George Phelps, Sr.
|Birthplace:||Porlock, Somerset, England|
|Death:||Died in Westfield, Hampshire County (Present Hampden County), Dominion of New England (Present Massachusetts)|
|Place of Burial:||Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States|
Son of William Phelps, of Crewkerne and Dorothy Phelps
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About George Phelps, Sr.
- Haplogroup E1b1b1a3
- The Origins of George Phelps
- https://archive.org/details/phelpsfamilyofam01phel *https://archive.org/details/phelpsfamilyofam02phel *http://www.phelpsfamilyhistory.com/resources/phelps/New-Phelps-Index.pdf The Phelps Family in America-1899 Vols I & II, 1865pp & The New Phelps Index 254pp & 11pp appendix
Among the first settlers of Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1630, together with his brother's family and other members of Rev. Mr. Warham's congregation.
In October 1634, he was chosen as one of ten men "to order the affairs of the Colony for one year."
In May 1635 he was made a Freedman of Dorchester.
In October 1635, he moved to Connecticut with the congregation of Rev. Mr. Warham, all of whom were the founders of the town of Windsor, at the junction of the Famington River and the Great River (now the Connecticut River), near the lot of Joseph Loomis, who was said to have received the most desirable homestead in Windsor.
Moved in 1670 from Windsor, Connecticut, to Westfield, Massachusetts, of which he was one of the founders.
In May 1687, he had already sold most of his land to John Gunn, apparently planning to move back again to Windsor, but he died first.
b. circa 1605, d. 8 May 1687
It would be nice to think that this is the George Phelps who came over on the Mary & John, but the most reliable sources suggest that it is not.
George Phelps was born circa 1605 possibly in Porlock, England. He married (1) Phillury Randall, daughter of Philip Randall and Joan (__?__), circa 1637. He married (2) Frances (__?__) (widow of Thomas Dewey and (__?__) Clark) on 2 November 1648 in Windsor, Hartford Co., Conn.. He died on 8 May 1687 in Westfield, Hampshire (Hampden a. 1812), Mass..
Immigration: before 1635, Possibly the "George P--?--" on the "Recovery" which arrived from Weymouth in June/July 1634.
Freeman: on 6 May 1635 in Dorchester, Suffolk Co., Mass..
Religion/Church: A member of Mr Warham's Church.
Education: Signed with his mark. Books were included in his will.
Residence: in 1635 From Dorchester to Windsor with Warham.
Residence: in 1667 Removed from Windsor to Westfield, Massachusetts.
Residence: on 9 January 1667/68 Listed as one of the first of Main St. in Westfield, MA.
Military Service: 1658 - the Troop of Horse serving under Capt. John Mason; Undoubtedly served in King Philip's War in 1675.6
The origin of George Phelps is unknown. Though many claim that he is the brother of William Phelps, there is no documentation to support this so we must consider this conjecture. It is likely that the English origin of George might be found in either Porlock or Crewkerne. In some manner as yet undetermined, George Phelps was an uncle of Elisha Hart, son of Edmund Hart.
Possibly the George P[ __ ] on the "Recovery" which sailed from Weymouth and arrived in Massachusetts Bay in June/July 1634, our first record of George Phelps is when he was chosen as one of ten men "to order the affairs of the Colony for one year." He was made a Freeman on 6 May 1635 and was probably among the first of those who made the trek to the Connecticut River and settled Windsor in 1635.
On March 11, 1658, the General Court met in Hartford and established a Troop of Horse to act in the colonies defense under the direct command of Captain John Mason. These troops were to outfit themselves with their own horse, armor and firearms. The thirty-seven men who made up this troop were, for the most part, of the second generation and sons of some of the most influential families in the colony. Many of the men found among these original thirty-seven would eventually help shape the future of the Colony. Among these influential men we find George Phelps. In 1637 George married Phillury Randall and their first child would be born the following year. On Sunday 11 October 1640 "While Mr. Hunt [sic. Huitt] was preaching to the good people of Windsor, from Romans 12-17, during the lecture George Phelps's house was burned so that it (the house) went over." After the fire he resided on the Dewey lot North of the Palisado. Phillury died in April of 1648 leaving George with three young sons. The following November George married Frances who would give George Phelps three more sons. Frances was the widow of Thomas Dewey and the widow of an unknown Clark.
Earlier assertions that Frances was first married to Joseph Clark of Windsor appear unfounded so there is little known of her origins. In Dorchester Massachusetts in 1640 there were three brothers William, Thomas and George Clark. These brothers "died soon after, and nearly at the same time." It could be possible that Frances was of this family.
In 1668 George applied for renewal of a grant of land he had received in Westfield Massachusetts and, in 1670, he moved the remainder of his family to Westfield. It's probable that some of his sons had already taken up residence in Westfield. Indian trouble was brewing and these were dangerous times to take up residence in outlying areas. Such a move would not be for the faint of heart and George's military experience was probably valued in the new settlement.
In April of 1687 George deeded a considerable portion of his Westfield land to John Gunn. It may be that he intended to return to Windsor, however, this he did not do as he died the following month.
Children of George Phelps and Phillury Randall
Capt. Isaac Phelps+ b. 20 Aug 1638, d. 2 Jun 1725
Capt. Abraham Phelps b. 22 Jan 1641/42, d. 25 Jan 1727/28
child Phelps d. 1647
child (Abigail?) Phelps d. 1649
Capt. Joseph Phelps b. 24 Jun 1647, d. 1695
Children of George Phelps and Frances (__?__)
Jacob Phelps+ b. 7 Feb 1649/50, d. 6 Oct 1689
Sergt. John Phelps+ b. 15 Feb 1651/52, d. c 1741/42
Nathaniel Phelps b. 9 Dec 1654, d. Jun 1723
In the Fall of 1635, he removed to the founding of Windsor, Ct, with the Rev. Mr. Warham's Church, of which he was a member, in all about sixty. He located in Windsor, at the junction of the Farmington and Great (Connecticut) Rivers.
APRIL: YE 24TH: 1683: The last Will & Testament of George Phelps of Westfield, in the County of Hamshire, in the Colony of the Massachusetts Company, who being cracy of Body though yet my Memory of understanding by God's Goodness is continued: yet not knowing the tyme of my departure which I wait for, & Desire to commit my Soule to God that gave it & my Body to christian Burial; & Leave this as my Last Will.
Concerning my wife If it shall please God to continue her after me, & concerning my children: And before I come to the disposal of my outward Estate, I desire thanke fully to acknowledge ye great and abundant Goodness of God to me in takeing care of me & providing for me the Comforts of this life, the hopes of a better, in and through the abundant riches of his grace through Jesus Christ: And I desire to Leave this as a word of most solemn & weighty counsel to my deare children, firstly and chiefly above all things that they cleave to God, & to the covenant of his grace with all theire hart, & with all their souls laboring in sincerity to keep his covenant & to walke in his wayes, to observe his statutes & do ym. & to associate ym selves with them that feare God to live in love & peace both one with another & with all men, that so the God of Love & peace may dwell with them & keep them in his feare & crown ym with his blessings especially with spiritual blessings in Cnt Jesus.
Concerning my Dear wife, I exhort my children to be careful & tender of her, Loveing and dutyful towards her in all things, that she want nothing that may be necessary to her comfortable subsistence, to hearken & attend to her Counsel from time to time: and I give unto my wife, all my bedding & house hold stuffe for her use & to be at her free dispose at her decease, and twenty pounds which is due to me from Taham Graunt of Windsor, if she need it not herselfe, to be disposed of by her to such of her relations as she shall judge have most need: And for her maintainence while she lives, I give unto my wife Two pounds fifteen shillings p Annum, to be paid by my Son Joseph Phelps of Windsor, in halfe wheate and the halfe Indian Corn, during her life: Also I give unto my wife six pounds per Annum to be paid by my three Youngest sons, Jacob, John & Nathaniel, each of them forty shilling to be yearly paid during her life: further I give unto my wife the use of my Land at Windsor, which Lyes on the east side of the great River, being Ten Rods in breadth more or less, & a quarter part of yt orchard & if these be expended & the use of yearly income be not sufficient for her comfortable maintenance, then a part of all this Land shall be disposed of as need shall be: But if the Sale of this Land be not needed for my wive's necessary use whilst she lives, then after her decease with what other Lands, now in Common may afal to me at Windsor, I give to my Sons as followeth:
To my son Isaac a Third Part & to my son Joseph a Third part, & the remaining third part I give to my sons Jacob, John and Nathaniel: Also I give to my son Jacob four acres of the Northerly end of my home lot here in Westfield, with the house, barns & orchard upon it, only reserving one end of the house for my wife whilst she lives: And seeing he hath all my buildings here, he shall help his brothers John & Nathaniel, if ye build in Westfield, each of them a month work with his own hands, & his Team six days: And a third part of the fruit of the orchard to John if he live here, & a third part to Nathaniel for seven yeeres after the date here of. They maintaining each of ym a third part of the fence of the orchard: Also I give to my son Jacob a third part of my Meadow Lands in Westfield, the whole being in estimation four score acres: further I give to my son John all my land on the East side of the Highway at my house with the Low Land by the River, for a home lot, one third part of my meadow Land in Westfield, the whole being in estimation 80 acres.
