François Pelletier dit Antaya

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François Pelletier dit Antaya

Also Known As: "Sieur d'Antaya"
Birthdate: (57)
Birthplace: Gallardon, Beauce, Orléanois, France
Death: November 2, 1692 (53-61)
Richelieu, Dautray, Quebec, Canada
Place of Burial: Sorel, Quebec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicolas Pelletier and Jeanne de Voissy
Husband of Dorothée « Amérindienne » and Marguerite-Madeleine Morisseau
Father of Marguerite-Agnès Pelletier; Marie Angelique Banliac; François-Xavier Pelletier; Joseph Pelletier dit Antaya; Geneviève Pelletier dite Antaya and 5 others
Brother of Pierre Pelletier; Jean Pelletier; Marie-Anne Peltier / Pelletier; Louise Pelletier; Marie-Françoise Pelletier and 3 others

Occupation: Immigrant
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About François Pelletier dit Antaya


More Notes

From this website:

Francois was born to Nicolas Pelletier and Jeanne De Vouzy/De Voisy/Roussi [ de Voissy? - my note (Hélène Daigneault) ] about 1635 at St. Pierre, Gallardon, Chartres, France. He married first to Dorothee, a Native Indian, in April of 1660. Dorothee died within a year and there were no children born of this marriage. He next married Marguerite Madeleine Morisseau on 26 Sep 1661 at Ste. Famille, Sillery, Quebec, Marguerite being the daughter of Julien Morisseau and Ann Brelancour. He was the second child of eight born to Francois and Maguerite.

Bio of Francois: Francois traveled with his brother-in-law, Noel Jeremie, Sieur of la Montagne, interpreter and clerk at the trading posts of the Domaine du Roi (King's Domain). Francois married a native woman at the post of Tadoussac, in the presence of the Jesuit priest Albanel, in April, 1660 without any publication (of marriage bans) or advance notice of any kind. This caused a considerable reaction; this marriage was hardly accepted in the religious community - a white married to a pagan was not looked upon favorably. The young lovers were not happy for very long since on April 13, 1661, Francois' wife died at the Hospital in Quebec. No child was born from this marriage of Francoise Pelletier and Dorothée the Native (la Sauvagesse). Francois Pelletier, now a widower, becomes engaged to Marguerite Morisseau. After the publication of the three banns at the church of Sillery, they married on Sept 6, 1661 before Jesuit priest Pierre Bailloquet. their first six children are born and baptized in the parish of Sillery, the others would be baptized in Sorel. Francois Pelletier is in the service of the King to take care of the soldiers of the garrison in May, 1663. The couple established themselves on the land of Nicolas Pelletier, father, master carpenter, in the concession of the natives on the hill of St. Francois Xavier, Parish of Sillery. On October 13, 1669, Nicolas gives his farm to his son Jean Pelletier, but reserves rights to the farm, and one notes in the contract that Francois Pelletier dit Antaya, brother of Jean, is his neighbor on their father's farm. Francois gives his house and farm to Denis Ruette d'Auteuil of Monceaux on Aug 20, 1669. He leaves Sillery with his wife and his children for a parcel of land that is unknown to him and where the Iroquois prowl and watch for victims to decapitate during the night. Francois Pelletier settles in Sorel with his wife about 1670. Their first six children baptized at Sillery are: Marie-Angelique, 14 Oct 1662; Francois-Xavier, 02 Dec 1663; Joseph, 22 Mar 1665; Marguerite-Agnes, 30 Aug 1666; and Genevieve, 16 Mar 1668. The other five are baptized at Sorel: Catherine, 1670; Michel, 1674; Jean-Baptiste-Pierre, 20 Jul 1676; Elisabeth, 18 Sep 1677; and Louise 22 Sep 1678. Only eight of them married. On October 22, 1675, Francois Pelletier dit Antaya purchases the fief d'Orvilliers from Sieur de Gauthier de Comporte. This fief is located on the north coast of the St. Lawrence, in the Iles of Upper Berthier, on one side Dautray and on the other the lands not conceded belonging to Sieur Randin, along with the Ile au Foin. He finally left Sorel, after the sale of his concession to Pierre Coutois dit Bonnehumeur, on September 17, 1677. In the contract, Francois is referred to as farmer of Dorvilliers. The father and brother of Francois, Nicolas and Jean, settled in the said fief Antaya on March 23, 1678 as the first farmers of that area. Francois died before June, 1688. Marguerite Morisseau, wife of Sieur Antaya, died at the Hotel-Dieu (hospital) of Quebec on December 15, 1707 at the age of 70. Seigneur (landowner) Pierre Pelletier, son of Francois and Marguerite Morisseau, paid homage in the name of his brother and sisters on February 17, 1723. (Probably a religious ceremony of remembrance.) The cradle of the Pelletier and Antaya family thus lies right in the heart of Monteregie. Sorel, located at the confluence of the St. Lawrence and the Richelieu River, is the fourth oldest city of Canada.

