Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal

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Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal

Also Known As: "Sir Gilbert FitzRoger", "Lord Of Kendal", "Fitzreinfrey"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, Cumbria, England
Death: Died in Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, Cumbria, England
Cause of death: alternate date 10 June 1220
Immediate Family:

Son of Roger FitzReinfrid and Alice, Mistress of Roger DeBreton
Husband of Helewyse de Lancaster, of Kendal
Father of John de Lancaster; William III de Lancaster, Baron of Kendal; Hawise de Lancaster, Heiress of Kendal; Alice de Lancaster, of Windermere; daughter de Lancaster de Kirkeby and 1 other

Occupation: Steward to Henry II and Richard I; Sheriff of Lancaster and York, Lord of kendal
Managed by: Robert H. Searl, Jr
Last Updated:

About Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal

http://www.lawrencefamhis.com/ashton-o/g2/p2573.htm#i64309

Gilbert FitzReinfrid was born circa 1162.3 He married Hawise de Lancaster, daughter of William II de Lancaster and Hawise de Stuteville, on 20 July 1189 in Rouen.2,3 Gilbert died before 5 May 1220.3

Gilbert was also known as Gilbert de Lancaster.

Gilbert was Steward of the King's household in the last year of Henry II and the first year of Richard I. Henry II gave him Hawise (Helewise), the only daughter and heir of William de Lancaster, in marriage and thereby made him Baron of Kendal, Warton and Nether Wyresdale. After the marriage Gilbert assumed the de Lancaster name.2

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3L-O.htm#_Toc321390307

GILBERT FitzRoger FitzReinfrid (-before 1220). Henry II King of England granted "filiam Willelmi de Lancastre cum tota hæreditate sua" to "Gilleberto filio Rogeri filii Rainfridi, dapifero nostro" by charter dated to [1184/89][272]. Lord of Kendal. Richard I King of England exempted "Gileberto filio Rogeri filii Reinfredi" from neatgeld or cornage in "totam terram suam de Westmeriland et de Kendale" by charter dated 15 Apr 1190[273]. King John confirmed "tota terra sua de Westmoriland et de Kendal" to "G. fil Rog filii Reinfr" by charter dated 25 Apr 1200[274]. “Gilbertus filius Reinfredi et Elewisa uxor eius” donated various churches to Wetherhal priory by undated charter[275]. The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Gilbertus filius Reinfridi" holding "feudum unius militis" in Lancashire, adding that "Willelmus de Lanc" had granted "in maritagium v caricatas terre in duobus Eccliston et in Lairbrec"[276]. "Gilebertus fil Reinfr" made a fine for the release of "Willelmus de Lancastr filius suus et Rad de Aencurt et Lambertus de Busay milites sui…qui capti sunt in castro Roffens", naming "…filius primogenitus Rogeri de Kirkeby que habit de filia eiusdem Gilberti fil Reinfr, filium et heredum Willelmi de Windlesor que habit de nepte eiusdem Gilebert…" among the hostages which were given, dated 1216[277]. m ([1184/89]) HAWISE de Lancaster, daughter of WILLIAM de Lancaster & his wife Helwise de Stuteville. An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Helewisia” as daughter of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” and his wife, adding that she married ”Gilbert filium Raynfridi”[278]. Henry II King of England granted "filiam Willelmi de Lancastre cum tota hæreditate sua" to "Gilleberto filio Rogeri filii Rainfridi, dapifero nostro" by charter dated to [1184/89][279]. A charter of King Henry II names “Helewisam” as daughter of “Willielmum secundum” and his wife “Helewisam de Stuteville”, adding that she married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi”[280]. “Gilbertus filius Reinfredi et Elewisa uxor eius” donated various churches to Wetherhal priory by undated charter[281]. Gilbert & his wife had five children.

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Excerpt from Barony of Kendal (Wikipedia, 12/23/2016)

There is some doubt about who should be named as the first true Baron of Kendal. It is generally associated with the family of William de Lancaster I, and before him, with his apparent relatives, the Norman, Ivo de Taillebois, and William's uncle, the Anglo-Saxon Ketel (or Chetell) son of Eldred of Workington. William de Lancaster I was in any case the first administrator of the region after England recovered the area from King David I of Scotland.

The blazonry attributed to William de Lancaster I and several of his descendants who were Barons of Kendal. William is thought to be related to Ivo de Taillebois, who helped administer the Cumbrian region and formed Kendal into what would become the barony, under the first two Norman kings, William the Conqueror and William Rufus. Ketel fitz Eldred is known to have been lord over similar areas after the death of Ivo, and before the time when William took over. But between Ivo and William, a period which included Scottish occupation, the history of the Barony of Kendal is very unclear.

The arms of Westmorland. In modern times, the two red bars were incorporated into the arms of the traditional county of Westmorland, as a representation of the Kendal half of that county. The apple tree represents Appleby, or Northern Westmorland.[6]

Two historical records claim a direct line of father-son descent from Ivo to Eldred to Ketel to Gilbert, which was the name of the father of William de Lancaster (also known as "William son of Gilbert"). These were records made much later in Cockersand Abbey and St Mary's Abbey in Yorkshire. But modern commentators believe this to be impossible, and made by placing a sequence of lords into the simplest possible family tree.[7] Furthermore, records have been found which describe Ketel not as William's grandfather, but as his uncle (Latin avunculus, so probably a maternal uncle).[8]

More contemporary is a record in the Coucher Book of Furness Abbey. Helewise, granddaughter and heir of William is a party, and it was asserted there that William de Lancaster I had first been known as William de Tailboys, before receiving the right to be called "Willelmum de Lancastre, Baronem de Kendale".[9] This is the only relatively contemporary evidence that William had a Taillebois connection, probably through his father Gilbert, and it also suggests that during the 12th century, Kendal was associated somehow with the honour of Lancaster, because William was described as becoming Baron of one, and taking up the title from the other. William Farrer argued that such links go back before 1066. He argued that Kendal and the neighbouring parts of Lancashire, Furness to the west, and northern Lancashire to the south, formed a single administrative district in the old Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria.

Furness, Kendal, and North Lancashire, bounded on the north by the river Duddon, Dunmail Raise, Kirkstone Pass, and Borrow Beck, and on the south by the river Ribble, formed a complete fiscal area of five hundred teamlands for the levying of Danegeld.[10]

So during the lifetime of William de Lancastre, the link between Kendal and Lancashire was by this account an older link, which was only broken later as the honour of Lancaster came under more direct royal control, and Furness came under the control of the powerful Abbey of Furness. Documents show that disputes concerning control of Furness continued between the Barons of Kendal and the Abbey of Furness for several generations.

Despite common assertions to the contrary, Farrer and Curwen thought that William was probably not a true "Baron" of Kendal, in the sense of being a direct tenant of the monarch, because he appears to have had lords above him apart from the king. Farrer wrote in the Introduction to Records of Kendal:

After a careful review of the evidence which has been sketched above, the author is of opinion that no barony or reputed barony of Kentdale existed prior to the grants of 1189–90; and that neither William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert, nor William de Lancaster II, his son and successor, can be rightly described as "baron" of Kentdale.[5]

Instead, Farrer and Curwen believed that William I and II were actually tenants of the lord controlling northern Westmorland. Therefore, the eventual county of Westmorland was not originally a merger, but a takeover, which was then re-structured in the time of King Richard I of England. On 15 April 1190, Richard acquitted the then Baron of Kendal, Gilbert fitz Reinfrid, of his dues to northern Westmorland. It was only 13 years later, on 28 October 1203, that King John granted to Robert de Veteriponte in fee "Appleby and Brough with all their appendages with the bailiwick and the rent of the county with the services of all tenants (not holding of the king by military service) to hold by the service of four knights." The service to the crown for Kendal was by comparison the service of two knights.[11] There was a second William de Lancaster, son of the first, who was either the next baron, or according to Farrer the first definite Baron of Kendal. And after him came the above-mentioned Gilbert son of Roger fitz Reinfrid, the husband of Helewise, who was the daughter and heiress of William de Lancastre II. Gilbert was one of the barons whose seal is found on the Magna Carta, and he participated in the so-called First Baron's War.

The last true Baron of the whole of the Barony of Kendal was the son of Gilbert fitz Reinfrid, who used the name William de Lancastre III. After his death, the Barony was divided between the husbands of his daughters.

Sources

Farrer's Introduction to his Records of Kendal British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol1/vii-xvii & Edenlinks website: http://edenlinks.rootsweb.ancestry.com/1gp/RECORDS/FAR/INTRO.HTM .

References

  1. Jump up ^ Vision of Britain - History of Kendal ward
  2. Jump up ^ Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2
  3. Jump up ^ Vision of Britain - History of Lonsdale ward
  4. Jump up ^ Wainwright, "Grey Crag", The Far Eastern Fells
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b Farrer; Curwen (1923), "Introduction", Records of Kendal, 1. Also at [1].
  6. Jump up ^ 'Appendices: Kendal Castle and the Westmorland coat of arms', in Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 3, ed. John F Curwen (Kendal, 1926), pp. 308-312. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol3/pp308-312 [accessed 18 March 2016].
  7. Jump up ^ For William Farrer's remarks on this see Farrer, William (1902), Lancashire Pipe Rolls and Early Lancashire Charters, p. 305 and p.vii (Addenda and Corrigenda) concerning p. 389 I.18, and Farrer (1909), The Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey of the Premonstratensian Order, Volume I, Part II, pp. 305–8
  8. Jump up ^ F. W. Ragg (1910), "De Lancaster", Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society: 395–493)
  9. Jump up ^ Coucher Book of Furness Abbey, 1887, pp. 344–345
  10. Jump up ^ Farrer, "The Domesday Survey of North Lancashire and the Adjacent Parts of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Yorkshire", Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society: 88
  11. Jump up ^ "North Westmorland: The barony of Appleby", The Later Records relating to North Westmorland: or the Barony of Appleby, 1932, pp. 1–2
  12. Jump up ^ Nicholson; Burn, The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, retrieved 9 July 2013
  13. Jump up ^ Nicolson; Burn, The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, retrieved 9 July 2013


From the Celtic Casimir online family tree:

http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/16/31267.htm

Ladereyne de Brus1

F, #129481, d. before 3 December 1293

Last Edited=3 Jan 2005

Ladereyne de Brus was the daughter of Sir Piers de Brus II and Hawise FitzReinfrid.2,1 She married John de Bellew, Lord Bellew.2 She died before 3 December 1293.3

Her married name became de Bellew.2

Children of Ladereyne de Brus and John de Bellew, Lord Bellew

1.Sibyl de Bellew+2

2.Joan de Bellew2

Citations

1.[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 83. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.

2.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 101. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

3.[S2] Peter W. Hammond, The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV, page 84.

From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Sir Gilbert FitzRoger FitzReinfrid, Lord of Kendal:

http://thepeerage.com/p13777.htm#i137761

Sir Gilbert FitzRoger FitzReinfrid, Lord of Kendal1

M, #137761

Last Edited=21 May 2007

Sir Gilbert FitzRoger FitzReinfrid, Lord of Kendal gained the title of Lord of Kendal [feudal barony].1

Children of Sir Gilbert FitzRoger FitzReinfrid, Lord of Kendal

1.Hawise FitzReinfrid+1

2.William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal+1 d. 29 Nov 1246

Citations

1.[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 84. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.



gained the title of Lord of Kendal [feudal barony].

1.[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 84. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.

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Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal's Timeline

1162
1162
Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, Cumbria, England
1190
1190
Age 28
Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, England
1190
Age 28
Kendal, Westmorland, England
1202
1202
Age 40
Barton, West Ward, Westmorland, England
1220
May 5, 1220
Age 58
Kendal Castle, Westmoreland, Cumbria, England
????
????
????
????
Sheriff of Lancaster