George Neville, Archbishop of York

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George Neville, Archbishop of York

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Probably Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Blyth, Northumberland, England, (Present UK)
Place of Burial: Birling, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and Alice Montagu (Montacute), 5th Countess of Salisbury
Husband of Elizabeth Neville
Father of Alice Tunstall
Brother of Cecily Neville, Duchess of Warwick; Countess of Worcester; Sir John de Neville, Earl of Northumberland; Alice Fitzhugh; Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick; Joan Neville, Countess of Arundel and 6 others

Occupation: Archbishop of York, Chancellor of England
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About George Neville, Archbishop of York

George Neville (bishop)

George Neville (c. 1432 – 8 June 1476), archbishop of York and Chancellor of England, was the youngest son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and Alice Neville, 5th Countess of Salisbury. He was the brother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, known as the "Kingmaker."[1]

Neville was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and was from his childhood destined for the clerical profession, in which through the great influence of his family he obtained rapid advancement, becoming Bishop of Exeter in 1458. He was provided to the see on 4 February 1458 and consecrated on 3 December 1458.[2] From this time forward Neville took a prominent part in the troubled politics of the period. He was present with his brother Warwick at the Battle of Northampton in July 1460, immediately after which the Great Seal was committed to his keeping.[3]

Neville took part in the proclamation of Edward of York as king, who confirmed his appointment as Chancellor.[3][4] In 1463 he was employed on a diplomatic mission in France;[5] and in 1464, after taking part in negotiation with the Scots, Neville, after collation as Archdeacon of Carlisle circa 1463[citation needed] became Archbishop of York on 15 March 1465.[6] He also served for many years as the Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

Neville's enthronement as Archbishop of York took place in Cawood Castle in September 1465 and to demonstrate the riches and power of his family, twenty eight peers, fifty nine knights, ten abbots, seven bishops, numerous lawyers, clergy, esquires, and ladies, together with their attendants and servants came to the castle. Together with the archbishop's own family and servants there were about 2500 to be fed at each meal. They consumed 4000 pigeons and 4000 crays, 2000 chickens, 204 cranes, 104 peacocks, 100 dozen quails, 400 swans and 400 herons, 113 oxen, six wild bulls, 608 pikes and bream, 12 porpoises and seals, 1000 sheep, 304 calves, 2000 pigs, 1000 capons, 400 plovers, 200 dozen of a bird called 'rees' (i.e. ruffs), 4000 mallard and teals, 204 kids and 204 bitterns, 200 pheasants, 500 partridges, 400 woodcocks, 100 curlews, 1000 egrets, over 500 stags, bucks and roes, 4000 cold and 1500 hot venison pies, 4000 dishes of jelly, 4000 baked tarts, 2000 hot custards with a proportionate quantity of bread, sugared delicacies and cakes, and 300 tuns of ale and 100 tuns of wine. As well as indicating the power of the Nevilles the menu gives a valuable insight into 15th century English avifauna.[7][8]

During the next few years Neville as well as his brothers fell into disfavour with Edward IV; and in June 1467 Edward took back the Great Seal in person as punishment for Neville's obstruction of the royal plans.[9] In 1469, after a successful rising in Yorkshire secretly fermented by Warwick, the king fell into the hands of the archbishop, by whom, after a short imprisonment, he was permitted to escape.[10]

When Warwick was in turn defeated by the king's forces at Stamford in 1470, Archbishop Neville took the oath of allegiance to Edward, but during the short Lancastrian restoration which compelled Edward to cross to Holland, Neville acted as chancellor to Henry VI;[3] and when the tide once more turned he again trimmed his sails to the favouring breeze, making his peace with Edward, now again triumphant, by surrendering Henry into his hands. The archbishop for a short time shared Henry's captivity in the Tower.[11]

Having been pardoned in April 1471,[12] Neville was re-arrested on 25 April 1472 on a charge of treason and secretly conveyed to France, where he remained a prisoner at the castle of Hammes near Calais[13] until November 1474, when he returned to England; he died the following year, on 8 June 1476.[6] Archbishop Neville was a respectable scholar; and he was a considerable benefactor of the university of Oxford and especially of Balliol College.[14] He seems also to have shown an interest in learning Greek and to have commissioned at least one Greek manuscript.[15]

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Neville_(bishop)

