Francoise Langlois

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Francoise Langlois (Grenier)

French: Françoise Grenier ou Garnier
Also Known As: "Garnier", "Grenier-Garnier"
Birthdate: (62)
Birthplace: Algonquin village, Quebec, Canada
Death: November 1, 1665 (62)
Beauport, Québec, Canada (Rumoured to have died in an Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Attack.)
Place of Burial: Cote de la Montagne cemetery, Québec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Unknown Garnier and Unknown
Wife of Jean-Noel Langlois, Immigrant
Mother of Robert Langlois; Marie-Anne Langlois; Marguerite Langlois dit Boisverdun; Jean-François Langlois dit Boisverdun; Jeanne Langlois and 4 others
Sister of Daniel Garnier, Sr.

Occupation: Immigrant
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Francoise Langlois

The origins of Francoise Grenier are unclear.

Some authors say that she came over from France on the same ship as her (later) husband, Noël Langlois. Others postulate that she was a native Algonquin woman. In 2013, it was decided that there was not enough evidence to call Francoise Grenier an Algonquin ancestor. (See sources: Burleigh, H.C. "Langlois, Noel." and Chadwick, James B. "Francois Grenier Decision.")

Francoise Grenier's parentage is unknown. She may have been an Algonquin woman, born circa 1610 in Quebec. Some of her modern-day progeny report oral histories that indicate that they are of native ancestry. Francoise Grenier is rumoured to have been born in Montreal, at the time known as Hochelaga - an Iroquois community. At the time of her birth, the land in question was frequently being fought over by both the Algonquin and the Iroquois, so this is possible. Another possible area for her birth is the" Trois-Rivieres" area, Algonquin territory which is also rumoured to be her birth place.

If Francoise Grenier is of Algonquin heritage, her name would have been assigned at baptism, though no baptismal record has been found.

Oral history indicates that she died violently during the Iroquois invasion of Beauport on October 31st 1665, though her cause of death is uncertain.


  • *Not to be confused with Francoise Grenier who married Robert Boulay in 1657**

Sources aside from provided documents:

Drouin Marriage Index Vol 2 Page 757 Noel Langlois et ses fils – National Library of Canada Jette Genealogical Dictionary Archives of Notary Pinguet – National Archives of Quebec Luc Lacroix – Accredited Genealogist.


Francoise Garnier {A Founding Mother of New France} (1610-1665) Francois Garnier was born on March 16, 1604 in Coutran, Laferte-Gauche, Champagne, France; the daughter of Guillaume Garnier and Michelle Marille. She arrived in the small French colony on June 25, 1634; possiby as the intended of Noel Langlois; who had been recruited by Robert Giffard as a ship's pilot (navigator). They were married on July 25, 1634, in the church Our-Lady of Recouvrance, in Quebec; just the fourth Christian marriage celebrated in New France, and the first since it's restitution. The Jesuit priest Father Charles Lallemant, performed the ceremony, and the couple settled down in Beauport.

Noel was born on June 04, 1606, in St. Leonard des Parcs, Normandy, France; one of four children, to Guillaume Langlois and Jeanne Millette. His sisters, Francoise, Marguerite and Marie had gone to Quebec in 1620, but returned to France during British occupation of the colony. Marguerite and her husband Abraham Martin, were also returning with their niece, Helene Desportes.

On June 29, 1637, after honouring their agreement, Robert Giffard, conceded to Francoise and Noel, 300 arpents of land in Beauport, just west of the Montmorency Falls, where Noel was also employed as a carpenter, engaged in farming and the lumber business, and still acted as navigator when the need arose. They would have ten children.

Francoise died on November 1, 1665; from an accidental wound. There was a bit of mystery surrounding her death, taking place a day after she donated a parcel of land to the church, and made arrangements to distribute her property to her children. There were several legal transactions later; with regards to her estate; and it would be several years before the matter was settled.

In the meantime, Noel married Marie Crevet, the widow of Robert Caron at Chateau Richer on July 27, 1666; several months after Francoise's death.

In June of 1683, he gathered his children together to distribute his land amoungst them. He died in Beauport on July 14, 1684. According to the register: "Noël Langlois of approximately 80 years, deceased this day; in a state of Christian piety, after having received the sacraments of the Church and having carried out an exemplary life with the approval of all the parish." The Next Generation Robert Garnier Langlois - Was born on July 18, 1635 and died on June 19, 1651 in Ville De Quebec.

Marie-Francoise Garnier Langlois - Was born on August 19, 1636 in Ville De Quebec and died on August 14, 1687 in Levi.

