Francoise Bondurant (de Joyeuse)
|Birthplace:||Genolhac, Gard, France|
|Death:||Died in Genolhac, Gard, France|
Daughter of Noble Ambrose de Joyeuse and Charlotte de Retz de Bressolles, Heiress de Cougoussac
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Francoise Bondurant (de Joyeuse)
PIERRE DE BONDURANT – physician & attorney at Genolhac, m. 1st 3 March 1632 to Demoiselle Francoise de Joyeuse, dau. of Noble Ambrose de Joyeuse, Seigneur of l’Aribal and wife Demoiselle Charlotte de Retz of Bressoles. She d. ca. 1651, leaving 6 children of whom the 1st was: [Pierre m. 2nd Damoiselle Francoise de Brion & had 1 dau. Dr. Pierre d. in 1688 and wife Francoise de Brion d. 4 July 1694]
Note: Dr. Pierre Bondurant, his 2nd wife Francoise de Brion, and daughter-in-law Gabrielle Barjon signed oath of renunciation of the Huguenot faith October 1685, Jean Pierre abjured a few days later; their son Jean Pierre was baptized Catholic in 1684 when only 7 years old. Parents & Gabrielle died as “Nouveau Converti” or New Converts and were given Catholic burial in Catholic cemetery in Genolhac – no markers have been found.
Pierre de Bondurant married first Francoise de Joyeuse, daughter of Amboise de Joyeuse and Charlotte de Retz, on 3 December 1632.1 Pierre de Bondurant married second Françoise de Brion after 1651.1,2 Pierre died on 11 February 1688.1
Pierre was a physician and attorney of Génolhac. He, his wife Françoise de Brion, and daughter-in-law Gabrielle Barjon signed the oath of renunciation of the Huguenot faith in October 1685. Gabrielle's husband, abjured a few days later.2 The infamous St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, August 24, 1572, ended the lives of some 20,000 Huguenots in Paris and throughout France. Orchestrated by Catherine de Médici, widow of Henry II of France, a rabid Catholic, was a mass killing of Huguenots who came to Paris for the wedding of her daughter Marguerite to Henry of Navarre, a Huguenot. Catholics fell on the Huguenots throughout France, though Henry (the bridegroom) and the Prince de Condé were spared. Later the Huguenot leader Admiral Coligny was assassinated. The final agony was "the War of the Three Henrys" from 1585 to 1589, where three nobles named Henry fought for the French throne. The winner, Henry of Navarre, a Huguenot, was crowned Henry IV of France. Because he faced strong Catholic opposition, Henry became a nominal Catholic. In an effort to bring peace to the country and guarantee religious freedom to his former Huguenot co-religionists, he issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598. The religious tug-of-war continued in spite of Henry's efforts. His grandson, Louis XIV, believed himself threatened by the strength of the Protestant Huguenots, and steadily began to repress them by quartering the French Dragoons in their homes. Finally in 1685, Louis XIV declated the Huguenot religion outlawed (Revocation of the Edict of Nantes). Its ministers were required to convert to Catholicism or leave the France within 15 days. Believers must renounce or abjure the Huguenot faith in front of a Catholic priest and become members of the Catholic church. Those who abided by the Revocation were called nouveau converti (New Converts) or "N.C." Suspicion followed the N.C.'s for the remainder of their lives. Protestant guerillas (the Camisards) punished them, their former Huguenot neighbors saw them as traitors, and Catholics view them with suspicion.2 Fearing some legislation against the landed Huguenots, the Bondurant family had their oldest grandson, Jean Pierre, the immigrant to Virginia, baptized as a Catholic in 1684 when he was only seven years old. From that time Jean Pierre was nominally a Catholic and was schooled by them. His parents died as N.C. and were given Catholic last rites. Presumably, Dr. Pierre Bondurant, Françoise de Brion, Jean Pierre Bondurant, and Gabrielle Barjon were all buried in the Catholic cemetery in Génolhac, though no grave markers have ever been located.2 Family 1
Francoise de Joyeuse d. circa 1651
Marguerite Bondurante2 d. 1675
Françoise Bondurante2 d. 16 Aug 1675
Jean Pierre Bondurant b. c 1636, d. 24 May 1694 Family 2
Françoise de Brion
Marguerite Bondurante b. a 1651
[S4] The Huguenot Society. The Huguenot 1981-1983. Midlothian, Virginia: The Huguenot Society, the Founders of Manakin in the Colony of Virginia, Inc.).
[S476] Warren, Mary Bondurant. The Bondurants of Génolhac, France. Athens, Georgia 30606: Heritage Papers, 2000.
Francoise Bondurant (de Joyeuse)'s Timeline
Genolhac, Gard, France
Génolhac, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Manakin, Goochland, Virginiia
May 31, 1651
Genolhac, Gard, France