Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the USA

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Also Known As: "FDR"
Birthplace: Hyde Park, Dutchess County, New York, United States
Death: April 12, 1945 (63)
Warm Springs, Meriwether County, Georgia, United States
Place of Burial: Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site Hyde Park Dutchess County New York, USA GPS (lat/lon): 41.76804, -73.93482
Immediate Family:

Son of James Roosevelt, Sr. and Sara Ann "Sallie" Roosevelt
Husband of Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady
Father of Anna Roosevelt; Brig. General James Roosevelt (USMC); Franklin Roosevelt; Brig. Gen. Elliott Roosevelt; Lt. Comdr. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr./USN and 1 other
Half brother of James "Rosy" Roosevelt, Jr.

Occupation: 32nd President of the United Statres
Managed by: John Patrick McCaffrey
Last Updated:

About Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the USA

The Dutch Origin of the Ro(o)sevelt Family

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945) commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections and emerged as a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century. Roosevelt directed the United States federal government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. As a dominant leader of his party, he built the New Deal Coalition, realigning American politics into the Fifth Party System and defining American liberalism throughout the middle third of the 20th century. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II. He is often rated by scholars as one of the three greatest U.S. Presidents, along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York to a family made well-known by Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909. FDR attended Groton School, Harvard College, and Columbia Law School, going on to practice law in New York City. In 1905, he married his fifth cousin, Eleanor Roosevelt. Together, the couple had six children. He won election to the New York State Senate in 1910, and then served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson during World War I. Roosevelt was James M. Cox's running mate on the Democratic Party's 1920 national ticket, but Cox was defeated by Warren G. Harding. In 1921, Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness, believed at the time to be polio, and his legs became permanently paralyzed. While attempting to recover from his condition, Roosevelt founded the treatment center in Warm Springs, Georgia, for people with poliomyelitis. In spite of his medical condition, Roosevelt returned to public office by winning election as Governor of New York in 1928. He was in office from 1929 to 1933 and served as a Governor for reform, promoting programs to combat the economic crisis besetting the United States at the time.

With the 1932 presidential election, Roosevelt defeated Republican President Herbert Hoover in a landslide. Roosevelt took office while the United States was in the midst of The Great Depression, the worst economic crisis in the country's history. During the first 100 days of the 73rd United States Congress, Roosevelt spearheaded unprecedented federal legislation and issued a profusion of executive orders that instituted the New Deal—a variety of programs designed to produce relief, recovery, and reform. He created numerous programs to provide relief to the unemployed and farmers while seeking economic recovery with the National Recovery Administration and other programs. He also instituted major regulatory reforms related to finance, communications, and labor, and presided over the end of Prohibition. The economy having improved rapidly from 1933 to 1937, Roosevelt won a landslide reelection in 1936. Even so, the economy then relapsed into a deep recession in 1937 and 1938. After the 1936 election, Roosevelt galvanized opposition by seeking passage of the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, which would have expanded the size of the Supreme Court of the United States. The bipartisan Conservative Coalition that formed in 1937 prevented passage of the bill and blocked the implementation of further New Deal programs and reforms. Major surviving programs and legislation implemented under Roosevelt include the Securities and Exchange Commission, the National Labor Relations Act, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and Social Security.

Roosevelt ran successfully for reelection in 1940. His victory made him the first and only U.S. President to serve for more than two terms. With World War II looming after 1938 in addition to the Japanese invasion of China and the aggression of Nazi Germany, Roosevelt gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China as well as the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union while the U.S. remained officially neutral. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, an event he famously called "a date which will live in infamy", Roosevelt obtained a declaration of war on Japan the next day, and a few days later, on Germany and Italy. Assisted by his top aide Harry Hopkins and with very strong national support, he worked closely with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in leading the Allies against the Axis Powers. Roosevelt supervised the mobilization of the U.S. economy to support the war effort and implemented a Europe first strategy, making the defeat of Germany a priority over that of Japan. He also initiated the development of the world's first atomic bomb and worked with the other Allied leaders to lay the groundwork for the United Nations and other post-war institutions. Roosevelt won reelection in 1944 but with his physical health seriously and steadily declining during the war years, he died in April 1945, just 11 weeks into his fourth term. The Axis Powers surrendered to the Allies in the months following Roosevelt's death, during the presidency of Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. Truman.

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Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the USA's Timeline

January 30, 1882
Hyde Park, Dutchess County, New York, United States
- 1900
Age 13
Groton, MA, United States
- 1903
Age 17
Cambridge, MA, United States
- 1907
Age 22
New York, NY, United States
May 3, 1906
Age 24
New York, New York, United States
December 23, 1907
Age 25
Hyde Park, Dutchess, Ny
March 18, 1909
Age 27
September 23, 1910
Age 28
New York City, New York