_______________

  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 40
  • Neville, George (1433?-1476) by James Tait
  • NEVILLE, GEORGE (1433?–1476), bishop of Exeter, archbishop of York and chancellor of England, fourth and youngest son of Richard Neville, earl of Salisbury [q. v.], and Alice, only legitimate child of Thomas de Montacute, fourth earl of Salisbury [q. v.], was born in 1432 or 1433 (Gascoigne, Loci e Libro Veritatum, p. 16, ed. Thorold Rogers). He was early designed for a clerical career, in which, as the brother of Warwick the ‘Kingmaker’ and the nephew of the Duke of York, he was assured of rapid promotion. When he was barely fourteen years old at the outside, George Neville was invested (9 March 1446) with the ‘golden prebend’ of Masham in York Cathedral (Drake, Eboracum, p. 444). Masham lay but a few miles from his father's castle of Middleham, in Wensleydale. As he was already styled clericus, he had no doubt begun his studies at Balliol College, Oxford, a foundation closely connected with Barnard Castle, then in the possession of Neville's brother Warwick. The college devoted itself almost exclusively to secular studies, and among George Neville's contemporaries were the humanists John Phreas or Free [q. v.] and John Tiptoft, earl of Worcester [q. v.], who married his sister Cecily (Colleges of Oxford, ed. Clark, p. 38). The university requirements were now frequently relaxed, especially in favour of rich men, and on his supplication (15 June 1450) the ‘prænobilis vir Georgius Nevill’ was admitted by special grace to the degree of B.A., without having completed the full course, and those incepting under him as masters of arts were allowed as a particular favour to complete their regency in arts in one instead of two years (Anstey, Munimenta Academica, p. 730; Boase, Register of the University of Oxford, p. vii). He secured the same privilege for his friends when on 12 May 1452 permission was given him to incept as master of arts, only twelve months after ‘determining’ as bachelor, and he was excused from the teaching and administrative duties of a regent master (ib. pp. ix. 10). A year later, 9 June 1453, when barely twenty-one at most, Neville succeeded Gilbert Kymer [q. v.], the court physician, as chancellor of the university, and, being twice re-elected, retained this position until 6 July 1457, when he resigned it (Anstey, pp. 660–661, 748; Le Neve, Fasti Eccl. Angl. iii. 467). The prodigal feast which he is generally supposed to have given on this occasion seems to be due to a confusion with his installation feast at York twelve years later (Savage, Balliofergus, p. 105; Colleges of Oxford, ed. Clark, p. 38).
  • But with such brilliant prospects of church advancement as the growing power of his family held out, Neville was content to perform his academical duties for the most part by deputy (Anstey, p. 742). No sooner had his father become chancellor of England under York as protector in April 1454 than he seems to have claimed one of the vacant bishoprics for his son, but the council would only consent to recommend the youth to the pope for the next vacancy, ‘considered the blood virtue and cunning he is of’ (Ord. Privy Council, vi. 168). In the meantime he was made archdeacon of Northampton, and prebendary of Tame, in the diocese of Lincoln (17 Aug. 1454), canon and prebendary of Thorpe at Ripon (21 Aug.), and on 21 Dec. 1454 ordained priest (Le Neve, ii. 58, 221; Ripon Chapter Acts, Surtees Soc., p. 209; Godwin, De Præsulibus, ed. Richardson). The first see that fell vacant after the Yorkists had recovered at St. Albans in May 1455 the power they had lost by the king's recovery a few months before was that of Exeter, Edmund Lacy dying in September of this year. But the promise made to Salisbury for his son was either forgotten or ignored, and John Hales, archdeacon of Norwich, was at once promoted by Pope Calixtus III on the recommendation of the council. Probably they were desirous of avoiding the scandal of foisting a mere youth like Neville into high spiritual office. Matters had gone so far when the Nevilles insisted on the performance of the promise made to them, secured a renunciation by Hales, George Neville's election by the chapter (November), and royal letters calling upon the pope to undo his promotion of Hales and substitute Neville (Ord. Privy Council, vi. 265; Fœdera, xi. 367). He was declared to be a suitable person for a remote and disturbed see, as a member of a powerful noble family. Calixtus consented to stultify himself, though no doubt with reluctance, for he insisted that Neville's consecration should be delayed until he reached his twenty-seventh year (Gascoigne, p. 16). In the meantime he was to enjoy the title of bishop-elect and the revenues of the see. Gascoigne inveighs bitterly against his dissociation of the temporal advantages and spiritual duties of a bishopric as one of the worst clerical abuses of his time. The temporalities were restored to Neville on 21 March 1456, and he was summoned as bishop to councils (Fœdera, xi. 376; Le Neve, i. 376; Ord. Privy Council, vi. 291, 295). Two months earlier (24 Jan.) he had been given the mastership of the rich hospital of St. Leonard at York (ib. p. 285). He also became archdeacon of Carlisle at some date prior to May 1463 (Le Neve, iii. 249). Neville took a prominent part in the proceedings for heresy against Bishop Reginald Pecock [q. v.], who was favoured by the Lancastrian prelates. During Pecock's examination by the bishops in November 1457, the bishop-elect hotly reproached him with impeaching the truth of the writings of St. Jerome and other saints (Gascoigne, p. 211).
  • Neville cannot have more than entered upon his twenty-seventh year when he was consecrated on 3 Dec. 1458 (Stubbs, Registrum Sacrum, p. 69). His political career may be said to begin in the following year, when he managed to avoid being fatally compromised in the rebellion of his father and brothers, and, after their flight and attainder in October, ‘declared himself full worshipfully to the king's pleasure’ (Paston Letters, i. 500). But when Warwick and Salisbury came over in force from Calais in June 1460, Neville, with William Grey, bishop of Ely, like himself a Balliol man, took an armed force on 2 July to meet them in Southwark, and next day assisted the Archbishop of Canterbury in receiving their oaths of allegiance to the absent Henry in St. Paul's (Worcester, pp. 772–3). He accompanied Warwick and the Earl of March to the battle of Northampton (10 July), and on their return to London with the captive king, the great seal resigned by the Archbishop of Canterbury was given to him on 25 July (Fœdera, xi. 458). The new chan- cellor was now living in the parish of St. Clement Danes, ‘without the bar of the New Temple’ (ib.) The chronicler known as ‘Gregory’ (p. 212) makes him share Warwick's defeat in the second battle of St. Albans (17 Feb. 1461); but Worcester (p. 776) says that he awaited the result at Canterbury with the archbishop. He was present in the council of Yorkist peers which, at Baynard's Castle on 3 March, declared Edward of York king, and the next day at Paul's Cross, in the presence of the king, expounded and defended his title in an ‘eximius sermo,’ which is still extant (Archœologia, xxix, 128; Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles, p. 173; Worcester, p. 777). On 10 March the great seal was regranted to him in the name of the new king (Fœdera, xi. 473). A week after Towton (7 April) he wrote a long Latin letter to the papal legate Coppini in Flanders, giving him a most interesting account of the campaign, and moralising on the civil strife: ‘O luckless race!
