Gen. John Adams (CSA)

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Brigadier General John J. Adams

Birthdate: (39)
Birthplace: Nashville, TN, United States
Death: November 30, 1864 (39)
Franklin, Williamson, TN, United States (KIA, battle of Franklin, Tenn.)
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Patten Adams and Anne Tennant
Husband of Georgiana Adams
Father of Dr. Francis Joseph Adams; Georgianna McDougall Pallen; Emma Portis Dickinson and Thomas Patton Adams

Occupation: Brigadier General
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gen. John Adams (CSA)

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10814


Biography from The Confederate Military History: "John Adams

Highest Rank: Brig-Gen Birth Date: 1825, Biography:

Brigadier General John Adams, a gallant soldier was born at Nashville, July 1, 1825. His father afterward located at Pulaski, and it was from that place that young Adams entered West Point as a cadet, where he was graduated in June, 1846.

On his graduation he was commissioned second lieutenant of the First Dragoons, then serving under Gen. Philip Kearny. At Santa Cruz de Rosales, Mexico, March 16, 1848, he was brevetted first lieutenant for gallantry, and on October 9, 1851, he was commissioned first lieutenant.

In 1853 he acted as aide to the governor of Minnesota with the rank of lieutenant colonel of State forces, this position, however, not affecting his rank in the regular service. He was promoted in his regiment to the rank of captain, November; 1856.

May 27, 1861, on the secession of his State, he resigned his commission in the United States army and tendered his services to the Southern Confederacy. He was first made captain of

cavalry and placed in command of the post at Memphis, whence he was ordered to western Kentucky and thence to Jackson, Miss.

In 1862 he was commissioned colonel, and on December 29th was promoted to brigadier-general. On the death of Brig.-Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, May 16, 1863, Adams was placed by General Johnston in command of that officer's brigade, comprising the Sixth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Twentieth, Twenty-third and Forty-third Mississippi regiments of infantry.

He was in Gen. J. E. Johnston's campaign for the relief of Vicksburg, in the fighting around Jackson, Miss., and afterward served under Polk in that State and marched with that general from Meridian, Miss., to Demopolis, Ala., thence to Rome, GA, and forward to Resaca, where he joined the army of Tennessee.

He served with distinction in the various battles of the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, he and his gallant brigade winning fresh laurels in the fierce battles around the "Gate City. " After the fall of Atlanta, when Hood set out from Palmetto for his march into north Georgia in the gallant effort to force Sherman to return northward, Adams' brigade was much of the time in advance, doing splendid service, and at Dalton capturing many prisoners.

It was the fate of General Adams, as it was of his friend and classmate at West Point, Gen. Geo. E. Pickett, to reach the height of his fame leading his men in a brilliant and desperate, but unsuccessful, charge. But he did not come off so well as Pickett; for in the terrific assault at Franklin, Adams lost his life.

Though wounded severely in his right arm near the shoulder early in the fight and urged to leave the fields he said: "No; I am going to see my men through." He fell on the enemy's works, pierced with nine bullets. His brigade lost on that day over 450 in killed and wounded, among them many field and line officers.

Lieut.-Col. Edward Adams Baker, of the Sixty-fifth Indiana infantry, who witnessed the death of General Adams at Franklin, obtained the address of Mrs. Adams many years after the war and wrote to her from Webb City, Mo. This letter appeared in the Confederate Veteran of June, 1897, an excellent magazine of information on Confederate affairs, and is here quoted:

"General Adams rode up to our works and, cheering his men, made an attempt to leap his horse over them. The horse fell upon the top of the embankment and the general was caught under him, pierced with bullets. As soon as the charge was repulsed, our men sprang over the works and lifted the horse, while others dragged the general from under him. He was perfectly conscious and knew his fate. He asked for water, as all dying men do in battle as the life-blood drips from the body. One of my men gave him a canteen of water, while another brought an armful of cotton from an old gin near by and made him a pillow. The general gallantly thanked them and in answer to our expressions of sorrow at his sad fate, he said, 'It is the fate of a soldier to die for his country,' and expired."

The wife of General Adams was Miss Georgia McDougal, daughter of a distinguished surgeon of the United States army. She was in every way worthy to be the wife of so gallant a man.

Though left a widow with four sons and two daughters, she reared them, under all the severe trials of that sad period, to be useful men and women."7

The following is a quote from Battles and Leaders of the Civil War by James Barr (Volume 4, page 439).

