William Whipple, Jr.
|Birthplace:||Kittery, York, Maine|
|Place of Burial:||Portsmouth, Rockingham County, NH|
|Occupation:||Merchant; mariner; judge; soldier|
|Managed by:||Ken James Wilde|
Historical records matching Gen. William Whipple, Jr., signer of the "Declaration of Independence"
About Gen. William Whipple, Jr., signer of the "Declaration of Independence"
William Whipple, Jr. (January 14, 1730 – November 28, 1785) was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire.
Whipple was born at Kittery, Maine, and educated at a common school studying how to be a merchant, judge, and a soldier until he went off to sea. He became a Ship's Master by the age of twenty-three. In 1759 he landed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and in partnership with his brother established himself as a merchant. He married his first cousin Katherine Moffat some time around 1770 to 1771. Whipple was recently discovered to have owned a 40 ton vessel named the Black Prince at the time of its 1764 transatlantic slave voyage, along with his brother Joseph and George Meserve, another prominent Portsmouth merchant. He was a prominent and wealthy member of society until he became a member of the new Hampshire Provincial congress. Whipple died of heart complications in 1785, aged 55.
Whipple was an active member of the Freemasons. Whipple was a member of the St. John's Masonic Lodge while he was an active mason. He was one of nine signatories of the Declaration of Independence who were masons.
Whipple earned his fortune participating in the Triangle trade of the West Indies and Africa. Whipple became an established and affluent captain, with cargo such as wood, rum, and on at least one occasion, slaves. His trading activities may have been primarily confined to the West Indies. In 1759 he landed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and in partnership with his brother established himself as a merchant.
In 1775 he was elected to represent his town at the Provincial Congress. In 1776 New Hampshire dissolved the Royal government and reorganized with a House of Representatives and an Executive Council. Whipple became a Council member, and a member of the Committee of Safety, and was elected to the Continental Congress, serving there through 1779. Whipple signed the Declaration of Independence while representing New Hampshire at the Continental Congress. Whipple was also the second cousin of fellow signatory, Stephen Hopkins.
Whipple was known for his beliefs that all men were created equal, and is quoted as writing "A recommendation is gone thither for raising some regiments of Blacks. This, I suppose will lay a foundation for the emancipation of those wretches in that country. I hope it will be the means of dispensing the blessings of Freedom to all the human race in America.".
(In 1777 he was made Brigadier General of the New Hampshire Militia, participating in the successful expedition against General Burgoyne at the battles of Stillwater and Saratoga raising and commanding a brigade (9th, 10th, 13th and 16th) of New Hampshire militia during the campaign. In 1778 General Whipple led another New Hampshire militia brigade (4th, 5th, 15th, Peabody's and Langdon's) at the Battle of Rhode Island. His slave Prince Whipple followed the General to war and served with him throughout.)
In November of 1779, Prince Whipple and Windsor Moffatt (John Moffatt's slave) joined eighteen other men who described themselves as "native of Africa, now forcibly detained in slavery" to petition the legislature of the state of New Hampshire for their freedom. This petition reveals that one or more of the petitioners was not only literate, but well-versed in Revolutionary theory and language. It is possible that this petitioner may have been Prince Whipple, who accompanied William to Philadelphia and undoubtedly overheard much of the rhetoric of the Continental Congress. However, the New Hampshire legislature denied the petition and the men were not given their freedom.
Prince married Dinah Chase, a free woman in 1781, and in late February 1784, William Whipple signed his official manumission papers, allowing Prince to be a free man.
After the war Whipple became an Associate Justice of the Superior Court of New Hampshire. He suffered from a heart ailment, and died after fainting from atop his horse while traveling his court circuit. He was buried in the Old North Burial Ground in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In 1976, in conjunction with the American Bicentennial, his headstone was replaced with a new memorial by a local historical association.
Painted by John Trumbull in 1821, The Surrender of General Burgoyne is an oil painting depicting many of the major officers in the Saratoga Campaign. Brigadier general Whipple is depicted fifth from the right, standing beside fellow brigadier general, John Glover.
