George Tootemastubbe Colbert, Chief to the Chickasaw Nation

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George Tootemastubbe Colbert, Chief to the Chickasaw Nation

Also Known As: "Tootemastubbe"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Muscle Shoals, Colbert, Alabama, United States
Death: January 07, 1839 (74-75)
Fort Towson, Choctaw, Oklahoma, United States
Place of Burial: Fort Towson, Choctaw County, Oklahoma, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. James Logan Colbert and Sopha Minta Hoya Nahettaly Ishtanaha
Husband of Saleechie Salitsi Colbert and Du-s-gi-a-hu-te Colbert
Father of Jane Colbert; Nancy Catherine Tharp; Susan "Sukey" McLish / Jones (Colbert); Lavinia Sarah Elizabeth Dunaway; George Colbert, Jr. and 13 others
Brother of Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo; Joseph Colbert; Samuel Colbert and Maj. Levi "Itawamba Minco" Colbert
Half brother of Maj James Holmes Colbert; Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo; Sally Love; John Colbert and Susan Elizabeth Allen

Occupation: Governor of Chickasaw Nation, Chief to Chickasaw Nation
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About George Tootemastubbe Colbert, Chief to the Chickasaw Nation

The second of six mixed-race sons of James Logan Colbert, a North Carolinian settler of Scots descent and his second wife Minta Hoye, a Chickasaw, George Colbert was born in present-day Alabama about 1764. He was prominent in the Chickasaw nation during the Revolutionary War. He was said to serve with the colonials under Arthur St. Clair and Anthony Wayne during the Revolution. He and his brothers, and their descendants, served the Chickasaw Nation as leaders for much of a century. His nephews Winston and Holmes Colbert helped develop the constitution and government organization of the Chickasaw in Oklahoma.

Col. George "Tootemastubbe" Colbert was born 1744 and died 7 NOV 1839 in Fort Towson, Towson Co., Choctaw Nation, IT, at 95 years of age. His body was interred 7 NOV 1839 in Fort Towson, Towson Co., Choctaw Nation, IT.

He married three times. He married Shullachie (Salechie) (Saleechie) Doublehead before 1797. Shullachie was the daughter of Chief Doublehead. Shullachie died 1 FEB 1846 in IT. She was listed as a resident in the census report in Chickasaw Roll, Chickasaw Nation, MS, 1818. He married sister Doublehead before 1807. Sister was the daughter of Chief Doublehead. Sister died circa 1807 in Colbert Ferry, AL. Her body was interred circa 1813 in Colbert Co., AL. Conflicting evidence states that she died circa 1813.

He married Tuskeahooto 1834.

Conflicting evidence states that George was born 1764. George was elected in Chickasaw Nation, 1800. He was listed as a resident in the census report in Chickasaw Roll, Chickasaw Nation, MS, 1818. On the death of his brother, Levi Colbert, leadership of the Chickasaw passed into the hands of George Colbert. He was the recognized chief at the time of removal until his death in 1839. He was buried with honors at Fort Towson, for he was a vetran of the American Revolution, having served under General Washington and having been commissioned a major in the army and awarded a sword. He also served under General Jackson by whom he had been commissioned a colonel in the Siminole Wars. He died at the age of 95.

George Colbert established Colbert's ferry near Cherokee, Alabama. Colbert accumulated land and became an powerful planter. He owned est. 150 slaves. His economic and political power, enabled he and his brothers to be among the primary negotiators of treaties between the Chickasaw people and the United States government. The Chickasaw ceded much of their land to European-American settlers in an attempt to preserve peace with the United States, but the Colberts received several valuable tracts. In the late 1830s, Colbert and many of his fellow Chickasaw were moved to Oklahoma under the Indian Removal Act. He married three times, and fathered six sons and two daughters. Colbert family tradition states that he did not want one of his daughters to have to move to Oklahoma with Indian Removal. He married her to a white man named Hezekiah Tharp so she could stay in present-day Alabama.[citation needed] Although he had resisted removal, by 1839 Colbert moved with his family and 150 slaves to Ft. Towson, Oklahoma, where he established a sizable farm.


The second of six mixed-race sons of James Logan Colbert, a North Carolinian settler of Scots descent and his second wife Minta Hoye, a Chickasaw, George Colbert was born in present-day Alabama about 1764. He was prominent in the Chickasaw nation during the Revolutionary War. He was said to serve with the colonials under Arthur St. Clair and Anthony Wayne during the Revolution. He and his brothers, and their descendants, served the Chickasaw Nation as leaders for much of a century. His nephews Winston and Holmes Colbert helped develop the constitution and government organization of the Chickasaw in Oklahoma.

Col. George "Tootemastubbe" Colbert was born 1744 and died 7 NOV 1839 in Fort Towson, Towson Co., Choctaw Nation, IT, at 95 years of age. His body was interred 7 NOV 1839 in Fort Towson, Towson Co., Choctaw Nation, IT. He married three times. He married Shullachie (Salechie) (Saleechie) Doublehead before 1797.Shullachie was the daughter of Chief Chugitague Doublehead. Shullachie died 1 FEB 1846 in IT. She was listed as a resident in the census report in Chickasaw Roll, Chickasaw Nation, MS, 1818. He married sister Tuski-a-hoo-to Doublehead before 1807. Tuski-a-hoo-to was the daughter of Chief Chugitague Doublehead. Tuski-a-hoo-to died circa 1807 in Colbert Ferry, AL. Her body was interred circa 1813 in Colbert Co., AL.Conflicting evidence states that she died circa 1813. He married Tuski-a-hoo-to in 1834.

