Galfridus de Melville

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Galfridus de Melville

Also Known As: "Galfridus de Malveill", "Galfridus Malevin", "Galfridus de Maleuin", "Galfrid de Maleville", "Galfrid"
Death: circa 1180 (61-78)
Melville, Lasswade, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of Osborn de Maule
Husband of UFN de Melville and Matilda de Maleville, 2nd wife
Father of Sir Gregory Melville, Lord of Melville; Galfrid Melville; Phillip Melville and Walter Melville, of Fife

Occupation: knight, sheriff of Edinburgh Castle, Justiciar of Scotland De Melville (Maurward)
Managed by: Kenneth Kwame Welsh, (C)
Last Updated:

About Galfridus de Melville

Galfridus de Melville, a Norman knight who settled in Scotland in the twelfth century. The surname is said to derive from Malleville, a manor in the Pays de Caux, Normandy. Most sources state that the Melville family is descended from him.

The Melvilles are said to have originated from Malleville in the Pays de Caux Normandy and gave their name to the lands of Melville in Midlothian and Fife. Galfridus de Malveill was the first of the name to appear in Scotland in the 12th century and flourished during the reigns of Malcolm IV [1153-1165] and William [I] the Lion [1165-1214]. The original stock terminated in an heiress, Agnes who married Sir John Ross of Halkhead and their descendant was created Lord Ross by James IV in whose family the barony of Melville remained until 1705.

There are many accounts concerning the true origin of this family but for lack of evidence it is impossible to state which is correct. Consensus would seem to indicate a Norman origin and that they came to England with the Norman invaders in 1066 and later, like others, came north when David I [r. 1124-1153] returned to Scotland. The first record of the name in Scotland is of Galfrid, sheriff of Edinburgh Castle, who appears in a charter of Malcolm IV in 1162. The lands first associated with the family were those of the same name on the southern outskirts of Edinburgh. Here the line of Melville reigned until Thomas Melville of that Ilk died in 1458, when his debt-ridden estate passed through a daughter to the Rosses of Halkhead.

Origins of the surname Melville By Fiona Sinclair September 08, 2002.

Reposted from the Scotland Forum
From "The Surnames of Scotland" by Dr. G.F. Black
==Melville, Melvin, Mellon==
  • From the placename Malaville or Malleville in the Pays de Caux, Normandy.
  • Galfridus de Malveill first appears as a witness in a charter by Malcolm IV (1153-1165), and later witnessed a number of other documents.
  • Richard Maluvell was taken prisoner at Alnwick along with King William the Lion in 1174.
  • Persons of the name posessed Kinblethmont as early as 1189.
  • Hugh de Malleville witnessed a charter 1202.
  • Henricus de Malevil witnessed a sale deed between 1218-22.
  • Philip de Maleuille was justiciary of Scotland and witnessed a charter 1242.
  • Gregory de Malville granted free passage through his lands in 1246.
  • 8 or 9 Melvilles or Malevilles rendered homage to England 1296.
  • The lands of Melville in Midlothian were one of the earliest possessions of the family. They and the lands of Melville in Fife were named after the family.
  • [ James Melville, the Reformer](1556–1614), spelt his own name in many different ways. In his own diary he once spelt it Melville and Melvin on the same page.
  • Among older people in country districts the name is still commonly pronounced Melvin, and written Melvin, Mellin and Melling.

  • Other spellings: Mailueil 1468, Mailuil 1526, Mailuile 1559, Mailuill 1519, Mailuille 1539, Mailvene 1500, Mailveyne 1491, Mailvil 1525, Mailvile 1527, Mailvin 1504, Mailvyll 1548, Mailvyne 1502, Mailwill 1583, Mailwyn 1456, Mailwyne 1530, Maleuile 1516, Maleuyll 1264, Maluill 1502, Malevil 1468, Malevyle 1400, Malevyn 1470, Malevyne 1467, Malewile 1436, Mallwill 1574, Maluel 1457, Maluile 1510, Maluiyll 1509, Malveyn 1457, Malvil 1484, Malvile 1540, Malvyle and Malvyn 1425, Malvyne 1474, Malwill 1456, Malwyle 1428, Malwyn and Malwyne 1447, Meiluill 1520, Mellwell 1610, Melving 1633, Melwene 1543, Melwill 1595, Melwin 1550, Melwyn 1583, Melwyne 1524, Maling, Malling, Meluile, Meluill, Melvyne, Melwing.

Melvin, Melven

  • Vulgarised forms of Melville. Pronounced Mellon on N.E. coast.
  • Galfridus Malevin, Galfridus de Maleuin and Galfridus de Malveill were the same person, living mid 12th century.
  • Andrew Malvyn was a burgess of Abirbrothoc 1387.
  • John of Malewyn was on the assize at Woodwrae, 1388
  • Alexander Malvyn and John Malewyn were witnesses in 1474
  • Thomas Malwyn was a tenant of Balgrescho 1482.
  • David Melvil, printer in Aberdeen, was also spelt Mailing.
  • Barbara Mailling was married in Edinburgh 1633.
  • Mailingsland in Traquair was once called Meluinsland.

Last name: Melville

This name is of French locational origin from any of the various places in Normandy called Malleville, for example, Malleville in Pays de Caux. The name derives from the Old French "mal" meaning "bad" or "poor", referring to the poor quality of the soil in the area, plus "ville", a settlement. This Norman name was brought to Scotland in the mid 11th Century by the first recorded namebearer, (see below). The lands of Melville in Midlothian, Scotland, along with those in Fife, received their name from their first Norman possessors. One Hugh de Malleville witnessed a charter circa 1202 in Records of Paisley Monastery, and in 1296, Sir Richard de Melville was obliged to swear allegiance to the English King, Edward 1. In some cases, the name, with its variant forms Melvin, Mulveen and Mulvin, may be an Anglicized form of the Gaelic (O) Maoil Mhin meaning "devotee of St. Min, from "min", gentle. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Galfridus de (of) Malveill, which was dated circa 1161 - 1163, in "Charters of the Holy Cross", Edinburgh, Scotland, during the reign of King Malcolm 1V of Scotland, 1153 - 1165. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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