George Augustus Keeble
|Birthplace:||Christ Church Parish, Newgate Street, Middlesex, Virginia|
|Death:||Died in Lancaster, Lancaster, Virginia|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About George Augustus Keeble
The earliest reference to George Keeble that I have is a grant issued to "Robert West 2 Aug 1652, deserted, and now granted by order &c. Importation of 14 persons: Michael Maxfield, Jno. Donklin, Robert Bashell, Marey Worley, Mary Wood, Mary Fans (or Faus), Robert Fenly, Mary Tedder, Jno Kenedy, Jno Evett, Margt. Pair, Geo. Keeble, Richd. Wallis, Richd. Langly
Wm & Mary Qrtrly set 1 vol 4 p 178 Order Book of Lancaster Co, Va order passed 14 Sept 1653...at a council held for the County of Lancaster at the courthouse there - Coll John Carter, Lt Coll Henry Fleete, Mr. Hen Corgin, Mr. Davie Fox, Mr. George Marsh, Mr. Raleigh Travers, Mr. Cuthbert Potter, Mr. Will Boll, Mr. Will Leech, Mr. George Keeble... George Keeble, a young mariner and planter was present on 14 October 1653 as the landowners met with the commissioners of Lancaster County of the Virginia Colony of the British Crown to discuss the Indian problems. Earlier in 1653 he had purchased 200 acres of land in the area of the James River. (Lancaster Co, Va Deeds 1652-57 Book 1 p 109) The Indians were helping slaves escape, stealing livestock and food from the plantation larders, riding across the planted fields destroying the young plants, and frightening the women. Something had to be done! Some of the landowners wanted search parties to kill off the Indians, some wanted to educate them while still others thought containing them in special places would be the "Christian" thing to do. George Keeble added his signature to the document passing a resolution by the Court of Lancaster County regarding an area to be reserved for the Indians. This way they would "protect" the Redman.! It was not this group's desire to kill the Indians, they wanted the "poor ignorant" Indians to leave the lands to the white man to develop. (WILLIAM & MARY COLLEGE QUARTERLY, Vol. 4, pp 177-179) Granted 200 acres on Milford Haven upon Hollowing Poynt running W alonst a creek = George Kibble...for transporting to the Colony John Owen, Richard Clothier, Hugh, a Highlander, Edward Bambas...25 Nov 1653 Patent Bk 3 p 61 Tithables of Lancaster County, Va 1654 on Mr. Thomas Bourne's list to collect tax: George Keble 3 (34) This indicates 3 tithables (all freemen above the age of sixteen.) The number in parentheses refers to note numbers. Since we don't know George's actual age, we can't even make educated guess as to whom the other tithables in his household are - siblings, employees, or children. He was above 21 in 1653 making him born before 1632, probably more likely 1625 or before. Lancaster County Va. Deed 1652-57 p 109 Richard Lake of County of Lancaster to George Kibble of County of Glocester, planter, 200 acres... 7 Oct 1653. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol 1, Lancaster Co, Record Bk No. 2 1654-1666 p 371 Grant Edward Digges, Esq, to Peter Rigby and George Keeble 600 acres, opp. land formerly in occupation of Mr. Will Hockaday. Oct 1656 Signed Edward Digges W Claybourne Secy Recorded 1st Mar 1659/60 Peter Rigby assigns right in above to Will Dudley. Dated 27th July 1659, Wit. Edward Wyatt signed Peter Rigby Rich Carter Recorded 1st March 1659/60
" Mr Dale, These are to intreat you to acknowledge in Court four several deed of conveyance of land to Mr. Will Dudley xx: Dated 29th Sept 1659.
