Fredrick VI of Denmark and Norway von Oldenburg, King

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Fredrick VI of Denmark and Norway von Oldenburg (Denmark), King

Danish: Frederik VI af Danmark og Norge von Oldenburg, Konge
Birthplace: Christiansborg slot, København, Capital Region of Denmark, Danmark
Death: Died in København, Danmark
Place of Burial: Roskilde, Danmark
Immediate Family:

Son of Christian VII, king of Denmark/Norway and Caroline Matilda of Great Britain, Queen of Denmark and Norway
Husband of Marie of Hesse-Kassel, Queen Consort of Denmark and Norway
Partner of Frederikke Benedichte (Julia?) Mortensdatter Rafsted and Christiane Skeel
Father of Anna Margrethe Dorthea Lorentzen; Louise Frederikke Zachariae; Caroline Augusta Marie Dannemand, Grevinde; Frederik Vilhelm Dannemand; Frederik Waldemar Dannemand and 11 others
Brother of Louise Augusta af Danmark og Norge von Oldenburg, Prinzessin, Herzogin zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenbu
Half brother of Louise Augusta af Danmark og Norge von Oldenburg, Prinzessin, Herzogin zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenbu

Managed by: Günther Kipp
Last Updated:

About Fredrick VI of Denmark and Norway von Oldenburg, King


Predecessor: Christian VII  Successor: Christian VIII

  • King of Norway: Reign 1808–1814

Predecessor: Christian VII Successor: Christian Frederick

  • Regent of Denmark
  • Frederick's parents were King Christian VII and Caroline Matilda of Wales. His father suffered from serious psychological problems, including suspected schizophrenia expressed by catatonic periods that resulted in his standing down from power for most of his reign. On 8 January 1772, his 18-year-old half-uncle Hereditary Prince Frederick (father of Christian VIII of Denmark) was made regent, although the real power was held by the Regent's mother and Frederick's step-grandmother, the Queen dowager Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, who was aided by Ove Høegh-Guldberg. Finally, on 14 April 1784, the crown prince was declared of legal majority, and in a coup, took the Regency from his half-uncle. He continued as Regent of Denmark under his father's name until the latter's death in 1808.
  • During the regency, Frederick instituted widespread liberal reforms with the assistance of Chief Minister Andreas Peter Bernstorff, including the abolition of serfdom in 1788. Crises encountered during his reign include disagreement with the British over neutral shipping. This resulted in two British attacks on Copenhagen, the Battle of Copenhagen and the Battle of Copenhagen (1807), The second gave rise to the Gunboat War between Denmark-Norway and the United Kingdom, which lasted until the Treaty of Kiel in 1814.
  • Frederick's wife was his first cousin Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, a member of a German family with close marriage links with the Royal families of both Denmark and Great Britain. They married in Gottorp on 31 July 1790 and had eight children. The youngest of them, Princess Wilhelmine, became the wife of the future Frederick VII of Denmark. None of Frederick VI's sons survived infancy, however, and when he died, he was succeeded by his cousin Christian.

King of Denmark

  • Frederic was crowned King of Denmark on 13 March 1808. When the throne of Sweden showed signs of becoming unoccupied in 1809, Frederick was interested in becoming elected there, too. Frederick actually was the first monarch of Denmark and Norway to descend from Gustav I of Sweden, who had secured Sweden's independence in 1520s after a period of union with other Scandinavian countries. However, Frederick's brother-in-law, the Prince Augustus of Augustenborg, was first elected to the throne of Sweden, then the French Marshal Bernadotte.
  • After his defeat in the Napoleonic Wars in 1814 and the loss of Norway, Frederick VI carried through an authoritatarian and reactionary course, giving up the liberal ideas of his years as a prince regent. Censorship and suppression of all opposition together with bad economic terms of the country made this period of his reign somewhat gloomy, though the king himself in general maintained his position of a "patriarch" and a well-meaning autocrat. From the 1830s the economic depression was eased a bit and from 1834 the king reluctantly accepted a small democratic innovation by the creation of the Assemblies of the Estate (purely consultative regional assemblies).
Knight of the order of the Golden Fleece
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Fredrick VI of Denmark and Norway von Oldenburg, King's Timeline

January 28, 1768
København, Capital Region of Denmark, Danmark
September 22, 1791
Age 23
København, Danmark
November 19, 1792
Age 24
København, Danmark
October 28, 1793
Age 25
København, Danmark
Age 24
Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark
August 21, 1795
Age 27
København, Danmark
September 1, 1797
Age 29
København, Danmark
February 12, 1802
Age 34
København, Danmark
June 3, 1805
Age 37
København, Danmark