- William Whipple
- Birth: Jan. 14, 1730 Kittery, York County, Maine, USA
- Death: Nov. 28, 1785 Portsmouth, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA
- Declaration of Independence Signer. Born in Kittery, Maine, he went to sea in his teens, and by the time he was 21, he was Captain of his own ship. Whipple would sail to many ports in Europe, Africa, and the West Indies, making a good living transporting slaves, sugar and rum in what became known as the Triangle Trade. At age 29, he gave up the seafaring life, selling his boat, and moving to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where he worked as a merchant for his brother. In 1767, he married his cousin Catherine Moffatt, and went to live with her family in Portsmouth. Their only child died in infancy. A leading advocate for independence, Whipple served as a delegate to the provincial congress in 1775, and to the Continental Congress in 1775 to 1776, and again in 1778. Once independence was declared, Whipple wanted to fight, despite a heart condition that occasionally caused him to faint, and he joined the New Hampshire Militia. One of sixteen signers who served as soldiers during the war, he rose to the rank of Brigadier General and took part in campaigns in New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. He served in the state assembly from 1780 to 1784. From 1782, he was an associate justice of the superior court until his death in 1785. Just two years after the war was won, Whipple died from his heart condition at his home in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, at the age of 55. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson)
- Family links:
- William Whipple (1695 - 1751)
- Mary Cutts Whipple (1698 - 1783)
- Catherine Moffatt Whipple (1734 - 1821)*
- William Whipple (1772 - 1773)*
- Hannah Whipple Brackett (____ - 1825)**
- William Whipple (1730 - 1785)
- Hannah Whipple Brackett (1734 - 1805)*
- Mary Whipple Traill (1739 - 1791)*
- *Calculated relationship
- Here are deposited the remains of the Honourable William Whipple, who departed this Life on the 28th day of November, 1785, in the 55th Year of his Age. He was often elected and thrice attended the Continental Congress, as Delegate for the State of New Hampshire, particularly in that memorable Year in which America declared itself independent of Great Britain. He was also at the Time of his decease a Judge of the Supreme Court of Judicature. In Him a firm and ardent Patriotism, was united with universal benevolence, and every social Virtue.
- Burial: North Cemetery, Portsmouth, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA
- Find A Grave Memorial# 2814
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2814
- WHIPPLE, William
- b. 28 JAN 1695/6 Ipswich, Essex, Mass.
- d. 17 AUG 1751 Kittery, York, ME.
- Father: WHIPPLE, Matthew
- Mother: APPLETON, Joanna
- Marriage: 14 MAY 1722 Kittery, York, ME.
- Spouse: CUTTS, Mary
- b. 26 DEC 1698 Kittery, York, ME.
- d. 28 FEB 1783 Kittery, York, ME.
- Father: CUTTS, Robert
- Mother: HAMMOND, Dorcas
- WHIPPLE, Mary
- WHIPPLE, William b. 14 JAN 1730/1 Kittery, York, ME.
- WHIPPLE, Hannah b. 15 FEB 1734/5 Kittery, York, ME.
- WHIPPLE, Robert b. 6 APR 1736 Kittery, York, ME.
- WHIPPLE, Joseph b. 2 FEB 1737/8 Kittery, York, ME.
- From: http://www.genealogyofnewengland.com/f_8aa.htm#79
- The Presentation of the Portraits of General Whipple, Signer of the ... By Grand Army of the Republic. Storer Post (Portsmouth, N.H.), Joseph Foster
- .... etc.
- General William Whipple, of Portsmouth, N. H., signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born January 14th, 1730, in Kittery, Me. He was the son of Captain William Whipple, senior, of Kittery, grandson of Major Matthew Whipple* of Ipswich, Mass., great grand-son of Captain John Whipple, and great-great grandson of Elder John Whipple, both also of Ipswich.
- * Major Matthew Whipple, of Ipswich, Mass., grandfather of General William Whipple, is stated in the Appendix to "The Presentation of Flags to the Schools of Portsmouth, N. H.," Portsmouth, 1890, page 20, to have been a grandson of Matthew Whipple of Ipswich (brother of Elder John Whipple), through his son John. As both brothers, Matthew and John, had sons John, "these three Johns are grievously confounded by most writers who have noticed them," and following the authority there quoted the mistake occurred. It is now corrected on the authority of a scarce pamphlet, entitled "A brief Genealogy of the Whipple Family,' compiled by John H. Boutelle of Woburn, for Oliver M. Whipple, Esq., of Lowell, Mass., Lowell, 1857, where "the earlier generations especially have been traced through, and several important points, hitherto wrongly printed, are now satisfactorily investigated," as stated in the "N. E. H. G. Register," vol. XI, page 360.