Wit. Jo Snelling signed Peter Rigby Tho Falleneer Recorded 25th Jan. 1650/60 (Peter Rigby's wife M! argery on p 372) also on p 372 Surveyed for Mr. Peter Rigby 124 acres adj land of Geo Keeble. Dated 15 Jan 1657/8 Lancaster County Deeds 1654-1702, vol II p 313 George Keeble of the County of Gloucester sold to Peter Rigby of the same county 92 acres in Pieankitank parish, about a mile or more from the river upon the head of a branch that issueth into Pieankitank river. mentions "my wife Mary Keeble". 18 January 1657/8 Signed George Keeble, Mary Keeble witnessed by Jo Curtyn Jo Humphreys Ackd: by George Keeble & wife Mary Keeble and all rights in this bill of sale assigned by Thos Hill to Will Dudley. Recd 10th May 1665 In the next few years George Keeble continued his shipping business, bringing supplies and men to the Colony of Virginia and returning to England with goods from the plantations. Frequently he accepted land from the Crown in payment of transporting men to the colony for the King. The usual payment was 50 acres per person transported. George Keeble acquired at least 2,000 acres in the colony. Patent dated 1 April 1655 and renewed 1662 granted him an additional 300 acres 4 July 1656 another 740 acres in Mathews County, Va (Patent Bk 3 p 384). George and his wife, Mary, sold 92 acres to Peter Rigby in 1657/58, part of 600 acres granted to George Keeble and Peter Rigby by Edward Digges on 8 October 1656. (Lancaster County Deeds 1654-1702, Bk 2 p 313 and 371) This tract of land was in the area of Gloucester County, Va. He managed his shipping business from his plantation in Lancaster County, Virginia after about 1654/1655 when he married Mary, . (Lancaster County Deeds 1654-1702, Bk 17 p 270, Virginia State Patent Book 3, pp 366 & 384, Bk 5 pp 134 & 251) George was loyal to the Crown and active in the Church of England. He was a Justice of Lancaster County (included Middlesex County at that time) in 1659 and 1660. He was vestryman of Pianketank Parish in 1657. (VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE Vol 2, p 412 and Vol 3 p 52) In Cavaliers & Pioneers p 31 Patent Bk 9 = Tobias Micklebouffough, Gent...210 acs, Middlesex Co; on N side of Pamunkey River, 26 Oct 1699, Beg. at 700 acrs of Mr. George Keeble, to the Green Glade Br... granted sd. Keeble, 29 Jan 1663, deserted & granted Edwin Thacker, 24 Oct 1691, deserted; granted John Everitt, 24 Oct 1694 & assigned to sd In his nuncupative will recorded in Lancaster County Minute Book "Loose Papers" July Session 1666 George named his wife, Mary but did not mention any of his children. He died between June 1665 and March 1666. In a Lancaster County Deed dated 12 April 1666 describing land of Robert Beverly we find reference to a tree on land of "Mr. George Keeble, late deceased". (Virginia State Patent Book 6, p 498) We do not know the cause of death and we have not located his burial site. Mary Keeble married about 1 April 1666 to Major Robert Beverly who shared a boundary line with the Keebles. When the floor of the lower church of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia was renewed around 1895 the tomb of Mary was discovered. It bore the following inscription: Here lyeth interred the Bodi of Mrs. Mary Beverly, wife of Major Robert Beverly Mother of nine sons and 3 daughters who departed this life the 1st Day of June 1678 aged fortie one yeares & three months, having been married to him 12 years & 2 months--and was A careful Mother teaching Vertuous Life Happy and making happy when a wife Religious to Example, may all strive To imitate her vertues whilst alive. We can, at this time, account for 7 sons (2 by George Keeble and 5 by Robert Beverly) and 2 daughters (by George Keeble). Major Beverly named 6 sons and 2 daughter in his will but the two daughters and the youngest son, Thomas, have been identified as children of his second wife, Katherine, whom he had married 28 March 1679 in Gloucester. After Major Beverly's death, Katherine married Mr. Christopher Robinson 17 Sept 1687. (Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex Co, Va pp 1, 18, & 35) Mary's sons by Major Beverly were: Peter (Speaker of the House of Burgesses in 1700-1705), Robert, Harry, John, and William Beverly. It was not uncommon is those days for parents to name a second child with the same name as an earlier born child who had died but we seldom find a mother naming 2 of her living children with the same name. Since Mary and George had a daughter Mary who lived to adulthood I do not believe the child Mary in Major Beverley's will is the child of Mary Keeble Beverley. I have seen no documentation for Mary Beverley's age. Virginia Historical Magazine vol 17 p 290 has information regarding the Whitby and Gorsuch families. This article makes a case for Mary to be from the Whitby family. When a person goes to the originals that have been transcribed as Ruth Gorsuch you will find that this should be Cath - short for Catherine which fits in with the family - there was no Ruth - and I can not find the reference now but there is one that shows Mary is NOT the child of Catherine Gorsuch Whitby. The Whitby surname was applied to Mary as a result of William Whitby's will which makes legacies to Mrs. Mary Keeble and to Robert Beverly. No relationship is stated and at this time I don't believe that Mary Keeble was a relative of William Whitby. The Whitby will was written after the marriage of Mary and Robert so it is not logical for her to be called Mary Keeble and her husband Robert Beverly. Mrs. Mary Keeble of the Whitby will could be the wife of another Keeble ! or Mrs. maybe a mistranscription. I have not seen this will myself. Mary's maiden name has been given as "Boyd" by some researchers. This is from a will that indicates Margaret Keeble was a Boyd. The Boyd name is used by several generations as a middle name but I believe this may be the wife of Walter Keeble, Mary's son. The few records we have for the wife of George Keeble indicate that her given name is Mary, not Margaret. She did name a daughter Margaret Elizabeth Keeble. This Margaret married first Francis Bridge and then John Gwynn. Several people have concluded that Mary was a Carter but I have seen no documentary proof.
" MIDDLESEX CO., VA in the 17th Century: On a sandy peninsula between tidewater Virginia's Rappahannock and Piankatank river lies Middlesex County, carved in 1668 out of sprawling Lancaster County. In the late 1640's, families had begun appropriating land here. Settlement was well under way by February 1651, when little Richard Perrott became 'the first Man Child that was gott and born in Rappahannock River of English parents'. Richard's parents, like all the 83 families residing in Middlesex by 1668, lived on isolated 'plantations' that raised corn and live-stock for food and tobacco for sale. " These 83 families comprised 513 free people. They accounted for roughly half the county's residents and owned the other half of the population: 334 English indentured servants (mostly males aged 15-25) and 65 blacks brought from the West Indies. Servants and slaves were as much the head of household's responsibility as children. Blacks' conditions of servitude were still fluid, although a trend toward lifetime bondage had begun. Servants typically owed between four and twelve years' service, and half of those with four or more years to go would not live to enjoy freedom. Their lot was hard, but their labor essential. Each hoe-wielding laborer could cultivate two to three acres of tobacco plants, and owners could increase input only by adding to their labor force. Because planters such as Peter Montague faced "the whole lost of the...Cropp" when a servant ran away at the height of the season, unfree workers had some bargaining leverage. " Death lurked everywhere. On average, adult men and women died at ages 48 and 39 respectively--a life expectancy of fifteen years less than that of New Englanders. Thirty percent of all children under 18 lost both parents. The appearance of a highly lethal strain of malaria (which coincided with increasing imports of African-born slaves after 1680) kept death rates high. " The prevalence of early death produced! complex households in which stepparents might raise children with two or three different surnames. MARY KEEBLE (George Keeble's wife) bore seven children before being widowed at age 29, whereupon she immediately became ROBERT BEVERLEY's wife. MARY died in 1678 at age 41, after having five children by BEVERLEY, who then married Katherine Hone, a widow with one child. Upon Beverley's death in 1687, Katherine quickly wed Christopher Robinson, who had just lost his wife and needed a mother for his four children. CHRISTOPHER and KATHERINE's household included children named Keeble, Beverley, Hone, and Robinson. This tangled chain of six marriages among seven people eventually produced twenty-five children who lived at least part of their lives with one or more stepparents. " For a sense of belonging, residents relied primarily on kin networks. Twice monthly, however, they could gather in the parish church for a short sermon, communion, and a chance to gossip, trade news, and sell livestock--always using tobacco as the medium of exchange. Monthly court sessions, likewise, brought people together to resolve disputes and see the county's prominent men installed in the petty local offices that helped define their status. (The Enduring Vision, A History of the American People, p. 75a (1990)
In William and Mary Quarterly vol 17 p 65 in article "Historical and Genealogical Notes" regarding the Beverley family the will of James Blackmore of Middlesex County Nov 16, 1675 gave his horse to Captain Robert Beverley and 20 shillings for a ring to "his wife, Margrit Beverley". For this to be the name of the widow of George Keeble as some have proposed it would be necessary for name in the nuncupative will of George Keeble to be wrong, the tombstone of Mary Beverley to be wrong, and the deed from George and Mary to be wrong. Since this is the only mention of Margrit as wife of Robert Beverley I suspect something is wrong with the will, either in transcription, or in preparation of the will, or could be an entirely different Robert Beverly as I believe by 1675 he was known as Major, not Capt. At this time we have found proof of 4 children for George Keeble and his wife, Mary. 1. George Keeble (returned to England) 2. Mary Keeble 3. Margaret Elizabeth Keeble m/1 Francis Bridge m/2 John? Gwynn 4. Walter Keeble Other than Mary Keeble Beverley's tombstone we have no proof of ages of her husband or her children. The above 4 children are each named in various deeds as son or daughter of "George Keeble". At this point I suspect that the other two sons were deceased without issue. I am from the Keeble line by the following 1. George and Mary Keeble 2. Walter d 1743/1748 3. Walter 4. Robert d 1774 m Dorothy Read 5. Walter w.h. b 1774 d 1833 m Hannah Glenn Davenport 6. Sarah b 1806 d 1895 m William Hubbard 7. James W. Hubbard b 1840 d 1927 8. James Walter Hubbard, Jr. b 1875 d 1946 9 George Arthur Hubbard b 1901 d 1963 from Bel Wise
- George Keeble - nr. 7042 freemaker.genealogy.com
- married - Margaret Boyd
- children -
- Margaret Boyd - born 1663 Christ church, Virginia - married John Gwyn/Gwynn
- George ?
- William ?