    • ...... populumque potentem
    • In sua victrici conversum viscera dextra,
  • to use the words of Lucan. Alas! we are a race deserving of pity, even from the French.’ He concludes, however, with the expression of a hope that such storms will be succeeded by halcyon days (State Papers, Venetian, i. 370). When Edward opened his first parliament, on 4 Nov. following, Chancellor Nevill delivered an address on the text from Jeremiah vii. 3: ‘Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place’ (Rot. Parl. v. 461).
  • On 29 April 1463 Neville opened the second parliament of the reign with a discourse on the theme ‘Qui judicatis terram diligite justiciam’ (ib. v. 496). Having proved himself a man of ability and ‘moult facondieux,’ as Chastellain says, the chancellor was entrusted, in the absence of Warwick in the north, with an important foreign mission in the summer of this year. The king saw him off, and took charge of the great seal at Dover, on 21 Aug.; and Neville, with his companions, the Earl of Essex, Lord Wenlock, and others, made his way to St. Omer, where a joint conference had been arranged with France and Burgundy. At the end of September the conference was transferred to Hesdin, where both Louis XI and Duke Philip were present in person; and Neville succeeded in detaching the former from the Lancastrians by a truce for a year (8 Oct.), and in obtaining an extension of the commercial truce with Flanders from the duke. He left Hesdin on the 10th of the month, and on the 25th retook possession of the great seal (Worcester, p. 71; Chastellain, iv. 338; Fœdera, xi. 504, 506–7, 513).
  • Early in April 1464 he was sent into the north of England to assist his brothers Warwick and Montagu in arranging a definite peace with Scottish commissioners at York, and after some delay a truce for fifteen years was concluded there on 3 June (ib. xi. 514–515, 524; Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles, p. 178). The king's marriage with Elizabeth Wydeville in May was very distasteful to Warwick, but Edward was not in a position to ignore Neville's claims to the archbishopric of York, which fell vacant on 12 Sept. by the death of William Booth. He was given custody of the temporalities four days later, and a congé d'élire issued on 27 Sept.; but the bull of translation was not granted by the new pope, Paul II, until 15 March 1465 (Fœdera, xi. 533; Le Neve, iii. 111). It was published in York Minster on 4 June, the temporalities were fully restored to him on the 17th, and on 22 or 23 Sept. he was enthroned in the minster. The occasion was seized to display the wealth and power of the Neville clan by a great family gathering and an installation feast whose extravagant prodigality has preserved its details for posterity (Godwin, p. 695; cf. Hearne, Collections, ii. 341; Oxford Hist. Soc.; Drake, p. 444). But the absence of the king and queen was noted as significant (Worcester, p. 785). The only member of the royal family present was the Duke of Gloucester, who sat at the same table as his future wife, Anne Neville, Warwick's younger daughter. There is reason to believe that this extravagance somewhat crippled Neville's resources (cf. Paston Letters, ii. 346, iii. 313). It is not surprising that he took an active part against the London friars, who this year revived the old demand for the evangelical poverty of the clergy (Gregory, p. 230).
  • In November and December he was again employed, with Warwick and Montagu, in negotiations with the Scots, and the truce was prolonged at Newcastle (Fœdera, xi. 556, 569). In April 1466 he held a provincial synod in the minster, and made new constitutions, in the preamble of which he is described as primate of England and legate of the apostolic see (Drake, p. 445). But Edward IV had now resolved to make himself independent of the Nevilles. The first open blow was delivered at the chancellor during Warwick's absence in France in the summer of 1467. Neville was not asked to open the parliament, which met on 3 June, and five days later (8 June) the king went in person to the chancellor's inn, ‘without the bars of Westminster,’ where he was lying sick, and took from him the great seal, which he put into the hands of keepers until a new chancellor was appointed (Warkworth, p. 3; Worcester, p. 786; Gregory, p. 236). In the later months of this year the breach between the king and the Nevilles seemed likely to take a dangerous turn, but shortly after Epiphany 1468 an apparent reconciliation was effected as the result of an interview between the archbishop and Anthony Wydeville, earl Rivers [q. v.], the queen's brother, at Nottingham. The ex-chancellor was again in attendance on the king. It was expected that the great seal would be restored to him. He and Warwick had high words with the Duke of Norfolk in the king's chamber regarding the duke's treatment of the Pastons, whom the archbishop and his brother had taken under their protection. The archbishop declared that ‘rather than the land should go so [i.e. to the duke] he would come and dwell there himself’ (Worcester, p. 789; Paston Letters, ii. 324–6). In February 1469 he received a grant from the king of the manor of Penley and other lands in Buckinghamshire (Fœdera, xi. 640).
  • But the Nevilles were not really reconciled to the king, and while Edward was drawn northwards by the rising of Robin of Redesdale [q. v.], which they had stirred up, the archbishop crossed to Calais, where Warwick was residing, and on 11 July performed the marriage between Warwick's elder daughter Isabel and the Duke of Clarence, which threw down the gage to the king (Warkworth, p. 6). He signed the manifesto issued from Calais next day, and crossed with Warwick and Clarence into Kent (ib. p. 46). After the defeat of the king's forces by Redesdale at Edgecote, on 26 July, the archbishop found Edward deserted by his followers at Honily, near Coventry, and took him to Warwick Castle, whence he was presently removed to Middleham Castle, in Yorkshire, for safer keeping. Public opinion in the north compelled Warwick to relax the restraint upon Edward's liberty; but, according to Warkworth's account, he only got clear away to London by the connivance of the archbishop, whom he had talked over by fair speech and promises (ib. p. 7; Continuation of Croyland Chronicle, pp. 551–2; State Papers, Venetian, i. 421; cf. Paston Letters, ii. 368). Neville accompanied the king from York towards London, but, with the Earl of Oxford, did not go beyond the Moor, his house at Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire, which he had ‘builded right commodiously and pleasantly’ on an estate formerly belonging to Cardinal Beaufort (Warkworth, pp. 24, 70). When Neville and Oxford ventured to leave the Moor and ride Londonwards, they received a peremptory message from the king to wait until he sent for them (Paston Letters, ii. 389), Edward took precautions to prevent the archbishop giving assistance to Warwick when an open breach once more occurred in the spring of 1470. Warwick and Clarence being driven out of the country, he had to take a solemn oath to be faithful to Edward against them, and in August was living at the Moor with ‘divers of the king's servants and license to tarry there till he be sent for’ (ib. ii. 406).
