Frank Moss, U.S. Senator



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Frank Edward "Ted" Moss

别名字号 "Ted Moss"
生日 (91)
出生地 Salt Lake City, UT, USA
逝世 2003年1月29日 (91)
Salt Lake City, UT, USA

父母: James Edward MossHarriet Maud Moss
妻: Phyllis Moss

管理员 Private User

About Frank Moss, U.S. Senator

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

Frank Edward "Ted" Moss (September 23, 1911 – January 29, 2003) was an American lawyer and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a United States Senator from Utah from 1959 to 1977.

Early life and education

Frank Moss was born in Holladay, a suburb of Salt Lake City, Utah, as the youngest of seven children of James Edward and Maude (née Nixon) Moss. His father, a well-known secondary school educator, was known as the "father of high school athletics" in Utah. In 1929, he graduated from Granite High School, where he had been freshman class president, editor of the school newspaper, two-time state debate champion, and center on the football team.

Moss then attended the University of Utah, where he was a double major in speech and history. During college, he was sophomore class president and coach of the varsity debate team. He graduated magna cum laude in 1933. The following year, he married Phyllis Hart (the daughter of Charles H. Hart), to whom he remained married until his death in 2003; the couple had one daughter and three sons.

Moss studied at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., where was editor of The George Washington Law Review (1936-1937). While studying in Washington, he worked at the National Recovery Administration, the Resettlement Administration, and the Farm Credit Administration. He received Juris Doctor degree cum laude in 1937.

Early career

After his admission to the bar, Moss was a member of the legal staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission from 1937 to 1939. He then returned to Utah, where he opened a private practice in Salt Lake City and became a law clerk to Utah Supreme Court justice James H. Wolfe. In his first run for public office, he was elected a judge of Salt Lake City's Municipal Court in 1940. During World War II, he served with the U.S. Army Air Corps in judge advocate general's department in the European Theater (1942-1945).

Following his military service, Moss returned to Salt Lake City and was re-elected as city judge, serving in that position until his resignation in 1950. He served as county attorney for Salt Lake County from 1950 to 1959. During those years, he practiced law in the firms of Moss & Hyde (1951-1955) and Moss & Cowley (1955-1959). In 1956, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Utah, losing to City Commissioner L.C. Romney.

U.S. Senate

In 1958, Moss ran for the U.S. Senate against two-term incumbent Arthur V. Watkins, a close ally of both the Eisenhower administration and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (see also Mormon), and also against J. Bracken Lee, a non-Mormon and former two-term Utah governor (1949–57), who was running as an independent after losing to Watkins in the Republican primary. The Republican vote was split in the general election, largely over local dissatisfaction with Watkins' having chaired the committee that censured Senator Joseph McCarthy, and Moss won election with less than 40 percent of the vote.

Moss was elected to a second term in 1964, defeating Brigham Young University President Ernest L. Wilkinson. He was elected to a third term in 1970 defeating four-term Congressman Laurence J. Burton. He gained national prominence with regard to environmental, consumer, and health care issues. Moss became an expert on water issues and wrote The Water Crisis in 1967. He worked to secure additional national parks for Utah and started important investigations into the care of the elderly in nursing and retirement homes, and into physicians' abuses of the federal Medicaid program. In 1974, Moss joined Senator Frank Church D-Idaho to sponsor the first legislation to provide federal funding for hospice care programs. The bill did not have widespread support and was not brought to a vote. Congress finally included a Hospice benefit in Medicare in 1982.

Moss chaired the Consumer Subcommittee of the Senate Commerce Committee where he sponsored a measure requiring detailed labeling on cigarette packages noting the health hazards of smoking and banning tobacco advertising on radio and television. He also sponsored the Consumer Product Warranty and Guarantee Act (Magnuson-Moss Act), the Toy Safety Act, the Product Safety Act, and the Poison Prevention Packaging Act. He was also Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences from 1973 to 1977.

Moss ran for a fourth term unsuccessfully in 1976 against Orrin Hatch, afterwards returning to the practice of law in Washington, D.C. and Salt Lake City. To date, Moss is the last Democrat to represent Utah in the U.S. Senate.



Frank Edward Moss, age 91, passed away peacefully January 29, 2003.

