Frederick W. Gnichtel

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Frederick W. Gnichtel

Birthdate: (90)
Birthplace: NJ, USA
Death: 1950 (89)
Place of Burial: Ewing Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Frederick Gnichtel and Amelia Gnichtel
Husband of Caroline "Carrie" S. Gnichtel
Father of Julia Stevenson Hammitt

Managed by: Patrick James Spain
Last Updated:

About Frederick W. Gnichtel

Scannell's New Jersey's first citizens and state guide ...: genealogies and ...

By William Edgar Sackett, John James Scannell, Mary Eleanor Watson, New Jersey Genealogical and Biographical Society

FREDERICK W. GNICHTEL—Trenton.—Lawyer. (Photograph published in Vol. 1—1917). Born in Newark, June 20, I860, son of Frederick and Amelia (Lightlove) Gnichtel; married August 15, 1888, at Trenton, to Caroline Callis Stevenson, daughter of George Hart man Stevenson.

Children: One daughter.

The ancestors of F. W. Gnichtel came from Weimer, Saxony, Germany, immediately after the collapse of the Revolution in 1848 and 1849: some members of the family had taken an active part in the up-rising there. They settled in Newark, where he was born and lived until 1881. His education was acquired in the public schools of Newark; and he entered the offices of J. Franklin Fort and J. A. Cobb to study law. Meanwhile he studied shorthand, practiced it in New York for a time, went to Trenton in 1881 and has lived there since. Chief Justice Beasley appointed him law reporter and official stenographer of his circuit, and he found the opportunity between times to engage in newspaper work for many years. He was admitted to the bar in June, 1893, and has practiced law in Trenton ever since.

Mr. Gnichtel is a Republican and in 1901 was elected to the Trenton Common Council, and re-elected in 1903. During his two terms he was Chairman of the Finance Committee, and leader of the majority. In 1905 he was elected Mayor of the city; at the end of his term he declined a re-nomination. The acquaintance with municipal problems he had acquired in the two city offices, led Governor Stokes to appoint him a member of the Commission to Investigate the Laws governing Municipalities. His report was an argument in favor of complete Home-Rule for the government of cities, which was afterward so widely urged throughout the state.

In May, 1909, was appointed by Governor Fort ad interim Judge of the Mercer County Common Pleas; in 1910 Fort appointed him for the full term of five years. His term expired on April 1, 1915. The state having a Democratic governor, he failed of re-appointment. In 1910 he was an active member of a committee organized to secure the passage of an act permitting the cities of the state, on a referendum, to discard their existing forms of municipal government in favor of Commission Rule. The act the committee framed was passed by the legislature; and, later he took an active part in the movement that culminated in the acceptance of the act by the people of Trenton. Thirty-seven cities have adopted the Commission Rule System. In June, 1916, he was elected President of the New Jersey Bar Association. Frederick W Gnichtel Birth: Jun. 20, 1860 Newark Essex County New Jersey, USA Death: unknown

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Hon. Frederick W. Gnichtel, present mayor of the city of Trenton, was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1860. He received his education in the public schools of his native city, and in young manhood came to Trenton as a stenographer and newspaper man, and was the official stenographer to the senate of New Jersey during several impeachment trials. He has been official stenographer in many responsible positions, and has also been identified with several newspapers as correspondent. By profession he is a counselor at law.

Politically Mr. Gnichtel is a Republican. In 1901 he was elected to the common council of the city of Trenton, re-elected in 1903, and during the greater part of his four years service in this capacity he was the leader of the majority, and chairman of the finance committee. Prior to his election to the council he had never held any political position, but since his entrance into public life he has taken a deep interest in the finances of the city and inaugurated many changes which have been beneficial to the city, the most important, probably, being the ordinance giving a rebate for the payment of taxes. He was the author and introducer of this ordinance, which has placed the collection of taxes on a business basis. Until 1902, when the ordinance was passed, the bulk of taxes was collected after March 2oth. Under the law the taxes were due on December 2oth, but by a custom which had prevailed in this city they were not supposed to be paid until March 20th. The result was that the city was unable to pay the county taxes at the time the law declared that they should be paid. The Gnichtel ordinance changed all this by providing that if the tax was paid during the month of November there should be a rebate of two per cent: if paid in December, before the 2Oth, a rebate of one per cent. The ordinance was popular from the beginning; during the first year it reduced the number of delinquents from twenty-nine thousand to nineteen thousand, and as to the amount collected the following figures are interesting: The report of 1901, the year before the ordinance passed, shows that the amount of taxes collected up to March 1 was $219,426.77. The following year, the first year the ordinance was in force, shows that the amount of taxes collected by December 20, was $584,602.86, and the next year (1905) the taxes collected by December 20, amounted to $679,781.60, within about $200,000 of the entire budget. This has enabled the city to pay the county tax promptly and also to reduce its interest account. He also obtained interest on deposits from the banks on the general account, and from this source alone the city during the past year has received about $2,500.