  • But on Warwick's return in September, and Edward's flight to Holland, Neville once more became chancellor, this time in the name of Henry VI, and he opened parliament on 26 Nov. with a discourse on the text ‘Revertimini ad me filii revertentes, ego enim vir vester’ (Warkworth, p. 12). He obtained a grant of Woodstock and three adjoining manors, and compelled the Duke of Norfolk to surrender Caister Castle to John Paston (Fœdera, xi. 670; Rot. Parl. vi. 588; Paston Letters, ii. 417). He remained in London with the helpless King Henry when, on Edward's return in March 1471, Warwick went into the midlands to intercept him. After Warwick had been foiled in this attempt, he is said to have written to his brother, urging him to provoke the city against Edward and keep him out for two or three days (Arrival of Edward IV, p. 15). The archbishop held a Lancastrian council at St. Paul's on 9 April, and next day took King Henry in procession through Cheapside to Walbrook and back to the bishop's palace by St. Paul's. But the fighting men of the party were either with Warwick or on the south coast awaiting the arrival of Queen Margaret from France, and the citizens thought it prudent to come to terms with Edward, who had now reached St. Albans in force. Thereupon the archbishop, as the official account put forth by King Edward asserts, sent secretly to the king, desiring to be admitted to his grace, and the king, for ‘good causes and considerations,’ agreed (ib. pp. 16, 17). The Lancastrian Warkworth (p. 26), who professes to believe that Neville could have prevented Edward from entering London if he had pleased, accuses him of treacherously refusing to allow Henry to take sanctuary at Westminster. However this may be, Neville surrendered King Henry and himself to Edward when he entered the city on 11 April, and, though placed in the Tower, received a pardon on 19 April, was released on 4 June, and a month later swore allegiance to the young son of Edward (Fœdera, xi. 709, 710, 714; Stow, p. 425; Paston Letters, iii. 3).
  • The following Christmas he spent at the Moor, entertaining John Paston, who had just obtained his own pardon, and wrote that he had as great cheer and had been as welcome as he could devise (ib. iii. 33). Neville is said to have thought himself quite restored to favour when Edward asked him to Windsor to hunt, and invited himself to return the visit at the Moor. The archbishop preceded him, and made great preparations, ‘bringing out all the plate he had hidden after Barnet and Tewkesbury.’ But the day before the king was to come, he was summoned to Windsor and put under arrest on a charge of corresponding with the exiled Earl of Oxford (Warkworth, p. 25). On Saturday, 25 April 1472, he was brought to the Tower by night, and on the Monday following was at midnight taken over to Calais and immured either at Ham or Guisnes (ib.; Paston Letters, iii. 39; Ramsay, ii. 389). The king seized the manor of the Moor, with goods worth, it is said, 20,000l., and all his other lands and possessions, broke up his jewelled mitre and made a crown of the stones, and placed the revenues of his see in sequestration. The hostile Warkworth, to whom we owe the details of the story, draws the moral that ‘such goods as were gathered with sin were lost with sorrow.’ His removal had been effected with such secrecy that for a time it was rumoured that he was dead (Paston Letters, iii. 45). In November 1473 the Duke of Gloucester was reported to be using his influence to obtain his return, but it was not until the king was in France in the summer of 1475 that Neville's friends secured his liberation (ib. iii. 102; Ramsay, ii. 415). He was back in England by 6 Nov., when he confirmed an abbot at Westminster (ib.) But, though still young in years, his health had broken down under the strain he had recently experienced, and he died at Blyth, in Northumberland, on 8 June 1476 (York Register, quoted by Godwin, p. 694; cf. Fœdera, xii. 28; but his obit seems to have been kept at Balliol in 1560 on 7 June (Paravicini, Early Hist. of Balliol, p. 296).
  • Though his university career had been made easier for him than for the ordinary student, Neville had more learning than many noble prelates of his age. John Paston, in speaking of the ‘disparbling of his meny’ in 1472, remarked that ‘some that are great clerks and famous doctors of his go now again to Cambridge to school’ (Paston Letters, iii. 39). Two treatises printed by Ashmole in his ‘Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum,’ 1652—the ‘Medulla’ of George Ripley [q. v.], canon of Bridlington, and Thomas Norton's ‘Ordinal of Alchemy’—were dedicated or presented to him (Corser, Collectanea Anglo-Poetica, Chetham Soc. pp. 65–6). At Oxford he was a benefactor both of the university and of his own college. His gifts to Balliol are commemorated by a window on the north side of the library (Savage, pp. 60, 72, 83; Paravicini, p. 337; Wood, Colleges and Halls of Oxford, ed. Gutch). He was elected chancellor of the university for the fourth time in May 1461, and at the beginning of 1462 saved Lincoln College, incorporated by Henry VI, from confiscation by Edward IV at the instance of some who coveted its property. The grateful rector and fellows executed a solemn instrument (20 Aug. 1462), assigning him the same place in their prayers as their founder (ib.; Colleges of Oxford, ed. Clark, p. 175).
  • Neville and his brother Warwick obtained letters patent, dated 11 May 1461, from Edward IV for the foundation of a college dedicated to St. William, the patron saint of York minster, in the close opposite the east end as a residence for the twenty-three chantry priests of the cathedral. They had hitherto lived in the town, which had sometimes led to scandals, and letters patent for the foundation of this college had already been granted by Henry VI in 1454 or 1455 (Monasticon Anglicanum, vi. 1184, 1475; Drake, p. 570; Raine, York, p. 154). Neville is said by Godwin to have protested against the bull by which Pope Sixtus IV finally excluded the occasional vague pretensions of the archbishops of York to jurisdiction in Scotland by making the see of St. Andrews primatial. But, if so, his opposition must have been made from prison, for the date of the bull is 17 Aug. 1472 (Theiner, Vetera Monumenta Hibernorum et Scotorum Historiam illustrantia, pp. 465–8; Walcott, Scoto-Monasticon, p. 87, who dates the bull 25 Aug.)
  • [Rotuli Parliamentorum; Proceedings and Ordinances of the Privy Council, ed. Nicolas; Rymer's Fœdera (original edition); State Papers (Venetian Ser.), ed. Rawdon Brown; William Worcester, in Stevenson's Wars in France, ii. 2, and Munimenta Academica, both in Rolls Ser.; Gregory's Chronicle, Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles, Warkworth's Chronicle, and the Arrivall of Edward IV, in the Camden's Society's publications; Chastellain, ed. Kervyn de Lettenhove; Paston Letters, ed. Gairdner; Boase's Register of the University of Oxford, published by the Oxford Historical Society; Gascoigne's Loci e Libro Veritatum, ed. Thorold Rogers; Savage's Balliofergus, 1668; Le Neve's Fasti Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ, ed. Hardy; Godwin's De Præsulibus Angliæ, ed. Richardson, 1743; Ramsay's Lancaster and York, 1892.]
  • From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Neville,_George_(1433%3F-1476)_(DNB00)