Conflicting evidence states that George was born 1764. George was elected in Chickasaw Nation, 1800. He was listed as a resident in the census report in Chickasaw Roll, Chickasaw Nation, MS, 1818. On the death of his brother, Levi Colbert, leadership of the Chickasaw passed into the hands of George Colbert. He was the recognized chief at the time of removal until his death in 1839. He was buried with honors at Fort Towson, for he was a vetran of the American Revolution, having served under General Washington and having been commissioned a major in the army and awarded a sword. He also served under General Jackson by whom he had been commissioned a colonel in the Siminole Wars. He died at the age of 95.

Col. George "Tootemastubbe" Colbert and Shullachie (Salechie) (Saleechie) Doublehead had the following children: i. John Colbert. ii. Maj. Pitman (Samuel B.) Colbert was born circa 1797. iii. Jane Colbert was born before 1800. iv. Susan 'Sukey' Colbert was born 1810. v. George Colbert Jr.was born in Chickasaw Nation before 1818. George died before 1836 in Chickasaw Nation. Thrown from a horse and killed, (before removal). He was listed as a resident in the census report in Chickasaw Roll, Chickasaw Nation, MS, 1818. vi. Levica "Vicy" Colbert was born before 1818. vii. Vina Colbert was born before 1818. She was listed as a resident in the census report in Chickasaw Nation, 1818.

George Colbert established Colbert's ferry near Cherokee, Alabama. Colbert accumulated land and became an powerful planter. He owned est. 150 slaves. His economic and political power, enabled he and his brothers to be among the primary negotiators of treaties between the Chickasaw people and the United States government. The Chickasaw ceded much of their land to European-American settlers in an attempt to preserve peace with the United States, but the Colberts received several valuable tracts. In the late 1830s, Colbert and many of his fellow Chickasaw were moved to Oklahoma under the Indian Removal Act. He married three times, and fathered six sons and two daughters. Colbert family tradition states that he did not want one of his daughters to have to move to Oklahoma with Indian Removal. He married her to a white man named Hezekiah Tharp so she could stay in present-day Alabama.[citation needed] Although he had resisted removal, by 1839 Colbert moved with his family and 150 slaves to Ft. Towson, Oklahoma, where he established a sizable farm

One of the best known Chickasaw chiefs during the years of European and American occupation was Chief George Colbert (Kahl-burt) who was half Chickasaw and half Scot. In 1798 he operated a critical ferry across the otherwise not crossable Tennessee River that came to be known as Colbert’s Ferry. This ferry, located at the mouth of Bear Creek, was the only crossing for the famed trade route the Natchez Trace, a former buffalo run. The Colbert’s were the first millionaire native americans in history.


Died in 1839 - born abt 1764, abt 75 when he died. He was always inimical to the whites, & very likely murdered persons on the Natchez Trace for their money - Tho McGee does not believe it nor as applicable to any of the nation, or the Choctaws. He was twelve years head chief of the Nation, & had the management of the affairs of state: Naturally the smartest man of the Colberts.

For his services he was granted by the Treaty of 30 July 1805, held be Gen Robertson & Silas Dinsmoor, one thousand dollars. His name stands as Head Chief annexed to their treaty held in the nation: but to the Treaty of 1816, of wh. Gen Jackson, Gen David Merriwether, & Jesse Franklin were comrs, his name appears, but several names below Head Chief. In the latter treaty, he had given him a fine tract of land, on the north bank of the Tennessee, opposite his ferry. Wh. tract he sold for some $40,000. In the Treaty of 1816, an annuity of one hundred dollars was granted to Gen. Wm Colbert during life, "for his long services and faithful and adherence to the United States government."

Wm Colbert's name is appended to the treaties of 1816 & 1818 - Levi's to those of 1805 - '16 & '18. In the treaties of 1816 & '18, Tishomingo & Maj Wm Gilvray & Levi Colbert are set down as "Chickasaw Chiefs" - Tishomingo being Head Chief, & at the same times, Maj Wm Glover, Col George Colbert & Majr James Colbert "military leaders." - When George Colbert relinquished his place as Head Chief, Levi was chosen chief - Tho Tishomingo was elected Head Chief. 
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George Tootemastubbe Colbert, Chief to the Chickasaw Nation's Timeline

1750
1750
Baldwin, Alabama, United States
1764
1764
Muscle Shoals, Colbert, Alabama, United States
1774
1774
Virginia
1785
1785
Chickasaw, Chickasaw, Iowa, United States
1790
1790
1790
Alabama, United States
1797
1797
Chickasaw County, Mississippi, USA
1800
January 1800
Purcell, McClain County, Oklahoma, United States
1800
Colbert, AL, United States
1800
Chickasaw Nation, MS, USA