About Giles Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney KG
Giles Daubeny, 1st Baron Daubeny From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Giles Daubeny or Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney KG (1 June 1451-12 May 1507) was an English soldier, diplomat, courtier and politician.
He was the eldest son of William Daubeney, who had livery of his lands in the twenty-fourth year of Henry VI, by his wife Alice, daughter of Jenkin Stourton. He was probably born at South Petherton in Somerset, where his father seems to have been resident.
In 1475 he went over to France with Edward IV, from whom he obtained a license before going to make a trust-deed of his lands in the counties of Somerset and Dorset. He was then designated esquire, and he went in command of four men-at-arms and fifty archers. Soon after he became one of the esquires for the king's body, and two years later he had a grant for life of the custody of the king's park at Petherton, near Bridgwater. M.P. for Somerset in 1477–8, he was knighted before the end of King Edward's reign. He was also present at the coronation of Richard III on 6 July 1483.
He was consulted before any one else by Reginald Bray to the projected invasion of Henry Tudor, Duke of Richmond, planned with Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. On the failure of Buckingham's rebellion he with others fled to Richmond in Brittany, and he was consequently attainted in Richard's parliament. The custody of Petherton Park was granted to Richard FitzHugh, 6th Baron FitzHugh and Daubeney's lands in Somerset, Lincolnshire and Cornwall were confiscated.
Under Henry VII
His fortunes were retrieved when Henry became King Henry VII. His attainder was reversed in Henry's first parliament, and he became a privy councillor. On 2 November he was appointed master of the mint, an office in which Bartholomew Reed of London, goldsmith, as the practical ‘worker of monies,’ was associated with him in survivorship. On 7 March 1486 he was appointed lieutenant of Calais for a term of seven years, as reward for his services to the king; and on 12 March he was created Baron Daubeney with succession in tail male.
On 15 December 1486 he was named at the head of a major embassy to treat for a league with Maximilian, King of the Romans. About this time he was made a knight of the Garter. On 25 November 1487 he was present at the coronation of Elizabeth of York. On 20 December 1487 he was appointed one of the chamberlains of the receipt of the exchequer. He appears about this time to have gone on an embassy to France, and then was with the king at Greenwich on Twelfth Night, 1488. On 7 July 1488 of the same year he and Richard Foxe, bishop of Exeter, as commissioners for Henry VII, arranged with the Spanish ambassadors the first treaty for the marriage of Prince Arthur with Catherine of Aragon.
In 1489 he crossed to Calais, raised the siege of Dixmude, and took Ostend from the French. In 1490 he was sent to the Duchess Anne in Brittany to arrange the terms of a treaty against France, and later in the year he was appointed commander of a body of troops sent to her assistance. In June 1492, Brittany having now lost her independence, he was again sent over to France, but this time as ambassador, with Foxe, then bishop of Bath and Wells, to negotiate a treaty of peace with Charles VIII. No settlement, however, was arrived at, and the king four months later invaded France and besieged Boulogne. The French then at once agreed to treat, and Daubeney was commissioned to arrange a treaty with the Sieur des Querdes, which was concluded at Etaples on 3 November.
In 1495, after the execution of Sir William Stanley, he was made lord chamberlain. On the meeting of parliament in October the same year he was elected one of the triers of petitions, as he also was in the parliaments of 1497 and 1504. In 1496 he, as the lieutenant of Calais, with Sir Richard Nanfan his deputy there, was commissioned to receive for the king payment of the twenty-five thousand francs due half-yearly from the French king under the Peace of Etaples.
In 1497 the king had prepared an army to invade Scotland to punish James IV for his support of Perkin Warbeck, and had given the command to Daubeney; but he has hardly marched when he was recalled ito put down the Cornish rebels, who came to Blackheath unmolested, and was criticised by the king. He set on the rebels at Deptford Strand, and they took him prisoner, but soon after let him go and were defeated (17 June). This ended the Cornish revolt. In September, Perkin having landed in Cornwall, there was a new disturbance in the west, to meet which Daubeney was sent with a troop of light horse, announcing that the king himself would shortly follow. The siege of Exeter was raised on his approach, and Perkin soon left.
In 1500 Daubeney accompanied Henry VII to Calais, and was present at his meeting with the Archduke Philip. In 1501 he had charge of many of the arrangements for Catherine's reception in London, and in November he was a witness to Prince Arthur's assignment of her dower. On Thursday 18 May 1508, after riding with the king from Eltham to Greenwich, he was taken suddenly ill. He was ferried down the river to his house in London. On Saturday the 20th he received the sacrament. He died about ten o'clock in the evening of the 21st, and his obit, according to old ecclesiastical custom, was kept on the 22nd. On the afternoon of the 26th his body was conveyed to Westminster by the river, and almost all the nobility of the kingdom witnessed his funeral rites.
He had in his will appointed Westminster Abbey as his place of sepulture, and his body rests now under a monument with alabaster effigies of himself and his wife by his side. A Latin epitaph was written for him by Bernard André, and may have been inscribed on his tomb.
His wife Elizabeth, was a daughter of Sir John Arundel of Lanhern in Cornwall. She survived him some years, and obtained from Henry VIII the wardship of his son and heir, Henry, the second lord Daubeney, later Earl of Bridgewater. Their daughter, Cecily, married John Bourchier, 1st Earl of Bath and had descendants.