"I was ... interested in that terrible affair at Franklin. ... I would have had a trip to Andersonville (the infamous Confederate prison) had it not been for that 'devil-may-care' counter charge by the Illinoisans (sic) and the Kentuckians. Out Colonel Steward tried hard to save the life of General John Adams ... and called to his men not to fire on him, but it was too late. Adams rode his horse over the ditch to the top of the parapet, undertook to grasp the old flag from the hands of the colour-sergeant, when he fell, horse and all, shot by the colour-guard. I was a reenlisted veteran, and went through twenty-seven engagements. I am sure that Franklin was the hardest fought field that I ever stood upon."

By John McQuaide of Vicksburg, Miss.

"It was General John Adams ... who was killed on top of the works. Early next morning I assisted in putting his body in an ambulance ... Adam's horse was a bay. It was dead upon the works, with its front legs towards the inner side of the works. Adam's body was lying outside, at the base ... when I helped to pick it up."8

Brig. Gen. John Adams was a native Tennessean and West Point (1846) graduate who had won a brevet with the dragoons in the Mexican War. Commanding a brigade in Loring's Division throughout most of the civil war, Adams followed Leonidas Polk to Mississippi. In the midst of the deadliest fighting around the cotton gin, witnesses recall seeing the conspicuous Adams astride his white steed, Old Charley. Well out in front of his brigade, he dashed towards the Federal lines, seemingly impervious to the hail of bullets. Spurring his mount to jump the parapets, the horse came crashing down squarely on top of them, dead. Adams fell from the horse and into the ditches, his body riddled with nine bullets. Breathing his last, Adams was to say "It is the fate of a soldier to die for his country."


Biography from The Confederate Military History: "John Adams

Highest Rank: Brig-Gen Birth Date: 1825, Biography:

Brigadier General John Adams, a gallant soldier was born at Nashville, July 1, 1825. His father afterward located at Pulaski, and it was from that place that young Adams entered West Point as a cadet, where he was graduated in June, 1846.

On his graduation he was commissioned second lieutenant of the First Dragoons, then serving under Gen. Philip Kearny. At Santa Cruz de Rosales, Mexico, March 16, 1848, he was brevetted first lieutenant for gallantry, and on October 9, 1851, he was commissioned first lieutenant.

In 1853 he acted as aide to the governor of Minnesota with the rank of lieutenant colonel of State forces, this position, however, not affecting his rank in the regular service. He was promoted in his regiment to the rank of captain, November; 1856.

May 27, 1861, on the secession of his State, he resigned his commission in the United States army and tendered his services to the Southern Confederacy. He was first made captain of

cavalry and placed in command of the post at Memphis, whence he was ordered to western Kentucky and thence to Jackson, Miss.

In 1862 he was commissioned colonel, and on December 29th was promoted to brigadier-general. On the death of Brig.-Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, May 16, 1863, Adams was placed by General Johnston in command of that officer's brigade, comprising the Sixth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Twentieth, Twenty-third and Forty-third Mississippi regiments of infantry.

He was in Gen. J. E. Johnston's campaign for the relief of Vicksburg, in the fighting around Jackson, Miss., and afterward served under Polk in that State and marched with that general from Meridian, Miss., to Demopolis, Ala., thence to Rome, GA, and forward to Resaca, where he joined the army of Tennessee.

He served with distinction in the various battles of the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, he and his gallant brigade winning fresh laurels in the fierce battles around the "Gate City. " After the fall of Atlanta, when Hood set out from Palmetto for his march into north Georgia in the gallant effort to force Sherman to return northward, Adams' brigade was much of the time in advance, doing splendid service, and at Dalton capturing many prisoners.

It was the fate of General Adams, as it was of his friend and classmate at West Point, Gen. Geo. E. Pickett, to reach the height of his fame leading his men in a brilliant and desperate, but unsuccessful, charge. But he did not come off so well as Pickett; for in the terrific assault at Franklin, Adams lost his life.

Though wounded severely in his right arm near the shoulder early in the fight and urged to leave the fields he said: "No; I am going to see my men through." He fell on the enemy's works, pierced with nine bullets. His brigade lost on that day over 450 in killed and wounded, among them many field and line officers.

Lieut.-Col. Edward Adams Baker, of the Sixty-fifth Indiana infantry, who witnessed the death of General Adams at Franklin, obtained the address of Mrs. Adams many years after the war and wrote to her from Webb City, Mo. This letter appeared in the Confederate Veteran of June, 1897, an excellent magazine of information on Confederate affairs, and is here quoted:

"General Adams rode up to our works and, cheering his men, made an attempt to leap his horse over them. The horse fell upon the top of the embankment and the general was caught under him, pierced with bullets. As soon as the charge was repulsed, our men sprang over the works and lifted the horse, while others dragged the general from under him. He was perfectly conscious and knew his fate. He asked for water, as all dying men do in battle as the life-blood drips from the body. One of my men gave him a canteen of water, while another brought an armful of cotton from an old gin near by and made him a pillow. The general gallantly thanked them and in answer to our expressions of sorrow at his sad fate, he said, 'It is the fate of a soldier to die for his country,' and expired."