At the autumn municipal election of the year 1905 Mr. Gnichtel was elected mayor of Trenton, which position of responsibility and public trust he is filling acceptably at this time, and to which he has carried the same spirit of industry and application that has ever characterized him. Both in public and private life he is exact, methodical and judicious, and has guarded well the best interests of his fellow citizens and city. He is a prominent member of Ashlar Lodge, Ño. 76, Free and Accepted Masons, the National Union and Royal Arcanum.

Mr. Gnichtel married, August 15. 1888, Caroline Collis Stevenson, daughter of George Hartman Stevenson, and they have one child, Julia Stevenson Gnichtel.

~ "Genealogical and Personal Memorial of Mercer County, New Jersey, Vol. 1" by Francis Bazley Lee, 1907, p. 214-216. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Honorable Frederick W. Gnichtel, son of Frederick and Amalia (Lightloff), was born at Newark, New Jersey, on June 20, 1860.

He attended public school from 1865 to 1874, and began his legal career as an official court reporter in 1881. Admitted to the New Jersey State Bar in 1893.

Mr. Gnichtel began the practice of law at Trenton, New Jersey, where he has since continued with offices in the Broad Street Bank Building.

He served as chairman of the finance committee of the city of Trenton in 1902; was mayor of that city in 1906; and became Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1909. In 1916 he was appointed Advisory Master of the Court of Chancery.

Judge Gnichtel was appointed a member of the board of public utilities of the State of New Jersey in 1923; he is a director and vice-president of the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad; and a trustee of the New Jersey Historical Society.

He is a member of the New Jersey State Bar Association, and in 1916 was elected president. He has served on the board of Bar examiners since 1929. He is a Republican, Presbyterian, Mason (Ashlar Lodge, 76), and an Odd Fellow (Trenton Lodge); and belongs to the Trenton Club of Trenton, New Jersey.

Judge Gnichtel married Caroline Stevenson on August 15, 1888, and they have one daughter, Julia Stevenson, now Mrs. Andrew B. Hammitt; and two grandsons, Frederick G. and Andrew G. Hammitt. The Gnichtel home is at 909 West State Street, Trenton, New Jersey.

~ "Bench and Bar of New Jersey, 1942 Judiciary", by C. W. Taylor, Jr., p. 66. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1900 (Jun) US Census, Trenton, Mercer, NJ: Frederick W. Gnichtel, b. Jun 1860, 39, m. 12 yrs., b. NJ, parents Germany, lawyer. Carrie S. C., wife, b. Oct 1864, 35, 1 born/living, b. NJ, father NJ. Julia S., dtr, b. Jul 1889, 11, b. NJ. Gertude Stevenson, cousin, b. May 1872, 28, single, b. NJ, parents NJ, teacher. Kate Knox, servant, b. Jul 1839, 60, widow, b. NJ, father Scotland, mother USA, housekeeper. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1930 (Apr) US Census, Trenton, Mercer, NJ: Fred W. Gnichtel, 69, b. NJ, parents Germany, lawyer, former judge – own office, non-veteran. Caroline S., wife, 65, b. NJ, parents NJ. Julia G. Hammitt, dtr, 40, b. NJ. Andrew B., son-in-law, 39, b. IA, parents PA, engineer – own office, non-veteran. Fred K., grandson, 6, b. NJ. Andrew N., grandson, 4, b. NJ. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Family links:

 Julia Stevenson Gnichtel Hammitt (1889 - ____)*
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Burial: Unknown

Created by: Linda Applegate Brown Record added: Sep 01, 2009 Find A Grave Memorial# 41462729

1900 United States Federal Census about Frederick W Gnichtel Name: Frederick W Gnichtel [Fredealen W Guichtel] [Frederick W Stevenson] Home in 1900: Trenton Ward 9, Mercer, New Jersey [Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey] Age: 39 Birth Date: Jun 1860 Birthplace: New Jersey Race: White Gender: Male Relationship to head-of-house: Head Father's Birthplace: Germany Mother's Birthplace: Germany Spouse's Name: Carrie S C Gnichtel Marriage year: 1888 Marital Status: Married Years married: 12 Occupation: View on Image Neighbors: View others on page Household Members: Name Age Frederick W Gnichtel 39 Carrie S C Gnichtel 35 Julia S Gnichtel 11 Gertrude Stevenson 28 Kate Knox 60

1930 United States Federal Census about Fred W Gnchtel Name: Fred W Gnchtel [Frederick W Gnichtel] Home in 1930: Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey View Map Age: 69 Estimated Birth Year: abt 1861 Birthplace: New Jersey Relation to Head of House: Head Spouse's Name: Caroline S Gnchtel Race: White Occupation:


Military Service:

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Age at first marriage:

Parents' birthplace: View image Neighbors: View others on page Household Members: Name Age Fred W Gnchtel 69 Caroline S Gnchtel 65 Julia G Hammitt 40 Andrew B Hammitt 39 Fred K Hammitt 6 Andrew N Hammitt 4

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Frederick W. Gnichtel's Timeline

June 20, 1860
July 25, 1889
Age 29
Age 39
Age 69
Age 89
Ewing Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States