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Gerald Brosseau Gardner

Birthplace: Liverpool, Merseyside, England, United Kingdom
Death: February 12, 1964 (79)
Tunis, Medina of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
Immediate Family:

Son of William Robert Gardner and Louise Burguelew Gardner
Husband of Dorothea Frances Gardner
Brother of Robert Gardner; Francis Douglas Gardner and Harold Gardner

Managed by: Tommaso Valarani
Last Updated:

About Gerald Gardner

Gerald Brosseau Gardner (1884–1964), also known by the craft name Scire, was an English Wiccan, as well as an author and an amateur anthropologist and archaeologist. He was instrumental in bringing the Contemporary Pagan religion of Wicca to public attention, writing some of its definitive religious texts and founding the tradition of Gardnerian Wicca.

Born into an upper-middle-class family in Blundellsands, Lancashire, Gardner spent much of his childhood abroad in Madeira. In 1900, he moved to colonial Ceylon, and then in 1911 to Malaya, where he worked as a civil servant, independently developing an interest in the native peoples and writing papers and a book about their magical practices. After his retirement in 1936, he travelled to Cyprus, penning the novel A Goddess Arrives before returning to England. Settling down near the New Forest, he joined an occult group, the Rosicrucian Order Crotona Fellowship, through which he said he had encountered the New Forest coven into which he was initiated in 1939. Believing the coven to be a survival of the pre-Christian witch-cult discussed in the works of Margaret Murray, he decided to revive the faith, supplementing the coven's rituals with ideas borrowed from Freemasonry, ceremonial magic and the writings of Aleister Crowley to form the Gardnerian tradition of Wicca.

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Gerald Gardner's Timeline

June 13, 1884
Liverpool, Merseyside, England, United Kingdom
February 12, 1964
Age 79
Tunis, Medina of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia