George Michael Troup, Governor, U.S. Senator

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Gov. George Michael Troup

Birthdate: (75)
Birthplace: McIntosh Bluff, on the Tombigbee River, Alabama, United States
Death: April 26, 1856 (75)
one of his plantations near the Oconee River, Montgomery County (now Treutlen County, Georgia, United States
Place of Burial: Rosemont plantation
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. John George Troup and Catherine Anne Troup
Husband of Nancy Ann Troup; Ann St. Clare Troup and Sarah Troup
Father of Georgia Troup; Florida Bryan; George Michael Troup; Clelia Troup; Walton Brazeal and 7 others
Brother of James McGilviray Troup, Dr

Occupation: House of Representative 1807-1815, US Senate 1816-1818, . Gov. of Georgia 1823-1827
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About George Michael Troup, Governor, U.S. Senator

George Michael Troup (September 8, 1780–April 26, 1856) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia. He served in the Georgia General Assembly, U.S. House of Representatives, and Senate before becoming the 32nd Governor of Georgia for two terms and then returning to the Senate. A believer in expansionist Manifest Destiny policies and a supporter of Indian removal, Troupe was born to plantation owners and supported slavery throughout his career. Later in his life, he was known as "the Hercules of states' rights."

Early life and career

Troup was born during the American Revolution at McIntosh Bluff, on the Tombigbee River in what is now Alabama (then a part of the Province of Georgia). He was the son of George Troup and Catherine McIntosh, the Georgia-born daughter of Captain John McIntosh, a British military officer and the chief of the McIntosh clan. (Catherine McIntosh was of the Chiefs of the MacGillivary clan lineage—she was a first cousin to Creek Chief Alexander McGillivray and aunt of Creek Chief William McIntosh.)

Troup graduated from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) in 1797. Two years later, he was admitted to the bar in Savannah, Georgia. He was a strong opponent of the Yazoo claims. A Democratic-Republican, Troup served one term as a state legislator (1803-1805) before being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, serving until 1815. Along with fellow western Congressmen such as Henry Clay of Kentucky and John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, Troup was a part of the nationalistic War Hawk movement.

The state legislature elected Troup to the U.S. Senator, where he was supported by fellow wealthy plantation owners., Troup served as chairman of the Senate Committee of Military Affairs.

Troup was twice married and the father of six children. He primarily lived in Dublin in Laurens County. Troup's country estate, Val d'Osta, was named after the Valle d'Aosta alpine valley in Italy. In turn, the town of Valdosta, Georgia, (formerly called Troupville) was named for Troup's estate.


Georgia political force William H. Crawford hand-picked Troup as his candidate for governor in 1819. However, Troup twice lost to Crawford's bitter rival, John Clark, who was supported by frontier settlers. In 1823, Troup ran again, as Clark was no longer eligible, and won. He advocated the removal of the Creek Indians from western Georgia. Troup wanted to move them to the Western Territory of the Louisiana Purchase, an idea first proposed by Thomas Jefferson in 1803. In 1825, in Georgia's first popular election, Troup won by a razor-thin margin. He negotiated the controversial Treaty of Indian Springs with his first cousin William McIntosh, a mixed-blood Creek chief. McIntosh and 49 other tribal leaders (predominantly from the Lower Creeks) ceded a large portion of Georgia, although they did not have the backing of the majority of the Creek Confederacy. He threatened an attack on Federal troops if they interfered with the treaty and challenged President John Quincy Adams, who conceded and allowed Troup to seize the remaining Creek land in Georgia.

During Troup's tenure as governor, he supported public education and the construction of new roads and canals. Troup County was created from former Lower Creek land in 1826 and named for him. Upon the expiration of his second term, Troup returned to the Senate as a Jacksonian Democrat, where he served on the Committee on Indian Affairs. He was a nominee for the Presidency at the States Rights Convention in January 1852 in Jackson, Mississippi.

Death and memorialization

Troup died while visiting one of his plantations near the Oconee River in Montgomery County, Georgia (now Treutlen County). He was buried on the Rosemont plantation.

During the American Civil War, an Athens, Georgia battery was named the "Troup Artillery" in his memory.

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George Michael Troup, Governor, U.S. Senator's Timeline

September 8, 1780
Alabama, United States
Age 22
September 10, 1813
Age 33
December 1817
Age 37
Age 39
April 26, 1856
Age 75
Montgomery County (now Treutlen County, Georgia, United States