- Gunn, S. J. "Daubeney, Giles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7185. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Daubeney, Giles, first Baron Daubeney thePeerage.com (accessed 23 Novemner 2010)
- Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage
- Collinson's Somerset, iii. 109
- Polydore Vergil
- Hall's Chronicle
- Gairdner's Memorials of Henry VII
- Gairdner's Letters, &c. of Richard III and Henry VII
- Leland's Collectanea, iv. 230, 236, 238, 240, 245, 247, 259, 260
- Spanish Calendar, vol. i.
- Venetian Calendar, vol. i.
- Campbell's Materials for the Reign of Henry VII
- Halliwell's Letters, i. 179
- Anstis's History of the Garter
- Will (Bennett, 16) in Somerset House
- ^ The mastership of the king's harthounds had been granted to him on 12 October before. He had also the offices of constable of Winchester Castle, constable of Bristol Castle, steward of the lands of the duchy of Lancaster in Hampshire and Dorset, steward of the lands of the earldom of Salisbury in Somerset, and various minor appointments given him about the same time.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Daubeney, Giles". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
The Daubeney family came originally from Aubigné in Brittany, France. Giles was born in 1452, the eldest son of Sir William Daubeney (1424-61) of South Petherton in Somerset and Alice, daughter of John Stourton. He had a brother James and sister Eleanor. By 1476 he had married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Arundel. He became a successful courtier, soldier and diplomat and was knighted by Edward IV in 1478. He fought at Bosworth Field with Henry Tudor, and was created Baron Daubeney, Lord Lieutenant of Calais and Lord Chamberlain to the king. Giles died in 1508. His son Henry (1493-1548) succeeded him and was later made Earl of Bridgwater but as he died without a son the title became extinct.
BURIAL AND MONUMENT
Giles was buried in St Paul’s chapel in Westminster Abbey where his alabaster effigy lies next to that of his wife. He wears plate armour and his head rests on a large helmet with a holly-tree crest, and his feet on a lion. Carved on the soles of his shoes are two bedesmen. Elizabeth has long hair with a decorated coif and wears a loose cloak over her gown. At her feet are a lion and a wolf. The original inscription around the tomb chest, which had been recorded in a guidebook of 1600, reads:
“Here lieth buried within this tombe Sir Gyles Daubeney knight lord lieutenant of Calis [Calais] lord chamberlaine unto the noble King Henrie the Seventh the which Gyles died the XII day of May in the yere of our Lord 1507 and dame Elizabeth his wife the which died in the yeere of our Lord God 1500 on whose soules Jesus have mercy Amen.”
The date of his wife’s death is not certain but she was still alive in 1510. The tomb was restored in the 19th century when heraldic shields were painted, which include the Daubeney arms “gules, four fusils in fess argent” (a red shield with four silver lozenges across the centre). A metal plate affixed to the railings around the tomb reads:
“This tomb was erected during the reign of King Henry VII to the memory of Gyles Lord Daubeney, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and Dame Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas [actually John] Arundel, Knight, of Lanherne in the county of Cornwall. The whole of the paneling and the grille having become decayed and unsafe they have been restored in careful conformity with the originals, and the original inscription replaced, by the Daubeney family, under the superintendence of General Sir Henry Charles Barnston Daubeney, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath and Colonel of the 2nd Battalion “The Border” (late 55th) Regt. A.D.1889”.
A photograph of the tomb and of the effigies can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.
for the Daubeney family: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004. See www.daubeney.info
Notes: fought on Henry VII's side on the Battle of Bosworth. Became royal councillor. Knight of the Garter, 1487. Governor Of Calais. Commanded the king forces at the Blackheath Rebellion.
- Collectanea topographica et genealogica (1834)
- No. XIV.
- Sir Giles Daubeney. = Dame Jane, dau. of Philip Lord Darcy.; ch: William (m. Alice Stourton) Daubeney; = Dame Alice Daubeney.; ch: Avice (m. John Flynt & John Lisle) Daubeney; = Mary, dau. of . . . . Leke.; ch: Dame Jane (m. Sir Robert Markham), . . . . Daubeney.
- William Daubeney. = Alice, dau. of Jenkin Stourton. (m2. Robt. Hill); ch: Giles (m. Eliz Arundell), Alianor (m. Simon Blount & Rd. Newton), James (m. Elizab. Painsfoot) Daubeney.
- Avice, first wed. to John Flynt, after to John Lisle.; ch: Tho., Mary Lisle.
- Dame Jane, wedded to Sir Robert Markham.; ch: Dame Margaret (m. Sir Harry Willoughby), . . . . Markham.
- Giles Lord Daubeney [so created March, 1486]. = Eliz dau. of Sir John Arundell.; ch: Henry (Earl of Bridgewater), Cecily (Lady Fitzwarine) Daubeney.
- Alianor, first wed. to Simon Blount,; ch: . . . (m.John Husee) Blount; aft. to Rd. Newton, Esq. for the King's Body.; ch: dau. of Richard Newton.
- James Daubeney, wed. Elizab. dau. and heir of Robert Painsfoot.; ch: Giles, Elizabeth, . . . . Daubeney.
- Henry Earl of Bridgewater [so created July 1538].
- Cecily Lady FitzWarine. [See No. XVI.]
Giles Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney KG's Timeline
June 1, 1451
South Ingleby, Devon, England or South Petherton, Somerset, England
South Ingleby, Devon, Engalnd
South Petherton, Somerset, England
So Ingleby, Devon, Eng
May 21, 1508
London, Middlesex, England
May 28, 1508
St Peter Abbey, Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England