Now for François Pelletier. Based on his given ages in 1662 and 1667 we place his date of birth about 1635. He crosses the Atlantic ocean when no more than an infant, grows up in Québec City and, at the age of about ten, moves to Sillery.

Amerindians were surely not strangers to him in Québec and Sillery, so it should surprise no one that he marry a so-called "Sauvagesse."

According to the Association des familles Pelletier , early in 1659, François accompanies his brother-in-law, Noël Jérémie-dit-Montagne, on a voyage to the vast "Domaine du Roy", a trade area encompassing the great Saguenay-Lac St-Jean area. We don't know exactly how long Francois stays there, or his motivation for going there in the first place.

Jérémie was authorized to trade in the Domaine, but was François? Perhaps he was abusing his brother-in-law's position to trade illicitly with the Indians; perhaps he sought no more than adventure. We can only guess.

Some time before the autumn of 1659, François has returned to Québec; the Journal des Jésuites says that on November 21, François accompanies the Jesuit Albanel to Tadoussac, stating that he is not at their expense, but is under their name.

Here again we are unsure of François' motivations. Is he no more than a hired hand, or has he devoted himself to missionary work? Tadoussac is the site of a mission and a trading post, a fact further obscuring his motives.

When the Journal mentions Albanel's return from Tadoussac the following April 24, however, Francois' reasons for returning to Tadoussac become a little clearer: the Journal indicates that Albanel has married François to a Christian Amerindienne, without publication of banns, or permission from his parents, the bishop, or the governor, noting that this has caused quite a controversy.

At this point, François' reasons for travelling to the Domaine du Roy with Jérémie early in 1659 are no clearer than before, but we are in a better position to assume why he returned there later that same year with Albanel: for the affection of the "savaugesse," whose Christian name we later learn is Dorothée. Letting our imaginations stray a little into the realm of possibility, we might humbly assume that there was too little time during his first expedition to marry her, and François returned to Quebec determined to revisit Tadoussac and make Dorothée his bride. This would explain their hasty marriage, as well as why they publish no banns and consult neither family members nor local officials.

Albanel was undoubtedly sympathetic to François and Dorothée's situation, or else he certainly would not have taken upon himself to marry them without their having gone through the propers channels and necessary steps.

In the end, if François and Dorothée do truly marry for love, their happiness is short-lived: she dies April 13, 1661, at Quebec's general hospital, leaving no children.

Shortly after Dorothée's death, François betroths Marguerite-Madeleine Morisseau; they publish three banns in the parish of Sillery before their marriage, September 26, 1661. (We might wonder how François was able to move on so quickly after the death of his first bride.)

They settle in Sillery, first on the land of his father, and later on their own property, granted François by the Jesuits in 1667.


In 1669 François leases his property to Denis Ruette and he and his family head to Sorel, where he has apparently received a concession from Pierre Saurel; their relationship dates to at least 1666 when Saurel led a group of some three hundred men West to avenge the Iroquois massacre of two Frenchmen and to rescue four others captured by the Iroquois.

On October 22, 1675, François purchases an estate from Philippe Gauthier, sieur de Comporte; the frontage runs one "demi-lieue" (1.5 miles) along the St-Lawrence River across from Sorel between the Autray and Berthier estates, and it extends inland one "lieue" (3 miles).

François and Marguerite now merit the titles "sieur" and "seigneuresse", not to denote their nobility, but to reflect the esteem of their peers.

François renames his land "Antaya," discontinuing "Dorvilliers" and "Comporte," names it has borne in the past, but in some later notarized and baptismal acts we see "Dorvilliers" is sometimes used. Two years after this purchase the Pelletier family establishes itself at Antaya, François having sold his 80-arpent property in Sorel to Pierre Coutois, September 17, 1777.

From the 1681 census of New France we see that François maintains sixteen arpents of arable land, owns ten heads of cattle, and possesses three muskets with which to defend his family and homestead. The census places François at Autray, but what is most likely the case is that Antaya, which neighbors Autray, was simply counted under Autray. From Deshaies' 1686 map we see that "Antaia" is a separate estate sitting between Autray and Berthier, as described in the 1675 bill of sale.

François is cited for the last time at the wedding of his dauther, Marguerite-Agnès, May 7, 1685, in Berthier-en-Haut. He is not mentionned again until August 1, 1688, in Montréal: Antoine Adhemar notarizes a contract between a Jean Bougueran (i.e., Beaugrand) and Marguerite Morisseau, "widow of Francois Pelletier Ontaya of Dorvilliers."

Some time after François' death, Marguerite moves to Sainte-Famille, where the families of four of her children have lived since the 1690s; when she witnesses the marriages of two of her children there in 1703, Ste-Famille is her stated residence. She dies at Québec's general hospital December 15, 1707.

Possession of the seigneurie d'Antaya transfers to Pierre Pelletier-Antaya, who eventually sells the land to Louis Balthazar Keberio, December 3, 1754.

one source: Dictionnaire Genealogie des Familles Canadiennes p275 ANTAYAT means "to be married to a savage".

Marriage:  __ Apr 1660 Tadoussac (Postes du Domaine duRoi), Province of Québec, Canada. Spouse:  Dorothée Sauvage, daughter of ? and ? <nowiki>--------------</nowiki> Wife:  Épouse Dorothée Birth:  cir 1645 Native North American. Death:cir 13 Apr 1661 Notre-Dame-de-Québec, Province of Québec,Canada.
Another source lists his deathdate as 14 May 1690 Dautray, Province of Québec, Canada.

Francois Pelletier, born 1635 in France; died July 09,1697 in Quebec City, New France....there is a discrepancy in deathdates here.

                         =   =    =    =    =    =   = 

They had the following children: i. Marie Angeliqie, Antaya(1662-1741) ii. Francois Xavier, Antaya (1663-1698) iii.Joseph, Antaya (1665-) iv. Marguerite Agnes, Antaya (1666-)v. Genevieve, Antaya (1668-) vi. Catherine, Antaya (1672-)vii. Michel, Antaya (1674-) viii. Pierre Jean Baptiste,Antaya (1676-1757) ix. Elisabeth, Antaya (1677-<1681) x.Louise, Antaya (1678-)

===================================================== ========= son Pierre (b 1691) is listed as a Metis ... ifthis is so, how could he be son of Mgt Mad MOURISSEAU ????

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ +++++++++ Children of Francois Pelletier and MargueriteMorrisseau are:

