George Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Northumberland

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About George Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Northumberland

Lieutenant-General George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC

From Wikipedia

(28 December 1665 – 28 June 1716) was the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II and his mother Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine (also known as Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland). On 1 October 1674, he was created Earl of Northumberland, Baron of Pontefract (Yorkshire) and Viscount Falmouth (Cornwall). On 6 April 1683, he was created Duke of Northumberland.

The first Duke of Northumberland was born at Merton College, Oxford. In 1682, he was employed on secret service in Venice. Upon his return to England in 1684, he was elected (10 January) and installed (8 April) Knight of the Garter. That summer, he served as a volunteer on the side of the French at the Siege of Luxembourg. In 1687, Northumberland commanded the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards. A year later, he was appointed a lord of His Majesty's bedchamber. In 1701, he was appointed Constable of Windsor Castle, in 1710 Lord Lieutenant of Surrey, and in 1712, he became Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire as well. In 1703, he succeeded the Earl of Oxford as Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Horse. Seven years later, on 10 January 1710, he became Lieutenant-General. On 7 April 1713, he was sworn into the Privy Council and as Chief Butler of England.

In March 1686, Northumberland married Catherine Wheatley, the daughter of poulterer, Robert Wheatley of Bracknell in Berkshire. Catherine was the widow of Thomas Lucy of Charlecote Park, a captain in the Royal Horse Guards. Soon after the marriage, Northumberland and his brother, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, allegedly attempted to privately convey her abroad to an English convent in Ghent, Belgium. After the death of Catherine in 1714, Northumberland remarried to Mary Dutton, the sister of Captain Mark Dutton.

The Duke lived at Frogmore House at Windsor in Berkshire, but died suddenly aged 51 at Epsom on 28 June 1716. He had no legitimate offspring. Mary died at Frogmore House in 1738.

He had also an illegittimate son with Julia Fane, wife of Robert Monckton; their son was the 1st Viscount Galway.

Ancestors of George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland


 16. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley 

 8. James I of England   

 17. Mary, Queen of Scots 

 4. Charles I of England   

 18. Frederick II of Denmark 

 9. Anne of Denmark   

 19. Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 

 2. Charles II of England   

 20. Antoine of Navarre 

 10. Henry IV of France   

 21. Jeanne III of Navarre 

 5. Henrietta Maria of France   

 22. Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 

 11. Marie de' Medici   

 23. Johanna of Austria 

 1. George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland   

 24. George Villiers 

 12. Edward Villiers   

 25. Audrey Saunders 

 6. William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison   

 26. John St. John 

 13. Barbara St. John   

 27. Lucy Hungerford 

 3. Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland   

 28. Paul Bayning 

 14. Paul Bayning, 1st Viscount Bayning   

 29. Susanna Norden 

 7. Mary Bayning   

 30. Henry Glemham 

 15. Anne Glemham   

 31. Anne Sackville 

Military offices

Preceded by

Sir Philip Howard Captain and Colonel of The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards 1685–1689

Succeeded by

The Earl of Ossory

Preceded by

The Earl of Oxford Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards 1703–1712

Succeeded by

Viscount Colchester

Preceded by

The Duke of Ormonde Captain and Colonel of The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards 1712–1715

Succeeded by

Earl of Hertford

Honorary titles

Preceded by

The Duke of Norfolk Constable of Windsor Castle 1702–1716

Succeeded by

The Lord Cobham

Preceded by

The Earl of Berkeley Lord Lieutenant of Surrey 1710–1714

Succeeded by The Earl of Halifax

Preceded by

The Lord Craven Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire 1712–1714

Succeeded by

The Duke of St Albans

Peerage of England

New creation

Duke of Northumberland

2nd creation

1683–1716 Extinct

Other References

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George Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Northumberland's Timeline

December 28, 1665
London - natural son of Charles II & Barbara
June 28, 1716
Age 50
England - Duke of Cumberland (1674) d.s.p.
July 11, 1716
Age 50
London, England