Gideon William Johnson

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About Gideon William Johnson

A Patriot of the American Revolution for NORTH CAROLINA with the rank of Private. DAR Ancestor # A063204

http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/DEGRAFFENREID/1997-12/0882142115


Gideon and Mary were married in either North Carolina or Lunenberg County, VA. There is conflicting information.

PLEASE DOUBLE-CHECK AND DON'T CONFUSE THE CHILDREN OF GIDEON JOHNSTON, JR. AND WIFE MARY BAKER "POLLY" JOHNSON (DEGRAFFENRIED) born 1764.  For example, Peter Benjamin Johnson born 1766 is considered, if proven correct, the son of Gideon Johnston, SR. (the BROTHER of) not the son of Gideon Johnston, Jr. Think about it.....Gideon Johnston, Jr. would have only been 12 yrs old when Peter was born, and Mary only 2 yrs old...for Peter (or "P.B." Johnston/Johnson) to have been their SON. Also, P.B Johnson is the same person as Mary B. who is also called Polly B.  The Polly who married James Hastings is not their child. PLEASE CHECK BIRTHDATES.

The children of Gideon Johnston, Jr. and Mary Baker "Polly" Johnson (DeGraffenried) born 1764 are:

-Sarah, 1780-1859, married Hubbard;

-Mildred B., b 1782, d 1841, married George Allen;

-Nancy, b 1784, married George Chadwell;

-Ursula, 1787, married Charles May;

-Mary Polly Baker, b 1790, married Mordecai Pillow;

-Jane "Jincy", 1795, married (Constable) David Chadwell;

-Elizabeth, 1797, married Valentine Chadwell;

-Elinor, 1800, married Nathaniel Bell;

-Tabitha, 1803, married Robert Booker May;

-William Weakly, 1807 married Sarah Alston.

  • ***************

• Gideon Johnson Jr. (Nov. 7, 1754-Nov. 1, 1843) was married Nov. 18, 1779to Mary "Polly" Baker de Graffenreid (Sept. 3, 1764-Jan. 7, 1823), a native of Lunenberg Co. Polly was a descendant of a Swiss “count” who earned his title through land development and founded the colonial North Carolina capital of New Bern in 1710.

Before his marriage, though, Gideon Jr. served as a private in July 1776 under Capt. John Armstrong of Surry Co., NC, and Lt. Joseph Tate of Guilford Co., NC. Armstrong's company joined the 2nd Regiment of the Continental Line at Salisbury, NC shortly after Gideon enlisted. He was discharged by then-Col. Alexander Martin, the later governor of North Carolina who appointed Gideon and brother Abner as his bodyguards.

They were surrounded by family on both sides in the Dan River valley, including deGraffenreids and Vasses from Polly’s lines.

With her brother Vincent, Gideon and Polly moved to Davidson Co., TN near Nashville in 1819 where she died in 1823, and Gideon later continued to neighboring Williamson Co., where he died Nov. 1, 1843.

  • ******************

CELTIC LINE:

OK......we last followed my grandmother Mabel Hixson's Nashville, TN lineage back through the Chadwells through the Johnsons to the famous (or infamous) Swiss DeGraffenrieds.

I avoided the other male side that married into the DeGraffenrieds because of a bit of controversy. I did visit Gideon Johnson, Jr. who married our Swiss DeGraffenreid, but did not follow his father, Gideon Johnson/Johnston, Sr.'s lineage.  I have since examined the written arguments and evidence. It all seems highly probable, one reason being that I doubt that the prestigious and wealthy Bakers and/or DeGraffenreids would have accepted a marriage of their daughter to just ANYBODY. A husband having his own prestigious lineage, etc., would have been accepted and even stressed.

There is/was a dead end when it came to Gideon Johnston Sr.'s parentage. Via extensive research, a "calculated" parentage to Benjamin Johnston (again a dead end) was deduced (it appears extremely likely). Through DNA testing, it appears it has been ALMOST definitely proven that Benjamin Johnston was the son of the noble Scottish immigrant James Johnston, who comes from a LONG distinguished line going back to the 1500s in Celtic Scotland. Cool!

This lengthy noble Scottish lineage back through the ages can be read via the pdf document in this website:    http://oursoutherncousins.com/pillow.html

"The Scottish Johnston’s of Caskieben, Aberdeenshire"

James Johnston begins on page 17, and Benjamin on page 21 of the above document. Excerpts from same below:

BENJAMIN JOHNSTON (the son of Scot immigrant James Johnston)

"...Benjamin  JOHNSTON * of Henrico Co,  VA (supposition  from  DNA?).... was born 1701 in New Kent Co., VA. He died 1739 in VA. 

Benjamin Johnson and Margery Massie: Were they related to Gideon Johnston??    Any thoughts welcomed! 

By 1710  in New  Kent Co., Benjamin  (around  1680-after  1743) married  Margery Massie, the  granddaughter  or  daughter of  Peter and  Penelope, although no  marriage record  exists in  the  Anglican  parishes that served  as  official  recorders  of vital statistics for the area.  Most  researchers assign  her as  the  daughter  of  George  Massie, the son  of  Peter.  George  presented  two  daughters  for parish  christening in  1705, one named  Margery.  However,  to  fit into  the puzzle, this child  would have  married  within five years to  Benjamin  Johnson. Researchers have attempted to  solve the  quandary  by  saying  George  delayed the christening for several years after her birth, but waiting a decade until she was almost a teenager seems odd. Margery’s age could fit within the range of younger children for Peter and Penelope Massie.  

Margery and Benjamin originally settled alongside  his  brother  John in the  portion  of New  Kent Co. that  became Hanover Co. in  1721.  St. Paul’s  Parish  vestry  records  in  1712  show  John  and Benjamin  owned  property  in  the same  vicinity  with George  Lovell, William  McGehee, John  Duffield, Hugh  Case, Thomas Stanley and  John  Harris.  (Anglican  Church parishes were in charge of “processioning,” or the periodic verification of property lines in their jurisdictions.) In the  next few years,  both  John and Benjamin and their  wives  became active Quakers  in  the Henrico Monthly Meeting. John is  first mentioned in  the  extensive records in  1719 and  became the “overseer” of  the Quaker  meeting  at White Oak Swamp,  Henrico  Co. the following year. In  1720, Benjamin  appears in  the records.  While some  researchers  concluded that they did  not associate with  Quakers until 1719, the positions  of  authority  they  were  given in  these  records suggest they established  themselves as persons of trust in  the meetings  over time. Wives  Elizabeth and Margery  also  were charged with such tasks as examining the fitness of women for marriage. 

Some  researchers  assert  that  Benjamin  died  by  1739, but  St.  Paul’s Parish  land records from  Hanover  Co. of  1743  show Benjamin living near William Allen, whose daughter married Benjamin’s son. Virtually all official colonial records  of  New  Kent  and  Hanover counties were  destroyed  by fire,  so no  will of  Benjamin or  Margery  survived. 

Benjamin accumulated about  1,000 acres in  Hanover  Co.  by  the  mid-1730s, some  of it  in partnership  with  John  Moody,  on  the  South  Anna River and “Machunk” Creek.  As  a man  who lived  at  least  into  his early 60s – or well past the norm for the time -- Benjamin almost surely would have provided for the division of his estate. 

Benjamin and Margery had presumed sons David, Gideon and Squire or James, all born between 1711 and 1719. ...

The  family  of  Benjamin  and  Margery  has  not  been  well  researched,  unlike that  of  [brother] John  and  Elizabeth.  Among  other possible children are Nathan, Robert, Micajah or Micah, Jesse, Ashley, Margaret and James. Benjamin married  Margaret/Margery  MASSEY *  "Maggie",  daughter  of  George MASSEY. ..."

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http://christiancomogenealogy.org/index.php/family-histories-2/item/20-johnstons-the-johnstons-from-caskieben-to-missouri

"...GIDEON JOHNSTON, SR.

Gideon Johnson is shown as a witness in Quaker records by 1739, adding credibility to his assigned birth in 1717 in the portion of New Kent Co. that became Hanover four years later.

Some researchers speculate that he first married about 1742 a Goodloe, a descendant of George Goodloe of Middlesex Co., VA, who died young.

In the mid-1740s, at about age 30, Gideon Johnson married the mother of all his children, (Nancy) Ursula Allen/Allin (Feb. 16, 1728-c. 1807), the daughter of his Hanover Co. neighbors William and Mary Ann Owen Allin and granddaughter of Thomas Owen of Williamsburg, the colonial capital. Allen became a longstanding family given name.

Among children of record born to Gideon Johnson and his wife Ursula were: William Allen (1749), Gideon Jr. (1754), Abner (1757/9); Mordecai Morgan; Peter Benjamin (1766); (Mary) Ursula (1751) married John Pillow; Elizabeth; Nancy (1765-1838, married James Cotton); Judith (married a Condon?); and Naomi.

Most of the children were born in Nottoway Parish of Amelia or in neighboring Prince Edward and Lunenberg counties where Gideon owned properties that, like his father, exceeded 1,000 acres.

Gideon lived in Nottoway Parish on May 23, 1752 when he bought from Samuel Goode 449 acres along Osborn’s Branch on the “lower side” of Saylor’s Creek – the future site of a Civil War battle – that included a Massie cousin among its neighbors. The witnesses were William and Warren Walker, cousins of Gideon’s wife Ursula, and Charles Johnson, Gideon’s cousin.

On Sept. 10, 1755, he added a grant of 604 acres on the north side of Meherrin River in Lunenberg Co. to the south.

On April 9, 1757, Gideon for 24 pounds sold his brother-in-law John Morgan of Cumberland Co. – who married Ursula’s sister Elizabeth – 200 acres of the original Samuel Goode purchase. The land then lay partly in Amelia and partly in Prince Edward Co., which had been created out of Amelia in 1753. This deed places Gideon’s home site 20 miles due east of Farmville, VA near where Saylor’s Creek crosses the Amelia-Prince Edward boundary.

Gideon Sr. witnessed the will of John Watkins April 20, 1762 in Prince Edward Co.,1but he soon prepared to move south. He was expelled from the Quaker meeting before the family left for NC.

Land records indicate the move occurred by 1764 because Gideon is shown as a resident of Rowan Co., NC on Nov. 3 when he sold his home place of 249 acres on Saylor’s Creek to Col. Thomas Tabb of Amelia with his cousins Ashley Johnson and John Johnson Jr. as witnesses. (A deed disposing of the Lunenberg Co. land has not been located.)

Gideon and his family quickly established themselves in their Dan River Valley home, which was in Rowan Co. at the time, but became part of Guilford Co. in 1771 and eventually Rockingham Co., NC.

In Rowan Co. in 1765, Gideon received an original land grant six miles due west of Wentworth, NC on the south side of the Dan River. That year, daughter Elizabeth married James Wray. And on March 19, 1765, he bought 250 acres on the south side of the Dan River from Peter and Agnes Wilson Perkins of Pittsylvania Co., VA for 120 pounds of English money.

Rowan Co., NC records show Gideon witnessed a land deed from Perkins to Joel Warren, a distant relative of Ursula, for 125 pounds VA money to sell 250 acres on the south side of the Dan River on the same day that Gideon bought his farm. Gideon's neighbors were James Gates and James Presnell of Orange Co., NC, who also bought land from Peter and Agnes Perkins in 1768.

All five sons of Gideon served the colonial cause in the Revolutionary War.

Gideon was a small-scale slaveholder. In the 1790 Rockingham census, he appears to have been living with son Gideon Jr., and that household had two slaves while son William lived nearby with a single slave. In 1793, the records of Granville Co., NC show Gideon – either Sr. or Jr. – bought a slave boy named Nelson from Richard Whitehead of Mecklenburg Co., VA for 39 pounds.

Gideon’s properties lined the south side of Dan River and Moses Creek.

By 1790, daughter Elizabeth Wray and her family also lived adjacent to Gideon and Ursula, but both son Abner and daughter Ursula Pillow had moved west to Nashville, TN. The neighborhood was dominated by the numerous family of Joel and Sarah Allen Walker – Ursula’s sister and her husband, who was also Ursula’s first cousin. Also living adjacent to Gideon was Susannah Scurry, Ursula’s sister and the widow of John Butler and Eli Scurry.

Gideon died in October 1807 in Rockingham at age 90; his will was proven at the November court. ..."

___________________

Gideon JOHNSON, [Jr.], Private, $50.00 Annual Allowance $150.00 Amount Received August 20 1833 Pension Started Age 8 [sic], Williamson Co, TN, Line Not Given (1835 Pension Roll) GIDEON JOHNSON or JOHNSTON, born 7 Nov 1754 in Amelia County, Virginia, served in the Revolution under Captain John Armstrong of Surry County, North Carolina, and Lieutenant Tate from Guilford County, North Carolina. He then resided in Guilford County. Captain Armstrong's company joined the 2nd regiment, North Carolina, Continental troops. When the County of Rockingham was taken from Guilford County his home was in that section of North Carolina, and he resided there until 1819 when he moved to Davidson Co, Tennessee, and in 1826 to Williamson Co, Tennessee where he applied on 2 Oct 1832. He filed a second declaration in 1840 stating that he was then a resident of Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1832 an Abner JOHNSON aged 74 a res of Maury Co, Tennessee had served with Gideon JOHNSON and in 1833 a JOHNSON was JP for Williamson Co, TN but their relationship to soldier wasn't stated (Rev War Pension File S4456) 


Gideon Johnson Jr. was born Nov 7 1754 in Virginia son of Gideon William Johnson and Ursula Nancy (Allen) Johnson [1]

Gideon is buried in George Chadwell Cemetery, 224 Delvin Dr., Nashville, TN. He has a DAR marker which reads: "Gideon Johnson, Pvt., Continental Line, Revolutionary War, Nov. 7, 1758 - Nov. 1, 1843". Note that birth year conflicts with other birth information in his Find A Grave Memorial. Mrs. Nannie Dee Vaughn James (Mrs. Thomas Chadwell), a present-day descendant of Gideon Johnson through Nancy Johnson Chadwell and Nancy Chadwell Minton, was instrumental in getting the marker erected and helped dedicate it on 9 June 1989.

Gideon Johnson owned property on the Harpeth River in Williamson Co. TN at the time of his death, but was living with George Chadwell when he died. [2] [1]

Dec 2, 1819-Nathaniel Henderson of Rockingham Co NC deed to Gideon Johnson of Rockingham Co NC, 450 acres land, in Williamson Co TN on Overall's Creek of Big Harpeth River. Jul 4, 1820-Gideon deeded above land; 1/2 each to sons-in-law, Geo. Allen & Geo. Chadwell [3] Feb, 5 1834-bought 112 acres in Williamson Co TN from Geo. Allen [4] Birth, marriage, and death dates from Geo. Chadwell bible [5] Inventory settlement of Gideon Johnson estate, dec., June term 1848 [6] [7]

Gideon was raised in a slave-owning plantation society. [8] Though Gideon was born before his father was expelled from the Quaker Society, the Friends did not have much influence on his life. Like his father, future father-in-law, and his brother "Abner, he served in the Revolutionary War. In July 1776, at Spring Garden in Guilford County, North Carolina, he enlisted for one year under Captain John Armstrong, and joined the Second Regiment, commanded by Col. Alexander Martin. After three months at Salisbury, they engaged in battle with the Tories at Hollingsworth Mills on Duncan Creek and took one hundred prisoners who they marched to Charleston, South Carolina. After a year he was given a job of recruiting and scouting. He contacted a swamp fever and after lying ten days in a hard wagon he was left at the Widow Sutton's place on Seven Mile Creek. When he recovered, he went to Salisbury and was discharged in October 1777. When Alexander Martin was elected Governor of North Carolina, Gideon was chosen as one of his life guards under Captin Josiah Gates. This guard duty took the place of any further compulsory military duty. During the winter of 1778, through the hardships of bitter cold, snow and high water, he carried express from Col. James Martin in Guilford across to the western part of the state.

On November 18, 1779, he married fifteen year old Mary Baker DeGraffenreid, born in Lunenburg, Virginia, the daughter of Baker and Sarah (Vass) DeGraffenreid. She born him ten children, all born in Rockingham County, North Carolina. In 1783, he was given power of Attorney by his mother-in-law, Sarah DeGraffenreid to sell four hundred acres of her land in Guilford, North Carolina. Then in 1807, he inherited from his father, his home plantation and all his personal estate. In 1819, after lands were granted for Revolutionary War services, they moved to Williamson County, Tennessee, where his wife, Mary, died at fifty-nine years of age. When Gideon was seventy-eight years old, he applied for a soldier's pension. It was granted as fifty dollars a year. He died November 1, 1843, at Davidson County, Tennessee. Of his nine daughters, three of them married brothers, all sons of John and Mary (Allen ) Chadwell [9] [10] Revolutionary War

Served the colonial cause in the Revolutionary War; served as a private in July 1776 under Capt. John Armstrong of Surry County, NC and Lt. Joseph Tate of Guilford Coutny, NC. Armstong's company joined the 2nd Regiment of the Continental Line at Salisbury, NC shortly after Gideon enlisted. He was dischared by then-Col. Alexander Martin, the later governor of NC who appointed Gideon and brother Abner as his body guards. [11] Rev War Pension

Gideon JOHNSON, Private, $50.00 Annual Allowance $150.00 Amount Received August 20 1833 Pension Started Age 8 [sic], Williamson Co, TN, Line Not Given (1835 Pension Roll) GIDEON JOHNSON or JOHNSTON, born 7 Nov 1754 in Amelia County, Virginia, served in the Revolution under Captain John Armstrong of Surry County, North Carolina, and Lieutenant Tate from Guilford County, North Carolina. He then resided in Guilford County. Captain Armstrong's company joined the 2nd regiment, North Carolina, Continental troops. When the County of Rockingham was taken from Guilford County his home was in that section of North Carolina, and he resided there until 1819 when he moved to Davidson Co, Tennessee, and in 1826 to Williamson Co, Tennessee where he applied on 2 Oct 1832. He filed a second declaration in 1840 stating that he was then a resident of Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1832 an Abner JOHNSON aged 74 a res of Maury Co, Tennessee had served with Gideon JOHNSON and in 1833 a JOHNSON was JP for Williamson Co, TN but their relationship to soldier wasn't stated [12] Marriage

   Record ID Number: MH:F86 
   User ID: 8A2282B7-F7FB-4752-B9E8-17C92D6177A8 
   UPD 29 JAN 2011 23:19:14 GMT-5 
   Husband: Gideon Johnson 
   Wife: Mary "Polly" Baker Johnson 
   Marriage:
       User ID: C6BD7860-A77E-4999-A1CC-CB9B7DC35406 
       Record ID Number: MH:FF505[13] 

Burial

He is buried in the Minton - Chadwell Cemetery in Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee, United States of America[1] Sources

   ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Find-A-Grave: Memorial #44196150
   ↑ notes of Mrs. Nannie Dee Vaughn James (Mrs.Thomas Chadwell)
   ↑ Williamson Co TN Deed Book "F", p. 305-307.
   ↑ Williamson Co Deed Book "M", p. 228
   ↑ TN ARC MS AC SEC NO 67-85
   ↑ Williamson Co TN Book 9, p. 131
   ↑ "United States Census, 1830," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHPT-5WD : accessed 20 May 2016), Gideon Johnson, Williamson, Tennessee, United States; citing 165, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 182; FHL microfilm 24,540.
   ↑ "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MVCK-8HD : accessed 30 April 2016), G W Johnson, Caswell county, Caswell, North Carolina, United States; citing line number 37, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 444,664.
   ↑ notes of Marlene Knott 26 August 2013 Family Search
   ↑ "United States Census, 1840," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHTK-W3Z : accessed 20 May 2016), Gideon Johnson, Davidson, Tennessee, United States; citing p. 372, NARA microfilm publication M704, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 520; FHL microfilm 24,543.
   ↑ Revolutionary Soldiers in Davidson County, Tennessee, Mrs. Edythe Rucker Whitley, The William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan., 1931), pp. 13-19,
   ↑ Rev War Pension File S4456
   ↑ Source: #S68 Page: 6
   See also: 
   "United States Census, 1820", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHGC-8DT : accessed 30 April 2016), Gideon Johnston, 1820. 
   "United States Census, 1840," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHTK-7SP : accessed 30 April 2016), Gideon Johnson, Davidson, Tennessee, United States; citing p. 324, NARA microfilm publication M704, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 520; FHL microfilm 24,543. 
   "United States Census, 1790," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHK1-ZX8 : accessed 12 June 2017), Gideon Johnston Jr, Rockingham, North Carolina, United States; citing p. 534, NARA microfilm publication M637, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 7; FHL microfilm 568,147. 
   "North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers, 1779-1782," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2WT-R37W : accessed 12 June 2017), Gidion Johnson, 14 Jul 1781; citing Salisbury, Rowan, North Carolina, United States, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh. 
   Our Southern Cousins, The Pillow Family 
   Source: S68 Record ID Number: MH:S68 User ID: 1C3507DB-9218-4B10-924C-C3C56D1E275C UPD 28 JAN 2011 19:10:08 GMT-5 Author: Randy McConnell Title: The Johns(t)ons from Caskieben to Missouri Publication: Ancestry.com Page: 4 
   Daughters of the American Revolution Genealogical Research System, Ancestor #A063204. 
   Aldridge, Franklin Rudolph, Aldridge Records, Nashville, Tennessee: Typed manuscript (1966), Vol. 2, p. 76, Ancestry.com (Online Database). 
   Boddie, John Bennett, Historical Southern Families, Volume III, Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. (1967), 19, Ancestry.com (Online Database). 
   Reynolds, Katherine, Descendants of Baker and Sarah Vass de Graffenried of Virginia and North Carolina, Houston, Texas: Typed manuscript (1962), 78, 234-237. 
   Roberts, Gary Boyd, The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. (2008), 522. 
   Roberts, Gary Boyd, comp., Ancestors of American Presidents, Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society (2009), 419. 

Acknowledgements

WikiTree profile Johnson-15141 created through the import of sutton gedcom.GED on Oct 17, 2012 by Linda McKinney. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Linda and others.

This person was created through the import of Holmes.ged on 20 May 2011.

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Gideon William Johnson's Timeline

1754
November 1, 1754
Amelia County, Virginia
1780
October 9, 1780
Rockingham County, North Carolina, United States
1782
November 11, 1782
Rockingham County, North Carolina, United States
November 17, 1782
North Carolina
1784
July 14, 1784
Rockingham County, NC
1787
December 13, 1787
Rockingham Co. North Carolina
1790
April 8, 1790
1795
September 13, 1795
Rockingham County, North Carolina, United States
1797
October 13, 1797
Rockingham, NC