   * i. Marie Angelique Pelletier, born October 14, 1662in Sillery, New France {Quebec}; died March 17, 1741;married Francois Banliac dit Lamontague 1680 in Sorel,Richelieu, New France; born 1641 in Augoumois, France; diedBet. 1705 - 1709 in Louiseville, New France.
   * ii. Francois Xavier Pelletier, born December 02, 1663in Sillery, New France {Quebec}; died January 09, 1697/98in Sorel, Richelieu, Lower Canada; married Madeleine ThunesMay 02, 1689.
   * iii. Joseph Pelletier, born March 22, 1664/65 inSillery, New France {Quebec}; died 1689 in Quebec City, NewFrance.
   * iv.5. Marguerite Agnes Pelletier, born August 30,1666 in Sillery, New France {Quebec}; died in Quebec City,New France; married Charles Boucher May 07, 1685 in Sorel,Richelieu, Lower Canada.
   * v. Genevieve Pelletier, born March 16, 1667/68 inSillery, New France {Quebec}; died in Quebec City, NewFrance; married Jacques Desgagnes; born 1669 in Montreal,New France; died September 17, 1714 in New France.
   * vi. Catherine Pelletier, born 1670 in Quebec City,New France; married Denis Foucault; born October 12, 1672in Sillery, New France {Quebec}; died December 29, 1751 inNicolet, New France.
   * vii. Michel Pelletier dit Antaya, born 1674 in QuebecCity, New France; died 1718; married Francoise Chateauneufdit Meneux June 09, 1697 in Ste Familie, Isle de Oreans,Montmorency, New France; born April 20, 1676 in Ste.Familee, Isle de Orleans, Montmorency, Lower Canada; diedin Ste. Familee, Isle de Orleans, Montmorency, Lower Canada.
   * viii. Jean Baptiste Pierre Pelletier, born July 20,1676 in Sorel, Richelieu, Lower Canada; died February 07,1757; married Marguerite Rousseau August 13, 1703 in SteFamilie, Isle de Oreans, Montmorency, New France; bornSeptember 28, 1675 in Isle de Orleans, Montmorency, NewFrance.
   * ix. Elizabeth Pelletier, born September 18, 1677 inSorel, Richelieu, Lower Canada; died 1681 in Sorel,Richelieu, Lower Canada.
   * x. Louise Pelletier, born September 22, 1678 in Sorel, Richelieu, Npuvelle-France; died November 26, 1703 in Sainte-Famille, Isle d'Orléans, Nouvelle-France; married Jean-Baptiste Grégoire Deblois August 13, 1703 in Sainte-Famille, Isle d'Orléans, Nouvelle-France; born December 12,1680 in Sainte-Famille, Isle d'Orléans, Nouvelle-France; died May 02, 1769 in Sainte-Famille, Isle d'Orléans, Lower Canada. 


Of note when we state birthplaces in those lands:

France ceded Nouvelle-France to England in 1760. Nouvelle-France officially ceased to exist in 1763; the Traité de Paris was signed, thus ending the "occupation" that had been in place since the battle of the Plaines d'Abraham, and Nouvelle-France became a British colony. What was left of the French-speaking component of the colony after the Deportation of the Acadiens was mainly regrouped in what then became Lower Canada, a close territorial equivalent of what is Québec today.


Antaya - montagnais or Huron?

Perhaps her husband took some of her family history in his name; he seems to have impulsively bound hiself to her, which is sweet... this is all, of course, conjectural until a reliable source confirms it (or some of it). But here we go...

" The origins of the name “Antaya” are unknown to us today; its original meaning was long ago lost. Moreover, because François Pelletier could neither write nor sign his name, no original spelling of this sobriquet exists.

Nonetheless, genealogist Louise Pelletier, a descendant of ancestor Guillaume Pelletier living in Sorel, contends that “the veritable origins of the name Antaya are of Montagnais roots,” and that the name likely appeared for the first time in 1641 as “Antanyé” or “Antangé.” She cites as her source a map of Québec dating to 1641 that shows, she says, the “location of an Indian cabin close to the Canardière Brook at Notre-Dame des Anges.” Although the name written on the map is illegible in the copy, Mrs. Pelletier confirms that it is “Antanyé” or “Antangé,” and that it is “probably a Montagnais name.”

There is however a genealogist who does not accept the assertions made by Louise Pelletier. Yves J. Antaya, originally from British Colombia, has translated her text under the title “The Antaya Family Story.” He holds that the name is likely not Montagnais (an Algonquian language) but rather Huron (an Iroquois language). In his translation, he indicates some typical Montagnais words, such as “Nikabau” and “Pachabanokoué,” stating that these words hardly resemble the name “Antaya.” In addition, he cites an old French-Huron dictionary, written by the Jesuits in the seventeenth century, in which appear “antaye” and “ataya,” words that mean, respectively, “by the lands” and “tobacco.”


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François Pelletier dit Antaya's Timeline

Gallardon, Beauce, Orléanois, France
Age 1
Sillery, Quebec
Age 11
Gallardon, Beauce, Orléanois, France
Age 11
Gallardon, Chartres, Beauce, France
October 14, 1662
Age 27
Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada
December 12, 1663
Age 28
Sillery, Quebec, Canada
March 16, 1665
Age 30
Sillery, QC, Canada
August 30, 1666
Age 31
Sillery, Quebec, Canada