Gen. John Cadwalader, Esq.

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Gen. John Cadwalader, Esq.'s Geni Profile

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John Cadwalader

Also Known As: "Cadwallader"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Trenton, Mercer County, NJ, USA
Death: Died in Kent County, MD, USA
Place of Burial: Kent County, Maryland, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Cadwalader, MD and Hannah Cadwalader
Husband of Elizabeth Cadwalader and Williamina Cadwalader
Father of Elizabeth McCall; Maria Ringgold; Sarah Parry; Thomas Cadwalader and Frances Erskine, Baroness Erskine
Brother of Lambert Cadwalader; Mary Dickinson and Margaret Meredith

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gen. John Cadwalader, Esq.

Birth: 1742 Death: Feb. 10, 1786

Revolutionary War Militia General. A successful merchant in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in company with his brother, at the outbreak of the Revolutionary war he was commissioned as a Brigadier General in the Pennsylvania Militia, and placed in command of the Pennsylvania troops. He led one of the divisions of General George Washington's Army that crossed the Delaware River, December 27, 1776, remaining on the Jersey side. He fought at the January 1777 Battle of Princeton, the September 177 Battle of Brandywine, and the October 1777 Battle of Germantown. After the Battle of Monmouth, he fought a duel with fellow General Thomas Conway; Cadwalader was uninjured, but wounded Conway with a shot to the mouth. In 1779 he returned to his home in Maryland, and became a member of the Assembly there. He died at Shrewsbury just past his forty-fourth birthday. (bio by: Dan Silva)


Family links:

Parents:
 Thomas Cadwalader (1707 - 1779)
 Hannah Lambert Cadwalader (1712 - 1786)

Spouse:
 Elizabeth Lloyd Cadwalader (1742 - 1776)*

Children:
 Thomas Cadwalader (1779 - 1841)*

Sibling:
 John Cadwalader (1742 - 1786)
 Lambert Cadwalader (1742 - 1823)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Shrewsbury Cemetery Harmony Corner Kent County Maryland, USA


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Maintained by: Find A Grave Originally Created by: Dan Silva Record added: Nov 16, 2006 Find A Grave Memorial# 16676529 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=16676529


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cadwalader_(general)

A Patriot of the American Revolution for PENNSYLVANIA with the rank of BRIGADIER GENERAL. DAR Ancestor #: A018048

Find A Grave Memorial # 16676529 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=16676529

General John Cadwalader, eldest son of Dr. Thomas, the Councillor, was a merchant in Philadelphia in company with his brother, the firm being known as John & Lambert Cadwalader. In 1771 he erected a large double house in Second Street, below Spruce, with gardens extending to Third Street.

At the outbreak of the Revolution he was Captain of the Philadelphia, an organization familiarly known as the Silk Stocking Corps," many members of which later became officers of the Continental Line. He was a member of the Committee of Safety, colonel of a city battalion, and brigidier-general in command of Pennsylvania troops. He led one of the divisions of Washington's Army that crossed the Delaware, December 27, 1776, remaining on the Jersey side, fought at Princeton, January 3, 1777, and won from General Washington the encomium: "A man of ability, a good disciplinarian, firm in his principles and of intrepid bravery."

He declined in 1777 the appointment of brigadier-general, and a later appointment by Congress of brigadier-general of cavalry of the United States, believing the war practically over and preferring to remain in command of Pennsylvania troops. Later, at Washington's request, he organized the militia of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, joined the army under Washington, fought at Brandywine and Germantown as a volunteer, and performed valiant service at the battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778.

Soon afterward, he fought a duel with General Conway, whom Washington characterized as a "dangerous incendiary." General Cadwalader was uninjured, but wounded his adversary.

In 1779 he succeeded his honored father as trustee of the University of Pennsylvania, and returned to his home in Maryland, becoming a member of the Assembly of that State. He died at Shrewsbury, Kent County, Maryland, February 10, 1786, just past his forty-fourth birthday.

General John Cadwalader married (first) Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Lloyd, of Wye House, Talbot County, Maryland, (second) Williamina, daughter of Dr. Phineas Bond, of Philadelphia, and granddaughter of John Moore, judge of Admiralty in Pennsylvania. His daughters by both wives married men of distinction and rank.

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Gen. John Cadwalader, Esq.'s Timeline

1742
January 10, 1742
Trenton, Mercer County, NJ, USA
1772
1772
Age 29
1776
March 3, 1776
Age 34
1776
Age 33
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA, USA
1779
October 29, 1779
Age 37
Philadelphia, PA, USA
1781
June 25, 1781
Age 39
Pennsylvania, USA
1786
February 10, 1786
Age 44
Kent County, MD, USA