Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus

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Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus

Birthdate: (70)
Death: circa 150 (62-78)
Immediate Family:

Husband of Cassia Lepida
Father of Julia Cassia Alexandria; Cassius Lepidus and <private>

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
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Immediate Family

About Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus

Junia Lepida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


She married Gaius Cassius Longinus (ca 13 BC - 69).


They had two children:

-1. Cassia Longina (b. ca 35), married to Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo, and had female issue

-2. Cassius Lepidus (b. ca 55), married to an unknown woman and had:

Cassia Lepida (b. ca 80), married to Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus (b. ca 80), Consul in 116 and Proconsul Asiae in 132, and had a daughter

Julia Cassia Alexandria (a great-great-great-great-great granddaughter of Augustus Caesar)

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Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus

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Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus (Greek: ο Γαίος Ιούλιος Αλέξανδρος Βερενικιανός, about 75-about 150) was a Cilician Prince and second-born son to King Gaius Julius Alexander and Queen Julia Iotapa of Cetis. His eldest brother was prince Gaius Julius Agrippa and a sister a princess called Julia, who married Gaius Julius Quadratus Bassus.

Surviving inscriptions on Berenicianus reveals that his family were related to important members of Asian, non-Jewish and Jewish aristocracy. Berenicianus was of Jewish, Armenian, Nabataean, Edomite, Persian, Greek and Medes descent. His paternal grandfather was Armenian King Julius Tigranes. Through Tigranes, he was a descendant of King Archelaus of Cappadocia, King of Judea Herod the Great and Queen Mariamne I. Berenicianus with his father and eldest brother were among the last known descendants of the Herodian Dynasty.

Berenicianus through his mother, was a descendant of the Kingdom of Commagene. His maternal grandparents were King Antiochus IV of Commagene and Queen Julia Iotapa. They were descendants from the Greek Syrian Kingdom the Seleucid Empire and the Greek Egyptian Kingdom the Ptolemaic dynasty.

The Kingdom of Cetis was a small client state under the Roman Empire. Cetis was a small region in Cilicia that was previously ruled by Antiochus IV and his royal ancestors from Commagene. The Roman city in Cilicia Elaiussa Sebaste was apart of the Kingdom. When Berenicianus’ parents married in Rome in 58, then Emperor Nero crowned his parents as monarchs and gave them that region to rule.

Berenicianus was born, raised and educated in Cetis. Berenicianus like his brother and father was an Apostasy to Judaism. However, his name indicates that the family connections from the Herodian Dynasty were not wholly broken. It is unlikely that Berenicianus attempted to exert influence on Judean Politics.

In 94, Berenicianus along with Agrippa entered the Roman Senate. Surviving inscriptions also reveal the career of Berenicianus. Berenicianus served as a suffect consul or even as consul ordinarius in 116. Between 132-133, he was Proconsul of the Roman Province of Asia. While Berenicianus was Asian Proconsul, he appeared to have been a patron of the arts. During his proconsulship, the bishop and later saint Judas Cyriacus died or was killed in a riot during a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 133. A possible descendant of Berenicianus or his brother was the usurper of the 3rd century Jotapianus. He married Cassia Lepida (born ca 80), daughter of Cassius Lepidus (born ca 55), paternal granddaughter of Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo and wife Junia Lepida. Through her mother and grandmother, Cassia was a direct descendant of Augustus Caesar. Berenicianus and Cassia had a daughter named Julia Cassia Alexandria, born ca 105, who married Gaius Avidius Heliodorus, born ca 100, ab epistulis under Hadrian and praefectus Aegypti between 138 and 140, and had issue, such as the usurper Avidius Cassius.

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