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  • George de Neville, Archbishop of York, Canon of Salisbury, York, Lincoln, & Ripon1,2,3,4
  • M, #46801, b. 1432, d. 8 June 1476
  • Father Sir Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Lord Monthermer, Constable of Pontefract Castle & Portchester Castle, Great Chamberlain of England, Joint Chamberlain of the Exchequer, Lord Chancellor2,5,6 b. c 1401, d. 31 Dec 1460
  • Mother Alice Montagu1,2,5,6 b. c 1406, d. bt 3 Apr 1462 - 9 Dec 1462
  • George de Neville, Archbishop of York, Canon of Salisbury, York, Lincoln, & Ripon was born in 1432 at of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.2,3,4 He died on 8 June 1476 at Blyth, Nottinghamshire, England.1,2,3,4
  • Citations
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XI, p. 398, notes.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 510-511.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 163.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 125.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 161-162.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 123-124.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1557.htm#i46801

________________________

  • George Neville1
  • M, #228, b. 1432 or 1433, d. 8 June 1476
  • Last Edited=18 Jan 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.42%
  • George Neville was born in 1432 or 1433.1 He was the son of Richard de Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and Alice Montagu, Countess of Salisbury.1 He died on 8 June 1476.1
  • He held the office of Prebendary of York in 1446.1 He graduated from Balliol College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, in 1450 with a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.).1 He graduated from Balliol College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, in 1452 with a Master of Arts (M.A.).1 He held the office of Chancellor of Oxford University between 1453 and 1457.1 He held the office of Prebendary of Ripon in 1454.1 He held the office of Prebendary of Lincoln in 1454.1 He held the office of Archdeacon of Northampton in 1454.1 On 21 December 1454 he was ordained.1 He held the office of Bishop of Exeter in 1458.1 He held the office of Lord Chancellor between 1460 and 1467.1 He held the office of Archdeacon of Carlisle before May 1463.1 He held the office of Archbishop of York between 1464 and 1476. He held the office of Lord Chancellor in 1470.1 He was the Abbot in 1475 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.1
  • Citations
  • [S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 17. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p23.htm#i228

__________________

  • George NEVILLE (Archbishop of York)
  • Born: ABT 1433, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • Died: 8 Jun 1476, Blyth, Northumberland, England
  • Notes: Archbishop of York. Younger brother of the great Earl of Warwick, was one of those Englishmen of noble houses by whom the high places of the Church were, at this time, for the most part, filled. This was partly, it would seem (and especially in the case of the primacy), as a result of the deliberate determination of the Pope and the Crown to band together the Church and the nobles "against the spiritual and civil democracy, on one side of Wat Tyler and Jack Straw, on the other of the extreme followers of Wycliffe" Neville is a striking representative of the feudal churchman. Received his education at Balliol College, Oxford, where, on taking the degree of Master of Arts in October, 1452, the sumptuous entertainment was given, recorded by Wood, its historian (lib. i. p. 219). When only fourteen years old, the nobility of his descent induced the Pope, Nicholas V, to grant him a dispensation for holding a canonry in the Church of Salisbury, together with one in that of York. He was nominated Bishop of Exeter at the age of twenty-three (1455). His Register of institutions commences with 10 Ap that year; for the primate Thomas Bourchier, his cousin, had already committed to him the spiritualities; but, notwithstanding his election, confirmation, and power of jurisdiction, by the special order of the Pope, his consecration was to be deferred until he should enter his twenty-seventh year; and it was eventually performed on 25 Nov 1458. In the meanwhile he had the precaution to commit the administration of the diocese to experienced theologians. In Mar 1459, he was installed in his episcopal throne. His Register proves that he conferred holy orders in Crediton Church on 19 May, and in his own cathedral on 22 Sep that year; that early in Dec he quitted the diocese for ever; and that on 15th of that month he had arrived at Coventry on his route to London. King Henry VI, on 25 Jul 1460, delivered to him the Great Seal, and it must be admitted that he disloyally employed the commanding influence of his station against his too confiding sovereign. For this treachery he may have considered himself recompensed by King Edward IV, who reappointed him to the chancellorship on 5 Mar 1461, and translated him to the archbishopric of York in 1465.
  • Portions of the chapter-house at Exeter were erected by him and by his predecessor: In the year 1465, Neville was translated to the See of York, on which occasion his installation-feast, presented one of the most marvellous culinary displays on record, famous in the annals of gastronomy. The list of provisions, included 330 tuns of beer, 104 tuns of wine, 80 fat oxen, 1004 sheep, 3000 geese, 100 peafowl, 4000 woodcocks, besides 8 seals and 4 porpoises.
  • The Archbishop, like his great brother, more than once changed sides during the strife of the Wars of the Roses. After the final defeat and death of Henry VI, he was detained in custody for a month or two and was then suffered to resume all his honours. Within the year, however (1472), he was again seized at the More, in Hertfordshire, a magnificent palace which he had himself built and furnished with the utmost splendour. The King, Edward IV, had agreed to visit the Archbishop there, for the sake of hunting; but, the day before his intended arrival, sent thither to seize Neville and to take possession of all his treasure, among the rest a "precious mitre" of enormous value, from which a royal crown was afterwards constructed. For four years, Archbishop Neville was detained in prison at Calais and at Guines and, soon after his release, in 1476, died at Blithfield in Staffordshire, of a broken heart, "ex angore animi interiit" (Polydore Virgil's 'History,' p. 526).
  • Father: Richard NEVILLE (1° E. Salisbury)
  • Mother: Alice MONTAGUE (C. Salisbury)
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/NEVILLE2.htm#George NEVILLE (Archbishop of York)