He was born September 23, 1911 in Holladay to James E. "Jimmy" and Maud Nixon Moss. He married Phyllis Hart June 20, 1934 in the Salt Lake Temple.

He graduated from the University of Utah with his BA degree, magna cum laude, in 1933. In 1937, he received his JD degree, cum laude, from George Washington University in Washington, DC. During this same year, he was admitted to the bar and began to work in the General Counsel's Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission and returned to Utah where he was elected City Judge in Salt Lake City beginning in 1940 and ending in 1950, although his terms were interrupted by service in the US Army Air Corps in Europe during World War II. He retired military service as a Colonel in the U.S. Air Force Reserve. Beginning in 1950, he was elected Salt Lake County Attorney and served for eight years before his election to the, US Senate, where he served from January 1959 to January 1977.

In the United States Senate, Ted was widely respected for his integrity, compassion, intelligence, and judicial temperament. His colleagues referred to him as: "The Conscience of the Senate," and elevated him to the number three-ranking post in the Senate leadership, secretary of the Democratic Caucus.

His legislative accomplishments were vast. He sponsored legislation to facilitate nuclear disarmament and he worked for world peace. He was one of the Senate's leading champions of the environment, leading the fight against air and water pollution. He was its foremost conservationist, whose legislation created more national parks than anyone before him or since. He was without peer as a champion for the consumer; most of the major consumer rights legislation enacted in the last half of the 20th century bears his name.

In the same way, Ted was a fierce champion of civil rights, women's rights, and of the rights of vulnerable children and the disabled. He won national acclaim for his fight to bring greater dignity and justice to the nation's senior citizens; he was their voice in the Senate. In addition, he fought and won several battles to protect the health of the nation at large, including winning approval of legislation he authored to bar cigarette advertising on television. He led the fight against fraud and waste in government. He made national headlines for his daring firsthand investigation posing as a Medicaid patient in the so-called "Medicaid Mills" or welfare clinics that checker the ghettos of America's major cities. His legislation created the Office of Inspector General in the Department of Health and Human Services and he helped create the Senate Budget Committee in an effort to bring federal spending under control. Finally, he saved the US space program and gave it renewed energy during his distinguished service as chairman of the, Senate Committee on Aeronautics and Space.

He continued to serve the nation with vigor after his retirement from the Senate. He served as President of the US Association of Former Members of Congress, as Chairman of the Foundation for Hospice and Homecare. And with Val and Bill Halamandaris, he helped create the Hall of Honor for Congress and founded the Caring Institute, dedicated to the promotion of caring, integrity, and public service. He believed that government service was both a high privilege and a public trust "Whether for the individual or for the nation, self is best served by transcending self," he said. Senator Moss realized his lifelong dream to improve the quality of life for the citizens of Utah and the nation. On September 15, 1990, the gracious and stately Federal Court in Salt Lake City was officially named the Frank E. Moss Courthouse. It was a nation's expression of gratitude to a public servant who had dedicated his life to the law and to his country.

He was a faithful member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, serving in many capacities over the years. Those he taught loved him. He took every opportunity to meet with missionaries and members of the Church as he traveled throughout the world. He took particular pleasure in his efforts to assist the Mormon Tabernacle Choir in their world-wide performances.

He is survived by his wife, Phyllis; four children, Marilyn Armstrong, Edward (Marilyn) Moss, Brian (Carol) Moss all of Salt Lake City; and Gordon Moss of Tampa, Florida; 14 grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his father and mother, four sisters: Gladys, Mildred Wagstaff, Bernice, Afton and two brothers: Wayne and Joseph.

The family would like to extend their appreciation to the staff at Brighton Gardens for their loving and wonderful care.

Funeral services will be held Monday, February 3, 2003, at 12 noon at the Federal Heights Ward, 1300 East Fairfax Road, Salt Lake City. A viewing will be held Sunday, February 2, 2003, from 6 - 8 p.m. at the Larkin Mortuary, 260 E. South Temple, and at 10:30 a.m. prior to the services at the Ward. Interment to follow at the Salt Lake City Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, the family suggests contributions be made to The Caring Institute, 228 7th Street SE, Washington D.C. 20003..."

SOURCE: Deseret News; Published: Friday, Jan. 31 2003. Retrieved from:


Frank Moss, U.S. Senator的年谱

Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Salt Lake City, UT, USA