Franz Friedrich Anton of Saxse-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke

Coburg, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany

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Franz Friedrich Anton of Saxse-Coburg-Saalfeld (Wettin, Ernestiner), Duke

German: Franz Friedrich Anton von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld (Wettin, Ernestiner), Herzog
Also Known As: "херцог Франц Фридрих Сакскобургготски", "Francis Frederick"
Birthdate: (56)
Birthplace: Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg, Deutschland (HRR)
Death: December 9, 1806 (56)
Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Place of Burial: Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Immediate Family:

Son of Ernst Friedrich von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Herzog and Princess Sophie Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Husband of Sophie von Sachsen-Hildburghausen, Erbprinzessin zu Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld and Augusta Carolina Sophia of Reuss-Ebersdorf, Countess, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Father of Gräfin Sophie Friedrika Caroline Luise von Mensdorff-Pouilly; Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld; Grand Duchess Anna Fyodorovna of Russia; Unnamed Son von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prinz; Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and 8 others
Brother of Friedrich August Heinrich von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prinz; Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prinz; Friederike Juliane von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prinzessin; Karoline Ulrike Amalie von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prinzessin and Ludwig Karl Friedrich von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Prinz

Occupation: Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Managed by: Shirley Marie Caulk
Last Updated:

About Franz Friedrich Anton of Saxse-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke

Links:

  • Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld: Reign 1800–1806

Predecessor:Ernest Frederick Successor: Ernest III/I


Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was one of the ruling Thuringian dukes of the House of Wettin. As progenitor of a line of Coburg princes who, in the 19th and 20th centuries, mounted the thrones of several European realms, he is a patrilineal ancestor of, among others, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Philippe of Belgium and Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, former Tsar Simeon II and Prime Minister of Bulgaria. He is the great-great-great-great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II.

He was the eldest son of Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

He received a private, careful and comprehensive education and became an art connoisseur. Francis initiated a major collection of books and illustrations for the duchy in 1775, which eventually expanded to a 300,000-picture collection of copperplate engravings currently housed in the Veste Coburg.

He was commissioned into the allied army in 1793 when his country was invaded by the Revolutionary armies of France. The allied forces included Hanoverians, Hessians, and the British. He fought in several actions against the French.

Francis succeeded his father as reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1800. In the discharge of his father's debts the Schloss Rosenau had passed out of the family but in 1805 he bought back the property as a summer residence for the ducal family.

Emperor Francis II dissolved the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August 1806, after its defeat by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. Duke Francis died 9 December 1806. On 15 December 1806, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, along with the other Ernestine duchies, entered the Confederation of the Rhine as the Duke and his ministers planned.

In Hildburghausen on 6 March 1776, Francis married Princess Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, a daughter of his Ernestine kinsman, Duke Ernst Friedrich II. She died on 28 October 1776, only seven months after her wedding. There were no children born from this marriage.

In Ebersdorf on 13 June 1777, Francis married Countess Augusta Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf. They had ten children, seven of whom survived to adulthood:

Sophie Fredericka Caroline Luise 19 August 1778, in Coburg 8 July 1835, in Tušimice, Bohemia 56 years Married on 23 February 1804 to Emmanuel von Mensdorff-Pouilly (later Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly). Antoinette Ernestine Amalie 28 August 1779, in Coburg 14 March 1824, in St. Petersburg 44 years Married on 17 November 1798 to Alexander of Württemberg. Juliane Henriette Ulrike (upon her marriage, she took the name Anna Feodorovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism) 23 September 1781, in Coburg 15 August 1860, in Elfenau, near Berne, Switzerland 78 years Married on 26 February 1796 to Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia, the younger brother of Czar Alexander I of Russia (they divorced in 1820). Stillborn son 1782 1782 - Ernst I Anton Karl Ludwig, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 2 January 1784, in Coburg 29 January 1844, in Gotha 60 years Married on 31 July 1817 to Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1800–1831) the father of Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria. Ferdinand Georg August 28 March 1785, in Coburg 27 August 1851, in Vienna 66 years Married on 30 November 1815 to Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág the father of Ferdinand II of Portugal and Victoria, Duchess of Nemours, and the grandfather of Ferdinand I of Bulgaria. By his marriage he became the founder of the Koháry branch of the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha line. Marie Luise Victoria 17 August 1786, in Coburg 16 March 1861, in Frogmore House 74 years Married on 21 December 1803 Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Emich, Prince of Leiningen, had issue. Married on 11 July 1818 to Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III of Great Britain, the mother of Queen Victoria. Marianne Charlotte 7 August 1788, in Coburg 23 August 1794, in Coburg 6 years Leopold Georg Christian Frederick 16 December 1790, in Coburg 10 December 1865, in Laeken 75 years Married on 9 August 1830 to Louise of Orléans and his children included Leopold II of Belgium and Empress Carlota of Mexico. First king of the Belgians under the name of Leopold I. Franz Maximilian Ludwig 12 December 1792, in Coburg 3 January 1793, in Coburg 22 days His male-line descendants established ruling houses in Belgium, United Kingdom, Portugal and Bulgaria, while retaining the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until 1918. His son Leopold ruled as Leopold I of the Belgians. A grandson reigned jure uxoris as King Ferdinand II of Portugal while a great-grandson named Ferdinand became the first modern king of Bulgaria. One of his granddaughters was Empress Carlota of Mexico while another became Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. The latter's son, Edward VII, a patrilineal as well as matrilineal great-grandson of Francis, inaugurated the male line which wore the British crown into the 21st century.

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Franz Friedrich Anton of Saxse-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke's Timeline

1750
July 15, 1750
Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg, Deutschland (HRR)
July 15, 1750
- September 16, 1764
Coburg, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
August 14, 1750
Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg, Deutschland(HRR)
1764
September 16, 1764
- September 8, 1800
Age 14
Coburg, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1778
August 19, 1778
Age 28
Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Deutschland(HRR)
1779
August 28, 1779
Age 29
Coburg, Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Deutschland(HRR)
1781
September 23, 1781
Age 31
Coburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Deutschland(HRR)
1782
1782
Age 31