The wife of General Adams was Miss Georgia McDougal, daughter of a distinguished surgeon of the United States army. She was in every way worthy to be the wife of so gallant a man.

Though left a widow with four sons and two daughters, she reared them, under all the severe trials of that sad period, to be useful men and women."7

The following is a quote from Battles and Leaders of the Civil War by James Barr (Volume 4, page 439).

"I was ... interested in that terrible affair at Franklin. ... I would have had a trip to Andersonville (the infamous Confederate prison) had it not been for that 'devil-may-care' counter charge by the Illinoisans (sic) and the Kentuckians. Out Colonel Steward tried hard to save the life of General John Adams ... and called to his men not to fire on him, but it was too late. Adams rode his horse over the ditch to the top of the parapet, undertook to grasp the old flag from the hands of the colour-sergeant, when he fell, horse and all, shot by the colour-guard. I was a reenlisted veteran, and went through twenty-seven engagements. I am sure that Franklin was the hardest fought field that I ever stood upon."

By John McQuaide of Vicksburg, Miss.

"It was General John Adams ... who was killed on top of the works. Early next morning I assisted in putting his body in an ambulance ... Adam's horse was a bay. It was dead upon the works, with its front legs towards the inner side of the works. Adam's body was lying outside, at the base ... when I helped to pick it up."8

Brig. Gen. John Adams was a native Tennessean and West Point (1846) graduate who had won a brevet with the dragoons in the Mexican War. Commanding a brigade in Loring's Division throughout most of the civil war, Adams followed Leonidas Polk to Mississippi. In the midst of the deadliest fighting around the cotton gin, witnesses recall seeing the conspicuous Adams astride his white steed, Old Charley. Well out in front of his brigade, he dashed towards the Federal lines, seemingly impervious to the hail of bullets. Spurring his mount to jump the parapets, the horse came crashing down squarely on top of them, dead. Adams fell from the horse and into the ditches, his body riddled with nine bullets. Breathing his last, Adams was to say "It is the fate of a soldier to die for his country."

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Gen. John Adams (CSA)'s Timeline

1825
July 1, 1825
Nashville, TN, United States
1859
December 16, 1859
Age 34
Fort Crook, California
1861
December 16, 1861
Age 36
Pulaski, Giles County, Tennessee, United States
1864
November 30, 1864
Age 39
Franklin, Williamson, TN, United States

The following is a quote from Battles and Leaders of the Civil War by James Barr (Volume 4, page 439).
"I was ... interested in that terrible affair at Franklin. ... I would have had a trip to Andersonville (the infamous Confederate prison) had it not been for that 'devil-may-care' counter charge by the Illinoisans (sic) and the Kentuckians. Out Colonel Steward tried hard to save the life of General John Adams ... and called to his men not to fire on him, but it was too late. Adams rode his horse over the ditch to the top of the parapet, undertook to grasp the old flag from the hands of the colour-sergeant, when he fell, horse and all, shot by the colour-guard. I was a reenlisted veteran, and went through twenty-seven engagements. I am sure that Franklin was the hardest fought field that I ever stood upon."

By John McQuaide of Vicksburg, Miss.

"It was General John Adams ... who was killed on top of the works. Early next morning I assisted in putting his body in an ambulance ... Adam's horse was a bay. It was dead upon the works, with its front legs towards the inner side of the works. Adam's body was lying outside, at the base ... when I helped to pick it up."8

Brig. Gen. John Adams was a native Tennessean and West Point (1846) graduate who had won a brevet with the dragoons in the Mexican War. Commanding a brigade in Loring's Division throughout most of the civil war, Adams followed Leonidas Polk to Mississippi. In the midst of the deadliest fighting around the cotton gin, witnesses recall seeing the conspicuous Adams astride his white steed, Old Charley. Well out in front of his brigade, he dashed towards the Federal lines, seemingly impervious to the hail of bullets. Spurring his mount to jump the parapets, the horse came crashing down squarely on top of them, dead. Adams fell from the horse and into the ditches, his body riddled with nine bullets. Breathing his last, Adams was to say "It is the fate of a soldier to die for his country."

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