George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland

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George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland

Birthdate: (47)
Birthplace: Brougham Castle, Brougham, Westmorland, England
Death: Died in Duchy House, London, Middlesex, England
Place of Burial: Skipton, Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland and Anne Dacre, Countess of Cumberland
Husband of Lady Margaret Russell
Partner of Douglas Sheffield
Father of Unknown Nesfield; Francis De Clifford; Robert De Clifford; Colonel George Clifford; Anne de Clifford, Countess of Pembroke and 1 other
Brother of Frances Clifford; Mary Clifford; Eleanor Clifford; Francis Clifford, 4th Earl of Cumberland and Elizabeth Lambert
Half brother of Charles Brandon Clifford; Lady Margaret Stanley and Henry de Clifford

Occupation: Privateer, Earl of Cumberland
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland

George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland,_3rd_Earl_of_Cumberland

Portrait of George Clifford by Nicholas Hilliard, c. 1590. This portrait commemorates his appointment as the Queen's champion, showing Clifford in tilting attire with the Queen's glove as her favor pinned to his hat.

Portrait of the family of Anne Clifford, artist unknown. This portrait includes the sons of George Clifford. Sir Robert Clifford and Francis Lord Clifford, both of whom died before age 5.

George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland (8 August 1558 – 30 October 1605) was an English peer, as well as a naval commander and courtier in the court of Queen Elizabeth I.

Clifford was born at Brougham Castle in Westmorland. Son of the second Earl of Cumberland, Henry Clifford, he was orphaned by his father's death in 1570. Clifford subsequently succeeded to his father's titles. His guardianship was granted to the second Earl of Bedford, who married the young Clifford to his daughter Margaret in 1577.

Arms of George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland

Clifford rose in the world as an accomplished jouster, becoming Queen Elizabeth's second champion on the retirement of Sir Henry Lee. She made him a Knight of the Garter and he sat as a peer in the trial of Mary Queen of Scots. He turned to sailing as a career at some point, commanding a ship in the Anglo-Spanish War. He had little success during the war but was later renowned for his naval battles against the Spanish fleet, and particularly Spanish shipping, in the Caribbean. He is famous for his short lived 1598 capture of Fort San Felipe del Morro, the citadel protecting San Juan, Puerto Rico. He arrived in Puerto Rico in June 15, 1598, but by November of that year, Clifford and his men had fled the island due to harsh civilian resistance.

His buccaneering earned him quite a lot of money, but it seems that he lost so much at jousting and horse racing that he was eventually obligated to sell his inherited lands. Clifford died at The Savoy in Middlesex. Although he had two sons, Robert and Francis, they deceased before reaching the age of 5. He had only one surviving child, his daughter Anne Clifford, to whom he left £15,000 at his death, while passing his titles to brother Francis Clifford.

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George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland's Timeline

August 8, 1558
Brougham Castle, Brougham, Westmorland, England
September 21, 1585
Age 27
North Hall, Hertfordshire, England
Age 26
North Hall, Hertfordshire, England
Age 29
Arnold, Nottinghamshire, England
January 30, 1590
Age 31
Skipton Castle, Skipton, Yorkshire, England
October 29, 1605
Age 47
Duchy House, London, Middlesex, England
December 29, 1605
Age 47
Skipton, Yorkshire, England