- "The Whipple family in this country undoubtedly descended from Matthew Whipple of Bocking, county Essex, England, a clothier. Will of December 19th, 1616, probated January 28th, 1618, mentions son Matthew, son John, daughters Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Anne [Amce?], Johane, Amye ; 'my sister, wife of Richard Rathbone; Hercules Stephens, grandchildren Hercules and Margaret Arthur, and Henry and Anne Coldham [Caldham]'.
- The two brothers, Matthew and John, who were settled at Ipswich some time before 1638, were probably the sons mentioned above. They settled at the 'Hamlet,' now the town of Hamilton. John was a deacon or ruling elder of the First Church. He was freeman 1640, and representative for eight years between that and 1653. By first wife he had children- Mary, John, Susanna, Sarah, and probably others."
- ("N. E. fl. G. Register," Vol. XLII, pp. 99-100.)
- .... etc.
- It is said in the Virginia branch of the Whipple family, that a history of the family from the time of William the Conqueror down to the time of Col. John Whipple of Prince Rupert's division of the Cavaliers, who emigrated to Virginia in 1662, can be found in the ancient Library at Birmingham, England, where the Dugdale and Thorpe MSS. are deposited, which manuscripts give a full account of the aristocratic Colonial families, and were collected by G. P. R. James while British consul at Norfolk, Virginia.
- This history relates, it is further said, that the Whipple family originated with Henri De V : Hippie, a gentleman of Normandy of the Vale de Suere (or Vale de Suede). For his gallantry he was granted the manorial estates of Wraxall — taking the name of Wraxall. Richard Wraxall— that is, Richard de V: Hippie — was knighted on the battlefield of Agincourt, and given the motto : "Fidele et Brave." Leaving Wraxall on account, of persecution, the name of De V: Hippie was resumed. which in the time of Henry VII. (1485-1509), was anglicized into Whipple.
- In America.
- "We learn that there were three of the name of Whipple who settled early in New England : Matthew and John (born about 1605), brothers, settled in Ipswich, in that part called the Hamlet, since Hamilton [If these two brothers are identical with Matthew and John Whipple, sons of Matthew Whipple of Bocking, England, good reasons for believing which have been given, both were doubtless born earlier than 1605 ; Matthew must have been of age in 1616, when appointed executor of his father's will, and was therefore probably born several years before 1595. Matthew died September 8, 1647, and John died June 30, 1669. ages not known.] The other, named David, settled In Rhode Island on a hill called Study Hill [No connection between him and the Ipswich family has been traced]"
- "Matthew Whipple settled early in Ipswich Hamlet: (Land was granted to him in 1638. His house was sold July 10, 1647, to John Annable, tailor.— J. B. Felt.) His will, dated 3m. 7d., 1645 [of which an abstract is printed in the "Antiquarian Papers," Ipswich, Mass., April 1884], is on record at the Register of Deeds for the county of Essex, in which he mentions his eldest son, John, sons Matthew and Joseph, and daughters [Mary — see abstract] Anna and Elizabeth. He leaves to his eldest, John, one half of his estate; the other half to his two youngest sons Matthew and Joseph. He left wife Rose (Chute?), whom he married (Nov. 13. 1646 ?). His children were by a former wife. He died September 8, 1647."
- ("A brief Genealogy of the Whipple family," Liovvell, mas3 , 1857, page 3.)
- Elder John Whipple.
- Elder John Whipple, great great grand-father of General William Whipple, "resided at the Hamlet [part of Ipswich, now Hamilton, Mass.], and was Deacon and Ruling Eider of the First Church. [Edward Johnson (in his" Wonder-Working Providence", London, 1654, reprinted in 'Massachusetts Historical Collections", 2d series) "mentions Mr. Whipple" (Vol. IV. , page 25), "as 'one, whose godly sincerity is much approved.' " — "Felt's Ipswich," page 159.] He and his brotber Matthew sustained various offices of trust. He was born about 1605 [or earlier — see above] "
- .... etc.
- "He had two wives, [Sarah (wife of John Whipple) who died June 14, 1658, stated in "Felts Ipswich" page 159, to have been the wife of Elder John Whipple, was probably the wife of his nephew John, — "Whipple Genealogy", pp. 4, 13] his children were by his first wife. His will is dated May 10, 1669 ; his son Cornet John, Executor."
