Furnifold M. Simmons, U.S. Senator

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Furnifold M. Simmons, U.S. Senator's Geni Profile

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Furnifold McLendel Simmons

Also Known As: ""Chieftain of White Supremacy""
Birthdate: (86)
Birthplace: Pollocksville, NC, USA
Death: April 30, 1940 (86)
New Bern, NC, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Furnifold Greene Simmons, II and Mary Simmons
Husband of Belle Simmons and Eliza Hill Simmons
Father of Mary Rebecca Simmons; Eliza Humphrey Simmons and James Humphrey Simmons

Managed by: Private User
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About Furnifold M. Simmons, U.S. Senator


Furnifold McLendel Simmons (January 20, 1854 – April 30, 1940) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1887 to March 3, 1889 and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between March 4, 1901 and March 3, 1931. He served as chairman of the powerful Committee on Finance from March 4, 1913 to March 3, 1919. He was an unsuccessful contender for the 1920 Democratic Party nomination for president.

As a leader of the state Democratic Party, Simmons led the 1898-1900 White Supremacy campaigns that effectively disfranchised black voters for a half-century. From his Senate seat, he then ran a powerful political machine, using A. D. Watts "to keep the machine oiled back home," in the words of one journalist.

Senator Simmons refused to endorse Al Smith, the Democratic nominee for president in 1928. This, together with the Great Depression, led to Simmons being defeated in the 1930 Democratic primary by Josiah W. Bailey, who was backed by Governor O. Max Gardner.


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Furnifold M. Simmons, U.S. Senator's Timeline

January 20, 1854
Pollocksville, NC, USA
Age 22
Age 28
April 30, 1940
Age 86
New Bern, NC, USA