Gillemichael MacDuff, 3rd Earl of Fife

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Gille Míchéil (Gillemichael) MacDuff (1st Earl of Fife), Mórmaer of Fife

Birthdate: (42)
Birthplace: Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Ethelred, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld and N.N. daughter of Gruoch of Scotland
Husband of Mrs Gillemichael Hui ???
Father of Duncan MacDuff; Shaw "Mac-in-Toisich" MacDuff, 1st Chief; Aedh or Eoghin (Hugh) MacDuff, I, Lay Abbot of Aberneth, Iy and Ete ingen Gillemichael

Occupation: 3rd Earl of Fife, 4th Earl of Fife, Fourth Earl of Fife, Earl of fife
Managed by: Bo Garsteen
Last Updated:

About Gillemichael MacDuff, 3rd Earl of Fife

Mac Duff Family Origin

: The Clan Duff claims descent from the original Royal Scoto-Pictish line of which Queen Gruoch of Scotland, wife of Macbeth, King of Scotland was the senior representative.[1] After the death of MacBeth (Medieval Gaelic: Mac Bethad mac Findlaích), Malcolm III of Scotland seized the Crown and his son, Aedh, married the daughter of Queen Gruoch.[1] Aedh was created Earl of Fife and abbot of Abernethy.[1] The early chiefs of Clan MacDuff were the Earls of Fife. Sir Iain Moncreiffe wrote that the Clan MacDuff was the premier clan among the Scottish Gaels.[2] Today, the Earls of Wemyss are thought to be the descendants in the male line of Gille Míchéil, Earl of Fife, thought to be one of the first Clan MacDuff chiefs.[2] Gille-michael MacDuff was one of the witnesses to the great charter of David I of Scotland to Dunfermline Abbey.[1]

1. Way, George and Squire, Romily. (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 419 - 420.

2. Moncreiffe of that Ilk, Sir Ian. The Highland Clans. New York City: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1982. Moncreiffe of that Ilk, p.135-136.

See Also: The Peerage: []

The Gaelic word "dubh" meaning "black" is the origin of the name Duff which thus goes back further than recorded history. There was a king of Alba named Duff in the 10th century.

Gille Míchéil, Mormaer (Earl) of Fife,_Earl_of_Fife

Mormaer Gille Míchéil, (d bef Jul 1136) is the second man we know for certain to have been Mormaer of Fife from 1130 to 1133, although it is unlikely he actually was the second. He had at least one son, called Aed (=Hugo). Aed would have succeeded Donnchad I under a Celtic system, but as feudal rules of primogeniture came into force during the reign of Donnchad I, it was Donnchad's son, and not Gille Míchéil's, who became the next mormaer. Aed, though, probably succeeded to the leadership of Clann Duib, at least during Donnchad I's minority, and certainly became lay abbot of the monastery of Abernethy, an office which his own son, Orm, later inherited.


Bannerman, John, "MacDuff of Fife," in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 20–38

Note: Gillemichael succeeded Consantine as Earl of Fife. On that basis alone Gillemichael is presumed to be the son of Constantine, but their actually blood relationship, if any at all, is unknown.

Gillemathil, Earl of Fife, was also called Gille Míchéil, Mormaer of Fife.

See "My Lines"

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from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

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4th Earl of Fife.

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Gillemichael MacDuff, 3rd Earl of Fife's Timeline

Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom
Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland
Age 28
Age 32
Abernethy, Fifeshire, Scotland
Age 42
Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland
Age 42