- "He left a widow Jennett (first husband Thomas Dickinson) whose will is on record at the Probate Office, Suffolk, Vol. 11, page 85, and children John, Susannah, relict of Lionel Worth, Mary Stone, Sarah Goodhue, and Anthony Potter, son-in-law." ["Savage" adds a daughter "Elizabeth", who, he says "married perhaps Anthony Potter."]
- Sarah, just mentioned, "married Joseph Goodhue [of Ipswich], July, 1661, died July 23, 1681". [She was born in 1641 , the youngest daughter of Elder John Whipple, and her well known pious valedictory to her husband and children, first printed at Cambridge, New England, in 1681, was reprinted at Salem, Mass.,
- in 1770, and again in the "Antiquarian Papers," Ipswich. Mass., December, 1880, and January, 1881.]
- Elder John Whipple "died June 30 1669, and his Inventory is on file at the Prooate office, Essex, presented by his son Cornet John Whipple (afterwards Capt. John Whipple) September 28, 1669".
- ("Whipple Genealogy," pp 3-4, -29-30.)
- Captain John Whipple.
- "John Whipple (Captain), [John] born about 1626; died August 10, 1683; aon of Elder Jnhn Whipple. He was sometimes called Junior, Cornet, and Captain." [He was freeman 1668, and "Representative 1674,1679-1683". - "Savage."] "He was appointed a Captain of a troop to march for Marlborough against the enemy, &c. His prospects for honor and usefulness were promising at the time of his death" "His estate was valued at £3000." He married first Martha Reyner (a daughter of Humphrey Reyner) born —— , died February 24, 1679; second, Elizabeth Paine, June 28, 1680."
- Children [all by first wife]. John (Major) born July 15, 1657, married June 26, 1681, Catharine Layton, who died August 16, 1702, aged 62, he died June 12, 1722. Matthew, born 1658. Joseph, born March 6, 1664, died in infancy August 1665. Joseph (2d) born June 8, 1666. Susan, married —— Lane [Susanna, married John Lane, March 20, 1680,— "Savage"]. Sarah, born September 2, 1671, married Francis Wainwright March 12, 1686, died March 16, 1709, aged 38. Anna, born October 29, 1675 (?)
- ("Whipple Genealogy," p. 30.)
- "Captain John Whipple, son of 'Elder' John, born in Essex, England, about 1626, . . . was appointed Cornet of the Ipswich Troop before 1675 [1663— "N. E H. G. Register," Vol. XXXVII, page 285] and Captain in 1683 in place of Capt. John Appleton. He was Lieutenant in Capt. Paige's Troop at Mount Hope, June, 1675 [King Philip's War], and was appointed Captain of a troop raised for service under Major Savage in March, 1676 [in the same war] ; was with the army in the unsuccessful maneuvering of that campaign."
- ("N. E. H. G. Register," Vol. XLII, p. 100.)
- .... etc.
- Captain William Whipple, Senior
- William Whipple, senior (Matthew, John, John), born 28 February, 1695-6, the father of General William Whipple, "was a native of Ipswich, in Massachusetts, and as bred a maltster. Having removed to Kittery in Maine, he followed the sea, during several years. He married [14 May, 1722—"N. E. H. G. Register," Vol. X, page 48] Mary [orn 26 December, 1698—"Presentaton of Flags," page 21] the eldest daughter of Robert Cutt [2d]
- Her grandfather, Robert Cutt [1st] .... etc.
- Robert [Robert Cutt (2d)] married [18 April 1698,—"Presentation of Flags," page 21] Dorcas Hammond, .... etc.
- .... [He died 7 August, 1751, aged 56 years. She died 24 Februry, 1783, aged 84 years.—"Presentation of Flages", page 22] They had five children; William, Robert, Joseph, Mary, and Hannah [Mary, William, Hannah, Robert Cutt, and Joseph].
-  Mary Whipple, the eldest daughter, married Robert Trait [Traill], Esquire, comptroller of the port of Portsmouth previous to the Revolution. They had three children, .... etc.
- [Mary, "born 13 January, 1728" [or perhaps later] married Robert Trail [Traill] of Boston, 1 September, 1748.—"N. E. H. G. Register," Vol X, page 48. She survived her husband and "died 3 October, 1791, aged 61 [as stated on her gravestone] —"Presentation of Flags," page 21]
-  [William Whipple, born 14 January, 1730—"Register," X, 48—died 28 November, 1785; the Signer of the Declaration of Independence.]
-  Hannah Whipple, the youngest daughter, married the Hon. Joshua Brackett, an eminent physician in Portsmouth, who, during the Revolution, was judge of the maritime court of new Hampshire. He mother, Mary Whipple [Mary (Cutt) Whipple], resided with her after the death of her husband, and died 1783, at the advanced age of eighty five years [See above].
- [Hannah, born 15 February, 1734-5; married Dr. Joshua Brackett, of Portsmouth, 14 April 1760. He was born in Greenland, N. H., May, 1733 and died in Portsmouth 17 July, 1801 .—"Register," X, 48. They had no children. She died 24 April, 1805, aged 71.—"Presentaton of Flags," page 21]
-  Robert [Robert Cutt Whipple] died when he was about nineteen [twenty-five] years of age.
- [Robert Cutt, born 6 April, 1736; died 4 May, 1761, aged 25 —"Register" X, 48.]
-  —Joseph [Whipple] was educated in the counting room of Nathaniel Carter, a merchang of Newburyport, and established himself in business in Portsmouth, in company with his brother; they continued their mercantile connection until a short time previous to the commencement of the revolutionary war. He was afterwards appointed collector of the port of
- Portsmouth, .... He died without issue, on the twenty sixth of February, 1816, in the seventy-eighth year of his age.
- [Joseph, born 14 February, 1737-8; married Hannah Billings of Boston, 9 October, 1762. .... Hannah, wife of Col. Joseph Whipple, died 30 January, 1811, aged 75 years. —"Presentation of Flges," page 21]"
- .... etc.
- Old Kittery and Her Families By Everett Schermerhorn Stackpole
- Capt. William Whipple of Ipswich, born 28 Jan. 1695-6, married, 14 May 1722, Mary, daughter of Robert Cutt 2nd. He settled in Kittery, living in the old Cutt-Whipple garrison house, which is still in use. His children were recorded as follows: Mary b. 13 Jan. 1728, m. Hon. Robert Traill 1 Sept. 1748, d. 3 Oct. 1791; William b. 14 June 1730; Hannah b. 15 Feb. 1734-5, m. Dr. Joshua Brackett of Portsmouth 14 April 1760, and d. 24 april 1825; Robert Cutt b. 6 April 1736 and d. 4 May 1761; Joseph b. 14 Feb 1737-8. Capt. William Whipple died 7 Aug. 1751 and was buried in the cemetery at Kittery Point. His wife died 28 Feb. 1783, and was buried by her son in the North Cemetery, Portsmouth.
- Gen. William Whipple, son of the one just mentioned, was fifth in descent from Matthew Whipple of Ipswich. His opportunities of education were only those of the common schools of his time. At the age of twenty-one he had command of a vessel and brought negro slaves into this country. When twenty-nine years of age he settled in Portsmouth, N. H., and engaged in mercantile life. Here he married his cousin, Catherine Moffat. .... etc.
- He was chosen Representative to Congress, 23 Jan. 1776, and served also for the three following years. This gave him the
- opportunity to sign the Declaration of Independence. .... He died 28 Nov. 1783, aged fifty-four years, leaving no children.1
- .... etc.
- The Soldiers' Memorial. Portsmouth, N.H., 1893-1921: Storer Post, No. 1 ... By Joseph Foster
- General William Whipple, of Portsmouth, N. H., signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born January 14th 1730, in Kittery, Me. He was the son of William Whipple, senior, of Kittery, and great-great grandson of Matthew Whipple of Ipswich, Mass.
- "Matthew Whipple, born about 1605, died Sept. 28, 1647; came from Essex, England. Received a grant of land in 1638 in Ipswich Hamlet, Mass. [which was incorporated as the town of Hamilton 21st June, 1793] where he resided and held the principal offices. He had a brother John [also a prominent citizen of Ipswich Hamlet, Mass.—See Felt's Ipswich, Cambridge, 1834, p. 159] who died in 1669, and probably a brother David who settled in Rhode Island."—(Penhallow Family, Boston, 1885, p. 19.)
- Matthew Whipple 'left a wife, Rose, whom he had married November 13, 1646, and children by a former wife, deceased, John, Matthew, Joseph, Mary, Ann, and Elizabeth." "His house was sold July 10, 1647, to John Annable, tailor."—(Felt, p. 157.)
