Gerard Spencer, Sr.

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Gerard Spencer, Sr.

Also Known As: "Gerald", "Gerard", "Jared Michel"
Birthplace: Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
Death: June 8, 1625
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
Place of Burial: May have moved to New England with his sons.
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Michael Spencer and Elizabeth W. Spencer
Husband of Alice Spencer and Alice Spencer
Father of William Spencer; Garrard Spencer; Elizabeth Tomlyns; Michael Spencer; (No Name) and 11 others
Brother of Joan Spencer; Catherine Bland; Michael Spencer, Jr.; Anthony Spencer; Alice Spencer, (Twin) and 2 others
Half brother of John Spencer; Michael Spencer, (not the twin) and Anne Spencer

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gerard Spencer, Sr.

"The Four Spencer Brothers", 1950, compiled by Donald Lines Jacobus, "The American Genealogist. New Haven, CT: D. L. Jacobus, 1937-. (Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009 - .)" viewed by Kris Stewart, Jun 11, 2013

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Gerard was named in the 1560 will of his mother, widow Ann Spencer (wife of John Spencer who had died in 1558) as age 17:

"At the burial of Ann Spencer, widow, it was said of her: the good hospitality keeper, and she did give to the township of Edworth 2 of her best beasts to be left to 2 pore foies in town for 3 shillings, a cow, and the poor and Church warders to have the taking of them and the distributing of the money to the poore and to see the stock maintained each of them to hav e 4 pence of the 6 shillings for there paynes to see they truly done according to her last will." The will was dated 13 Jun 1560 and proved 24 Apr 1651. Calls her widow in Edworth, beds. and names son Gerard age 17, son Michael to have the chest that was his brother John 's. John Spencer, son of Michael's child to have £20, Elizabeth lymer to have £4 at marriage. Alice Aystin to have a calf, servants to have some, for the mending of the "London Brygg Waye" 10 shillings. Brother Edward's children to have £1, he borrowed from her and the barley he gave her sons to his children. Nicholas Merryil and John Meryll, his brother to have the barley their father gave her sons and the poor of Edworth to have the gift already mentioned. Michael Spencer was a witness. So from this seems of yoeman class, better off than average. The above two Merrylls indicates that she was probably a Merrill." (See Jacobus, "The Four Spencer Brothers - Their Ancestors and Descendants, TAG, April 1951).

Jack Taif Spencer and Edith Woolley Spencer, authors of The Spencers of the great migration (published 1997 by Gateway Press, Baltimore, MD, Dekalb, IL ) set out Gerard's lineage as:

  • Thomas SPENCER, of Badley
  • Henry, of Badley
  • Thomas b. ca 1378
  • Robert b. ca 1406
  • John b. ca 1434 (living 1490)
  • John b. ca 1462 (m. Christian Baker)
  • John 1505-1558 (m. Ann Merrill)
  • Michael b. ca 1531 (m. Agnes Limer, m. Elizabeth)
  • Gerard 1576-1646 (m. Alice Whitbread)

They also caution that, while the first five of these generations going back from Gerard are on firm ground, they are not proven with certainty, and the earlier generations are even less certain. Also see


Garred (Jared) (Gerrard) (Gerard) Spencer Bapt. May 20, 1576, born Stotfold, Bedford, England , son of Michael Spencer and his 2nd wife Elizabeth. Married Alice and had children:

  • William Spencer bapt. Oct 11, 1601 m. Agnes: migrated to America
  • Elizabeth Spencer bapt. Oct 31, 1602 m. Tomlyns: migrated to America
  • John Spencer bapt. Jan 22, 1604 or Jan 22, 1603
  • Henry Spencer bapt. Aug 11, 1605
  • Thomas Spencer bapt. Mar 29, 1607: migrated to America
  • Henry Spencer bapt. Oct 20, 1607
  • Richard Spencer bapt. Dec 11, 1608 bur. May 6, 1614
  • Michael Spencer bapt. May 05, 1611 m. Widow of Thomas Robbins: migrated to America
  • Gerrard (Jared) Spencer bapt. April 25, 1614: migrated to America

Five of their children--William, Thomas, Michael, Gerard and Elizabeth--migrated to New England and were instrumental in founding communities in Connecticut: William and Thomas were founders of Hartford in the 1630's, while Gerard and son John were founders of Haddam in 1662. For more detail, please see "The Spencer Family" at

"Gerard (1) Spencer (1614-1685) along with his older brothers, William (1601-1640), Thomas (1607-1687), and Michael (1611-1653) were among the very first settlers in New England under the auspices of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Their sister, Elizabeth Spencer, also was a pioneer as the wife of Timothy Tomlins. Almost certainly all were among the first passengers of the Winthrop Fleet when the first contingent of eleven ships reached New England in 1630." [Jack T. & Edith W. Spencer, Gerard Spencer, A Pioneer of Cambridge, Lynn & Haddam; Connecticut Nutmegger, Sept 1997, pgs 188-614, as cited in]

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  • Families of Early Hartford, Connecticut By Lucius Barnes Barbour
  • Pg.555
  • Gerald Spencer s of Michael & Elizabeth bp May 26, 1575
  • Pg. 556
  • (Eng) mar Alice.
  • children:
    • William bp Oct 11, 1601 m. Agnes
    • Thomas bp Mch 29, 1607 m/1 ( ) m/2 Sarah Bearding
    • Michael bp May 5, 1611
    • Gerald bp Apl 25, 1614 m. Hannah
  • William Spencer s of Gerald & Alice bp Oct 11, 1601 (Eng) died 1640 mar Agnes who m William Edwards. Early member 1 ch. Name on Founders Mounument.
  • children: ....
  • Sgt. Thomas Spencer s of Gerald & Alice bp Mch 29, 1607 (Eng) died Sept 11, 1687 mar/1 ( ). Mar/2 Sept 11, 1645 (HTR) Sarah Bearding dau. of Nathaniel Bearding. Early member 1 ch. Name on Founders Mounument.
  • children: ....
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  • Our New England ancestors and their descendants, 1620-1900: historical ... By Henry Whittemore
    • Spencer and Allied Families
  • Pg. 49-84
  • Pg. 53
  • Prof. Ray T. Spencer while making researches in his own line, discovered among the church records of St. George's Parish, Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England. much interesting data, concerning the line of Gerrard Spencer, the father of William, Thomas, Michael and Gerrard the emigrants, from which it appears that the above named Gerrard was the son of Michael who also had a brother Gerrard, and they were the sons of John. Thus three generations preceding the emigrants are definitely established. The church records of St. George's Parish, above referred to, show that "June 9, 1558, John Spencer, Sen., was buried."
  • There is evidence to show that this John was the father of Michael and of the first Gerrard mentioned.
  • The ancestry of Gerard Spencer and his brothers William, Thomas and Michael Spencer, appears from the parish registers of Edworth and Stotfield in Bedfordshire, Eng., and other contemporaneous documents.
  • Jan. 25, 1555, Michael Spencer and Annis Liuur were married (the last name of Annis is so poorly written in the record that is cannot be definitely determined.)
  • April 20, 1557, John, son of Michael Spencer baptized.
  • May 27, 1558, was baptized Michael, son of Michael Spencer.
  • April 15, 1560, buried Michael, son of Michael Spencer.
  • 23 Feb. 1561, Annis, the wife of Michael Spencer, was buried.
  • 20 Aug., 1564, Joan, the daughter of Michael Spencer, was baptized.
  • 30 Aug., 1566, Alice, daughter of Michael Spencer, was baptized. }Twins.
  • 30 Aug., 1566, Michael Spencer, was baptized,} Twins
  • 24 July, 156?, Ann, daughter of Michael Spencer baptized.
  • 30 July, 1568, Jarratt Spencer and Ellen Whitson were married, whose will was proved at London, 20 May, 1577; he was brother of Michael the elder.
  • Pg. 54
  • 12 March, 1571, Thomas, son of Michael Spencer was baptized.
  • 20 May, 1576, Gerat Spencer, son of Michael Spencer, and Elizabeth his wife, baptized.
  • 9 July, 1580, Richard, son of Michael and Elizabeth Spencer, baptized.
  • 18 Nov., 1599, Elizabeth, wife of Michael Spencer, was buried.
  • It is quite probable that Michael Spencer of Edworth, and Gerrard Spencer of Biggleswade, were sons of John Spencer, Senior, and Ann Spencer who burials are recorded in Edworth register, the former June 9, 1558, and the later June 16, 1569: Nothing more is known of them than what is disclosed by these records .... etc.
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Gerard Spencer, of Stotfold, gent., baptized May 20, 1576, married Alice and was a large landed proprietor in Bedfordshire, England. There are monuments to various members of the family at the churches of the county.


1. IVilliam—bapt. Oct. 10, 1601, emigrated to New England He was freeman at Lynn, Mass., and afterward lived in Hartford, Conn. He was Lieutenant, and in the record of his death be is mentioned as William Spencer, Esq., who died in 1640. He had wife Agnes

2. Elizabeth— bapt. Oct. 31, 1602.

3. John—bapt. Jan. 22, 1604.

4. ffenry—bapt. Aug. 11, 1605, died Oct. 20, 1607.

5. Thomas—bapt. March 29, 1607, emigrated to New England. He married Sarah Bearding.

6. Richard—.bapt. Dec. 11,1608, died May 6, 1614.

7. Michael— bapt. May 5, 1611, emigrated to New England. He was freeman at Lynn in 1638.

8. (Jarrard married Jfannah. (.\exi in n>,e.)

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Gerard SPENCER - bap. May 20, 1576, Stotfold, Bedfordshire; d. by 1646. Son of Michael SPENCER and Elizabeth. Will proved Jun. 8, 1646. Married Nov. 10, 1600, Upper Gravenhurst.

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BIOGRAPHY: Gerrard Spencer was born in 1576 and was the son of Micheal Spencer. Micheal Spencer was the son of John Spencer who died in 1558. John Spencer descended from the Spencers of Southmylls who were descended from Robert De Le Spencer, steward to William the Conquerer (1066). Gerrard had a son named Gerrard b. 1614 and died 1685. This son came to America in 1638 from Stotfold, England, settled in Cambridge, then Hartford Connecticut. He was a member of General Court of Commonwealth in 1674, 1675, 1678, 1679, 1680, and 1683. He also served in King Philips War (Colonial Families of the United States of America, edited by George Norbury Mackenzie, Volume III, page 536).

PARENTS-CHILDREN-SPOUSE: This chart shows the elder Gerrard Spencer born in 1576 in Stratford England. He is shown as the son of Michael Spencer and Ann Liner. Michael Spencer is the son of John Spencer and Ann Gerrard. This chart shows William Spenser (1611-1641) as the son of Gerrard Spencer (b. 1576) - (Blanton Ancestor Chart No. 5, dated 24 Aug 1988, compiled by June Blanton Pagliaro).

PARENTS-SPOUSE-CHILDREN: Confirmed information known, with additional specific dates. His wife is shown as Alice Whitebread daughter of John Whitebread. Their children are (a) William Spencer b. 11 Oct 1601 died 1641 married Agnes Pratt and Agnes Harris (b) Elizabeth Spencer b. 31 Oct 1602 married Timothy Tomlins (c) Rachel Spencer b. 31 Oct 1602 (d) John Spencer b. 22 Jan 1604 (e) Henry Spencer b. 11 Aug 1605 died 20 Oct 1607 (f) Thomas Spencer b. 29 Mar 1607 died 11 Sep 1687 married Sarah Bearding (f) Richard Spencer b. 11 Dec 1608 died 24 Mar 1609 (g) Unknown (h) Michael Spencer b. 5 May 1611 died 6 May 1653 married ? Tomlins (i) Ensign Gerrard Spenser b. 25 Apr 1614 died Jun 1685 married Hannah Hills (j) Timothy Spencer b. abt 1616 died 1704 (k) Alice Spencer b. abt 1616. These children were born at Stotfold, Bedford, England. Many of them immigrated to Hartford Connecticut. and Lynn Massachusetts (GEDCOM file obtained from Genealogy Online, Santa Cruz, California. File "af18.ged" / , obtained 1/28/96. Original author unknown)

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He was born before May 20, 1576, as that was the day he was baptized. Also, his death is thought to be before 1646.

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  • Gerard Spencer
  • M, b. 20 May 1576, d. before May 1646
  • Father Michael Spencer b. c 1530, d. 18 Nov 1599
  • Mother Agnes Lorimer b. c 1533, d. 16 Jun 1562
  • Gerard Spencer was born on 20 May 1576 at Edworth, Bedfordshire, England. He married Alice Whitbread, daughter of Henry Whitbread and Eleanor Radcliffe, on 10 November 1600 at Upper Gravenhurst, Bedfordshire, England. Gerard Spencer died before May 1646 at Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England.
  • Family Alice Whitbread b. 7 Oct 1571, d. 20 Nov 1628
  • Children
    • William Spencer+ b. 11 Oct 1601, d. 4 May 1640
    • Michael Spencer+ b. 5 May 1611, d. 6 May 1654
    • Gerard Spencer+ b. 16 Apr 1614, d. 20 Jun 1685
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  • New England families, genealogical and memorial: a record of the ..., Volume 3 edited by William Richard Cutter
  • Pg. 1332
  • SPENCER - Four brothers named Spencer were living in New England in 1648, namely - Michael, Jared, Thomas and William. They were legatees of Sir Richard Spencer, of London, England, evidently their uncle. Michael settled first in Cambridge, then in Lynn, and owned land also on the Connecticut river. William settled in Cambridge and then went to Hartford, Connecticut. Thomas lived in Cambridge and Hartford.
  • (I) Ensign Jared Spencer, son of Gerrard or Jerrard Spencer, was born in Stotfold, England, and baptized April 28, 1614. He came to New England in 1632 and was made a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, . . . . . He died in 1685. His will was dated September 17, 1683, and proved in 1685. He married Hannah ___, Children: John, born at Lynn in 1638; Hannah, 1640; Alice, 1641; Mehitable, 1642; Thomas, about 1650,; Samuel, mentioned below; William; Nathaniel; Rebecca, married (first) John Kennard, and (second) John Tanner; Ruth, married Joseph Clark; Timothy.
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  • Commemorative biographical record of Hartford County, Connecticut : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens, and of many of the early settled families (1901) Volume Part 2
  • Pg. 1110
  • The Spencer family is descended from (I) Michael Spencer and his wife Elizabeth, ....
  • (II) Jerad Spencer, son of Michael, ... married Alice .... children Thomas, John, William, Jerad, Michael
  • (III) Thomas Spencer, ....
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view all 42

Gerard Spencer, Sr.'s Timeline

May 2, 1576
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
May 20, 1576
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
May 20, 1576
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
May 20, 1576
Sttotfold, England
May 20, 1576
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
May 25, 1576
October 11, 1601
Age 25
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England
October 31, 1602
Age 26
Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England