I give my son Nathaniel the remainder of my House Lot, being about seven acres & one third part of my Meadow in Westfield, the whole being in estimation four score acres.
I give to my son Isaac, the best coats of my wearing apparel & My Mare, the colt I give to his son Isaac my grandchild: the rest of my wearing apparel, I give to my Sons Jacob, John and Nathaniel. That this is my last will & testament if I doe not otherwise order before my Decease. I testify by subscribing my hand; And doe desire Ensign Lumes & my Son Isaac Phelps be over seers, & take care that my Last will be pformed to the true Intent & meaning thereof: And I doe order my three youngest Sons to se al my Just debts paid. And if anything appeare dubious, or any difficulty arise in or by the Interpreting, or understanding of my will or anything relating thereunto, I order it may be referred to the hearing & determination of or Reverend Pastor Mr. Taylor and Ensign Lumes, whom I impower to determine the same as they shall.
Jude right: That this is my Last will & Testament I testify by subscribing my hand the day & year before mentioned.
the Mark X of George Phelps
Subscribed in the presence of: Edward Taylor, Samuel Loomes, Isaac Phelps.
Mr. Edward Taylor & Samuel Loomes did Personally appeare before John
Pyncheon Esq., the Judge of the prerogative Corte for the tyme of George Phelps deceased his signing the writing on the three sides this Instrument, & that he did sign it as his last Will and Testament, and that he was of sound memory & mind to the best of their discerning, and Isaac, Jacob & John & Nathaniel Phelps, four of said deceased sons, are approved & legally confirmed to be Administers to the Estate of ye said father & to see to the true performance of this their said father's last will and testament according to the true Intents year of:
As attests John Holyoke, Clerke of Said Corte.
June 15th, 1687, this is here recorded in these records for Will from the original last will and Testament of the above said George Phelps of Westfield late deceased.
P. John Holyoke, Clerke for said Records
A copy of the Inventory of the Estate of George Phelps of Westfield, in Hampsire, deceased presented to the Judge of the Prerogative Corte for Hamshire, in his ma ties Territory & Dominion of New England.
An Inventory taken of the Estate of George Phelps of Westfield, who departed this life May 8, 1687.
1. The Homestead was prized at....38p. 0s. od.
2. Lands in the field 80 acres in est.....206p.
3. Land at Windsor.....40p.
4. Bedding & Household Stuff at.....18p.
5. Wearing Apparel.....8p. 16s.
6. Bookes, Tooles, Iron, Saddle, Bridle, Jersey Cloath & other small
This estate was taken and prized by us.....317p. 10s.
June 4th & June 6th 1687
The Origins of George Phelps
Considerable effort has gone into attempting to identify the true origins of George Phelps. Two articles of interest are cited here, one by John Plummer who wrote the article "Researching George P-?- of the Ship Recovery" from National Genealogical Society Quarterly, quoted below. The second was written by Margaret Swanson for the Phelps Connections newsletter, who reviews Myrtle Steven Hyde's article in The American Genealogist, Vol. 58 (Oct. 1982)
From the National Genealogical Society Quarterly
Identifying George P[?] of the Recovery, 1633 or 1634
By (1) John Plummer, transcribed by David Phelps
Here is some additional information for those of you researching the English ancestors of the Phelps family. Of particular interest is George Phelps who in Phelps & Servin's Phelps Family in America was supposedly on the Mary & John in 1630 with his "assumed" brother William.
The following article does not prove or disprove the relationship but does propose that George Phelps arrived on the Recovery of London in 1635 instead of the Mary & John. This evidence also supports the theory that George Phelps was from the Crewkerne area and not Tewkesbury.
Additional research using DNA analysis of their respective descendants has proven that George Phelps and William Phelps of Dorchester and later Windsor were not related. -Ed.
The following pages are from the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 77, December 1989, Number 4, pages 249-255.
By David Phelps Phelps Family Research
304 Bridlewood North, Colleyville, Texas 76034
From the Phelps Connections
Phelps Entries in The Great Migration Begins
By Margaret P. Swanson2
Many Phelps researchers have relied on the book The Phelps Family of America and Their English Ancestors as the basis for concluding that their original ancestor in England was either William or George phelps of Tewkesbury. While a valuable research tool, the book is wrong about the origin of William and George.
In The American Genealogist, Vol. 58 (Oct. 1982), Myrtle Steven Hyde questions the Phelps genealogy authors' claim that the emigrants William and George Phelps, came from Tewkesbury.... Of special note is the omission of George Phelps as an immigrant on the Mary and John. Two George Phillips are identified as immigrating before 1633. The first was George Phillips, minister, from Boxted, Essex, who migrated in 1630 to Watertown...
The second is George Phillips, origins unknown, who migrated to Dorchester in 1632 and subsequently went to Windsor in 1635. This George was born by 1592 (estimated birth date based on the age of his wife) and died at Windsor, 9 Jul 1678. He had no children. Anderson comments that the earliest record that can be assigned to George Phelps with confidence is dated 6 May 1635 when he was admitted a freeman in Dorchester.
Anderson also states that the town clerks in both Dorchester and Windsor seem to have been quite precise in distinguishing between George Phillips and George Phelps, and in no instance in those two towns has a record been noted Phelps was called Phillips or vice versa. Anderson also mentions that there may have been a relationship between William Phelps and George Phelps, but that it remains unestablished.
George Phelps was born circa 1606 at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.2 He was the son of William Phelps. George Phelps married Phillury Randall, daughter of Phillip Randall, in 1637 at Windsor, Hartford Co., CT.2 George Phelps married Frances (?) on 22 March 1649. George Phelps died on 8 May 1687.
George Phelps, was long believed to be the sixth child of William of Tewkesbury, Eng., b. about 1605; immigrated to New England on the Mary and John, in 1630, with his elder brother William and his younger brother Richard. It has since been concluded that the William Phelps of Massachusetts and Connecticut originated in Crewkerne, Somersetshire, England and that he is not the William Phelps of Tewkesbury records. George Phelps is omitted as an immigrant of the Mary and John. although it is conceeded that there may have been a relationship between William Phelps and George Phelps, but that it remains unestablished. No evidence exists that Richard Phelps is related to either William or George, although he is present in the earliest records of Dorchester, Massachusetts.
George Phelps is believed to be the George P__?__ aboard the Recovery of London with Gabriel Cornish as its master, sailing from Weymouth in Dorsetshire to New England March 31, 1634. The ship sailed into Massachusetts Bay in late June of July 1634; and it was very likely one of the fourteen said to have arrived that June.
Identifying George P--?-- of the Recovery, 1633 , By John Plummer
The National Genealogical Society Quarterly in 1983 presented an important article by Peter Wilson Coldham, F.A.S.G., listing English shippers and goods transported by them between 1618 and 1688.(1) Included among these lists are the names of some colonists of the 1630s. Under the date 31 March 1633 appears the Recovery of London, with Gabriel Cornish as its master, sailing from Weymouth in Dorsetshire to New England. The names of twenty-six passengers are given; but for one of these, George P--?--, the script is not fully readable. (2) Meredith B. Colket Jr., F.A.S.G., in a subsequent publication, discusses one George Parkhurst of Massachusetts, whom he identifies as "perhaps the George P--- who came on the 'Recovery of London' 1633/34."(3)
The present paper addresses this subject in three regards. First, it can be shown that the Recovery passenger assuredly was not Parkhurst. Second, it is argued that the date attributed to the Recovery list is one year off--due to a clerical error--and that the clarification of this point contributes to the proper identity of the elusive George P--?-- can be narrowed to that of one of two men who were in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1634/35: i.e., George Phelps or George Proctor, with the greatest weight in evidence favoring Phelps.
Per Savage (iii, 405): "GEORGE, Dorchester, freem. 6 MAY 1635, rem. with WARHAM to Windsor, by first w. said to be nam. Philbury, d. of Philip RANDALL, wh. d. 29 APR 1648, had Isaac, b. 20 AUG 1638; Abraham, 22 JAN 1643; and Joseph, 24 JUN 1647, wh. d. soon, as did Abraham in the same yr. He m. 2, or as ano. acco. is, 30 NOV 1648, Frances, wh. had been wid. CLARK, and then was wid. of Thomas DEWEY, and had Jacob, 7 FEB 1650; John, 15 FEB 1652; and Nathaniel, 7 DEC 1653; rem. to Westfield [Hampden Co, MA], there had more ch. and d. 8 MAY 1687, but Stiles in Hist. 743, says 9 JUL 1678. Six s. were then liv. no d. is nam. His wid. d. 27 SEP 1690."
--Savage, James; A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (1860-62)
From Dorchester Records we learn that "Jan., 1632, George Phelps with others is to have the great lot of six acres a piece next to the great lots laid out toward Neponset by Maverick, Warham, Gaylord and Rockwell". (This could be either a different George Phelps or George returned to England between 1632 and 1634.)
October 28, 1634, George Phelps chosen one of ten men "to order the affairs of the Colony for one year".
May 6, 1635, George Phelps, chosen a freeman.
He came to Windsor, probably with the first emigration from Dorchester, fall of 1635, and located at the junction of the Farmington and Connecticut rivers, on second lot south of Loomis property.
He married in 1637, (1) Phillury, the daughter of Phillip Randall. She was a member of the Rev. Mr. Warham's Church in Dorchester. She died in Windsor, 29 April, 1648. By her he had six children.
He married (2) Frances Dewey, widow of both Joseph Clark and Thomas Dewey. This marraige took place Mar. 22, 1649. By her he had three children.
A Particular Courte in Hartford [between May 1648 & June 1650]
It is Agreed and Concluded betwixt this Courte in the behalfe of the Children of Thomas Dewey and Geo: Phelps of Wyndsor that the whole of the land both meadow and vpland mentioned in the said Deweys Invento: amounting to the Sum of 75 Shall bee sequestered for the Childre[ns] seuerall porcons so farr as it goes, and the remainder be[ing] 52, hee Ingages himselfe to giue in to the Courte sufficie[nt] security for the payment thereof according to the will of the Courte. The howse and peece of land belonging to it valued at 40, the said Phelps Accepts vppon his wiues parte of the estate.
-- Connecticut Particular Court Records of the Particular Court of Connecticut, 1639-1663, 1928, page 85
His removal from Windsor to Westfield was probably about 1670.
30 September 1672: "Edmund Hart of Westfield dying suddenly this sennight past inquiry was made by a jury of 12 men concerning his death who found it to be by the immediate hand of God in thunder & lightning as they conceive; their verdict is on file. And the said Edmund Hart dying
intestate the inventory of his estate was presented to this Court and power of administration upon is granted to George Phelps which he accepted of. Also Elisha Hart son of Edm[un]d Hart being
weak to manage his own matters chose his uncle the said Geo[rge] Phelps for his guardian whom
the court aproved for that end" [HamPR 1:147].
The inventory of the estate of "Edmund Hart late of Westfield deceased" was signed 25 July 1673 and totalled &68 16s. 6d. Including real estate valued at &96 1s.: "eleven acres of meadow &55"; "twenty acres of land in the woods &40"; "a homelot Fortside four acres land not taken up &1 1s." There was a debt due to Aaron Cooke from "Edmund Hart ... his son-in-law John Scone can testify to it." "There is also a cow John Scone hath not inventoried which is said to be given to Scone's wife: Also Edward Neale hath one acre of land: Also john Greet hath one acre of land not inventoried" [HamPR 1:148]
On 31 March 1674 the court further ordered that the distribution of the estate of Edmund Hart of Westfield be "that Elisha Hart (for that he is very weak for abilities of his mind ... being crazy in his body) shall have &15 of the said estate"; "Edm: Hart's daughters shall have the rest of the estate in equal portion: and if any of the daughters shall die before distribution of the estate be made such portion shall go to the childrenof such daughters if they have any; and Elisha Hart having at the last court at Springfield chosen his uncle George Phelps for his guardian whom that court allowed of, this court declares that no person shall trade or bargain with the said Elisha without the consent of his said guardian" [HamPR 1:154]
Elisha Hart, b. by 1658 (and probably before 1651); living 30 September 1672 "being weak to manage his own matters," and chose "his uncle George Phelps" guardian [HamPR 1:147]; d.
Windsor by 9 October 1683; the inventory of the estate of "elisha Heart" was taken at Windsor 9 October 1683 and at Westfield 4 December 1683; administration was granted to Edward Neale and Thomas Loveland, and the court ordeered distribution to "said Heart's eight Sisters, to each an equal portion" [Manwaring 1:320]
Elisha Hart chose his uncle George Phelps as his guardian in 1672, suggesting that Edmund Hart's wife was a Phelps, or that Hart's sister or his wife's sister was one of the two wives of George Phelps.
Children of George Phelps and Phillury Randall
Capt. Isaac Phelps+3 b. 20 Aug 1638
Child Phelps b. bt 1639 - 1640, d. 1647
Child Phelps b. bt 1642 - 1644, d. 1647
Abraham Phelps b. 22 Jan 1642
Abigail Phelps b. bt 1644 - 1646, d. 1649
Capt. Joseph Phelps+ b. 24 Jun 1647, d. 1695
Children of George Phelps and Frances (?)
Jacob Phelps+ b. 7 Feb 1649/50, d. 6 Oct 1689
John Phelps Sgt.+ b. 15 Feb 1651, d. c 1741
Nathaniel Phelps+ b. 9 Dec 1653, d. Jun 1723
[S52] Henry R. Stiles History of Ancient Windsor II, Vol. II:Pgs. 589-593.
[S135] Judge Oliver Seymour Phelps Phelps Family, vol. 2, page 1259, item 1.
[S135] Judge Oliver Seymour Phelps Phelps Family, vol. 2, page 1268, item 2.
1634, Dorchester, MA, "Recovery"
In Find a Grave George Phelps is of the Tewkesbury Phelps family, born 1605. He is married to the same women and have the same children?? http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=37604287
HIS PARENTS ARE NOT KNOWN. George Phelps was from county Dorset, England. It has been proven that the Phelps' who immigrated were not of the Tewkesbury Phelps family. William Phelps of Crewkerne was not the son of William Phelps of Tewkesbury. DNA testing has also proven that William and George Phelps who arrived in America in 1630 were not brothers. This family in Tewkesbury (over to the east near London) was not even in the same area of Dorset and Somerset counties where the recruitment of the Colonists was actively happening. There just happened to be a family named William Phelps in Tewkesbury at the correct time, with a son named William. However, that William remained in Tewkesbury and carried on business. That family did not even have a son George in any records. (The author of "The Phelps Family of America" had not completed his investigations and correspondence with Tewkesbury when the book was printed.)
It was thought that George emigrated on the same ship, the Mary and John, as William, but it has become apparent that he may be the G___ Phelps on the Recovery in 1634. He settled with William in Windsor, came from the same area, so most likely they were related, but not brothers as DNA testing has shown.
George and Phillury had six children: Isaac, Abraham, and Joseph lived. Abigail lived four years. There was also a child who died in infancy, and a child who died young.
After Phillury's death, George married her sister, Frances, who had been widowed of Mr. Clark, then Thomas Dewey. George and Frances had three sons, Jacob, John, and Nathaniel.
George Phelps, Sr.'s Timeline
September 5, 1566
Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England
Porlock, Somerset, England
Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England
May 30, 1630
Nantasket, Plymouth, Massachusetts
August 20, 1638
Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut
Windsor, Hartford, CT, USA
Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Windsor, Hartford, CT, USA
Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States