- Matthew Whipple's son Joseph, was great-great-great-great grandfather of Major General Amiel Weeks Whipple, 3d Div. 3rd Army Corps, Major Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army, of Portsmouth, born in Greenwich, Mass., in 1818, who died of wounds received at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., May 7, 1863, aged 45 years, and whose remains rest in Proprietor's Cemetery, Portsmouth.— (Penhallow Family, p. 19.)
- "John Whipple, senior [Matthew] of the Hamlet, died Nov. 22, 1695. He was son of Matthew, [and was] baptized in Essex, England, Sept. 6, 1632. he was Lieutenant of a troop, held town offices, was Deputy to the General Court in 1674, 1679, 1682, 1683. He married a daughter (Mary) of Humphrey Reyner of Rowley. She survived him. He left children, John, Matthew, Joseph, Cyprian, Mary, Anna, Sarah, Elizabeth and Hannah. Estate £1639, 16 s."—(Felt p. 170.)
- "Matthew Whipple, [John, Matthew] of the Hamlet, died January 28, 1739, in his eightieth year, He married Martha, daughter of john, and grand daughter of General Denison. [Major General Daniel Denison of Ipswich, born in England in 1612, who died Sept. 20, 1682, in Ipswich, was for eleven years Major General of the colony, and very prominent in colonial affairs.—See Denison Memorial, Ipswich, Mass., 1882] She died Sept 12, 1728, in her sixtieth year. Mr. Whipple left children, Matthew, John, William, who was of Kittery in 1730, where his son William was born, who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and Brigadier General at the capture of Burgoyne;—Joseph, settled in the ministry at Hampton Falls, and Martha Hartshorne. He had a malt-house and oat-mill, in which he carried on much business. To his mulatto servant he gave freedom. He bequeathed his house and lands to Matthew and John. Estate £3500. He held several offices in the town, was Justice of the Sessions Court, Representative in 1718, 1719, 1729. He was an energetic, useful and respected townsman."— (Ibid, pp. 176-177.)
- William Whipple senior, (Matthew, John, Matthew,) "malster, seaman, and afterwards farmer," married Mary, eldest daughter of Robert Cutt (2d) and granddaughter of Robert Cutt (1st), both of Kittery, Maine.
- .... etc.
- William senior, and Mary (Cutt) Whipple had five children.
- 1. William, after whom the Whipple School is named, as first proposed by the writer in the Portsmouth DAILY EVENING TIMES, of 13 May, 1890.
- 2. Robert Cutt, who died 4 May 1761, aged 25 years, and whose stone stands near his father's in the Kittery Point cemetery.
- 3. Joseph, Colonel, and Collector of Customs for the port of Portsmouth, who resided in the house then and now standing at the northeast corner of State and Chestnut Streets, Portsmouth (No. 79 State St.) He died 26 February 1816, aged 78 years. Hannah, wife of Joseph Whipple died 30 January 1811, aged 75 years. They had no children.
- 4. Mary, born in 1730, who married Robert Trail, born in the Orkney Islands, a distinguished merchant of Portsmouth, comptroller of the Port until the Revolution and afterward Collector of the Island of Bermudas, who resided in the house then and now standing at the southwest corner of State and Fleet streets, (No. 82 State street). She survived her husband and died 3 October, 1791, aged 61 years. Their [only] daughter Mary married Keith Spence, Esq., whom she survived, and died January 10, 1824, aged 69. Robert and Mary (Whipple) Trail were the ancestors of the late Commodore Charles Whipple Pickering, U. S. Navy, of Portmouth, N. H., who died 29 February, 1888, at St. Augustine, Florida; and of James Russell Lowell, poet and essayist, Professor of modern languages and belles lettres at Harvard University and U. S. Minister to Spain and England, born 22 February, 1819, in Cambridge, Mass., whose father Rev. Charles Lowell born 15 August, 1782 in Boston, married Harriet, daughter of Captain Robert T. Spence, U. S. Navy, of Portsmouth, N. H., and died in Cambridge, Mass., 20 January, 1861.
- 5. Hannah, born in 1734, married Dr. Joshua Bracket, an eminent and highly esteemed physician of Portsmouth, born in Greenland, N. H., in May, 1733, died in Portsmouth, 17 July, 1802. They resided on State street, in the house nearly opposite the Unitarian church (No. 67) which was formerly much larger that at present, and the grounds extended back as far as Congress street. She died 24 April, 1805, aged 71. They had no children.
- .... etc.