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  • RICHARD Neville, son of RALPH Neville Earl of Westmoreland & his second wife Joan Beaufort (1400-killed in battle Wakefield 30 Dec 1460, bur Bisham). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johannam minorissam, Ricardum, Katherinam ducissam Norfolchie, Henricum mortuum, Thomam dominum de Seymour, Cuthbertum mortuum, Alienoram uxorem comitis Northumbrie, Robertum episcopum Dunelmie, Willelmum dominum de Fauconberge, Annam comitssam Staffordie, Johannem mortuum, Georgium dominum de Latymer, Ceciliam ducissam Eboraci, Edwardum dominum de Bergeny" as the children of "Radulphus dominus de Neuill et comes Westmorlandie" and his wife "Johanna filia Johannis ducis Lancastrie uxor secunda"[1895]. He was allowed the title Earl of Salisbury from 1428. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, chose burial “in the priory of Bustelsham in the county of Berks”, required “the covenants of marriage of Thomas my son with Maud Lady Willoughby his wife be fully performed, according to the agreement made between me and Ralph Lord Cromwell...that the marriage covenants made for the marriage of Catherine my daughter with the son and heir apparent of William Lord Harrington, the son of William Lord Bonville”, names “my mother Joan late Countess of Westmoreland, and my father Ralph late Earl of Westmoreland”, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1896].
  • m (Feb 1421 or before) ALICE de Montagu, daughter of THOMAS de Montagu Earl of Salisbury & his first wife Eleanor de Holand of Kent (-[3 Apr/9 Dec] 1462). A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" married "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1897]. She succeeded her father in 1428 as Ctss of Salisbury. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1898].
  • Richard & his wife had twelve children:
    • 1. JOAN (-before 9 Sep 1462, bur Arundel). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1899]. A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Jane C’tess of Arundel" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury" and mother of "Thos. Earl of Arundel that now is, John of Arundel Knt"[1900]. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1901]. m (after 17 Aug 1438) WILLIAM FitzAlan Earl of Arundel, son of JOHN FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his wife Eleanor Berkeley (23 Nov 1417-1487, bur Arundel).
    • 2. ELEANOR (-before Oct 1473, bur London, St James Garlickhithe). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1902]. m (after 10 May 1457) as his first wife, THOMAS Stanley Earl of Derby, son of THOMAS Stanley Lord Stanley & his wife Joan Goushill of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire ([1435]-Lathom 29 Jul 1504, bur Burscough Priory, Lancashire).
    • 3. RICHARD (1428-killed in battle Barnet 14 Apr 1471, bur Bisham Abbey, Berkshire). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1903]. He succeeded as Earl of Warwick in 1449, de iure uxoris. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1904]. He succeeded his father in 1460 as Earl of Salisbury. m (1434) ANNE Beauchamp, daughter of RICHARD Beauchamp Earl of Warwick & his second wife Isabel Le Despencer (Caversham [Apr] 1426-before 20 Sep 1492). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the birth of “filia…Anna” to “dominus Richardus Bewchampe V comes Warwichiæ” and his wife Isabel, one year and six months after the birth of her older brother, adding that she married “Ricardus filius…Ricardi comitis Sarum” in the same month and year as her brother’s marriage[1905]. She succeeded her niece in 1449 as Ctss of Warwick, suo iure. Richard & his wife had two children:
      • a) .... etc.
    • 4. THOMAS (-killed in battle Wakefield 30 Dec 1460). The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, required “the covenants of marriage of Thomas my son with Maud Lady Willoughby his wife be fully performed, according to the agreement made between me and Ralph Lord Cromwell”[1910]. m (licence 1 May 1453, Tattershall, Lincolnshire Aug 1453) as her second husband, MATILDA Stanhope, widow of ROBERT Lord Willoughby de Eresby, daughter of RICHARD Stanhope of Rampton, Nottinghamshire & his second wife Matilda Cromwell (-30 Aug 1497, bur Tattershall, Collegiate Church). The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, required “the covenants of marriage of Thomas my son with Maud Lady Willoughby his wife be fully performed, according to the agreement made between me and Ralph Lord Cromwell”[1911]. She married thirdly (before 20 Mar 1463) Gervase Clifton.
    • 5. CICELY (-28 Jul 1450, bur 31 Jul 1450 Tewkesbury Abbey). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the marriage of “Henricus dominus le Despenser” and “Ceciliam filiam domini Ricardi Nevill comitis Sarum” in 1434 in his tenth year[1912]. m firstly (1434) HENRY Beauchamp, son of RICHARD Beauchamp Earl of Warwick & his second wife Isabel Le Despencer (Hanley Castle 22 Mar 1425-Hanley Castle 11 Jun 1446, bur Tewkesbury Abbey). He succeeded his father in 1439 as Earl of Warwick, Comte d'Aumâle. He was created Duke of Warwick 5 Apr 1445. m secondly (licence 3 Apr 1449) as his first wife, JOHN Tiptoft Lord Tiptoft, son of JOHN Tiptoft Lord Tiptoft & his second wife Joyce Cherleton ([Great Eversden, Cambridgeshire] 8 May 1427-18 Oct 1470, bur London, Church of the Black Friars by Ludgate). He was created Earl of Worcester in 1449.
    • 6. JOHN ([1431]-killed in battle Barnet 14 Apr 1471, bur Bisham Abbey). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1913]. He was summoned to parliament 23 May 1461, whereby he is held to have become Lord Montagu. He was created Marquess of Montagu 25 Mar 1470. m (25 Apr 1457) as her first husband, ISABEL Ingaldesthorpe, daughter of EDWARD Ingaldesthorpe of Borough Green, Cambridgeshire & his wife Joan Tiptoft of Worcester (1441-20 May 1476, bur Bisham). She married secondly (25 Apr 1472) William Norreys. John & his wife had seven children:
      • a) .... etc.
    • 7. GEORGE (1433-1478). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1914]. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1915]. Archbishop of York. Geroge had one possible illegitimate daughter by an unknown mistress:
      • a) [ALICE . m THOMAS Tunstall, son of ---.]
    • 8. ALICE (-after 22 Nov 1503). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1916]. A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Alice Lady FitzHugh" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury" and names her eight children[1917]. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1918]. m HENRY FitzHugh Lord FitzHugh, son of WILLIAM FitzHugh Lord FitzHugh & his wife Margery de Willoughby of Eresby, Lincolnshire (before 1429-8 Jun 1472).
    • 9. ELEANOR (-after 10 May 1458). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1919]. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1920].
    • 10. RALPH (-young, bur Sheriff Hooton). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1921].
    • 11. CATHERINE (-[22 Nov 1503/25 Mar 1504]). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1922]. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, required “that the marriage covenants made for the marriage of Catherine my daughter with the son and heir apparent of William Lord Harrington, the son of William Lord Bonville”, names “my mother Joan late Countess of Westmoreland, and my father Ralph late Earl of Westmoreland”, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1923]. m firstly (1458) WILLIAM Bonville Baron Harington, son of WILLIAM Bonville & his wife Elizabeth Harington (1443-killed in battle Wakefield 31 Dec 1460). m secondly (before 6 Feb 1462) WILLIAM Hastinges of Kirby, Leicestershire Lord Hastings, son of LEONARD Hastinges & his wife Alice de Camoys ([1430/31]-executed Tower of London 13 Jun 1483, bur Windsor, St George’s Chapel).
    • 12. ROBERT (-young, bur Middleton). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1924].
    • 13. MARGARET (-after 20 Nov 1506, bur Colne Priory). A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Countess of Oxford" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury"[1925]. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1926]. m as his first wife, JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford, son of JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Elizabeth Howard (8 Sep 1442-Hedingham Castle 10 Mar 1513, bur Colne Priory).
  • From: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL1.htm#RichardNevilleSalisburydied1460B

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  • The Making of the Neville Family in England, 1166-1400 By Charles Robert Young
  • https://books.google.com/books?id=GqmtCq3I5zsC&pg=PA120&lpg=PA120&dq=William+Neville+1369&source=bl&ots=Wg9efOQomH&sig=6KH87jxictiPdshIzsU_vy3gya0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAzgeahUKEwj81JCk79jHAhWMMIgKHdHNCYI#v=onepage&q=elizabeth&f=false
  • Pg.x
    • BRANCHES OF THE NEVILLE FAMILY Pg.x - xi
  • Gilbert de Neville (1086) ; ch: Gilbert (1169), Ralph (1115) de Neville
    • Gilbert de Neville (1169 ; ch: Geoffrey (m. Emma de Bulmer), William, Walter de Neville.
      • Geoffrey de Neville (Burreth) d.ca.1193 = Emma de Bulmer ; ch: Henry (d.1226), Isabel (m. Robert fitz Melred) de Neville
        • Isabel de Neville = Robert fitz Melred ; ch: Geoffrey de Neville Raby d.ca.1242 ; ch: Robert (m. Ida ), Geoffred (m. Margaret de Lungvillers), John de Neville
          • Geoffrey de Neville c.1285 = Margaret de Lungvillers ; ch: John (1332), Geoffrey, Robert, Edmund (1315-44), William Neville
            • John de Neville Hornby (1332) ch: John d.1335
            • Robert ; ch: Robert de Neville Hornby
          • Robert de Neville d.1282 = Ida ; ch: Robert (m. Mary fitz Randolph), John de Neville
            • Robert de Neville d.1271 = Mary fitz Randolph Middleham d.1320 ; ch: Ranulph de Neville Lord of Raby d.1331 = Eupheme ; ch: Robert (m. Elena ), Ralph (m. Alice ), Alexander de Neville
              • Robert de Neville d.1319 = Elena ; ch: Thomas de Neville
              • Ralph de Neville Lord of Raby d.1367 = Alice ; ch: John (m. Matilda Percy & Elizabeth Latimer), William (d.1391), Robert, Thomas, Euphemia de Neville, (Pg.xi Alexander (Archbishop of York), Ralph de Neville)
                • John de Neville Lord of Raby d.1388 (1) = Matilda Percy ; ch: Ralph (m. Margaret Stafford & Joan Beaufort), Thomas de Neville; (2) = Elizabeth Latimer
                  • Ralph de Neville Lord of Raby Earl of Westmorland d.1425 (1) = Margaret Stafford ; ch: Ralph (Earl of Westmorland d.1484), John Lord of Raby d.1461) de Neville ; (2) = Joan Beaufort dau. of John of Gaunt ; ch: Richard (m. Alice (Salisbury)), William (Lord Fauconberg d.1463), George (Lord Latimer d.1469) de Neville (Pg.xi Robert (Bishop of Durham d.1457), Edward (Lord Abergavenny d.1476), Katherine (m. John, Duke of Norfolk d.1432), Anne (m. Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham d.1460), Cicely (m. Richard, Duke of York d.1460), Eleanor (m. Henry, Earl of Northumberland d.1455) de Neville)
                    • Richard de Neville Earl of Salisbury d.1460 = Alice (Salisbury) ; ch: Richard (m. Anne Beauchamp), Thomas, John, George, Eleanor de Neville
                      • Richard de Neville Earl of Warwick d.1471 = Anne Beauchamp Warwick d.1492.
  • .... etc.

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George Neville held the office of Prebendary of York in 1446.

He graduated from Balliol College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, in 1450 with a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.).

He graduated from Balliol College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, in 1452 with a Master of Arts (M.A.).

He held the office of Chancellor of Oxford University between 1453 and 1457.

He held the office of Prebendary of Lincoln in 1454.

He held the office of Prebendary of Ripon in 1454.

He held the office of Archdeacon of Northampton in 1454.

On 21 December 1454 he was ordained.

He held the office of Bishop of Exeter in 1458.

He held the office of Lord Chancellor between 1460 and 1467.

He held the office of Archdeacon of Carlisle before May 1463.

He held the office of Archbishop of York between 1464 and 1476. He held the office of Lord Chancellor in 1470.

He was the Abbot in 1475 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.

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House of Neville.

Bishop of Exeter in 1459.

Born 1433.

Source: The Sunne in Splendour by Sharon K. PENMAN issued by Macmillan, London.

Added by Y. DROST, 19 JUL 2011

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George Neville, Archbishop of York's Timeline

1432
1432
Probably Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, (Present UK)
1459
1459
Age 27
England
1476
June 8, 1476
Age 44
Blyth, Northumberland, England, (Present UK)
????
Birling, Kent, England, United Kingdom