Anne Garnier Langlois - Was born on September 02, 1637 in Ville De Quebec and died on March 16, 1704 at Kamouraska. She married Jean Pelletier from St. Aubin, Tourvouvre, Perche, France; the son of Guillaume Pelletier and Michelle Mabille; on November 09, 1649; and the couple had nine children: Noel, Anne, Rene, Antoine, Jean, Marie-Delphine, Marie, Charles and Marie-Charlotte.

Marguerite Garnier Langlois - Was born on September 03, 1639 and died on September 24, 1697 in Beauport. She married Notary Paul Vachon from La Copechagniere, Poitou, Vendee, France; the son of Vincent Vachon and Sapience Vateau; on November 22, 1653; and the couple had eleven children: Paul, Marguerite, Vincent-Laminee, Louise-Elisabeth, Marie-Madeleine, Marie-Charlotte, Noel-Pomerlau, Anne-Therese, Pierre-Desforchettes, Marie-Francoise and Guillaume.

Jean-Francois Garnier Langlois - Was born on February 24, 1641 in Beauport and died on December 07, 1688; in St. Joachim, Montmorency. He married Marie-Charlotte Belanger; daughter of Francois Belanger and Marie-Magdeleine Guyon; on October 19, 1665; and the couple had eleven children: Madeleine, Jean-Francois, Charles, Marie, Genevieve, Marie-Madeleine, Elisabeth, Pierre, Joseph, Clement and Paul.

Jeanne Garnier Langlois - Was born on January 01, 1643 and died on July 13, 1687 in Chateau-Richer. She married Rene Chevalier from Jarze, Angers, Anjou, France; the son of Rene Chevalier Sr. and Marie Lucre; on January 09, 1656; and the couple had seven children: Genevieve, Francois, Jean, Guillaume, Michel, Jeanne and Marie-Therese.

Marie-Elisabeth Garnier Langlois - Was born on March 03, 1645 and died on November 18, 1696 at Cap-St-Ignace. She married Guillaume Lemieux; son of Pierre Lemieux and Marie Berard; on December 15, 1669 in Beauport; and the couple had eleven children: Guillaume, Elisabeth, Pierre, Joseph-Pierre, Joseph-Noel, Francois, Marthe, Marie-Anne, Guillaume-Augustin, Genevieve and Joseph.

Marie Garnier Langlois - Was born on September 30, 1646 and died on January 15, 1687 in Ville De Quebec. She married Francois Lesuiss Miville, from Niort, Brouage, Saintes, Saintonge, France; the son of Pierre Miville and Charlotte Maugis; on August 10, 1660 in Ville De Quebec; and the couple had twelve children: Francois-Xavier, Marie-Michelle, Francois, Joseph, Jeanne-Marie, Anne-Jeanne, Jacques, Jean-Baptiste, Charles, Jean-Francois, Marie-Angelique and Pierre.

Jean Garnier Langlois - Was born on December 19, 1648 and died on October 21, 1690 in Ville De Quebec. He married Marie Cadieux; daughter of Charles Cadieux and Madeleine-Michelle Macard; on December 05, 1675 in Beauport; and the couple had six children: Charles, Marie-Madeleine, Jean, Madeleine, Louis and Francois.

Noel Garnier Langlois - Was born on December 07, 1651 and died on October 08, 1693 in Beauport. He married twice: 1. Aimee Caron; daughter of Robert Caron and Marie Crevet (his stepsister); on January 06, 1672 - five children: Francois, Marie-Anne, Madeleine-Louise, Agnes and Marie-Therese. 2. Genevieve Parent; daughter of Pierre Parent and Jeanne Badeau; on December 02, 1686 - three children: Jean, Genevieve and Noel.

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Francoise Langlois's Timeline

1603
March 16, 1603
Quebec, Canada
1634
June 24, 1634
Age 31
Québec City, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Québec, Quebec, Canada

From Burleigh (biographi.ca): "Following the relinquishment of New France by the British in 1632, Robert Giffard, the seigneur of Beauport, persuaded Langlois to become a settler in the new land. It is probable that Abraham Martin, dit L’Écossais, the king’s pilot at Quebec, and possibly related to him by marriage, greatly influenced his decision. Langlois and his future wife, Françoise Grenier (Garnier), left France with Giffard’s prospective settlers in the spring of 1634 and arrived at Quebec on 24 June. Following his marriage there on 25 July, Langlois settled at Beauport. "

1634
Age 30
France
1634
Age 30
France
1635
July 18, 1635
Age 32
Québec, Quebec, Canada
1637
September 2, 1637
Age 34
Québec, Québec, Canada
1639
September 3, 1639
Age 36
Beauport, Montmorency, Québec, Nouvelle-France
1641
February 24, 1641
Age 37
Québec City, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Québec, Québec, Canada
1643
January 1, 1643
Age 39
Montréal, , Quebec, Canada