbulent career ended when he was be-headed along with seven others July 21, 1643.

Diego Marquez The major accomplice in the death of Governor Rosas. He also was be-headed in 1643. There was a Juan Marquez 36 years old in 1639-40, (I believe this to be Pedro and Catalina Perez de Bustillo's son) an Alferez and treasurer of the Holy Crusade. He was said to have been murdered by orders of Governor Rosas. Do you suppose this had any influence on Diego for his part in the Rosas Murder? (other than the fact that he was a brother-in-law of Catalina de Bustillo).

Cristobal Enriques He was a first cousin of Agustin de Carvajal. (Pg. 15 "origins"). That would make their respective mothers sisters. In 1660 Agustin was accused of marrying his close relative, Estefania Enriquez, Cristobal's daughter. However, this girl was a second cousin of Agustin's first wife, Maria Marquez. This means, Cristobal's wife and Maria Marquez had mother's who were second cousins. Cristobal was among the eight conspirators be-headed in 1643.

Agustin Carvajal Was one of the fourteen men ordered executed for sedition by Governor Pacheco in 1643, but escaped the sentence with his Duran y Chaves brother-in-law (Fernando).

Juan Ruiz de Hinojos He was another soldier be-headed in 1643 for the Rosas anti-faction affair. His father, Hernando was married to Beatriz Perez de Bustillo, and his brother Miguel acted as bondsman for Nicolas Ortiz. For some unknown reason he was deeply involved in this conspiracy. The name Bustillo is one good reason for involvement.

Nicolas Perez de Bustillo He was an adopted son of Simon Perez de Bustillo. He played a brief and tragic political role that ended in 1643. Along with his double uncle, Antonio Baca and his cousins, he too was beheaded in 1643. He was a mestizo, a natural son of one of Simon's sisters , or his own. In 1642 he declared that he was related to Nicolas Ortiz on his father's side.

Juan de Archuleta Son of Asencion de Archuleta and Ana Perez de Bustillo, daughter of Juan Perez de Bustillo, was also involved in the Governor Rosas political faction. He was a 1st cousin of Nicolas Perez de Bustillo, and beheaded along with the others in 1643.

Diego Martin Barba He was the son of Alonzo and a Capitan living in Santa Fe in 1642. He was one of the eight men ordered beheaded in 1643 for complicity in the death of Governor Rosas.

Francisco de Salazar He was the Procurator General of New Mexico in 1634. He was deeply involved in the Rosas murder affair and was also beheaded in 1643. In 1642 during the trial he gave his full name as Francisco Salazar Hachero. He was somehow related to Antonio Salas, the guard of Governor Rosas (speculation).

Don Fernando Duran y Chaves Testified against Governor Rosas in favor of the Friars and attend the execution of the eight conspirators to get in good graces with the new Governor, Pacheco. But then, the Governor condemned him along with thirteen others to be executed for sedition. He escaped with his brother-in-law Agustin Carvajal and the others.

Pedro Duran y Chaves Nephew of Antonio Baca, was one of the four masked men who accompanied the assassin, Nicolas Ortiz in the murder of Governor Rosas. He was banished and for his complicity from New Mexico by Govenor Guzman.

Diego del Rio de Losa Witnessed the murder of Governor Rosas. At that time he was secretary of the Cabildo (city hall). (Diego del Rio de Losada). Francisco del Rio (listed on pg. 92) of "origins" was his son, not his brother!!!!!!

Antonio de Salas He was a guard at the Palace of the Governors when Rosas was "assassinated."

Francisco Lopez de Aragon In 1642 he acted as the attorney for Nicolas Ortiz. His wife was Ana Baca.

Francisco Lujan Together with his brother, Juan Lujan II, whose daughter married Juan de Archuleta II, were involved in the Rosas murder affair, escaped the carnal execution of their less fortunate compatriots.

Alonzo Ramirez de Salazar In what capacity he took in the assassination of Governor Rosas is unknown, but it would appear that, along with Juan Ramirez de Salazar, (most probably a nephew) they were involved with the political affairs in 1641-43. It could very well be that they were closely related to some of the conspirators. And I would be inclined to speculate that it could be a niece of Alonzo, Catalina Salazar, wife of Luis Martin Serrano, one of the masked men who broke down the door, January 25, 1642. And Francisco (noted above), brother of Catalina. The Salazars are from Nueva Viscuya. As a Capitan, he barely escaped execution for sedition under Governor Pacheco. He also came to New Mexico in the 1620's. [With the Salazar's? (author's speculation)].

Juan Tapia Escaped death for treason in 1643. He was a native of New Mexico

Manuel de Peralta Was condemned to death for sedition, but was not among the eight Capitans executed. Evidently he fled from New Mexico and never returned (as recorded by Fray Chaves).

Written by LaDeane Miller


Mr. Miller has written 20 volumes on New Mexican families, approximately 19900 pages and over 135,000 names. (Index in August issue of Somos Primos). His work covers Spanish history dating back to early 1400's from Abeyta to Zamarano. It has 108 different families with an index for each family.The largest family is the Baca family, which is 3000 pages, and the Martin Serrano family, 2200 pages. This information is now available on CDs. The prices of the CDs. You can order specific families.


There are 370 MB of information on one CD in RTF format, or the equivlent of 27 volumes of books in the full New Mexico the six and ten selected families, they are special ordered but take onlya week to compile and are also on one CD. The information on these depend on what families you select. To begin, the Bonus families contain eighty MB or seven volumes.

Another source for New Mexico researchers is Ida Quintana Foraci work, the Quintanas. Ida has dedicated herself to New Mexican families and has produced a 24 volume series which includes data from 1598-1800s.

Ida writes that her books are being converted to CDs and will soon be available. Please look at her site for an index of families covered and contact her directly.

Notes for Francisco de Salazar (Hachero): • Death : Beheaded as part of Rosas assassination conspiracy.

• Dates & Events: -Soldier escorts in 1625 -Procurator General of New Mexico in 1634, -Regidor of Santa Fe in 1641.

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Francisco de Salazar Hachero's Timeline

Nuevo México, Nueva España
Age 20
Age 29
Age 36
Regidor of Santa Fe
July 21, 1643
Age 38
Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico