Gilbert de Brereton, Rector of St. Mary's Church, Astbury

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Gilbertus Brereton

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire , England
Death: after 1327
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Ralph de Brereton and Ada de Hastings
Husband of Alice Brereton
Father of Henry de Brereton and Sibilla de Boults
Half brother of Sir William de Brereton, Kt. and Sibil de Brereton

Occupation: Rector of St Mary's Church, Astbury, Chesire
Managed by: David Paul Ellisor
Last Updated:

About Gilbert de Brereton, Rector of St. Mary's Church, Astbury

Gilbert Brereton was Rector of St. Mary's, Astbury, Chesire during the time of the building of his parents tomb. Roger Venables was his patron, proving a very close connection between these families. They seem to alternate as churchmen at this parish.

Father of Sybil de Brereton and Henry de Brereton. Son of Sir Ralph de Brereton and Ada de Brereton (Huntingdon ).

ASTBURY (St. Mary), is a parish, that is chiefly in the union of Congleton, consisting of the townships of Eaton and Somerford-Booths in the hundred of Macclesfield, and the market-town of Congleton, and the townships of Astbury-Newbold, Buglawton, Davenport, Hulme-Walfield, Moreton with Alcumlow, Odd Rode, Radnor, Smallwood, and Somerford, in the hundred of Northwich, county of Chester. There are also churches or chapels at Congleton, Buglawton, Mossley, Rode, Smallwood, and Somerford; together with several places of worship for dissenters, in the parish. Astbury St Mary is an Ancient parish in Cheshire and originally included Davenport, Eaton, Holy Trinity, Hulme Walfield, Hulmewalfield, Moreton cum Alcumlow, Somerford Radnor, Mossley, Newbold Astbury, Odd Rode, Radnor, Somerford, Somerford Booths, and Mosley. [1]

The first church on the site was in the Saxon era but the present church dates from the 15th century. It is unusual in that its spire is at a distance from the main body of the although although it is attached to it by a porch.

A Saxon church was on the site at the time of the Domesday Book and it was replaced by a Norman church. It was originally the mother church of Congleton.

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  • Gilbert de Brereton1
  • M, #36626
  • Father Sir Ralph Brereton d. a 1275
  • Gilbert de Brereton was born at of Brereton, Cheshire, England.
  • Family
  • Children
    • Henry de Brereton
    • Sybil de Brereton+
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11247] Unknown author, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, by George Ormerod, 1819, p. 51.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1220.htm#... _______________________
  • A genealogical history of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct peerages of the British empire (1978)
  • https://archive.org/details/agenealogicalhi00burkgoog
  • https://archive.org/stream/agenealogicalhi00burkgoog#page/n94/mode/1up
  • Pg.74
    • BRERETON--BARON BRERETON.
  • RALPH DE BRERETON (son of William de Brereton, and grandson of William de Brereton,) was father (besides a 2nd son, Gilbert, and a dau., Isolda, wife of Gilbert de Stoke,) of an elder son and heir.
  • SIR WILLIAM BRERETON, of Brereton, Knt, living temp. JOHN and HENRY III., who m. Margery, dau. of Randle de Thornton, and had a son, RALPH, and a dau., wife of Thurstan de Smethwick. The former
  • SIR RALPH BRERETON, of Brereton, Knt, had two sons, WILLIAM (SIR), and Gilbert, father of Henry and Sibella, wife of William de Bouths. The elder son,
  • SIR WILLIAM BRERETON, of Brereton, Knt., m. the dau. of his guardian. Sir Richard de Sandbach, Knt., and was father of
  • SIR WILLIAM BRERETON, of Brereton, Knt., who m. Roesia, dau. of Ralph de Vernon, and had issue, .... etc. ______________________________
  • Gilbert de Brereton[1, 2, 3]
  • Born of, Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire, England
  • Father Sir Ralph de Brereton, Knight, of, Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire, England
  • Mother Ada of Huntingdon, of, , , England Find all individuals with events at this location, d. Aft 2 Nov 1241
  • Family Alice, of, Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire, England
  • Children
    • 1. Henry [de Brereton], of, Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire, England
    • 2. Sibyl [de Brereton], of, Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire, England
  • Sources
  • [S116] Peerages Extinct (Burke), Burke, John , 1787-1848, (London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1831), FHL 942 D22bg 1831., p. 74;.
  • [S1506] #560 [1882] The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester (1882), Ormerod, George, (2nd edition. 3 volumes. London: G. Routledge, 1882), FHL microfilms 496,910, 547,521 and 824,313-824,31., vol. 3 p. 47, 52;.
  • [S2619] #11050 The English Ancestry of Peter Bulkeley, Grace Chetwood, and Sarah Chauncy (1988), Ayers, Frank Wayne, (Walnut Creek, California: F.W. Ayers, 1988), 88;.
  • From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I93399&tre...
  • __________________________

Gilbert would not have been Ralph's oldest son, as he went to the church. Gilbert is the first rector of St. Oswarld's Church and a Rector of St. Mary's Church, Astbury until 1327. A grant of a manor or a church was often made when a baron or some member of his family entered the abbey as a monk of the brotherhood. If this is the case, Gilbert was probably born closer to 1260-1270, as he is not listed as Rector until 1297. Gilbert would have had an ecclesiastical coat of arms, probably including his family's COA.

"Brereton was originally in the parish of Astbury and became a parish in its own right in the reign of Henry VIII (1509-47). The original chapel was probably made of wood as some is still visible at the junction of the nave and chancel. The church was rebuilt in the 15th century in the late Perpendicular style. Like many other churches in the area, St. Oswald's was restored in the 19th century by Gilbert Scott. Raymond Richards in his book Old Cheshire Churches, is very critical of Scott's work. In particular he disliked the removal of old oak and its replacement by pitch pine and imported wood, which he thought alien to a mediaeval church. Among the many features of interest inside the church are the 17th century altar rails and 16th century Flemish choir stalls. The font bears the date of 1660. Many decorated mediaeval fonts in Cheshire were destroyed by Puritans in the Civil War period. There is also a parish chest with three locks. On display near the south door is a bell of 1591. The church registers begin in 1538. The list of ministers goes back to Gilbert de Brereton in 1297". Gilbert may be the churchman laid to rest in St. Mary's Astbury churchyard. This effigy sits with his parents, Ada de Huntingdon and Ralph Brereton.

Photos of St. Oswalds:

http://www.thornber.net/cheshire/htmlfiles/brereton.html

A grant of a manor or a church was often made when a baron or some member of his family entered the abbey as a monk of the brotherhood. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/42887/42887-h/42887-h.htm#page64 Chapter XIII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Oswald's_Church,_Malpas

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  • 'Brereton01'
  • William de Brereton, Cheshire
    • 1. William de Brereton
      • A. Ralph de Brereton
        • i. Sir William Brereton of Brereton (a 1216)
        • m. Margery de Thornton (dau of Randle de Thornton)
          • a. Sir Ralph Brereton of Brereton
            • (1) Sir William Brereton of Brereton
            • m. Margaret (?) de Sandbach (dau of Sir Richard de Sandbach)
              • (A) .... etc.
            • (2) Gilbert Brereton
              • (A) Henry Brereton
              • (B) Sibella Brereton
              • m. William de Bouths (a 1275)
          • b. .... etc.
  • Main sources: BE1883 (Brereton)
  • From: Stirnet.com
  • http://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/bb4fz/brereton01.php ______________________
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Gilbert de Brereton, Rector of St. Mary's Church, Astbury's Timeline